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Questions tagged [modes]

types of scales, coupled with sets of characteristic melodic behaviors.

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Does borrowing chords from a parallel mode change the key?

I was watching a video how a guy uses chords from different modes. Let's say I'm in C major, my understanding is that I can borrow any chord from any of the 7 parallel modes to make my chord ...
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4answers
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How do you think of the natural minor scale (or any non-major scale), when you play it?

I would be grateful to know how other beginner musicians think of the natural scale. For example, do you think: I need to play in A minor - the relative major is C. I shall therefore play in C ...
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2answers
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How could the medieval chants be classified before any notation was available?

We all have in mind the image of a medieval mode as a scale with a pattern of tones and semitones with a finalis, a specific range, etc. However, it seems that medieval chants were classified ...
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My Favorite Things - Harmony Theory-Modal Question About E-7->F#-7

It's my understanding that the standard My Favorite Things is in the key of E minor and then modulates to E major. Since E-minor is the relative minor key of G major, from the major scale perspective,...
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3answers
194 views

What exactly is the difference between C Ionian and D Dorian?

Both modes have the same notes. But why do they sound different. How to approach while composing a song in a particular mode as opposed to a key. Is it the harmony or the pivoting root? I read few ...
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4answers
331 views

Modes on the guitar

Pretty new to jazz and I just had a question about soloing So for example we have a progression Dm7| Bm7| so I understand we can play D Dorian then B Dorian with each of the chords. My question is ...
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4answers
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for a person who is still beginner at ear training how does one hear the difference between modes and other keys?

I've been doing ear training and I have to say my scale degree identification (after playing cadences) is pretty good, I can identify the #4 and the b2 and the b7 etc well but the problem is that as ...
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2answers
404 views

What do we call a chord progression that doesn't have a tonic chord?

I came up with a chord progression the other day: Fm7 Ebmaj7 Abmaj7 G7 It's clearly in C minor. But instead of resolving to Cm, I was looping through it. What catched my attention was that it ...
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4answers
781 views

What are the interval patterns for the modes?

I came across this on this site: C Ionian is C D E F G A B, whereas C Dorian is C D E♭ F G A B♭ The WWHWWWH is for Ionian. What is the equivalent for the other modes?
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3answers
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Which chords belong to a mode?

My guitar teacher - in my short student days - told me that each mode, in order to be expressed, have to be played over a certain chord. That chord can either come from a second guitar, or from one ...
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1answer
82 views

What is the use of the minor V chord in this song?

First of all, I would like to say hi since this is the first question I've had on this website. I recently came across Officially missing you by Tamia and when I look up the chord progression on ...
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1answer
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Does Bill Conti's Thomas Crown Affair theme use a specific mode?

So I was watching The Thomas Crown Affair (1999) (The remake, not the original) and I was struck with the colors and general feel of the main theme, composed by Bill Conti. I immediately wanted to ...
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1answer
81 views

What is Vincent Persichetti saying about finding primary chords in the modes?

I'm really confused about what Vincent Persichetti wrote in his book Twentieth Century Harmony, where he says speaking of primary chords in modes, "The Primary chords are the tonic, plus two dominant ...
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4answers
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Relationship between modes and keys

I watched a video about playing a lead/melody over the chord progression of A minor -> D major. In the video it was stated that these chords are from the key of G major, but since the "tonic" of the ...
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1answer
95 views

Two modes simultaneously?

In Yes' "Close to the Edge" (the song), there's a fast keyboard riff towards the end with the rest of the band playing accompaniment. But what I find odd is how keyboardist Rick Wakeman persistently ...
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4answers
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In guitar, the best way to learn all scales (modes of natural, harmonic, melodic scales,etc) in every key is…?

In guitar, the best way to learn all scales (modes of natural, harmonic, melodic scales,etc) in every key is to memorize entire pattern of one scale in the neck like this or just memorize one shape ...
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0answers
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Need suggestions for songs which use the Dorian mode [closed]

I'm a guitarist, and am looking for jazz fusion tracks with Dorian based solos (not necessarily on the guitar). I have came across So What by MD, and a few other pop ones. I'm exclusively looking for ...
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2answers
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Modal confusion

I'm a novice in music theory. I was just improvising over a C-B7 progression and I can play the E harmonic minor and also Em pentatonic scale over this progression. What mode would they be if we take ...
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3answers
232 views

is this the key of Bb minor?

I'm transcribing a Cappella melody from audio. It's. Starts on Bb, but I had something that I don't understand. The melody uses G natural, C flat, and D natural. And I don't know now what kind of key ...
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4answers
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Using the Circle of Fifths for Modal Music Key Changes: Is this oversimplifying?

I am learning about the modes, relative scales, and the circle of fifths. I am interested in adding key changes to my playing. I understand that if you're playing in, say C major, the easiest key ...
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3answers
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Why are Ionian and Aeolian considered Major and Minor keys respectively, but not the other modes?

Why is the Ionian mode called a major key, and the Aeolian mode called a minor key, while the other modes aren't called "Keys"? F Major is relative to D Minor, and just so G Dorian is relative to ...
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1answer
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Do scale degrees in modes have the same harmonic function they have in the major scale?

For example, is V the dominant in all modes?
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1answer
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Why is the natural minor the most popular mode of the major scale?

The most popular scales are: 1. major 2. natural minor (aka aeolian, 6 mode of major). What was it about this mode that stood out compared to all the others. Is there a reasoning for this, or is it ...
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1answer
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Meaning of Capitalization on The Notation of Gregorian Psalm Tone Endings

As you know, most Gregorian Psalm Tones have alternative endings. For example, Tone I has 10 possible endings. The endings are denoted by a letter and a number. I understand (correct me if I am ...
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2answers
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Is it possible to find the mode of the borrowed chord?

I came across a piece which uses a dorian progression: i - IV - VII - III - ii7 - v - V V is a borrowed chord, but is it possible to determine from which mode this chord was borrowed? (lydian, ...
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1answer
307 views

Do any countries use scales apart from major and minor for their anthem?

I see countries just use either the major or minor scale. But I'm wondering if someone knows of a country that uses another mode (apart from major and minor scale) for their anthem?
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1answer
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Questions about hexachord on p.31 of the Study of Counterpoint

p. 31 of The Study of Counterpoint by Johann Joseph Fux (translated by Alfred Mann) says: I don't understand what this page is telling us. I understand what a hexachord is. However, why note is G not ...
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2answers
152 views

How can a scale sound sadder/darker than the scale with the same key signature?

There is a general principle used to describe the intensity of a mode. The more flat notes there are in the formula of the mode, the darker it sounds. So the Locrian scale is the saddest/darkest mode, ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the a way to borrow a minor #3 chord into a minor scale?

I need an Dm chord in a song I'm analyzing, which is in C#m, however the software I'm using (Hookpad/Hooktheory) doesn't support key signature changes and thus I have to work around this by borrowing ...
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4answers
469 views

Modes of the “major scale” or modes of the “diatonic scale”?

I'm doing some studying and I think I have a solid grasp on how the diatonic scale was formed, and how it naturally has 7 modes depending on which note you declare to be the tonic. However, all over ...
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1answer
76 views

Playing E Aeolian over B Aeolian progression?

I have this simple Bm G F#m Bm / Bm G F#7 Bm chord progression. AFAIK, that means I'm in B Aeolian (in the key of D major) - plus that F#7 dominant chord that would put me briefly in B harmonic minor? ...
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2answers
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“Tonal Tones” and “Modal Tones” - what do they mean?

Robert Rawlins in his Jazzology: The Encyclopedia of Jazz Theory for All Musicians shows this chart, in his discussion about the modes of the major scale: Rawlins doesn't seem to offer a clear ...
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4answers
345 views

What is the name of the scale E, F#, G, A, B, C, D#?

I am fairly new to music theory, and I came across this kind of scale from a piano piece. From what I can tell, this is just e minor with a sharp d. What would this scale be called?
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1answer
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Having a set of notes from a song how can I find out the right key which is written in, from the possible ones (considering modes) that fit those?

Having a set of notes that fit in both the G major scale and D mixolydian scale how can I find out which key is it in? What if it's hard to even find the tonic, because maybe it is rarely used?
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Why did Beethoven include “in the Lydian Mode” in the title of String Quartet, Op.132 - 3?

Beethoven himself gave a title to String Quartet No.15 in A minor, Op.132 - 3: A Convalescent's Holy Song of Thanksgiving to the Divinity, in the Lydian Mode From the language and context, and ...
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1answer
108 views

Evil Twins? Modes vs Mirrors

I noticed that the algorithm for Phyrgian mode is the mirror image of that for Ionian: (Numbers indicate count of chromatic tones - 'semitones') Ionian: Root->2-2-1-2-2-2-1:Root Phyrgian: ...
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2answers
238 views

Can one build a harmonies over mixolydian, as we build harmonies over major and minor?

I was wondering recently, whether mixolydian, lacking the lead tone but otherwise being very similar to major (ionic), was a scale we could use for writing whole songs in. In Jazz theory, the basic ...
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1answer
135 views

What are modes in series?

I've been reading the explanation to the question about the difference between the term tonal center and guide tone and came across the statement that modes can be in parallel or series. Please ...
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1answer
95 views

Certain frets sound good with respect to one another

A while ago I found an electric guitar. I've just been making up my own stuff on it, and I haven't been reading any tab, or playing chords or anything. But I found myself curious of something. ...
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1answer
161 views

Modal Chord Families

Lately I came here with a question about modal II-V patterns and my answers were varied. I'm very confused about modal chord families and I can't find a single book or page on the internet anywhere. I'...
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2answers
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Modal II-V Patterns

So II-V7 patterns occur when a minor seventh and a dominant seventh are a fourth apart or when a minor seventh moves to a dominant seventh with root motion that moves down by half step. This all being ...
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1answer
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What scales and or modes are used in rebetiko?

What scales and / or modes are traditionally used in rebetiko music?
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1answer
451 views

Modes over II-V-I

I was listening to a piece and the bassist talked about playing several different modes over certain chords. For example, over the first chord he was playing in D Dorian, obviously because it's a ...
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2answers
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How to play improvisation using modes ? [closed]

for example if i start to play in F Lydian , what the last note should i landed to finish the melody in the chord changes ? is it the 1st , 5th , or any other suggestion ?
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2-5-1 Jazz progression and modes

I am classically trained and just started looking into jazz theory. I understand that the 2-5-1 progression is a good place to start. My basic understanding is to play the above progression with ...
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4answers
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Why Locrian #2?

A scale built off the 6th degree of the jazz melodic minor (C-D-Eb-F-G-A-B-C) is spelled like this: A-B-C-D-Eb-F-G Paraphrasing Mark Levine's Jazz Theory Book, Chapter 3 - Modes of the Melodic ...
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4answers
290 views

Locrian mode and power chords

I'm studying in an online game music course, and I'm experimenting Modes to add unusual sound to the music. I'm a complete newbie in music. So let's have the Locrian mode, the root chord is a dimished ...
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1answer
78 views

What determines the mode? [closed]

I've been told that the mode (by mode I mean what note of the scale the song is based off of) is determined by (1)the first chord, (2)the last chord, (3)the last note of the melody, or (4)whatever ...
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4answers
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Distinguishing the semantics of modes and scales. When to say scale vs. when to say mode?

Correct me if I am wrong: While scales are different from modes, they can share the same notes (C major and D dorian). However, they can completely shift its tonality. Say I play a melody in C Ionian, ...
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1answer
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How to modulate from one mode to the next

Is there an established way to choose what mode/key to modulate to from the mode the composer is currently using? Modulating from C major to F major or G major, for instance, is "easy" because there ...