Questions tagged [jazz]

An original American music style that originated in the early 20th century by improvisation and syncopation.

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66
votes
9answers
57k views

How can a classical pianist learn jazz piano?

I'm a classically trained pianist. Took lessons all through my childhood. I've continued to play and read classical literature all my life. But I never learned anything about jazz piano. I also know a ...
7
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5answers
2k views

Recognizing intervals without interval songs?

I would love to know all my intervals by ear but where ever I search for help it says to learn interval songs e.g. Jaws theme for minor 2nd. I find this to be pretty ineffective honestly. I don't hear ...
14
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6answers
2k views

Proper symbol for this chord (1 5 7 9 11)?

I'm a songwriter in the jazz-pop idiom, and when playing through a chart with a guitarist, he told me that, in his opinion, I had labeled a chord inaccurately / incorrectly. Here's the chord as I ...
13
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3answers
9k views

In Jazz, what is an avoid note?

Why are some scale degrees avoided? What is the reasoning behind the avoid notes? Are there avoid notes in all modes? If so, which are the avoid notes of the different modes? Is this pattern widely ...
16
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3answers
8k views

What is tritone substitution?

What is tritone substitution? How can this device be applied to improvisation and composition?
26
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5answers
41k views

What is Voice Leading?

In both classical music and jazz, we often encounter the concept of voice leading. What is it?
23
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5answers
5k views

Am I allowed to add a b9 to a maj7 chord in Jazz?

On Jazzology chapter 2, exercise 6, example 2, I have to identify this chord (if it exists): I thought that it was Cmaj7(b9). My train of thought was (from the lowest to the highest note): C -> 1st ...
6
votes
2answers
437 views

How do I go about naming/understanding the second chord in corcovado

I'm in the habit of writing lead sheets down for songs I learn, and the second chord of this stumped me. The notes are, starting at the bottom, G#, F, B E. The context is | Am6 | % | ...
36
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5answers
47k views

How to turn any (pop) song into a jazz song?

Quite often there are pop songs wich get covered in a jazz style. These covers are seen from youtube to tv. Now I tried doing something like this, with for example Bad Day by Daniel Powter. It's ...
24
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4answers
1k views

Where can I get started with my improvisation?

I have been playing the alto saxophone for a while now. I have also improvised from time to time and have some theoretical and practical background on the instrument, harmony, scales, etc. I have ...
20
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4answers
10k views

Most common jazz theory method book

What is the most common text book for learning jazz music theory? I have a strong background in classical music theory and would like to supplement it. I particularly am looking for something for ...
12
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7answers
10k views

Best Way to "Learn" Jazz Piano

Let me preface the question with a bit of background because I'm not even sure if I classify as "beginner" or "intermediate" or anything like that. I took your run of the mill piano lessons for 8 ...
15
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4answers
16k views

In jazz, what is a guide tone?

I've heard that guide tones are very useful while improvising, and seems to be an important concept for jazz theory. What is a guide tone? How can it help improvisation?
10
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4answers
21k views

How to use diminished scale over I IV V changes in blues

I want to spice up my solos over a Blues progression. I already can play a variety of scales but the Diminished scale is something I would like to add because of the particular sounds it creates. In ...
21
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8answers
5k views

Problems With Learning a Second Instrument

I’m trying learn jazz piano. For about ten years I played the violin; solo and in orchestras and quartets. I’ve also absolutely no trouble enjoying for instance Keith Jarrett’s more complex solo ...
13
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6answers
4k views

Why rootless chords?

I understand the functionality of rootless chords in a band setting where there is a bass player, but rootless chords are supposedly used in solo piano as well (the Jazz Piano Book says this, and I ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Jazz harmonization in the right hand on piano

I am trying to improve my mastery of Jazz Piano. I currently play block chords in my left hand with voice leading and melody in my right hand. I need to improve my right hand harmony. My first ...
17
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11answers
32k views

Why does a minor sixth chord contain a major 6th interval?

This is something that has always puzzled me. Perhaps I am going about this the wrong way but when I build chords I always build them based on the scale that corresponds to the quality of the chord. ...
14
votes
1answer
4k views

What are the Coltrane Changes?

Also known as Coltrane Matrix, Coltrane Cycle, chromatic third relations, and multi-tonic changes. What are the Coltrane Changes? What's the theory behind them? How are they used in improvisation, ...
11
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3answers
18k views

Jazz piano versus classical piano

What are the main differences between a jazz Pianist and a classical Pianist, If there are any. If I play mainly songs of pop artists (e.g: The Beatles, David Bowie, Elton John, etc.) does this count ...
11
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2answers
677 views

Where did "The Real Book" originally come from?

I saw my first copy of The Real Book when I was 15. The coolest, hippest, jazziest trumpet player I knew (he was 17 and knew who Miles Davis was) had a copy of this spiral-bound badge of savvy: a ...
9
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5answers
1k views

What's the value of modes?

Let's say we have a progression where all of the chords fit within traditional diatonic harmony. Maybe something like this: | E♭Maj♯11 | Cmin7 | F7 | B♭Maj | All of these chords fit ...
8
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2answers
3k views

How to apply Barry Harris 6th diminished voicings and maintain chord functions?

The Barry Harris diminished 6th voicings are popular voicings in Jazz, often related to Bill Evans when using drop 2 's. In essence, these are harmonizations of the bebop scale using the I and V7b9 (...
6
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5answers
3k views

How does modal jazz use chord progressions?

I read that jazz uses the chord progression "ii V I" alot. But another thing I heard is that modal jazz doesn't think in chord functions instead it uses modes. Which made me confused. Does that mean ...
1
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4answers
803 views

Piano practice routine [closed]

I wonder what practice routine would be the best, if I want to be a good pianist. One that plays in a band for example. How much time each day is expected? Which books should be played?! Or what is ...
12
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7answers
7k views

Sharp 5 or flat 13? Sharp 9 or flat 10?

Let's say I'm in C major. I have a dominant altered chord built on G. This very popular voicing has the following tones (I'm including both enharmonic spellings for the accidentals): G B (D# or Eb) F ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Giant Steps - Coltrane and Slonimsky

I've read several times that John Coltrane practiced extensively from the Slonimsky Thesaurus of scales and melodic patterns and that Coltrane's Giant Steps is strongly influenced by or is even a ...
5
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3answers
6k views

Swing feel - are triplets and 8th note notations rhythmically the same?

I'm going through some exercises in a blues piano book[*]. I've noticed that some rhythms are written with triplets (with an 8th note (quaver) rest in the middle), and others are written using 8th ...
1
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2answers
271 views

How would these chords from "Christmas Time Is Here" be analyzed?

I'm wondering how to go about analyzing some of the chords from this piece. I have a lot of tonal harmony knowledge, but am a little limited in my knowledge of jazz theory. However, I'd love to hear ...
7
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2answers
259 views

Slash Chord Symbols with chords on both sides of the slash

I just got hold of the 2006 Kurt Rosenwinkel transcriptions book and I'm looking through some of the lead sheets and getting confused by some chord symbols. For example the chords for the first 8 bars ...
6
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4answers
1k views

Is there a specific name for the use of IV chord over the V in the bass, e.g. F/G in the key of C

You see this chord a fair amount, usually leading to the tonic as a sort of souped-up plagal cadence (plagal in the treble, perfect in the bass). Is there a specific name for this, other than "4 over ...
6
votes
3answers
261 views

The ambiguity of certain chord qualities in Roman numeral Analysis

Roman numeral analysis uses capitalization to disambiguate Major from minor, so the paradigm is not entirely based on inference. There seems to be a double standard as to what is explicit and what isn'...
6
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2answers
257 views

Does voice doubling an instrument's melody while improvising have a name?

According to wikipedia, scat singing is: In vocal jazz, scat singing is vocal improvisation with wordless vocables, nonsense syllables or without words at all.[2][3] In scat singing, the singer ...
4
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5answers
200 views

What makes a chord a sus chord?

In light of some recent answers to questions I have asked on Stack Exchange with regards to naming chords, I have decided to refine things a little further, focusing on sus chords. If a chord contains ...
2
votes
2answers
288 views

How does the chord change from VII7 to I work in the Jobin's Meditation?

I have been learning the tune Meditation by AC Jobin. In the arrangement I have been given the first five bars of the progression go C69 C69 B11 B13 Cmaj7. I like to understand how the chords are ...
2
votes
1answer
764 views

Diminished scale fingering on piano

What do you think about fingering of diminished scale on piano RH, C Db Eb... 1231 2134? In one forum I read that standard is 123 13 123. But didn't see "my" fingering anywhere. What do you think ...
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5answers
3k views

How do you build a blues scale?

Hi I am doing grade 8 theory (Trinity). I need a quick and easy way to remember/ know of how to build blues scales. TIA
1
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5answers
649 views

Modes of scales other than C major

I was learning modes. But I'm confused now. My problem is that I don't know how to apply the modes in other scale. For example I know in c major, mixolydian is form g to g and all keys are flat. But ...
56
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8answers
12k views

Which notes are optional in jazz chords?

I have a question on jazz chords, and what notes can be removed from the chord. My understanding is fairly superficial - mostly from what I've read in books. This is what I understand: In some chords,...
21
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8answers
3k views

Jazz improvisation: what's going through your mind [closed]

I have been trying to improvise on bebop standards (on guitar) for almost 20 years now, and it still feels completely out of reach. Why is it so hard for me? Well, a typical standard has about 24 ...
26
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4answers
9k views

How do I become better at "playing outside"?

One can spend an enormous amount of time playing melodies "in" the tonic. For example if your are in A major, you might favor A major or A lydian. However, there is a term called "playing outside" in ...
18
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6answers
5k views

To get to jazz do I just add a seventh?

I've been up until now just practicing triads on all major/minor keys. If I wanted to play jazz do I just add sevenths (ie dominant7, major7, minor7) to chords in my chord progressions or is it alot ...
21
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8answers
34k views

How to improvise a walking bass line

When improvising or writing a walking bass line the bass note (usually the root of the chord) is played on the chord change, but how do you choose the other notes for a walking bass line? Is there a ...
19
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3answers
3k views

What did bebop masters practice?

Players such as Bud Powell, Thelonious Monk, Charlie Parker, etc., invented the jazz genre of bebop. Today, I am told to be good at playing bebop you must listen to the best jazz players and ...
12
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10answers
4k views

What is the secret of jazz phrases?

I'm diving into Jazz, both with guitar and trumpet, and I'm looking for that typical jazzy sound when traveling from lows to highs (and opposite). How were Miles and friends achieving it? What ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the Lydian Chromatic Concept?

I've recently found out about George Russell's book the Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization and I've been curious about exactly what the Lydian Chromatic Concept is and how it can be used ...
8
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5answers
2k views

How does improvisation in Indian ragas differ significantly from jazz melodic improvisation?

I have heard that Ravi Shankar once said that ragas are not jazz. However, Ravi Shankar had a significant influence on some jazz performers. How does improvisation in Indian ragas differ ...
12
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6answers
395 views

How to close the gap between ideas and capabilities when improvising?

I'm a drumset player. I just finished a B.A. in Percussion Performance, marched 4 years of DCI drum & bugle corps, and am now working on a degree in jazz studies. As I've begun to play more and ...
10
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1answer
4k views

How can I learn Cuban/AfroCuban and Latin Jazz piano?

I'm wondering if some people can point me towards some learning material that they may have enjoyed for learning Cuban style Latin Jazz. Ideally I'd like something I can learn on my own time -- ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Learning piano the autodidact approach

I'm really motivated to learn to play the piano, though I can't afford any teaching and I don't know someone who could teach me. So I guess I have to do it "the autodidact way"—but maybe not really ...