Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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Help reading music sheet [closed]

Could someone help me explain this music sheet of Frere Jacque? The is a Violin key, A mole on the A line and some notes. What do I habe to do with them in order to play this the correct way according ...
Musicallymole's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
163 views

What's this vertical dash called and what does it mean?

I found this vertical dash on some sheet music and I can't figure out what it is or what does it mean. I've tried looking through Wikipedia's list of symbols, but I couldn't find it there and me ...
Arnas Šniokaitis's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
455 views

Colon next to a flat in cello score

I'm seeing this symbol in a couple places in a score I'm transcribing, and wondering what it means: Next to the flat in each case is a colon symbol. It only appears in the cello part, though that ...
Darrel Hoffman's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
59 views

Lilypond tablature: how to force a note to a specific string+fret?

I have written a partition on Lilypond, with both Staff and tabStaff. I have customised the tablature with TabStaff.minimumFret = #7 and TabStaff.restrainOpenStrings = ##t and the generated tablature ...
daks's user avatar
  • 143
4 votes
2 answers
393 views

Is there a difference between C6sus4 and an inverted Fadd2?

I was playing with a sequencer and added a sixth to a C6sus4 to get C F G A. I liked the sound, so I did some basic research to find that C6sus4 chords are a thing. But then, taking a second look, I ...
Lake's user avatar
  • 41
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Scheme function for time signatures in LilyPond

I would like to notate a piece proportionally in LilyPond in which different time signatures are layered polymetrically. To do this, I want to place the time signatures above the staves, or more ...
kleinlosen's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
83 views

What do notes on the neutral clef mean? [duplicate]

When writing notes on the neutral clef for percussion, do the notes correspond to different instruments (bass drum, snare drum, etc.) or do the notes represent something else? Here's an example:
spacecowboy97's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
128 views

What does the s number mean in the title of the piece?

For example, the transcendental etudes by Liszt are labeled "S. 139." What does this mean? If it's related to the piece's release date, what's the difference between it and opus # (e.g the ...
Liszt-and-the-Galops's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
91 views

how to read and play a turn in music when it is inbetween 2 notes?

for example in this Mozart piece, there is a turn in bar 7, and in bar 10 how are you suppose to play these turns rhythmically? how else could the notes be notated?
jackseven's user avatar
  • 131
4 votes
2 answers
99 views

Annotate 'repeat final lyric of final chorus'

I have some sheet music where I want to correctly annotate that the final lyric of the final chorus should be repeated. It is 2 and 1 quarter measures long. Our choir calls this a 'tag'. From what I'...
B.O.B.'s user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
0 answers
82 views

Entering Chords With Frescobaldi

how do we insert chords over a melody with Frecobaldi/Lilypond?
Alexandre Magno S. Ferreira's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

When was music notation first used? [duplicate]

When was the first time someone wrote music in the way we use it today (on a stave)? Was this the first way people ever wrote music or did they do something else before that? (such as just writing the ...
trumpetkid's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
525 views

Unidentified symbol in music notation [duplicate]

What is the symbol marked in red circle? I tried to search all old hymnbooks, I could not find this symbol.
Rajk's user avatar
  • 59
4 votes
3 answers
164 views

What does a BPM of 92/100 mean?

I’ve been trying to figure this out but have found nothing that I understand online. I have sheet music for the double bass and it has a BPM of 92/100 — Not really sure what that means but I figure it’...
Halleluia's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
418 views

Note duration notation when using the sustain pedal

In the excerpt below from "Theme from Symphony No.6, 1st Movement" by Tchaikovsky, the chord in red in the bass is a dotted half note. But the sustain pedal prolongs the sound to a whole ...
Qvantvm's user avatar
  • 181
10 votes
1 answer
684 views

Are copyright traps in musical scores a thing?

Maps, dictionaries, and similar sometimes contain copyright traps, which are intentionally false information like a street that does not exist. The point of these is that when somebody plagiarises the ...
Wrzlprmft's user avatar
  • 201
2 votes
2 answers
145 views

Is a whole note always one bar long, regardless of the time signature? [duplicate]

I found conflicting information about this online. I am only familiar with 4/4, nothing else. So, I was wondering if a whole note always one bar long, regardless of the time signature? Or is it longer ...
MusicQuestions7's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
430 views

What is this weird “e” time signature?

I'm looking at a piano arrangement of Right Behind You by Mike Morasky. The time signature looks like a weird “e”, what does this mean?
Henry Boy's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
136 views

How should the first chords in "Rubber Human (Key Ingredient Ver.)" be labeled?

I was looking at this song (which I think is in Gb Major) and tried to figure out what the chords in the first 4 measures are in context from this sheet music that I have: You can also listen to it ...
KDJ's user avatar
  • 23
14 votes
1 answer
523 views

Dot in front of a mordent

I am singing Messe de Minuit pour Noël by Marc-Antoine Charpentier and stumbled on some notation unknown to me. There are quite a few mordents in the piece and some of them are denoted with a ...
schtandard's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
103 views

Should a second volta appear at the end or beginning of a line?

Given a single-measure second ending that fits comfortably at the end of one line or the beginning of the next, what is the convention or best practice (allowing there is one) on the preferred ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 86.5k
7 votes
1 answer
200 views

What is this viola music notation symbol?

What is this symbol? It is from the viola part of Conversations in Silence by Conni Ellisor.
W Yavelak's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
212 views

Do musicians read musical notation "by accident"? [closed]

I was looking for wether this had adready been asked somewhere, but -to my surprise- people don't even question why we read words even if we "don't try" to read them. The most similar ...
Agustín Nieto García's user avatar
10 votes
7 answers
415 views

To what extent does musical notation constrain human musical creation?

I am interested in the question of how musical notation has influenced human musical creation, especially in a "restrictive" way. In particular, are there some kind of musics which are not ...
Weier's user avatar
  • 221
8 votes
3 answers
476 views

What's a readable way to indicate both multi-measure rallentando and 8va?

In a piece I'm working on I've got a 4-meas. rallentando to a new, slower tempo. The piano RH, in those same 4 measures, also has an 8va section. Either of them I'd want to engrave spanning the 4 ...
nitsua60's user avatar
  • 185
3 votes
1 answer
172 views

Notation of odd note values without ties in LilyPond

I would like to ask a perhaps somewhat strange question here in the hope that someone can help me or pave the way. It's about a special kind of rhythmic notation that I have come up with and that I ...
kleinlosen's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Treble clef change during a piece

I originally asked this as a follow up on this thread, 8va or clef change? but it was suggested by "Elements in Space" (thanks, Elements!) that I should ask this as a new question, and link ...
Noscere's user avatar
  • 161
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

How do find the key signature in "Fantasia on Greensleeves" [closed]

Can someone verify if Ralph Vaughan Williams "Fantasia on Greensleeves" is played in F natural minor/melodic minor scale or C minor, if not which key signature?
Sky8's user avatar
  • 31
2 votes
1 answer
227 views

Syncopation in Greensleeves?

Can anyone explain if there's syncopation in Ralph Vaughan Williams' (To sir with love version) of Fantasia on Greensleeves.
Sky8's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

What is the specific key and tuning for this tongue drum I just got? [duplicate]

I just got a tongue drum and I'm not sure how to look up music or tabs specifically for it. The numbers starting at 1 and going around clockwise are: 1, 6 with a dot below, 2, 5, 1 with a dot above, 5 ...
john's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

What does this bowing marking signify? [duplicate]

In Maurice Ravel's String Quartet in F Major, just before the up-bow marking, the engraver has written what looks like an upside-down down-bow marking. I have not come across this before …. What does ...
iainH's user avatar
  • 329
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is this quadruple-dotted X above the staff?

At the end of Shiro Sagisu's Robe Des Champs (KK_A09_miyagi), there is a dotted X with brackets covering two bars.
IsAGuest's user avatar
  • 203
1 vote
1 answer
101 views

Question Regarding the Meaning of Certain Symbols

On piano sheet music, I occasionally see the following notations: In the bass clef, the letter "m", "M" or the number "7" is above a note. What do they mean?
Rizzo's user avatar
  • 11
9 votes
1 answer
186 views

Long horizontal line between notes

In my piece of music for cello, there is a straight line above two notes. It is dead straight and over two E's (and then again over two A's), the first note in each pair is a dotted crochet and the ...
Roslyn Pittoni's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Paganini's Cantabile for violin and guitar in D - clarification on the notation [duplicate]

This is from Niccolò Paganini's Cantabile for violin and guitar in D: How do I play the red-boxed notes properly? What does the hat-dot signs mean? What are they called?
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
0 votes
1 answer
174 views

What is this notation that looks like a hat above the stave? [duplicate]

I'm having trouble finding what this notation means:
David Charon's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
73 views

How to make actually minimal page breaking in LilyPond

Consider the example below. It has 6 systems, and if I force LilyPond to put all 6 onto one page with min-systems-per-page = #6, it does, and it works well. The issue is that in real life, not every ...
yo''s user avatar
  • 2,462
0 votes
0 answers
48 views

How do I play this rhythm? [duplicate]

I am trying to play the Largo from Vivaldi's Concerto for Flautino in C Major (RV 443), but I am not sure how to time this passage in measure 4: This piece is in 12/8 time, but the notes in this ...
casvaart's user avatar
  • 101
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does this flat symbol over a turn mean?

I think it means for the starting note to be lowered one semitone, but I'm not sure.
Ian Miller's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why do conductors use transposed scores vs. concert scores?

Why do conductors use transposed scores vs. concert scores? It adds a lot more mental cost with no return on investment.
Shuheng Zheng's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
81 views

questions about some direction markings in Chopin's op 28 no 6, prelude in B minor

in bar 1, there is 'sotto voce' written between the right and left hand. what does it mean in this context? does it simply means to play softly or is it asking to play the right hand softly?(since ...
jackseven's user avatar
  • 131
2 votes
0 answers
56 views

Why aren't clefs aligned with octaves? [duplicate]

It looks like my questions is largely answered by Why not use only octave clefs?. I'm going to leave this here anyways in case it's useful for others. Hello! I've got a genuine question, although I'm ...
MikeTheTall's user avatar
9 votes
4 answers
570 views

Strange cymbals notation in The Free Lance March

I'm currently playing cymbals for the arrangement of The Free Lance March by William D. Revelli with my high school band. However, I'm having trouble interpreting some of the notations in the music. ...
Dylan Levine's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
230 views

Why is my bass clef inverted? [closed]

I have downloaded an early printed Beethoven sonata where the bass clef is upside down and looks more like a C? Why? What am I missing?
Sarah's user avatar
  • 41
0 votes
3 answers
184 views

Can (Dal) Segno and (Dal) Segno Segno appear on the same bar?

This is a follow-up question to my previous question. I have made a transcription using Guitar Pro 8 of a song with the following structure: Intro, A, B, A, B, A, Coda Guitar Pro 8 outputs and plays ...
Gandalf The Bard's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
230 views

How to notate two nested repeat loops (||: and :||) that finish on the same repeat finish sign :||?

I have made a transcription of a song with the following structure: Intro, A, B, A, B, A, Coda The score that I created is the following (the content of the bars was replaced by whole notes for ...
Gandalf The Bard's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
326 views

Staff text positioning

I have fermatas on the final notes on both staffs at the end of a piano piece. I only want the fermatas held on the final refrain. Do I need to include staff text to that effect above both staffs, ...
Mary Seager's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
125 views

Is there standard notation for guitar left hand barres of natural harmonics?

I'm a self taught guitarrist and hobby musician who composes original music and who creates transcriptions/arrangements of music from other artists for classical guitar. I've recently learned about ...
Gandalf The Bard's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
912 views

Triangular notehead at the end of a glissando/portamento

I was studying a score that had this strange symbol in the violin part. It's a triangular notehead at the end of a glissando/portamento. The note seems to be suspended, not connect to the staff with ...
Leonardo Mesquita's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
30 views

How to write a right-hand bracket in Lilypond? [duplicate]

Somebody else already asked this for Musescore; but how can I produce a half-bracked as pictured in Lilypond?
Anon's user avatar
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