# Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

221 questions
298 views

### Sun-Ra's harmonies and intervals for the layperson

I heard an interview the saxophonist John Gilmore gave about Sun-Ra: "His intervals, his knowledge of intervals and harmony are very highly advanced." I'm a layperson without a background in music ...
527 views

### What is the origin behind the 1-1-1/2-1-1-1-1/2 tones intervals in the diatonic scale? [duplicate]

In the diatonic scale of C, the progression is 1, 1, 1/2, 1, 1, 1/2 tones. What is the origin behind this progression and why is this made that way and not any other form such as 1-1/2-1-1-1-1-1/2? ...
156 views

### Can most pianists play E–F# ninth by left hand?

The whole question is in the title actually. I'm arranging some songs, and I wonder whether most pianists can play the ninth E–F# by their left hand. In my arrangement it's in the comfortable bass ...
883 views

### Piano: Finger substitution vs spreading hand for different intervals

For the measures shown in the picture, I am able to reach the notes if I spread my hand but I'm not sure if this is good practice. I tried also to use finger substitution but I can make it work only ...
1k views

### Why intervals are not named after distance [duplicate]

I was wondering about the foundations of the way we name intervals. For example, the interval between C and G is a fifth because there are five notes from C to G. But it's a common mistake of the ...
8k views

### What does “playing in thirds” mean?

If one is playing (double stops) in thirds in C (i.e., playing the scale of C in thirds) one plays the scale of C (C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C) simultaneous with (E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E). In other words: ...
1k views

### What is the name of the interval Db - D#?

I know that D♭ - E♭ is a major second. What is the interval D♭ - D♯ called (and why)?
2k views

### iOS app that recognises intervals

I am developing my aural skills and in Ron Gorow's Hearing and Writing music it is suggested that learning to sing an interval will help internalise it. Is there an iOS app I can sing into which will ...
459 views

### How can I learn to recognize intervals larger than an octave?

How can I learn to recognize intervals larger than an octave? I recognize them in the limits of a single octave, but make mistakes when hearing larger ones. Perhaps it's because I don't know songs ...
553 views

### Chord notation for stacked and inverted chords or intervals?

I understand how chord notation works for the most part, but I'm wondering how I would notate intervals, octaves, and specific chords. P1, m3, & P5 is Cmin. P1, P5 is C5 But, how do we notate P1 ...
11k views

### Having trouble memorizing intervals in ear training

I've been using some of those interval training games like this one and I have tried some on my phone as well. The problem is that I don't think I'm making any progress. Right now (on the website I ...
2k views

### Why call a major second a diminished third?

In the Hungarian minor scale we have the following intervals, expressed here in semitones, between the scale's notes (I to VIII): I II III IV V VI VII (I) / VIII ...
464 views

### Why is a Major sixth A interval an A minor chord in the Key of C?

In key signature of C major the notes used are CDEFGABC and I came to know that in Chord signature become C Dmin Emin F G Amin Bdim and C. D is major second and A is major sixth interval but it is ...
775 views

### How to correctly invert non-compound greater-than-octave intervals?

(A.S.: Assuming that "non-compound" means "contains eight or less degrees.") TL;DR: How to invert doubly augmented seventh? I've ran into inversion problem with greater-than-octave intervals (not ...
113 views

### Prominent examples of intervals being used together with their inversions in classical music [closed]

Could you please name some examples of classical music where there are pieces in which certain intervals AND their inversions are profusely/prominently used (=play important role in the composition)?
303 views

### Diminished second and NCTs

Are notes that are a diminished second from a chord tone considered part of the chord, or are they considered an NCT? For example, if the chord contains an F and there's an adjacent E#.
238 views

### Tuning of Accidentals & Scales

In his Book Basics, Simon Fischer wrote in a footnote that: The exact tuning of a sharp or a flat depends on the key, style and character of the music. For example, Bb as the tonic of Bb Major is ...
988 views

### How do I to calculate note's frequency using no intervals? [closed]

To calculate frequency of a note you should know the amount of semitones between the note and A4. 2x/12 * ffixed = fgiven where: x – is the quantifier, based on amount of semitones between given ...
239 views

### How to abbreviate multiply -diminished or -augmented intervals

I know they aren't used often, but how do you abbreviate a doubly-, triply-, or otherwise multiply- diminished or augmented intervals? For instance, a perfect fifth is abnbreviated P5, a diminished ...
1k views

### What is the interval from C double flat to E double sharp called?

What is this interval called in terms of relative scale degrees?
625 views

### What is the interval between two enharmonic notes?

The interval between, say, C4 and D4 is a major 2nd. What is the interval between B#3 and C4? Is it still a 2nd? For lack of a better term would it be something like a minor minor 2nd?
134 views

### Is a ♭ 3 a minor 3rd, a ♭♭3 a diminished 3rd, and ♭5 a diminished 5th?

I just need some clarification. Am I getting chords notated this way - 1-5-♭7-9-11, 1-3-5-♭7-♯11, 1-3-5-♭7-9-13, 1-4-5-♭7-9-13 - right? 3 == M3 5 == P5 ♭7 ==...
3k views

### Why is a major second not called a perfect second? [duplicate]

Apart from a second, intervals can be described as either {Diminished, Perfect, Augmented} or {Dim, Minor, Major, Aug} depending on whether or not the major and minor scale share that interval. For ...
2k views

### What's the difference between the tritone and the blue note?

For a while I thought they were one and the same, now I'm confused. This Wiki Article on the subject asserts that the blue note isn't even a real note, i.e. a note that's not part of the standard ...
700 views

### What's the term for the intervals between notes within a scale that produces a chord

I probably described that poorly in the title, and I'm not even sure there is a word for what I'm thinking. Lets say you're playing on just the white keys on a keyboard. C E G is C major, and D F A ...
734 views

### More dissonant chords/intervals in the bass clef when frequency proportions are the same?

Take for example C augmented. It sounds more consonant in the treble clef above middle C and more dissonant in the bass clef. However the proportions of the frequencies are exactly the same. This ...
324 views

### Is there a resource containing intervals (or scales) in integer format? [closed]

In order to programmatically generate a lot of scales at once, it would save time to have a list of various interval sets in integer format. Originally, this was assuming lists of intervals (each ...
732 views

### Which scales for particular chords [Piano]

Two part question: If I'm playing a ii-V-I (e.g., Dm7, G7, CM7) and just want to improvise, what scales can I play with my right hand while on each chord, and why (so I can follow the logic and apply ...
651 views

### Which blues scale and 7th chord voicings match up?

Which blues scale goes with which chord voicing? For example, Dm7 (D,F,A,C) does not go with the D pentatonic minor blues scale. So what scales go with Dm7? And then accordingly, which go with DM7 (D ...
921 views

### Naming Scale Degrees

As I understand the minor pentatonic degrees are 1 b3 4 5 7b It says b3 & 7b, does it matter which side the b is on and do they both mean flat? Scale degrees are almost always based off the Major ...
282 views

### Ear Training: How to figure out the key signature and chords used in a song

I have just started learning music but i find it very difficult to recognize the chords used in a song and its key signature when it seems to be far too easy a task for other students. Is there any ...
230 views

### Intervals for music

I have a question concerning the intervals on a piano Between A flat and G, is it a Major 7th or Minor 7th? It seems both scales have the same note.
1k views

### Tonal harmony, counting intervals and confusing about Perfect Fifth in C Major

Distance from E to F is a half step because no other notes fall between them. Why are we using the G note as a perfect fifth in C Major chord? Shouldn't be G sharp?
669 views

### Why is it called a Perfect Fifth? [duplicate]

What is the origin of the term perfect fifth and how does it relate to the length of a string and, specifically, the length of a guitar string. I crudely measured my guitar string and found that the "...
736 views

### Why are there major and minor intervals?

I'm clearly thinking about this wrong, because it just doesn't make any sense to me. The way I'm mentally modelling intervals, a minor second should just be named a second (interval encompassing 2 ...
7k views

### Why is the 2nd note of a chord called major third?

On a piano, the root note of the C major chord is referred to as 1. The second note played is E, which is actually the fifth key when starting at C. Not 3? Yes this makes senses to call it a 3 when ...
298 views

### In Four Part Writing, is an augmented unison interval in a single voice allowed?

I'm composing a traditional four-part part-writing piece with a soprano, alto, tenor and bass. The song progresses from a F Major chord to an A Major chord. In the former chord, the bass is on C, and ...
73 views

### Having trouble doing multiple intervals at the same time

Ok, practicing my intervals and playing M3 and m3. If I do them one after another, and move from a low register to a high one and visa versa, I tend to cling onto the old tones and its making it very ...
23k views

### What is a perfect fifth?

I have gone through many documents, but don't understand what a perfect fifth is. Can somebody please explain with an example? (An example is important!) I have already found these explanations, but ...
2k views

### Theory of Major and Minor Chord Sounds

Since a major triad is comprised of a minor-third stacked on top of a major-third, and a minor triad is comprised of a major-third stacked on top of a minor-third, they should, in "theory", have the ...
426 views

### “Tritone” intervals in n-tone equal temperament

In 12-tone equal temperament, the tritone interval is made of three whole tones (six semitones) and is considered, if I am not mistaken totally, as the most dissonant interval. I have two questions: ...
1k views

### Are these parallel octaves?

I am writing a chorale in C flat major and I currently have a 3 chord going to a I6 chord. Stacked, the chords are EGEB to EGEC. Is this considered parallel octaves? HELP.
453 views

### What interval do all the modes have in common?

I was watching a video exercise to play all of the modes you can over a power chord A5 in this case. Is there an interval that all modes share over a particular tonic (A in this example)?
2k views

### Tips on identifying intervals by ear?

So, I'm a guitar player, and I'm taking a music theory class. All of the theory we're learning about sort of revolves around the piano. And I've never really had any formal training with theory, I ...
1k views

### What are the characteristic intervals or scales of 13-limit harmony and beyond?

I've been studying and really getting into the Extended Just Intonation music of composers like Ben Johnston and Kyle Gann. I've started trying to explore the sort of intervals and scales that are ...
347 views

### Augmented 5th on B double sharp?

So a perfect fifth on B natural is F♯, an augmented 5th on B natural is F♯♯, would that then mean that an augmented 5th on B♯♯ would be F♯♯♯♯?
1k views

### leaps: small vs. large (learning counterpoint)

I'm reading Harmony in Context by Roig-Francoli as a first theory text to teach myself composition. In his Introduction to Species Counterpoint chapter, he mentions that the melody should consist of ...
879 views

### Is i-V a stronger progression than I-V?

I'm just starting to learn a little music theory (in connection with learning to play the ukelele), and I repeatedly see I-V as basically the strongest chord progression (in whatever sense "strongest" ...