# Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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### Intervals: Diminished unison?

I am learning level 8 theory. There was an exercise where I had to write each interval below the given note. The interval given was a diminished 1. In general, how would I solve this? Here is a ...
279 views

### Perfect fourth is dissonant when there's no note below it?

According to Walter Piston's Harmony book, a perfect fourth is dissonant if there's no tone below its lower tone, while it's consonant if there's a third or a perfect fifth below the interval. In that ...
86 views

### Writing specific intervals

Is my answer the following question is correct: Q: What is the augmented seventh from E? A: D double sharp Method Write down the note (of your choosing) on the bottom line of the treble staff which ...
402 views

### Open interval (Does such a term exist?)

In a book on jazz harmony in Russian I have noticed the term 'open interval'. Example 57 says that interval -9 in the right arrangement is 'open interval' (in this case it's bad). The left arrangement ...
167 views

### How does one measure the interval between two pitches?

What is the procedure for measuring the interval between two pitches? How do I know if something is a fifth, sixth, or something else? Why, for instance, is C to D a second even though we only go up ...
771 views

### Confusion in naming intervals

If I play C E G on the piano, then G acts as a perfect 5th, but if I play G C E and the lowest note (just below the C) is G, can I still call G a perfect 5th of C maj? Because the interval now between ...
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### Inversionally equivalent pc sets relation with transposition

So, I'm reading Allen Forte's Structure of Atonal Music and in the sub-chapter 1.4 Inversionally equivalent pc sets he affirms: It is important to observe that whereas transposition does not imply ...
276 views

### Can an interval have a direction, low to high, high to low?

Is there a word or way to know if an interval is going from a low note to a high note? "Minor second" doesn't tell me if it's going from a low note to a high note for example.
335 views

### Is interval always related to a scale?

Is music interval always a concept in terms of scales and do we always have to take the first note as tonic? What would be the interval between D note and E note in C major scale?
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### What are the interval patterns for the modes?

I came across this on this site: C Ionian is C D E F G A B, whereas C Dorian is C D E♭ F G A B♭ The WWHWWWH is for Ionian. What is the equivalent for the other modes?
169 views

What is the musical term for an amended ending where the leading note is flattened and then resolves to the correct leading note? For example, a piece in C Major ends with a Perfect cadence, where the ...
164 views

### Explaining DADA to EGBG (and in the other direction) in theoretical terms

Please can you help me describe the transition between these two sets of notes in theoretical terms: DADA (For clarity, on the guitar: open D string, g string 2nd fret, b string 3rd fret, e string ...
164 views

### Interval song for a Perfect 4th where the note ascended to is not the tonic?

I've been trying to develop my relative pitch, and I've seen the suggestion of using "interval songs". This makes sense to me, but I've noticed something about every song I've seen suggested for the ...
470 views

### What does °7 and x6 mean in the context of intervals?

Does anyone know what the symbol °7 and x6 mean. I'm practicing intervals for my guitar exam but I don't remember ever being taught these symbols. Does it look like I am doing this question right?
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### Learning intervals - the fear it will change how I hear music

I wrote here before about my issue with studying intervals. I got the will again and went to train my ear, but I have a great fear all of a sudden that I will listen to music and melodies recognizing ...
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### Recognizing intervals without interval songs?

I would love to know all my intervals by ear but where ever I search for help it says to learn interval songs e.g. Jaws theme for minor 2nd. I find this to be pretty ineffective honestly. I don't hear ...
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### Why is a major third considered more consonant than a perfect fourth?

The "perfect" quality implies it should be as consonant as a perfect fifth, but that doesn't seem to be true. Moreover, a perfect fourth has the slightly nicer ratio of 4:3 compared to a major thirds ...
157 views

### Is a Major Interval the same as a Pure Interval?

I've been making electronic music for the past year but recently decided that I need to sit down and learn some actual theory. So, I picked up a copy of Guide to the Practical Study of Harmony by ...
238 views

### Can anyone help with the use of a “Non Chord tone” in Arctic Monkeys' “R U Mine?”

I've recently had a go at analysing Arctic Monkeys' song R U Mine and was wondering about this part shown here: The key of the song is F# minor and and the measure shown starts with a non-chord tone....
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### Is there a formal term for the “WWHW” and “WHWW” ordering of intervals in a perfect 5th?

The reason for my question is that I'm developing a simpler way, using one's fingers instead of the music staff to introduce basic theory to non-musicians. It's called "THE Music Theory" - "THE" ...
97 views

### Term for improvisation (or Melody) based on specific intervals, not notes?

Is there a term for melodic improvisation where only specific intervals are taken into consideration? As an example, Beginning on C, the player then has the option of moving either up or down, (Or ...
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### What interval is from G♭ to A♯ (same octave)?

It is a number 2 interval, but being 4 semitones, it is beyond an augmented second. So, what it is?
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### E to A# is an Augmented 4th, right?

In a theory test, I got this marked wrong. (The clef is treble, by the way.) So... What gives? E to A is a perfect fourth. Raise the A to A# and you get a tritone. AKA an augmented fourth, since ...
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### Eartraining: What to learn after mastering interval recognition? [duplicate]

(This is for relative pitch, absolute pitch gods please don't descend from heaven) I've been learning to recognize intervals for the past year or so, and I have to say I'm very good at it. (Mostly by ...
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### Are Guitar Patterns an Absolute Necessity for Improvisation?

Box Patterns I learned to play guitar like everyone else using box patterns. That worked for a bit. The boxes were getting in my way of "true musical improvisation". Usually making it hard to connect ...
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### Simple ratios or Overtones?

Example: If I play an octave on the piano starting on middle C. To my limited understanding the simple ratio of 2:1(due to sound-waves matching) and the multiple overtones that match up in this ...
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### Ear training - help recognizing intervals [duplicate]

I've been a guitar player for years - I've done covers so far. But all the covers I've played were taken from online tabs - the reasoning behind this is that I'm absolutely awful at recognizing ...
342 views

### How do I use the 'white-key method' as an aid for memorizing intervals?

I'm working my way through the Open Music Theory digital textbook (http://openmusictheory.com/). There is a chapter that describes intervals and how to determine their quality. The introductory ...
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### what's the name of the interval A (V degree) and D# in a e minor scale?

I guess it's an augemented fourth because it contains a half step more than a perfect fourth; [from a source] but in a minor scale it isn't allowed: an augmented fourth is IV degree.
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### How does ear training help me find the key of a song?

I want to understand how ear training to identify different intervals helps me figure out what notes are in a song, and what key it's in.
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### Consonance/Dissonance of 5th according to the explanation of 4th

The consonance of the 4th interval depends on the context, as several music theory sources describe. Why isn't that idea generalized to all intervals? Let me illustrate this comparing what I have in ...
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### Trick to figure out what the proper note to play is when playing in thirds?

Take for example the melody C D E F G A B in the key of c major. If i play the melody in thirds, I have been told that you would play it C E; D F; E G; etc. but some of those form minor 3rds and some ...
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### Need some help with perfect fifth power chords

Okay, so I have played guitar for quite some time, but I chose to take up tattooing for a career for about 10 years which left me no time to enjoy playing anymore. So needless to say, I ended up ...
337 views

### Are intervals always used in the context of a scale?

Can an interval be a measure of absolute distance between any given note to another, or is it always used in the context of a scale, where each note in the scale has a corresponding interval value? ...
750 views

### Dissonance: why doesn't the roughness curve have a dip for complex intervals like 7/6?

Roughness is explained well in Is there a way to measure the consonance or dissonance of a chord? In particular the Plomp-Levelt curve is derived, which has various dips showing how simple intervals (...
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### Meaning of sharp/flat third and sixth in text from the XVI century

In a text from Thomas Morley's treatise A plaine and easie introduction to practicall musicke (1597) he refers to the motion of melody proceeding by "half steps, flat thirds and flat sixths" or by "...
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### How to enharmonically change the bottom note of the interval A# to E#

A# to E# is a perfect fifth, and an exercise book I am working through says to enharmonically change the bottom note and identify the resulting interval. I cannot see any possibility except rewriting ...
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### Is there such a thing as a diminished unison? [duplicate]

I'm working through Mark Sarnecki's Rudiments of music theory book, and I'm digesting the bit about augmented and diminished intervals. I'm confused as to how a diminished unison can exist. By ...
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### Why wasn't the actual “semitone” taken as the unit and therefore called “a tone”?

A more practical formulation of the question is "Why do we count by tones, instead of semitones?", but its meaning could be misinterpreted; the target of the question is actually on the concept of "1 ...
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### Memorizing fret board intervals

Fret board intervals; When playing and looking at the guitar fretboard, is it best to mentally use pictorial patterns, (chords, scales, modes, arpeggios) to help in the (my) solo direction, or ...
790 views

### Why are there different names for the same interval? [duplicate]

The intervals F-B and B-F are called Augmented Fourth and Diminished Fifth respectively, but they are really both the same interval - a tritone. Why are they named differently?
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### Training interval identification: Unable to identify major and minor seconds

I started practicing interval comparison, but I'm completely unable to consistently identify major and minor second intervals. I am so bad at identifying them, that I started to think I had a ...
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### Are intervals like major 3rd, minor 3rd, and major 2nd all based on the scales, or are they based on how many semitones they have?

Are intervals like major 3rd, minor 3rd, and major 2nd all based on the scales, or are they based on how many semitones they have? I ask this question because if I play the C major scale, and I ...
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### How accurately can a good musician judge an interval to be out of tune? [closed]

This is for a music/physics crossover experiment. Almost everyone will be familiar with the Doppler Effect, even if they don't know the name. Imagine that a vehicle is blaring its a siren or ...
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### Defining intervals.

There seems to be a lot of confusion over naming intervals. Some seem to think it involves major intervals being from major keys/scales, thus minor intervals need to follow from that. Some seem to ...
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### How do you determine intervals? Is it based on major and minor keys? [duplicate]

If we say C to E, we say it's a major third since it is belongs to the major scale. If we say C to E♭, we say it's a minor third since it belongs to a minor scale. What about C to D, F, or G? ...
833 views

### What makes an interval “perfect”? Is this scale-dependent? [duplicate]

Ok, so I am very curious about why the major scale 4th and 5th are deemed "perfect" while other intervals are "major." This may just be an arbitrary thing based on sounds we find pleasing, but I've ...
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### Available Tensions for Modal Scale Degrees

I have a bit of a tricky topic here. I've been getting into bebop progressions, and I'm really enjoying myself. However the one thing I was missing was those nice lush chords you come by every so ...