Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
2answers
81 views

Is the Tritone the most dissonant interval? [duplicate]

I have seen a lot of people say that the minor second is more dissonant than the tritone. I however don't think of it that way. Don't get me wrong, the minor second is quite dissonant but to put it ...
-1
votes
1answer
75 views

Identify the major key as given by the key signature, as well as the interval provided [closed]

I am trying to solve some practice questions and was wondering if they are right My answers :- Key: D Major 4th Interval Key: A-Flat Major 2nd Interval Key: G-flat Major 3rd Interval Key: B-...
2
votes
4answers
96 views

Are intervals the same as chords?

So are harmonic intervals the same as chords? I understand that an interval is the difference between two notes (pitches?), and to get them you have to play these two notes simultaneously. Isn't that ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Mistake with Whole/Half step intervals problem

I took a beginner music theory class and there was a quiz on reading music notation. H W H W H W W W W W I got 8 of them right. I got the 4th and 10th bar wrong. I wrote it's a whole step (W) for ...
3
votes
2answers
343 views

What is the difference between diminished fifth and augmented fourth? [duplicate]

Are diminished fifth and augmented fourth the same intervals? They both consist of six semi-tones but why do they have different names?
1
vote
7answers
103 views

Do you need to look at keys for intervals?

Say you have a starting note that is written on B. Would you have to fill out all of the sharps that the key of B has to find out the interval? Like if you had one note on B and the other was on D ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

How long before dissonance appears in contrary motion scales?

Just to make things clear, let's set some limits: The scale is F major and the tonic is F One of the scales has to start and end on F The other note can start from any note in the F major scale up to ...
6
votes
4answers
372 views

What set of notes can be used as a scale?

There are many different scales. As far as I understand, a scale is defined by intervals between notes. For example, for major scale it should be: tone-tone-semitone-tone-tone-tone-semitone I know ...
9
votes
10answers
3k views

If equal temperament divides an octave into 12 equal parts, why are the hertz differences not the same but 12ths of two?

Let's take a 440Hz A pitch and the 880Hz A an octave higher. If we divide space between 440Hz and 880Hz into 12 equal parts, we would have: [440Hz, 476.6, 513.2 ... 880Hz.] And this looks ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Given that an Octatonic Scale has 8 notes, what are the names of the scale intervals e.g. for a diminished scale?

Assuming the C° (half/whole) scale (C D♭ E♭ E G♭ G A B♭ C) comprises the intervals P1, m2, m3, d4, d5, d6, and m7, what is the correct name/interval descriptions for B♭ & C (the 8th & 9th ...
2
votes
3answers
566 views

Accounting for intervals not present within the chord ratio?

Here are a selection of chord ratios.. Minor Chord - 10:12:15 Root (1:1) - Major 3rd (4:5) - Perfect 5th (2:3) Major 7th Chord - 8:10:12:15 Root (1:1) - Major 3rd (4:5) - Perfect 5th (2:3) - Major ...
4
votes
4answers
138 views

Does the name of an interval change if the notes are in different octaves?

The interval between C and G is a perfect fifth (P5). But if the G is in a different octave does the interval name stay the same?
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there a relationship between prime numbers and music?

Is there a relationship between prime numbers and the series of overtones and their frequencies? I've found links to Euler's research about math and about music, and I got goose bumps when I found ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

History of standardization of pitch and tuning: measuring waves

The velocity of a traveling wave in a stretched string is determined by the tension and the mass per unit length of the string. for a string of length cm and mass/length = gm/m. For such a string, the ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Do interval ratios take overtones into account or solely the fundamental frequency?

An interval holds two pitches (C an G). Those two pitches have a fundamental frequency which represents their pitch names, along with their harmonic series/overtones. When we turn that interval into ...
9
votes
6answers
2k views

Guitar tuning “perfect” fourths?

Virtually all the sources I can find claim that the intervals between adjacent guitar strings in standard tuning (EADGBE) should be perfect fourths, except for one major third. However, since a ...
-1
votes
1answer
178 views

I have questions revolving around the formula of producing chord ratios?

Good day guys! Thanks to the gentleman @willross1 and others contributions, i have now discovered the formula behind turning interval ratios into chord ratios, which allows me to determine the level ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Why is an interval Major, Minor, Augmented, Diminished, or Perfect? [duplicate]

Why are 2nds, 3rds, 6ths, and 7ths major or minor, but 4ths, and 5ths are diminished, augmented, or perfect? I might have some of that a little mixed up and I realize some are enharmonic equivalents. ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Is the name of an interval between two notes unique and absolute?

Given two notes, is the name of the interval based only on the number of semitones between them (absolute) or can the same exact interval have different names related to the key/scale we're talking ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Origin of the distinction between major/minor, perfect intervals in light of the major second [duplicate]

in short i have the following question: What is the historical/scientific reason behind the naming convention of major/minor second instead of naming the major second "perfect" second? More specific:...
0
votes
7answers
277 views

How can I memorize all the notes in each usable key?

Basically, I want to have all the notes in every usable key memorized so that I can instantly just call them to my memory and play them. By usable I mean any key that has 7 or less flats/7 or less ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

Why is the interval from the D string to the A string a P5, but a P4 interval from the A string to the D string?

I'm trying to look at the fret board in distance vs notes, I know that going up from the low E string to the A string is a perfect 4th, but going from the A string to the low E string is a perfect 5th....
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Which note goes on which side of the stem?

When writing music in sheet music form, I know that when writing harmonic intervals of a second, one of the two notes is on the opposite side of the notehead. My trouble is determining which note to ...
-1
votes
2answers
121 views

Why can some hear the minor second as a perfect consonance? [closed]

Great Music of the Twentieth Century (2018), by Robert Greenberg B.A. music (magna cum laude) from Princeton, Ph.D. music composition from the U.C. Berkeley. Lecture 11 "Synthesis and Nationalism: ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Table of Intervals, “Diminished” column

I found the following table of Intervals in the Harvard Dictionary of Music (re-created by me in MS Word): (Correction to the above: It is "Harvard Dictionary", not "Oxford Dictionary". Oops!) I am ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

What are the different qualities of the intervals? [closed]

I know that a 3rd decides the emotional quality of a chord, but what about the 5th? What does the 7th do? The 2nd, 6th, and 9th?
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Would it be a good idea to memorize relative interval positions on guitar?

It seems like if I memorized the relative intervals between the notes on each string, it would help a lot with quickly making chords and such. It seems a lot easier than trying to memorize individual ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Are there any methods to identify intervals in Solfege?

I have a test in Solfege and I have trouble identifying intervals. I don't have musical hearing and I have never studied piano professionally. Therefore I struggle with identifying intervals through ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Aural mnemonics: can we compile a list? [duplicate]

When I do ear training, I like to use mnemonics, in the form of a short snippet from a well-known song, to help me memorize certain aural patterns. I can share some of the ones I have so far, but I ...
4
votes
6answers
312 views

How does any given major key contain only 1 tritone?

Understanding the Fundamentals of Music (2006), by Robert Greenberg, B.A. in music (magna cum laude) from Princeton, Ph.D. in music composition from the University of California, Berkeley. p. 54 of ...
5
votes
3answers
960 views

Why do the keys in the circle of fifths have the pattern of accidentals that they do?

I'm attempting to fully understand the circle of fifths, and I noticed that in the clockwise direction, the sharps are added in their own circle of fifths starting at F. I'm wondering why this ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

What is a good app, software or other efficient method to type out staff notations? [closed]

I’m asking for suggestions and recommendations from music theory educators who often need to prepare music lesson notes and set tests that will require a lot of staff notation images, for e.g. an ...
5
votes
3answers
432 views

Maximum interval between Alto & Tenor, & intervals when writing for SATB

What is the maximum interval permitted between the Alto & Tenor when writing for SATB? I have read it should not be more than a 10th, whereas another source said it should not be more than an 8th. ...
6
votes
3answers
168 views

Mikrokosmos, BB 105, Vol. 1: No. 17 Contrary Motion (1) - Can't understand the structure

Can somebody explain how the harmony works in this piece? It seems that the right hand plays on C key and the left hand alternates between G and D. Why when played in opposite direction do the ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

What does it mean to “outline an interval”?

Here, for example, I see the following rule: Consecutive leaps should outline a triad What does it exactly mean? My assumption was that, if we have a sequence of tones that leaps-wise go in one ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

Is it ok to practice naming intervals with a guitar or keyboard in hand?

I am not formally trained in music but was wondering if it is better to try and learn intervals without looking at an instrument or if it doesn't matter really? I suppose on written tests you wouldn't ...
0
votes
4answers
238 views

when is a perfect fifth interval a diminished 6th and why? [duplicate]

I did a music theory test where I was asked the interval between F# and Db. I called the interval a perfect fifth but I was wrong. It was a diminished 6th. Can someone please can explain why this ...
1
vote
3answers
48 views

Augmented Second Created from Raised Lower Pitch

I’m working through a Barrons AP Music Theory book and was very confused by one of the diagrams. The diagram begins with a major second created by a G to an A, or a M2 due to it being a whole step. It ...
17
votes
4answers
1k views

How can a perfect fourth interval be considered either consonant or dissonant?

I've been reading Ralph Denyer's book, The Guitar Handbook, and in the section on intervals he states that the perfect fourth can be either consonant or dissonant but it's not explained as how or why. ...
5
votes
5answers
146 views

Are there any chords other than the dim7 and Fr. 6 that have two overlapping tritones?

On my question Why does the French sixth sound more dissonant than the others?, I got this answer from Ben I.: It's because the French 6th chord has an extra tritone. If we take an A♭ ...
5
votes
1answer
910 views

Is it true that “The augmented fourth (A4) and the diminished fifth (d5) are the only aug and dim intervals that appear in diatonic scales”

According to a source that I found, A4 & d5 are 2 types of tritones, and there are 1 or 2 tritones in a diatonic scale, depending on the definition. I cannot see how A4 and d5 are the only 2 ...
4
votes
4answers
633 views

What's the point of interval inversion?

The rules for inverting intervals are well documented (for example on Wikipedia), but I'm having a hard time figuring out why this operation is of interest: How does interval inversion help us in ...
1
vote
3answers
176 views

Is there a way of measuring the distance between notes indepedently of tuning? [closed]

I am trying to understand how much of music theory can be done independently of a specific tuning system. In equal temperament, all semitones have the same size, but that is not the case in other ...
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Perfect 4th is dissonant?

Why is the perfect fourth dissonant in some cases when it does not sound dissonant? When I play it in closed position, it does not sound dissonant at all. When I play it as a compound interval, I ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Identifying the interval from A♭ to D♯

This is a very theoretical question but it's confusing me a little. So intervals overlap - That's why I can call a major 3rd a diminished 4th, and such. However, from what I understand, a perfect ...
8
votes
2answers
495 views

what does the apostrophe mean in this notation?

Found this whilst reading some basic theory on wikipedia, but am trying to figure out what the supposed meaning is. example: b-c' kleine secunde 16:15 source: Wikipedia link with interval table ( ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

Having learnt all the intervals by ear, how does one learn whole melodies? [duplicate]

This might seem like an easy step, but having learned how to recognise all the intervals upto an octave: ascending, descending and harmonically, how does one figure out a melody by ear? I can pick out ...
4
votes
4answers
418 views

Tritone or Minor 2nd as the most dissonant interval?

I'm trying to establish which interval is more dissonant, the tritone or the minor 2nd. Both are obviously very dissonant intervals. Math seems to prove that a minor 2nd should sound more consonant ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Why are consecutive P4s okay to use while P1s, P5s, P8s are not?

Consecutive P1s, P5s, and P8s are not okay to be used while P4s are allowed. What's the reason?
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How can I construct the E7 only with theory?

I have a hard time with the following description of what a E7 consists of: What does the intervall relate to here? I try to apply it to the Notes (Töne) above it (E B d gis b e`) but that can't fit....