Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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3answers
255 views

How do I practice relative pitch effectively?

The cause of a lot of my anxiety, and the reason I've been too frustrated to practice music for the last few months, is because I do not have an effective way to work on my relative pitch. I taught ...
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2answers
144 views

How to calculate the extra semitone in one circle of fifths

This is an extension to my previous question when I tried to do the math to prove the following statement: going up 12 perfect fifths takes one up 7 octaves plus one-fourth of a semitone extra Going ...
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2answers
120 views

Sweet child - scale and chord discrepancy

This is not about "identifiying a chord". The chord is already identified. This is about how a chord can be replaced with another, changing the flavor of a song. I have played the rythm ...
3
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2answers
84 views

Using intervals to count chord occurrences

I'm doing a statistical analysis on chord bigram occurrences, using chord progressions. We wanted to deal with the A-transpose issue, since we mostly care about the intervals between chords and we ...
3
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1answer
40 views

What interval sequences “defined” Fux's counterpoint?

Motivation When Fux laid out his rules for counterpoint, he did so primarily in terms of melodic (horizontal) movements within each voice and secondarily in terms of harmonic (vertical) relationships ...
3
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2answers
76 views

Why might two jumps in contrary motion be avoided? [duplicate]

The goal is to write a well-constructed and easily singable melody. There is a motif in my melody that outlines a C major triad like this: E4 G4 C4 (in that order). Why might it not be wise to have ...
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1answer
204 views

how do I add voices to compound species lines?

Update, TLDR: given multiple semi-written lines of music, which line should be deemed the cantus firmus before working on the counterpoint of the other lines? Given a "free" (?) soprano ...
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3answers
306 views

How would you play a normal song on an n-TET instrument?

I learnt this week that if we divide an octave into 53 notes (53-TET), then all basic intervals approximations will be improved. I am trying to understand how one would play a normal song (for 12-TET) ...
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3answers
506 views

Confusion with inversion and descending, example with guitar shape

Hi, I'd like to understand why the second shape is considered to be a P5 ? When I play it I hear a descending P4 or reversed P4 if you will. I try to forget about theory, nine rules, calculation but ...
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2answers
121 views

When was the concept of a “triad chord” first introduced?

Chiara Bertoglio, “A Perfect Chord: Trinity in Music, Music in the Trinity,” Religions 4, no. 4 (December 2013): 485–501, §6. A “Harmonious” God, p. 493, claims: It was not before the 16th century, ...
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5answers
166 views

Why does Hindemith say to avoid augmented and diminished intervals?

Rule 12 of Paul Hindemith's Craft of Musical Composition - Book 2 states the following: Avoid augmented and diminished intervals. If, after an augmented or a diminished interval, the third tone is ...
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0answers
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Is there a database of tunes searchable by interval? [duplicate]

It's a common technique to use familiar tunes to remind ourselves how intervals sound. Recently in a zoom rehearsal we were talking about octave leaps and between us came up with the common octave ...
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2answers
64 views

Why do some arrangements avoid having a 5th or 3rd in the harmony when there is a P4th in the melody?

Ok, the major 3rd I can understand since it is a m2 away from the P4 and there would be a clash there if they are in the same octave and even if they aren't many composers/songwriters choose sus ...
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4answers
112 views

What are the exact steps of transposing a note?

There are some related answers (like "What is the formal definition of 'transpose'?", and "What is the idea of "transposing by perfect unison"?"), but they didn't answer ...
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3answers
953 views

Do the intervals in a chord determine its sound?

For example, in a C Major chord of (C, E, G), I have the intervals of: A Major Third (C, E) A Perfect Fifth (C, G) A Minor Third (E, G) In a C Minor chord (C, Eb, G), I have intervals of: A Minor ...
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0answers
29 views

Do triply diminished or augmented intervals actually occur in common-practice music? [duplicate]

Doubly diminished or augmented intervals are occasionally to be seen in common-practice music, but I don't recall ever seeing a triply or quadruply dim. or aug. one. Do they actually occur in ...
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2answers
800 views

Notes in a Chord

I'm trying to work my way through the Mark Levine Jazz Theory book but I'm scratching my head at the start of chapter 2 (Pg15). Maybe this book is too advanced for me and I need to pick something less ...
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1answer
89 views

Are the names of scale degrees the same for different modes?

Do the naming conventions and their implied function still apply to modes outside the major and minor scale?Is the minor second of the Phrygian mode called the supertonic?Is the augmented fourth of ...
6
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1answer
151 views

Is there a theory of heptatonic scales with 1.5-step intervals?

I've been alternating between reading about music theory on Wikipedia and playing around with the scales that I've learned. The "modern Western modes" are defined systematically with their ...
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2answers
65 views

How to learn the intervals between the bass and treble clef

Is it just my lack of training and experience, or is it very difficult to read the intervals between the two clefs? Especially intervals of more than an octave like 10ths and 12ths. Can someone share ...
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1answer
68 views

Is this an F below middle C? (check my relative pitch estimation plus my math)

I'm listening to a "tone" and estimating its frequency and need some help checking both my relative pitch estimation and my math. In this noisy part of this video the Mars helicopter ...
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5answers
210 views

How can one learn to identify intervals by ear without singing?

Learning to identify intervals typically relies heavily on singing. This is evident in many posts here regarding ear training (see below). But what about those for whom singing isn't an option? ...
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1answer
69 views

Why do I have more ease with the higher pitches?

There is something I always had, but then I realized now it is also affecting languages: First, I do not have perfect pitch, but I can recognize the common intervals if I pay attention. And, my last ...
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2answers
334 views

Augmented and Diminished Intervals

I am going through a huge theoretical "reboot" with Laitz's Complete Musician on my own, and I'm having trouble counting the intervals here: This is in treble clef. The first highlighted ...
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2answers
211 views

Confusion about Zarlino and his assertions about the diatessaron (perfect fourth)

In Part Three of Gioseffo Zarlino's "Le Istitutioni Harmoniche", "The Art of Counterpoint", Zarlino argues that the diatessaron (or perfect fourth) is not a dissonance, as the ...
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1answer
72 views

Alternative intervals power chords in just intonation

I was wondering, distorted power chords tend to work really well because in 12 equal temperament the root and fifth are pretty close to just intonation. A detailed explanation can be found in the link ...
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8answers
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How to develop a musical ear when even singing poses great difficulty?

I love music and would love to develop a musical ear. My problem is that I can't get started. All tutorials that I find start at a more advanced point compared to where I am at. I can't carry a tune. ...
7
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1answer
553 views

Intervals in Guitar

I am a beginner guitar player trying to learn the basics. Currently I struggling with INTERVALS. I somewhere read the below section, but was not able to understand it properly. In Guitar, every string ...
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3answers
76 views

If a Concert instrument plays an F double sharp scale, what is the first note they play [duplicate]

plz help...If a Concert instrument plays an F double sharp scale, what is the first note they play I was confused on this question and need more clarification because I play a Concert Bb instrument.
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2answers
167 views

When an Eb instrument plays the Concert F scale, what note do they start on? [duplicate]

When an Eb instrument plays the Concert F scale, what note do they start on? plz help? I was confused on this question and need more clarification because I play a Concert Bb instrument.
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1answer
181 views

“Consecutive/parallel 5ths are bad” - does this rule apply to vocals? Or just piano, etc.? [closed]

If I use a vocoder to play the same note as a vocal + a perfect 5th above each note, is that a consecutive 5th? Is this "bad"? Also, if I play C1 and program the vocoder to play a perfect ...
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4answers
605 views

How to recognize harmonic intervals?

I've been doing some ear training, I'm quite at ease when recognizing melodic intervals, whether they are ascending or descending intervals, yet when it comes to harmonic intervals, I don't know how ...
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4answers
579 views

Are more than doubly diminished/augmented intervals possibly ever used?

Warning: this is purely a theoretical question, most likely won't have any practical uses. The reason I'm asking is because I'm trying to express musical intervals programatically. Expressing them as ...
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1answer
66 views

In species counterpoint, is the fourth above a third a consonance or a dissonance?

I am reading Alfred Mann's translation of "Gradus ad Parnassum" and found a footnote that says that Fux considers a fourth that comes from harmonic division the of the octave (fifth-fourth) ...
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5answers
657 views

(Piano) How should I play this harmonic unison

I stumbled with harmonic unisons for the first time trying to play this arrangement I found this question where some techniques to deal with harmonic unison are discussed, and it helped me with the ...
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6answers
176 views

Why is it easier to remember a melody as opposed to a simple interval? [duplicate]

There's already a question similar to this here, but most of the answers raise questions like, "If you can throw an object a certain distance but not tell precisely how far you threw it, how do ...
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2answers
181 views

What's the Reason for Naming Major Second a Diminished Third? [duplicate]

I know that interval between those is identical, but very often I see that instead of typing CM2, people use Cd3 to indicate the interval. Isn't simpler to simply use fewer accidentals and make the ...
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4answers
481 views

I can recognise intervals, but why do I have difficulty in hearing them in a song?

I have been transcribing music without an instrument for quite some time now, if I have my instrument in hand I am able to almost always quickly figure out what is being played but when I step away ...
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3answers
86 views

Are melodic intervals in relation to key or simply the last played notes?

Is the concept of 'intervals' in this sense any note in relation to the tonic note of the key, (whether that tonic note is being played at the time or not), or are melodic intervals just the immediate ...
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1answer
178 views

Why the distance between two keys is called “semitone” [duplicate]

Why is the distance between two closest keys called semitone? I guess there some historical reasons for that. If I was to construct the piano/music nomenclature from scratch I would call the smallest ...
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3answers
600 views

Why do music intervals sound almost the same? [closed]

e.g If we played C and D# on the piano in ascending order (Let's call it tune 1) and then D# and F# in ascending order again (Let's call it tune 2), We know both tunes are slightly different but ...
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3answers
113 views

Renaming intervals to avoid fractions

Any two consecutive piano keys make an interval of 1/2 step (e.g. C to C#, or E to F). Why not just rename that to be a whole step, and avoid having to use fractions? Then, for example, C to F would ...
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2answers
591 views

Interval calculation (Eb-B#)

I'm trying to name the interval Eb-B#. We know that E-B is a perfect fifth. And by taking Eb-B, it becomes an augmented fifth. But what about Eb-B#? I cannot find a suitable name for this one. Thank ...
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2answers
546 views

Double Augmented 4th?

This is from page 106 of The Complete Elementary Music Rudiments, 2nd Edition by Mark Sarnecki. It is in the section about enharmonic intervals The question is asking for the interval from A# to E# (a ...
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3answers
90 views

Does tonality require consonance?

It seems like tonality and consonance go hand in hand, but I’m still unsure if consonance is necessary to establish a tonal center, or if consonance is just the preferred sound against a tonal center. ...
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5answers
229 views

Is it correct to refer to a third/fifth/etc even if they're on black keys?

As I understand it, the terms "third", "fifth", "seventh", etc. all refer to the n-th white key relative to the root note. To demonstrate this, let's observe a C major ...
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6answers
849 views

How does the tonic establish itself in a melody?

Whenever I hear an explanation about what the tonic or root note is, it’s about how it creates some kind of gravitational pull in the music. How does it do that exactly? How does our brain piece ...
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2answers
138 views

Do intervals contain a variable number of steps? Are they absolute, or linked to C-major? [duplicate]

An interval is the distance between two pitches. We name the major intervals based on the number of note names they contain. Since the note letter names have been assigned such that in the C-major ...
6
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4answers
499 views

Why do major and minor triads sound different both harmonically and melodically?

Sorry if the wording is odd, but basically my question is, why do the major and minor triads have two distinct sounds, if they share all of the same intervals? Not only when they’re stacked ...
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11answers
3k views

Advantage of 7-note based theory over 12-note alternative

I'm a beginner at music, so I apologize if this is a dumb question. I've been trying to figure out why (in a 21/12 equal temperament tuning) music theory is based on 7 distinct notes (A,B,C,D,E,F,G) ...

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