Questions tagged [modulation]

For questions about changing key in the middle of a piece of music. Do not tag for the effect of modulation.

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56 views

Is it unusual to stack modulation effects like chorus/phasers/doublers?

I mean have a vocal track with two different types of doublers on it stacked in series. Usually I wouldnt do this but it sounds ok to me. Is it very unusual (or amateurish) to stack modulated delay ...
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1answer
47 views

Help with modulations identification: where they occur, and writing Roman numerals

I'm currently a full-time music education major and need a lot of help on a project. The project is over Mozart's Fantasia in c minor, KV 475. We are to answer 20 questions along with writing all of ...
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4answers
255 views

What kind of modulation is this?

everyone. I'm new to this forum and learning music theory by self, so excuse/correct me if I'm using wrong terms or my question is unclear. I have a piece E minor that I'm learning right now and I was ...
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1answer
57 views

Can we understand subdominant/dominant chord functions in terms of them being tonics of other keys?

Does anyone know a textbook or some music theorist explaining subdominant/dominant chord functions in terms of the two chords being the tonics in subdominant/dominant keys? Background: I was thinking ...
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2answers
72 views

Question about tempo markings on timpani part

I’m playing a timpani part in 4/4 at 132 BPM. 4 measures into the excerpt, there is a “dotted quarter note equals quarter note” marking. In this new section (still in 4/4), there are still eighth ...
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2answers
116 views

How to think about this moment from BWV 816

I've been tasked by a textbook I'm going through to make a harmonic analysis of the G major "Gavotte" from BWV816, "The French Suite" specifically minding a handful of questions ...
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7answers
1k views

Can the same song be written in a minor key and major key with the progression written differently?

quick question that's been bugging me lately. When it comes to a songs key specifically major and minor relatives- is it correct to say it can be written in two different keys with the same ...
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3answers
204 views

Why does the relation between E major and Ab major feel especially connected?

I find that whenever I improvise in E major, I naturally move back and forth between E major and Ab major key areas. It's like E major and Ab major feel especially connected in a way that say Bb major ...
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2answers
79 views

Have I successfully/legitimately modulated?

Hi guys! Just wondering if I've done this properly. We are newly in Csharp minor from the relative major E major, and we need to finish in the home key- F sharp minor. As it stands, I have written the ...
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5answers
371 views

What type of modulation goes from D♭ to A?

In Scott Joplin's Gladiolus Rag near the end there is a brief modulation from D♭ to A then back to D♭. I know a composer can modulate to any key at any time as he likes, but I suspect this is a ...
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117 views

Who knows whats happening in this score?

Ran into some confusion when trying to work out the harmony of this keyboard piece, I have labelled the problem bars, '3, 4 and 5'. In the second half of this piece, we seem to rolling through the ...
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1answer
62 views

Which modulation is correct? (amongst other things!)

Hi guys. I’ll try and be as concise as possible. Forgive the messy score, its just a product of the confusion! I have a few query areas, but please feel free to correct me in any other areas. 

 Bar 1-...
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123 views

Beginner needs help with simple modulation from Em to Am

Im new to modulation and need help. Struggling with something I feel is very simple for more experienced people. Im having fun with a song in Am, but want to modulate to Em for fun as practice. Ive ...
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81 views

Use cases for modulating keys?

So I'm just learning how to modulate keys and first of all I want to make sure I understand the concept correctly.... the way I've learned it is basically using a chord function in one scale and ...
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2answers
126 views

What is “melodic modulation”?

I've studied direct modulation and I understood it. I've tried searching about "melodic modulation", but I couldn't find the meaning of it. Could you please explain to me what "melodic modulation" is ...
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1answer
73 views

What is the practical impact or use of a dodecagram?

Looking for an answer about modulation and affects I came across with the term "dodecagram". So I was interested whether this has been already asked here, as I think it would be quite useful but I ...
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1answer
78 views

Associating modulations with emotions

I once read a book (pdf) from imslp or forgottenbooks that was about composition (or harmony), and it had a list of every possible modulation and its emotional association. For example, Up a perfect ...
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3answers
170 views

Using an augmented chord to modulate to a distant key, will this work?

So, in the same piece for which I asked about how to notate my 2 layered staccato, I'm halfway through writing the piece and I feel like I want to modulate again. Here are my modulations so far: E ...
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3answers
278 views

Do C major and B-flat major have a deep connection?

I decided to research where I can "easily" modulate from C major using dominant seventh chord (modulating to a major key we are). In this case I define the word "easily" in the following way - There ...
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2answers
133 views

Chromatic Mediant modulation: Can I use an omnibus progression for this?

So, I am composing a piece representing winter and I am right in the middle of the piece (the piece is in Rondo form and I'm at the C section). I started off in E major, then after being in the ...
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3answers
292 views

Metric Modulation: Length of 'swing' notes

I just exported a Piano score from Sibelius with a swing feel: I wanted to edit the MIDI in my DAW and noticed, that the notes actually weren't in a triplet duration. The second note was always off ...
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2answers
59 views

How do the alternating C and Db function in this modulation?

So I am writing a rondo in Eb major and there are 3 different key areas used. Those key areas are Eb major obviously, C minor, and Eb minor. For the modulation to C minor, I simply did this: ...
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4answers
181 views

Did classical composers typically modulate using the circle of fifths?

I read somewhere that classical composers modulate using a fifth. I think they did this because it's the smoothest key change as scales only differ between one note when they do that. So was that the ...
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159 views

How to smoothly modulate from A# minor to B minor

How could I modulate smoothly from A# minor to B minor?
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2answers
355 views

Modulation from D major to D minor, should I go sudden or gradual?

I am composing a Scherzo in the key of D major and I have the first section of my Scherzo already written down. Now I'm into the second section of the Scherzo that precedes the Trio. And in this ...
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2answers
92 views

Ballades (Chopin) Harmony Question

I don't listen to much classical; however, I recently found this beautiful work by Chopin. I am wondering if you could help me explain a particularly amazing moment in the piece. Please refer to ...
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3answers
251 views

Do I change the key signature or add accidentals for a section in a different key?

I am composing a piano piece that starts out in G# minor (which is the set key) and later on I have a section that goes into E major. For that section, do I simply just change the key signature, or ...
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2answers
437 views

Is parallel modulation a thing?

I have heard that going in between 2 parallel keys is just modal interchange and not a modulation because the tonic note is the same. Maybe if the change in key is short and only to add color to a ...
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4answers
123 views

What would be the effect of a modulation downward by a small amount?

Imagine one plays a chorus in, say, A major, then repeats it later for the second chorus, but this time in G major. What would that do? I know that moving upwards by a whole or half step usually seems ...
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1answer
209 views

False modulation for doxology in a modal key

I am barely an organist, but occasionally cover for the real organist at my church. The next time I am doing this is three weeks from now, and because I'm a novice, I already have the hymns for that ...
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1answer
409 views

Modulation or passing through different keys in the following Bach chorale [closed]

This is Bach's chorale R.80. I want to know if the music has modulated to a particular key in certain, or is it only passing through different keys (and hence not a fixed modulation to only one key)?
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2k views

Modulation from major key to relative minor - what could be the pivot chord?

I want to modulate from D major to B minor. I have a perfect cadence (A7 - D) in D major, after which I need to use a pivot chord to go into B minor. I was thinking of using the F# chord, but I am not ...
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3answers
667 views

Would this be a key change from B minor to D major?

In this amazing song by Ed Carlsen, would the part at 1:14 be considered a key change from B minor to D major? Why or why not? When I'm trying to find a key to a song, I always listen to the chord ...
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1answer
100 views

Does Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty modulate to the relative minor?

There's a part of Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty that I like. And I was wondering if I'm right as far as the theory goes: Measures 156-159 is in the relative key of G minor, and ends on this key. ...
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5answers
536 views

Is A♭ major a closely related key to C♯ major?

I'm trying to list the closely related keys to C♯ major, and here is what I get: C♯ major, the original key D♯ minor (???) F♯ major (???) A♯ minor x (B♯ diminished is not a key!) For the points that ...
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1answer
157 views

Are there books specifically on the subject of modulation?

Questions concerning smooth modulations, especially how to effect them, keep coming up in my own efforts at composition. Apart from Max Reger's little treatise (which in some ways is and in other ways ...
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417 views

What are some nice/clever ways to introduce the tonic's dominant seventh chord?

I'm in C minor and want to modulate to its subdominant key of F minor. One way to do this is to introduce the tonic flat seventh chord C-E-G-B♭, which is the dominant seventh chord of F minor. ...
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2answers
105 views

Why does this modulation sequence work?

Here is the modulation sequence I have been using in my trio with 3 incomplete entries followed by 1 complete entry(I am currently at the third incomplete entry which ends on A before Dm suddenly ...
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5answers
501 views

Relative minor key change in chord progression

I'm writing a song in F Major key. I have a chord progression that goes Like 4/4 C7 - C#dim - Dm - Dm ( V7 - V#dim - Vi - Vi ) After this four measures, I wanted to change key to Dm for a moment. ...
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2answers
187 views

How to fill the harmonic gap?

So I have thought of almost the entire progression for my trio that goes from D minor to D major. Here is what I have of it so far: D minor -> C major -> B minor -> ??? -> A major -> D major And ...
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3answers
783 views

When to use the term transposed instead of modulation?

I was playing 'In the Hall of the Mountain King' and noticed it modulates from B minor to a fifth above, F-sharp major. I looked on wikipedia and found it says: "...
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6answers
122 views

Why is this not a modulation?

Bars three and four look to me like a modulation to the subdominant with an imperfect cadence in Eb (especially with the Ab auxiliary note in bar three). The answers, however, mark bars three and four ...
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5answers
110 views

How to get a more major sound without going directly to major?

So I am composing a piece for piano trio to represent the transition from winter to spring. I have finished the first part where it is all in minor, D minor to be more specific, to represent winter. ...
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3answers
967 views

How is Beethoven able to make so many sudden shifts in key?

I know of 2 very common modulations that classical music composers of all ages have done. Those 2 are relative modulation and parallel modulation respectively. I myself have done those and I see both ...
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4answers
946 views

Is modulating from major to relative minor a key change?

I know that C major and A natural minor have the same key signature. Are they considered different keys though? Is modulating from one to the other considered a key change?
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1answer
367 views

Which key to modulate to? [closed]

So I have finished the A section of my waltz and am wanting to go to another key for the B section. The waltz is in the key of D major. So these chords are diatonic to it: My melody in the A section ...
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5answers
2k views

If parallel keys aren't closely related, then why are they so easy to get to?

I got this comment on an answer of mine: "Parallel major/minor keys are not closely related. They are easy to get to, but not closely related. It's like you might live by a subway that make it ...
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3answers
88 views

Tips For Modulation Needed

I'm a "beginning" composer (not very good yet, but I know basic theory), and an orchestral song I'm writing will require modulation from Bb minor to a "related" major--in this case, Bb or Eb. I have ...
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2answers
590 views

How do I use the Omnibus Progression to Modulate from I to iv?

I am composing a piece in which there is a modulation between the keys of Db major and F# minor. Is it possible to use the omnibus progression to smoothly execute this modulation? If it is possible, ...
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9answers
5k views

How to modulate very smoothly and stealthily from major to minor?

I would like to modulate from G major to c minor in such a way that it would be almost unnoticeable to the listener. I'm composing a piece in a style that's very Arvo-Pärtesque minimalist-sounding, so ...