Questions tagged [jazz]

An original American music style that originated in the early 20th century by improvisation and syncopation.

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6
votes
1answer
420 views

What is this musical symbol?

First I thought it was a weird flat sign, but when I played the score it sounded odd. It looks a bit like a natural sign. Here's the whole measure:
16
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6answers
9k views

Why do jamming musicians “trade fours” (rather than any other number)?

I've run across the idea of "trading fours" when playing in (and listening to) jazz groups; i.e. where two or more musicians take it in turns to play four bar licks or solos. I understand that it can ...
4
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3answers
1k views

How many different scales based on the modes are there?

Beginner here. So far, I have understood that a scale is an ordered subset of the twelve main notes. Consequently, a scale can be described by a pattern of half steps and whole steps along with a ...
2
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2answers
133 views

Melody over chords in advance [closed]

I'm trying to wrap my head around this concept which is really common in practice, but I only find references to it here and there in books and lessons. E.g. you're playing a chord progression II-V-...
6
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6answers
777 views

Why do jazz chord symbols give absolute, not relative, roots?

Answers to the question How do they decide the key? point out how useful it is for a jazz musician to be able to play a piece in any key. So, in jazz, why does sheet music give chord symbols with ...
1
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6answers
578 views

How to build chords from a single note? [closed]

I'm working on a simple theory to apply both in real life and in a computer program I'm writing. Basically, I realized that we can create (or add) any chord above a melody (vocal track, e.g.), as ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Sibelius is playing the acciaccatura differently

I'm writing a piece in swing feel. When I use the grace note, Sibelius plays it differently than how I think it should sound but when I notate the same thing using a dotted 32nd, it plays the same ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Default left-hand piano voicing for Dbmaj7 Eb7-9 Abmaj7

I came across a lead sheet for a jazz tune ("Haunted Ballroom" by Victor Feldman) in which the following chord symbols appear: Dbmaj7 Eb7-9 Abmaj7 I'm a bad amateur jazz saxophonist and an even ...
0
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2answers
102 views

What would be needed beat and synthesis wise in order to make something like this?

I'm really concerned on how they did the piano and clarinet echo (if that's even what it is), because I've been looking for tutorials on YouTube for stuff like how to make a "boombape type beat" or "...
1
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2answers
60 views

Where does the Eb diminished 7 in I Wanna Be Around come from and how to play over it?

I am interested to know where the Eb diminished 7 in the first 4 bars of jazz standard I Wanna Be Around come from? My guess was that it relates as being a sort of tritone substitution for the V of ...
4
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2answers
76 views

How does Rainbow's End by Peter Weniger work?

This is Rainbow's End, composed by German saxophonist Peter Weniger. It first sounds like a straightforward 12-bar Blues in F, The melody sounds pretty normal, but as soon as it comes to the solos, ...
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5answers
862 views

How do you build a blues scale?

Hi I am doing grade 8 theory (Trinity). I need a quick and easy way to remember/ know of how to build blues scales. TIA
2
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3answers
153 views

Studying artists like Erroll Garner, Oscar Peterson, Monk - how can I improve in this style

I am currently taking jazz piano lessons from a jazz pianist. I am very fascinated by this music style, and listen to it a lot. I found out that I really like the traditional kind of jazz piano, ...
1
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1answer
542 views

Solo Scales to Blue Train (John Coltrane)

Blue Train (John Coltrane) is a blues in Eb. What are the best options for soloing to it (Trombone)? major pentatonic? It feels somehow strange... the F minor pentatonic seems to fit quite well also.
-1
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5answers
65 views

How can I pick a minor II - V on a Real Book standard?

I'm having trouble understanding when to play minor7♭5 and dominant7♭9 chords. This is definitely because I didn't pay enough attention during my lessons (sorry teachers). I'm currently ...
2
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2answers
178 views

Audiation: dealing with key changes when you hear in terms of solfege

So, I'm a musician who believes very much in the value of audiation: that is, not only hearing pitches in my head, but also hearing them in terms of both the current harmony and the current tonal ...
12
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6answers
5k views

Sharp 5 or flat 13? Sharp 9 or flat 10?

Let's say I'm in C major. I have a dominant altered chord built on G. This very popular voicing has the following tones (I'm including both enharmonic spellings for the accidentals): G B (D# or Eb) F ...
19
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6answers
5k views

To get to jazz do I just add a seventh?

I've been up until now just practicing triads on all major/minor keys. If I wanted to play jazz do I just add sevenths (ie dominant7, major7, minor7) to chords in my chord progressions or is it alot ...
1
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2answers
90 views

How do you play a 3 note jazz voicing for a slash chord?

Please answer for piano specifically. So classic 3 note jazz voicing to my understanding is Root in the left hand and the 3 and 7 in the right. But what if you have an inversion with 3 or 7 in the ...
1
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1answer
452 views

How do Jazz pianists learn to improvise and make up chord progressions that make it sound more complicated than it actually is? [closed]

I know that classical, or Western artistic music mainly uses traditional chords e.g. major, minor, dominant seventh, augmented, suspended and diminished. But, Jazz goes way more into it..Major ...
10
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4answers
2k views

Learning to play what you're thinking on the guitar

I'm a beginner guitar player with a passion for the blues, jazz and funk. When I say beginner I mean that I just know a few chords, have some basic technique on how to handle the guitar (I had classes ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Spud Murphy tune calls for “Red Mute” on trumpet and trombone parts

In my 25 years of playing, I've never heard of a "red mute". Any ideas? My bandleader said it meant a cup, but later in the song, it had us use plungers while still muted (the notation was pretty ...
4
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2answers
132 views

Practicing Jazz?

I have been playing the saxophone for about 4 years, but primarily in the style of classical music. I've always been interested in jazz saxophone, and want to learn how to actually play it. How should ...
7
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1answer
219 views

What is the rhythm of this Herbie Hancock song, and why is it so weird?

I've always listened to a lot of jazz and heard some weird rhythms, but only this year did my high school offer music theory - and right now, we're learning about rhythm. All we've done so far is ...
2
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5answers
277 views

Modes of scales other than C major

I was learning modes. But I'm confused now. My problem is that I don't know how to apply the modes in other scale. For example I know in c major, mixolydian is form g to g and all keys are flat. But ...
2
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1answer
87 views

How does the chord change from VII7 to I work in the Jobin's Meditation?

I have been learning the tune Meditation by AC Jobin. In the arrangement I have been given the first five bars of the progression go C69 C69 B11 B13 Cmaj7. I like to understand how the chords are ...
2
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3answers
281 views

The function of the opening chords of Love is Here to Stay by Gershwin

I was interested to know the function of the opening chords of the standard "(Our) Love is Here to Stay". It opens with a G7, Gm, C7, F. I was intrigued by the surprise of the G7 to Gm. Is this a ...
2
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4answers
290 views

How Is This a Dominant 7th Chord?

I am looking at the fingering for this chord and see that the note on the second string is E, which would be the sixth of the chord. I have seen other fingerings that are similar in jazz standards ...
2
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1answer
163 views

Function of G7#11 in the Key of D

I've been working on a Jazz chord melody arrangement for guitar in D major and in the arrangement the final chord in the piece is a G7#11. It's my understanding the G7#11 would function as something ...
2
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5answers
104 views

How can I make the individual saxophones stand out?

I am composing a Jazz Quintet. Never learned jazz theory but I know uneven rhythms are key to jazz. And saxophones are most commonly used in jazz. So I decided to compose a piece for 5 saxophones. ...
5
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2answers
111 views

Can the blues scale be used over iim7 V7 Imaj7?

In typical blues using V7 IV7 I7 the blues scale can be used - and as I understand - without concern for avoid tones. Can I do something similar over jazz iim7 V7 Imaj7? I made this chart of chord ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What is this articulation mark that looks like a short upside-down slur?

From Jamey Aebersold's "Cantaloupe Island," Maiden Voyage, vol. 54.
1
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1answer
130 views

What is the musical form of Kamasi Washington's “Truth”? [closed]

I'm pretty new to music theory, so I have been analyzing songs I enjoy for practice. I thought I was getting decent at it, but the length and complexity of this song has been giving me some trouble. ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Why is this note in C7+9?

I’m reading the jazz piano book and I can’t see how the upper c flat note has a place in the C7+9 chord. The ninth note on the C major scale is a d so +9 would be d# not c flat = b Or am I wrong?
2
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1answer
311 views

Realistic jazzy sound with VST

I've been quite impressed with the orchestral sound of Nina Simone's "I put a spell on you". The part which interested me can be heard at first 17 seconds. So is it possible to simulate such warm and ...
6
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4answers
3k views

As a trained, advanced classical pianist, what is the best way to learn how to improvise?

I would like to learn to improvise in different styles, including but not limited to jazz. For a classical music pianist with good technique and several years of experience, what is my best place to ...
11
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2answers
3k views

In jazz, can anyone play any song?

In Jazz a lot of people play and record songs from other jazz players/composers. For instance Mingus played a lot of songs by Duke. My question is this: Are those songs copyrighted? Can anyone play ...
1
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4answers
632 views

Piano practice routine [closed]

I wonder what practice routine would be the best, if I want to be a good pianist. One that plays in a band for example. How much time each day is expected? Which books should be played?! Or what is ...
1
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2answers
125 views

Jazz transcripts or recordings that clearly show scale-based improvisation for piano

I just starting to practice piano jazz fundamentals. I've been playing scales (root to seventh, or root to ninth) over ii-V-I (Evans forms) in all keys. That practice is coming along just fine, but ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Harmonization a minor third in a major key

I have stumbled on a jazz song in key of major E which at one point has a minor third in the melody - tone G. It is at 0:15 in this YouTube video: . Time: ...
3
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2answers
116 views

Does anyone know if this is notated properly, or how to properly notate this rhythm?

I wrote this little melody/riff here: And while it sounds correct, I'm not sure if it's notated properly, with the correct time signatures and all. Could both the first 3/4 bars and the 2/4 bar be ...
1
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3answers
192 views

Is using a flat 6 in dorian to avoid an augmented fourth OK in jazz?

Here is a basic line of broken fourths I was playing over Dm7. ...at beat 4 I use B flat so that a fourth is formed from the preceding F. As line continues in the next bar I go back to the B natural ...
4
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6answers
669 views

How to enter in jazz theory

I am self-learned amateur guitar player and I play for quite long time (around 10 years) and not playing jazz/blues bad but I feel not progressing for a very long time. The reason is that I have no ...
21
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8answers
4k views

What to do when you get lost in a jazz song?

A problem a lot of beginners in jazz have is that they tend to get lost in the solos (theirs and their bandmates' solos, where they accompany the soloist). Trying to follow the chord progressions with ...
4
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2answers
122 views

What is the thought process behind constructing shell voicing inversions on piano?

I've been practicing 4 - 5 note shell voicings for a while and I feel pretty confident going through some changes. The thought process when constructing chords is mostly the same with R-7-3 or R-3-7 ...
1
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2answers
172 views

Identifying jazz elements [closed]

Years ago, a friend had me listen to some jazz music (I don't really know what song.). I find it relaxing, boring, horrible and ultimately lacking the power I seek in music. Now I came across a ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Is there really a 6/8 meter with jazz swing?

I recently started practicing jazz scales and rootless chords. I'm using very simple patterns: hit the chord, play up or down the scale with a swing rhythm. To give some musical context I'm playing in ...
8
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2answers
1k views

How does 6/8 meter in jazz compare to eight-note swing in duple meter?

The usual example of eighth-note swing in jazz... ...skipping rhythm in 6/8... ...is there any difference in how these are executed rhythmically? ...is the eight-note in swing a little bit ...
3
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5answers
111 views

Practicing including riffs into improv?

I can learn riffs pretty easily, but I have a hard time remembering to work them into my improv. Do you have any good techniques/tips?
1
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4answers
404 views

Jazz improvisation on descending chord progression

The challenge on this topic is Jazz improvisation scales and ideas on the following chord progression: C#maj7 - Cmaj7 - Bmaj7 - Bbmaj7 So 4 chords are descending chromatically within 2 measures and ...