Questions tagged [modulation]

For questions about changing key in the middle of a piece of music. Do not tag for the effect of modulation.

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Question regarding "Dark Necessities" by Red Hot Chili Peppers

The song is written in C-minor. This, to me, means that most of the music will be playable on a E-flat major scale. I understand that not all chords will necesarily be found in this scale (borrowed ...
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8 votes
4 answers
760 views

Explain to a pop pianist: GECE to GC#A#C# alberti bass transition in K.545 2nd movt

As a pop pianist I'm trying to understand the logic in the alberti bass modulation that sounds beautiful and "right" but the notes seem way off the diatonic scale of G maj. The key signature ...
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1 vote
1 answer
29 views

To what key does Dvorak Humoresque #7 modulate at the Piu Lento? [closed]

The melodic part of Humoresque number 7, beginning at m. 25, changes to another key. What key is it. The main body is G flat major.
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2 votes
2 answers
200 views

Can a melodic minor chord be a pivot chord?

The image above shows, from Bach 371 Chorales, No. 3 "Ach Gott vom Himmel sieh darein" in E Minor. I think my analysis is totally wrong, but I just wrote it down on the image to try it out. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
272 views

How do I Modulate a scale that doesn’t exist?

So I’m composing a song with “3” scales, G harmonic minor, A#/Bb Major and a set of notes that I can’t seem to find a scale for. C-D-D#-F#-G-A#-B I love how it sounds but don’t know much about music ...
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5 votes
3 answers
143 views

Can a Round Modulate?

I've been messing around with simple 2-part rounds recently, and also with modulation. The question occurred to me, can a round modulate? Initially I though not, since it would involve having parts in ...
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1 vote
0 answers
47 views

Full examples of modulating chord sequences [closed]

I understand much of the theory of modulation, but I want examples to model. Most of the articles I can find show excerpts of songs or particular modulations, but not the progressions for whole songs, ...
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6 votes
0 answers
69 views

Unnecessarily convoluted analysis in Reger's modulations?

I am reading Reger's book of modulations, and his analysis does not seem to me to be the most consistent. This example (No. 72, from a minor to F♯ Major) comes across as particularly odd: Here is the ...
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7 votes
3 answers
830 views

Theories on what key to modulate to [duplicate]

Are there any traditional ideas on what key to change to and also how to do it, to get a certain effect or make it sound good? I know the general rule is that everything works as long as it sounds ...
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2 votes
3 answers
157 views

Is it mulitple Key change?

Zion. T - Snow Chord progression: Am7 - D7sus4 D7 - Gmaj7 - E7sus4 E7 Am7 - D7sus4 D7 - Gmaj7 - E7sus4 E7 Am7 Bm7 - Cmaj7 D7(9) - Gmaj7 - Fmaj9 Fdim7 (Interlude:) Cm9 ...
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3 votes
3 answers
216 views

How do I recognize notes in other key?

I have a relative pitch and I'm a beginner of jazz improvisation. I have a problem in improvisation. I used to follow the key when chord progression of key changed. (like 'all the things you are' and ...
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6 votes
6 answers
318 views

How can I modulate the distance of a tritone using 3 secondary dominant chords?

So, I have been composing this "Requiem for String Quartet" on and off for a few weeks now. I call it a Requiem because of its dramatic arc through lamenting melancholy, painful harshness, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
84 views

Why does the progression I - vi get labeled I 5-6 in my harmony book?

When discussing modulation my book describes the 5-6 technique and here it gives an example when discussing pivot chords. I dont get why the C to Am progression is labelled C 5-6? Ok if the bass ...
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2 votes
1 answer
121 views

How to correlate between FM CV input on VCO and the FM Modulation Index?

The frequency modulation theory revolves around Carrier Frequency (fc), Modulating Frequency (fm) and the Modulation index (β). The position and amplitude of sidebands depends on these factors. But ...
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6 votes
3 answers
966 views

Can you tonicize to a chord that's not on the original key?

I had a discussion with a few people on Chopin's Nocturne in B-flat minor. We couldn't reach an agreement and I'm curious how people would analyze it. In the middle section of the piece (which is in ...
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1 vote
3 answers
81 views

Soloing over modulation: a specific case

Consider the following chord progression: G F#m G F#m G F# ...going on with G again... 1 measure each chord The melody is in key of D (at least until F#) Soloing over this progression requires me ...
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2 votes
4 answers
180 views

How to modulate decisively and finally between distant keys?

I am sketching out a sonata, the first since the disaster of a sonata I wrote about a year ago, and after sketching the Intro and the Coda of the 2nd movement, the intro is in B-flat major (the key ...
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4 votes
4 answers
372 views

Reversing the resolution of a minor key's tritone

The tritone is between ^2 and ^6 in minor but from what I understand, if resolved inward to scale degreees ^3 and ^5 it will sound like the mediant chord is now the new tonic. But what about if you ...
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4 votes
2 answers
113 views

What are some techniques for changing scale convincingly? [duplicate]

I am having trouble changing scales smoothly when composing, it always seems that the two parts are not connected and the change is sudden. I want to know some techniques so I can do that convincingly ...
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7 votes
4 answers
741 views

Modulating a minor 3rd

I want to modulate from a chorus that's in F# minor to a verse which is in D# minor. Do you know a good (preferably short) chord progression/transition for this modulation?
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2 votes
2 answers
71 views

Is there a term or phrase to describe a tune that always stays in the same key but shifts modes throughout?

Teaching myself modes, I'm writing a short piece for string quartet that always holds to the same key, but starts out in locrian and ends in lydian, going through all the modes, brightening up and ...
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2 votes
2 answers
160 views

How to smoothly re-establish original tonality?

In this post, you all helped me modulate from the original tonality of C major to a new tonality of Bb Major. Now, I am trying to find my way back to the original key. This is what the chords are ...
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3 votes
1 answer
71 views

What is the use of metric modulation?

This is an extract of Elliott Carters piece Eight Etudes and Fantasy, Fantasy, mm. 16pp. Metric modulation is used to move to a higher tempo in measure 3. But why does Carter not just write the ...
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3 votes
4 answers
541 views

Does this modulation make sense?

I am wondering how to assess the following modulation from C major to Bb major according to rules of traditional harmony: I threw the modulation together without thinking about it much, and thought &...
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1 vote
2 answers
96 views

Modulating from Bbm to Cm in Sword Art Online - Swordland (Main Theme)

I was wondering how the modulation in Sword Art Online - Swordland (Main Theme) from the Bbm in measure 19 to the Cm in measure 27. Particularly I'm curious about why does the B chord in measure 23 ...
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1 vote
3 answers
159 views

Modulation Techniques in 'Sword Art Online - Swordland (Main Theme)'

In Sword Art Online - Swordland (Main Theme) (https://musescore.com/user/13887436/scores/4364901), it goes through a series of modulations and was wondering how the modulations work and how they ...
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0 votes
1 answer
162 views

How to modulate Phrygian to Harmonic Minor?

Is there any formulation to switch from Phrygian mode to Harmonic minor in same key. Like from A Phrygian to A Harmonic Minor. What I thought so far? A Phrygian Notes: A Bb C D E F G A A Harmonic ...
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1 vote
1 answer
85 views

How does Modulation in Spirited Away - Name of Life work?

I was wondering if there is any harmonic reasoning and mechanism in play with the modulation from C major to Eb major in measure 103? The only "logic" that I can think of is that in previous ...
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2 votes
2 answers
141 views

How does ADT differ from the Chorus (modulation) effect?

What are the main differences between Automatic double tracking (like what the beatles used on vocals) and the Chorus (modulation) effect?
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7 votes
4 answers
778 views

When does a jazz tune actually modulate?

I am getting into Jazz harmonic analysis, and have watched a few analysis videos to start me off. I will be referring to the analysis that one youtuber (Justinguitarsongs) has made of the tune 'Misty',...
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4 votes
8 answers
3k views

Why does G-Major work well within a C-Minor progression?

I have been playing and composing Piano for many years, but never actually learnt any music theory! So, recently, I started reading up and comparing with things I've written to understand the theory ...
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3 votes
1 answer
74 views

Is it unusual to stack modulation effects like chorus/phasers/doublers?

I mean have a vocal track with two different types of doublers on it stacked in series. Usually I wouldnt do this but it sounds ok to me. Is it very unusual (or amateurish) to stack modulated delay ...
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1 vote
1 answer
65 views

Help with modulations identification: where they occur, and writing Roman numerals

I'm currently a full-time music education major and need a lot of help on a project. The project is over Mozart's Fantasia in c minor, KV 475. We are to answer 20 questions along with writing all of ...
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3 votes
4 answers
332 views

What kind of modulation is this?

everyone. I'm new to this forum and learning music theory by self, so excuse/correct me if I'm using wrong terms or my question is unclear. I have a piece E minor that I'm learning right now and I was ...
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1 vote
1 answer
317 views

Can we understand subdominant/dominant chord functions in terms of them being tonics of other keys?

Does anyone know a textbook or some music theorist explaining subdominant/dominant chord functions in terms of the two chords being the tonics in subdominant/dominant keys? Background: I was thinking ...
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3 votes
2 answers
112 views

Question about tempo markings on timpani part

I’m playing a timpani part in 4/4 at 132 BPM. 4 measures into the excerpt, there is a “dotted quarter note equals quarter note” marking. In this new section (still in 4/4), there are still eighth ...
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2 votes
2 answers
341 views

How to think about this moment from BWV 816

I've been tasked by a textbook I'm going through to make a harmonic analysis of the G major "Gavotte" from BWV816, "The French Suite" specifically minding a handful of questions ...
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9 votes
7 answers
2k views

Can the same song be written in a minor key and major key with the progression written differently?

quick question that's been bugging me lately. When it comes to a songs key specifically major and minor relatives- is it correct to say it can be written in two different keys with the same ...
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1 vote
3 answers
965 views

Why does the relation between E major and Ab major feel especially connected?

I find that whenever I improvise in E major, I naturally move back and forth between E major and Ab major key areas. It's like E major and Ab major feel especially connected in a way that say Bb major ...
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0 votes
2 answers
105 views

Have I successfully/legitimately modulated?

Hi guys! Just wondering if I've done this properly. We are newly in Csharp minor from the relative major E major, and we need to finish in the home key- F sharp minor. As it stands, I have written the ...
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4 votes
5 answers
386 views

What type of modulation goes from D♭ to A?

In Scott Joplin's Gladiolus Rag near the end there is a brief modulation from D♭ to A then back to D♭. I know a composer can modulate to any key at any time as he likes, but I suspect this is a ...
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0 votes
2 answers
179 views

Who knows whats happening in this score?

Ran into some confusion when trying to work out the harmony of this keyboard piece, I have labelled the problem bars, '3, 4 and 5'. In the second half of this piece, we seem to rolling through the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
109 views

Which modulation is correct? (amongst other things!)

Hi guys. I’ll try and be as concise as possible. Forgive the messy score, its just a product of the confusion! I have a few query areas, but please feel free to correct me in any other areas. 

 Bar 1-...
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0 votes
3 answers
202 views

Beginner needs help with simple modulation from Em to Am

Im new to modulation and need help. Struggling with something I feel is very simple for more experienced people. Im having fun with a song in Am, but want to modulate to Em for fun as practice. Ive ...
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0 votes
3 answers
139 views

Use cases for modulating keys?

So I'm just learning how to modulate keys and first of all I want to make sure I understand the concept correctly.... the way I've learned it is basically using a chord function in one scale and ...
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0 votes
2 answers
287 views

What is "melodic modulation"?

I've studied direct modulation and I understood it. I've tried searching about "melodic modulation", but I couldn't find the meaning of it. Could you please explain to me what "melodic modulation" is ...
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2 votes
2 answers
194 views

What is the practical impact or use of a dodecagram?

Looking for an answer about modulation and affects I came across with the term "dodecagram". So I was interested whether this has been already asked here, as I think it would be quite useful but I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Associating modulations with emotions [closed]

I once read a book (pdf) from imslp or forgottenbooks that was about composition (or harmony), and it had a list of every possible modulation and its emotional association. For example, Up a perfect ...
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1 vote
3 answers
430 views

Using an augmented chord to modulate to a distant key, will this work?

So, in the same piece for which I asked about how to notate my 2 layered staccato, I'm halfway through writing the piece and I feel like I want to modulate again. Here are my modulations so far: E ...
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-1 votes
3 answers
1k views

Do C major and B-flat major have a deep connection?

I decided to research where I can "easily" modulate from C major using dominant seventh chord (modulating to a major key we are). In this case I define the word "easily" in the following way - There ...
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