Questions tagged [jazz]

An original American music style that originated in the early 20th century by improvisation and syncopation.

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4
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2answers
279 views

What is the difference between an augmented and diminished scale?

I understand little music theory, so I do not understand the difference between an augmented and diminished scale.
3
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1answer
50 views

Gypsy Jazz style violin vibrato notation

The way vibrato is used in gypsy jazz violin, like Stephane Grappelli is a bit different from normal classical playing. Typically only used on long notes and developing after the note has sounded, ...
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3answers
618 views

Ranking dominant chord alterations by dissonance

In a jazz chord progression, there are many ways to alter the extensions and notes in a dominant chord. Reasons for altering dominant chords are to add harmonic variety, to construct elegant and ...
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1answer
89 views

How do you memorize the modes of the melodic minor scale on guitar?

I'm looking for ideas to memorize the 7 positions of the melodic minor on the guitar fretboard. Any suggestions? Is there a way to map each pattern to a chord shape? Or a way to quickly visualize the ...
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4answers
356 views

Jazz piano: fingering — special cases and hacks

I have a couple of questions related to corner cases in fingering: How do you play Gmaj9 in RH when it is inversion F♯, A, B, D? Thumb on the (black) F♯ and the rest line up? Another ...
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4answers
17k views

Is it normal to struggle through "The Jazz Piano Book" by Mark Levine?

I'm a hobbyist pianist who has been playing primarily rock and blues music for about 2 years, and classical before that for a few years. I have a beginner grasp of music theory (I know my major, 3 ...
2
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5answers
230 views

Russell Lydian chromatic (again) [duplicate]

One more question about Russell Lydian theory. Russell uses as an example the Lydian C scale: C-D-E-F#-G-A-B-C comparing it with C maj scale, then he starts to explain his theory as if they belong to ...
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7answers
739 views

Jazz piano, chords: planning ahead

I’m an aspiring jazz pianist, playing tunes without sight reading of any kind (once I’ve learned it), in ensembles and solo. I have for long had the problem that my chords are staggering. Once I’ve ...
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2answers
193 views

George Russell Lydian chromatic concept

I am reading the George Russell book about Lydian chromatic concept. If anyone has ever read it, maybe you can help me in understanding his use of the term "Lydian do" as well as "Ionian do". My ...
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2answers
96 views

PRS SE245 with Thomastik Jazz Swing strings

I have a PRS SE 245 electric guitar and to be able to get more jazz sound I want to restring my guitar with Thomastik Jazz Swing JS112. Since this guitar is not a hollow body and its neck is shorter ...
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1answer
84 views

Who was the first to teach jazz improvisation with an approach that matches scales to chords?

I'm reading George Russell's Lydian Chromatic Concept right now, and I'm trying to better understand its place (and his) in the history of jazz theory. Was he the first to posit this improvisational ...
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4answers
1k views

Should I use uppercase or lowercase roman numerals in Jazz harmonic analysis?

I know that there is not a fully defined specification for the language used in jazz harmonic analysis, as it has grown slowly and organically and has many variations. I have seen some textbooks use ...
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2answers
673 views

Writing interesting accompaniment rhythms

I've noticed a lot of music by New York composers use very interesting and varied, unpredictable accompaniment patterns (syncopation, rests, variation, counter-melodies etc) for their songs (like in ...
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4answers
1k views

Piano: getting chords up to speed

I practice a transcription that involves more elaborate jazz chords, modal sus9 and 13-chords, those kind of things, occupying many or all of the hands' fingers. I've played such things before (for ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Walking bass, two bars per chord, on tritone substitution

This is a follow up to my earlier question about step-wise walking bass. But this is for a full scale for two bars per chord. Part of the question is about when and where to add extra half steps if ...
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3answers
771 views

Chord alteration references? ("inside" vs. "outside")

Originally, I asked the question immediately below and it created some confusion. My revision appears below the original. # What books or references do you recommend which teach about altered chords ...
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1answer
3k views

What is the Lydian Chromatic Concept?

I've recently found out about George Russell's book the Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization and I've been curious about exactly what the Lydian Chromatic Concept is and how it can be used ...
1
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1answer
44 views

How to simply voice-lead melody for jazz brass

Hello and thank you for your time! My knowledge in music theory is limited, so excuse me. I don't know where to look for the answer. The goal is simple: harmonize a upper melody with chords stacked ...
4
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2answers
123 views

Step-wise walking bass for tritone substitution

I'm unsure how to handle a step-wise walking bass under a tritone substitution progression. I'm working on piano and using what I understand to be basic "Evans" voicings in the right hand ...
1
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2answers
92 views

Next steps for playing the piano [closed]

I've comfortably played Nuvole Bianche and Fur Elise by watching youtube videos, I can sense patterns between keys and I think have developed some musical sense(I can pick up new song, only with the ...
21
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8answers
34k views

How to improvise a walking bass line

When improvising or writing a walking bass line the bass note (usually the root of the chord) is played on the chord change, but how do you choose the other notes for a walking bass line? Is there a ...
5
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3answers
582 views

What is the function of this ♯V major chord (or ♭VI major)?

From this video, just listen to the first 8 bars (first 15 seconds). It sounds like the chord progress is I III7 II7 V# V7 in F major scale to me. I don't know how to explain the function of this V# ...
7
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5answers
2k views

Recognizing intervals without interval songs?

I would love to know all my intervals by ear but where ever I search for help it says to learn interval songs e.g. Jaws theme for minor 2nd. I find this to be pretty ineffective honestly. I don't hear ...
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7answers
2k views

How to "age" guitar strings?

Well I know this question sounds stupid, or at least extremely unusual. All the advertisements related to guitar strings talk about how to slow down guitar string aging and hoe hot to prevent the loss ...
3
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2answers
498 views

What do these diamond and slash note heads mean?

Can someone tell me what do the symbols here mean? and how to play them in triplets as written in the lead sheet?
3
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1answer
88 views

Jazz quartets without chord instrument [closed]

I want to write my degree thesis in music theory on arranging for jazz quartets without chord instruments (i.e. Vibraphone, piano, guitar...). For instance, there are the recordings of Gerry Mulligan ...
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1answer
247 views

Meaning of a Notation Symbol (

I wonder if anyone can tell me what the curved notation next to the 8th notes are. If it helps, this is a score for saxophone. Thanks.
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3answers
137 views

How do I learn to improvise outside of the jazz realm?

I'm a classically trained pianist and I've spent a lot of time in the last year or two really learning the blues. I've worked through some of my favorite pieces and it's safe to say I can now rip a 12 ...
2
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3answers
246 views

Why do some musicians count "un, two, three, four"?

I've seen and heard, in particular jazz musicians, count in using "un" instead of the regular pronunciation of the word "one". It seems unlikely there's a technical or practical ...
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10answers
4k views

Randomly and Programmatically generate a "good" next chord?

I am a Software Developer/Musician who has free time before summer classes start up. I wanted to sharpen my chord reading and improvising skills. What I would like to do is generate a phrase of ...
4
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3answers
405 views

non understandable key switches in jazz [closed]

I am trying to learn jazz. I got a handbook with some jazz standards. Given a jazz tab, is there a dominant key ? like in classical music. I don't understand the structure of the music. For instance, ...
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2answers
61 views

Bossa Nova Arrangement

I'm preparing a Bossa Nova Tune and it will feature a Singer, Guitarist, Pianist(me) and some percussion. Now i want the guitar to play the typical Bossa Nova rhythm but I don't know what do play with ...
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3answers
122 views

What's it called when you play the same exact melody with a different rhythm?

As an example, here is the original iconic melodic phrase that's used throughout the Trails Sky games: https://youtube.com/embed/3GB-xej4GFc?start=66&end=85 But here in this next piece, the exact ...
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1answer
59 views

Practice one pattern per day or one key per day? [closed]

Assume one needs to practice pattern A and pattern B in keys 1 and 2. Is it better to practice one day pattern A in all keys and the other day pattern B in all keys, or to practice patterns A and B in ...
2
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3answers
88 views

Do sus chords exist in Locrian?

I have recently been exploring chords in the Locrian mode. Down to the flattened 5th and 9th degrees, I have come up with some pretty bizarre sus chords. This got me thinking: Are such chords still ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

Usage of Melodic Minor instead of Harmonic Minor on Secondary Dominant

Recently I watched this video which discusses secondary dominants and specifically for the case of A II - V - I in the key of C. They play a secondary dominant for the II chord, so they are playing an ...
13
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2answers
12k views

What does "Open Vamp" mean?

Playing the trumbone in BRAZIL from S.K.Russel and Ary Barroso a few weeks ago i fell over the sign "Open Vamp" in the trombone 2 part (in bar 10). Please help: what does this mean and how to play it?...
4
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3answers
112 views

How to play outside over a major 7 chord?

What are some (fusion-like) options to temporarily play outside over a major 7 chord? E.g. if I improvise over Am7 - Fmaj7 in A aeolian, what are some options to escape F lydian or such and sound ...
3
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4answers
254 views

What is this embellishment called?

There's a technique I've seen used a lot in jazz, gospel, pop singing, etc. where someone will play a note and play a quick semitone up and back down into another note. Heres an audio example. Does ...
12
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7answers
7k views

Sharp 5 or flat 13? Sharp 9 or flat 10?

Let's say I'm in C major. I have a dominant altered chord built on G. This very popular voicing has the following tones (I'm including both enharmonic spellings for the accidentals): G B (D# or Eb) F ...
2
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4answers
151 views

Do I understand correctly this relationship between m6, m7, and m7b5 chords?

While reading the Jazz Guitar Chord Mastery book by Joseph Alexander, I've encountered a passage that is not 100% clear to me. I would be very thankful if you might help. Playing a m7b5 chord on the ...
4
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3answers
382 views

How do I learn jazz on piano? [duplicate]

I am very interested in learning piano but more specifically jazz. I really like the way people can just improvise. I know that I would not be easy but I would like to know what the best book or ...
7
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2answers
496 views

Creating chord-melody from The Real Book (or other fake book)

I practice songs from The Real Book, and I am quite new to the chord-melody concept. I have knowledge of scales and chords, and I can play melodically these standards. Now I want to play them as chord-...
4
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1answer
111 views

Jazz tones with PRS SE245

I am playing a solid body guitar, PRS SE245 and actually I want to have some jazz sounds. I am combining this guitar with Blackstar LT Echo 10 and actually couldn't succeed to get the tones of jazz. ...
15
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7answers
5k views

Importance of sight reading for non-professional jazz guitarists?

As a non-professional, intermediate-level guitarist interested in playing jazz, I wonder how important it is for me to be able to sight read music (and I mean standard music notation, not guitar ...
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2answers
85 views

Could dropping the root note fit well into certain melodies?

For example if I'm playing a melody that is in f7, while comping with my left hand, do I keep the f (e, f, a, c) or drop it (e, a, c) making it sound like a minor
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0answers
36 views

Why does F#dim resolve to C/G? [duplicate]

So heres my question: F#dim -> C/G How does this work? Well I understand that F#dim is functioning as D7b9 and resolving to the G in C/G but my question is why? It would make perfect sense to me if ...
2
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2answers
113 views

Old school reharmonization of jazz songs

I'm wondering how to reharmonize a jazz song using a traditional jazz style that avoids modern substitutions and extensions. As an example, I've got this score here. You can see the two ...
6
votes
1answer
224 views

Who Were Art Tatum's Influences?

Art Tatum is one of the most influential figures in the history of jazz piano. He propelled the music forward perhaps more than any other jazz pianist. Specifically, Art was known for his ...
4
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5answers
200 views

What makes a chord a sus chord?

In light of some recent answers to questions I have asked on Stack Exchange with regards to naming chords, I have decided to refine things a little further, focusing on sus chords. If a chord contains ...

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