# Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

220 questions
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### What scale contains the pattern - Root, +2, +1, +3, +1, +2, +1, +2?

Intervals (relative to previous note): Root, +2, +1, +3, +1, +2, +1, +2 (Root again) Example: A, B, C, D#, E, F#, G I happened to come across this scale pattern while playing scales on guitar and ...
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### what's the purpose behind these alternate namings for intervals?

I was studying music theory and I came to an interval called an Augmented unison which is a half-step distance from the first note and is equivalent to a minor second. Then the book mentions intervals ...
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### Intervals for ear training

I heard people mention training to recognize intervals many many times. What I am a bit confused about is this. Do you train to recognize intervals from a given note to the root, or to the preceding ...
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### Understanding the claim - “If composers want sad music, they use those two notes” [B&C]

Recently I had seen a great TED talk by Benjamin Zander in which he says (about Chopin's 4th prelude): ...... The first note is a B. [plays B] The next note is a C. [plays C] The job of the C is ...
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### Intervals confusion

If we need to find the note which is a major 6th below G (which is a Bb), do we find it using the major scale of the top note (in this case G) or the major scale of the bottom note ( in this case Bb). ...
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### Harmony and Simplified Ratios of Frequency

I stumbled on this question while checking a grade 7 mathematics book. It grabbed my eyes having been introduced to some of music's amazing topics. I know that harmony ( or more accurately, ...
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### Why is C-F# a diminished fifth instead of an augmented fourth?

It fits the strict definition of both, so it seems a bit weird to me that we choose to call it a diminished fifth. Seems very arbitrary as they are the same.
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### Why do intervals have such complicated names?

In a ruler I have 1cm, 2cm, 3cm, 4cm, etc. Why isn't there in music: 1st, 2st, 3st, 4st, etc. (where st = semitone) But instead we have: Minor second, Major second, Minor third, Major third, Perfect ...
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### How do I mark intervals?

I am wondering for when there is a white to white note transition (E to F, B to C) is there a change in the way I mark an interval compared to how I have been taught so far, basically that the staff ...
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### Quartal and quintal chords?

Does anyone know about Quartal Quintal chords and harmony? Except from the difference in the interval being stacked?
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### What have I misunderstood about calculating intervals?

Caution: I have studied single-variable calculus, but have never taken a physics course. Vi Hart demonstrates with a violin that on a violin string's length, playing at: 1/2 produces a note an ...
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### What is the origin behind the 1-1-1/2-1-1-1-1/2 tones intervals in the diatonic scale? [duplicate]

In the diatonic scale of C, the progression is 1, 1, 1/2, 1, 1, 1/2 tones. What is the origin behind this progression and why is this made that way and not any other form such as 1-1/2-1-1-1-1-1/2? ...
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### Sun-Ra's harmonies and intervals for the layperson

I heard an interview the saxophonist John Gilmore gave about Sun-Ra: "His intervals, his knowledge of intervals and harmony are very highly advanced." I'm a layperson without a background in music ...
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### Naming Intervals — Tactics, Strategies, Tricks

For naming intervals I have two strategies in my head. STRATEGY #1 First identify the generic interval between the two given notes by counting the notes between them (inclusive of those two given ...
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### Word request - a unison part

What do you call a part or a moment in music when several players play it in unison. For instance in rock music when a bass player, guitar player, keyboard player and drummer play a part in unison ...
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### Can most pianists play E–F# ninth by left hand?

The whole question is in the title actually. I'm arranging some songs, and I wonder whether most pianists can play the ninth E–F# by their left hand. In my arrangement it's in the comfortable bass ...
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### When is a note flat/sharp?

For instance we are playing a B, is the third note of the chord a Eb or and D#? If we play Bm is the fifth a Gb or a F#?
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### What is so special about the devil's interval?

I'm interested in learning more of the Devil's interval, how it originated, some of its uses and what exactly about the interval of a diminished fifth makes it sound ominous?
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### Confusion about intervals in chromatic VS diatonic scales

I hear terms like "fifths" and "minor thirds" and "thirds" used all the time in musical theory discussion and while I know some places I can use these terms I'm unclear if there are multiple meanings/...
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### Playing a solo in thirds

"If you navigate in thirds, getting to chord tones by threading thirds in a million different combinations, you will always be melodic, not just playing scales. For a beginning jazz student, I ...
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### Why intervals are not named after distance [duplicate]

I was wondering about the foundations of the way we name intervals. For example, the interval between C and G is a fifth because there are five notes from C to G. But it's a common mistake of the ...
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### What does “playing in thirds” mean?

If one is playing (double stops) in thirds in C (i.e., playing the scale of C in thirds) one plays the scale of C (C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C) simultaneous with (E, F, G, A, B, C, D, E). In other words: ...
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### What is the history of the Augmented Second in World Music

In his book Gypsy Music, Bálint Sárosi states that the Augmented Second --- as found between the second and third, third and fourth, sixth and seventh in a lot of Gypsy as well as Indian and Middle ...
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### Why call a major second a diminished third?

In the Hungarian minor scale we have the following intervals, expressed here in semitones, between the scale's notes (I to VIII): I II III IV V VI VII (I) / VIII ...
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### Why is a Major sixth A interval an A minor chord in the Key of C?

In key signature of C major the notes used are CDEFGABC and I came to know that in Chord signature become C Dmin Emin F G Amin Bdim and C. D is major second and A is major sixth interval but it is ...
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### Scale Families: heptatonic scales organized by half-steps in their intervallic spelling

Consider a note a collection of frequencies, a mode a collection of seven notes, and a scale a collection of seven modes. Hence, C is a collection of frequencies, CDEFGAB a collection of notes, the ...
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### What is the list of intervals in order of dissonance

I understand that some intervals are considered dissonant (minor second) and some intervals and consonant (perfect fourths). However whenever I see intervals listed, they are always listed from ...
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### Recognizing modulation style / pattern in Steely Dan's “West of Hollywood”

I'm a fan of Steely Dan's music, but I find analysis of their music to be difficult from a tone-, modal-, and chord-theory point of view. But perhaps the complex jazz-influenced M7/M9/M11 chords ...
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### Prominent examples of intervals being used together with their inversions in classical music [closed]

Could you please name some examples of classical music where there are pieces in which certain intervals AND their inversions are profusely/prominently used (=play important role in the composition)?
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### Is the inversion of a third also a third?

I understand how interval inversions add up to 9. (up a 3rd, down a 6th etc...) Now suppose I take the interval of F to A and then find the inversion of a descending 6th to the A below. (3+6=9) ...
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### How to correctly invert non-compound greater-than-octave intervals?

(A.S.: Assuming that "non-compound" means "contains eight or less degrees.") TL;DR: How to invert doubly augmented seventh? I've ran into inversion problem with greater-than-octave intervals (not ...
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### Why have I never found any music written in the key of C Sharp Major?

Music is written in almost every key that corresponds to every note that is on my piano keyboard. There is clearly a C Sharp (black key right of C) on my piano keyboard but I don't recall ever seeing ...
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### Is there a simple way to transpose a song from one key to another? What is the methodology?

What is a simple way to accomplish transposing a song from one key to another key? In other words if I am looking at a song written in the key of C and can't sing it in that key and I want to ...
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### Tuning of Accidentals & Scales

In his Book Basics, Simon Fischer wrote in a footnote that: The exact tuning of a sharp or a flat depends on the key, style and character of the music. For example, Bb as the tonic of Bb Major is ...
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### Diminished second and NCTs

Are notes that are a diminished second from a chord tone considered part of the chord, or are they considered an NCT? For example, if the chord contains an F and there's an adjacent E#.
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### How do you figure out a chords name?

first of all I understand how triad chord names are made through the major scale 1-3-5 and then you alter or add certain degrees for the names of different chords. What I dont understand is how I can ...
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### How do I to calculate note's frequency using no intervals? [closed]

To calculate frequency of a note you should know the amount of semitones between the note and A4. 2x/12 * ffixed = fgiven where: x – is the quantifier, based on amount of semitones between given ...
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### What is the interval from C double flat to E double sharp called?

What is this interval called in terms of relative scale degrees?
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### What is the interval between two enharmonic notes?

The interval between, say, C4 and D4 is a major 2nd. What is the interval between B#3 and C4? Is it still a 2nd? For lack of a better term would it be something like a minor minor 2nd?
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### How can I learn to recognize intervals larger than an octave?

How can I learn to recognize intervals larger than an octave? I recognize them in the limits of a single octave, but make mistakes when hearing larger ones. Perhaps it's because I don't know songs ...
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### Why is a major second not called a perfect second? [duplicate]

Apart from a second, intervals can be described as either {Diminished, Perfect, Augmented} or {Dim, Minor, Major, Aug} depending on whether or not the major and minor scale share that interval. For ...
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### What's the difference between the tritone and the blue note?

For a while I thought they were one and the same, now I'm confused. This Wiki Article on the subject asserts that the blue note isn't even a real note, i.e. a note that's not part of the standard ...
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### Is there a resource containing intervals (or scales) in integer format? [closed]

In order to programmatically generate a lot of scales at once, it would save time to have a list of various interval sets in integer format. Originally, this was assuming lists of intervals (each ...
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### Which scales for particular chords [Piano]

Two part question: If I'm playing a ii-V-I (e.g., Dm7, G7, CM7) and just want to improvise, what scales can I play with my right hand while on each chord, and why (so I can follow the logic and apply ...
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### Which blues scale and 7th chord voicings match up?

Which blues scale goes with which chord voicing? For example, Dm7 (D,F,A,C) does not go with the D pentatonic minor blues scale. So what scales go with Dm7? And then accordingly, which go with DM7 (D ...
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### Ear Training: How to figure out the key signature and chords used in a song

I have just started learning music but i find it very difficult to recognize the chords used in a song and its key signature when it seems to be far too easy a task for other students. Is there any ...
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### Intervals for music

I have a question concerning the intervals on a piano Between A flat and G, is it a Major 7th or Minor 7th? It seems both scales have the same note.
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### Tonal harmony, counting intervals and confusing about Perfect Fifth in C Major

Distance from E to F is a half step because no other notes fall between them. Why are we using the G note as a perfect fifth in C Major chord? Shouldn't be G sharp?