Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Help reading music sheet [closed]

Could someone help me explain this music sheet of Frere Jacque? The is a Violin key, A mole on the A line and some notes. What do I habe to do with them in order to play this the correct way according ...
11 votes
3 answers
9k views

Notating half notes across beat 3 in 4/4

When writing in 4/4, it's taught that the location of beat 3 should always be clear. However, it seems that the actual practice is that it is acceptable to have a half note on beat 2, instead of a ...
0 votes
3 answers
922 views

How to notate pickup measures in the middle of a piece?

I'm writing a song where some measures have less than the full number of beats indicated in the time signature. This occurs in the middle of the piece, but it is a pickup to the next phrase. How is ...
4 votes
1 answer
163 views

What's this vertical dash called and what does it mean?

I found this vertical dash on some sheet music and I can't figure out what it is or what does it mean. I've tried looking through Wikipedia's list of symbols, but I couldn't find it there and me ...
1 vote
1 answer
91 views

how to read and play a turn in music when it is inbetween 2 notes?

for example in this Mozart piece, there is a turn in bar 7, and in bar 10 how are you suppose to play these turns rhythmically? how else could the notes be notated?
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why are baritone vocals written one octave higher in the treble clef?

I have a lot of sheet music where the singer is a baritone and sings a lot in the C3 - C4 region. This would normally be written in the bass clef but in my sheet music, the notes are written in the ...
19 votes
1 answer
455 views

Colon next to a flat in cello score

I'm seeing this symbol in a couple places in a score I'm transcribing, and wondering what it means: Next to the flat in each case is a colon symbol. It only appears in the cello part, though that ...
3 votes
2 answers
572 views

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass?

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass, specifically when the harmony changes? If you have non-chord tones in the bass following a figuring, it's easy to show the same harmony ...
4 votes
1 answer
59 views

Lilypond tablature: how to force a note to a specific string+fret?

I have written a partition on Lilypond, with both Staff and tabStaff. I have customised the tablature with TabStaff.minimumFret = #7 and TabStaff.restrainOpenStrings = ##t and the generated tablature ...
4 votes
2 answers
393 views

Is there a difference between C6sus4 and an inverted Fadd2?

I was playing with a sequencer and added a sixth to a C6sus4 to get C F G A. I liked the sound, so I did some basic research to find that C6sus4 chords are a thing. But then, taking a second look, I ...
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Scheme function for time signatures in LilyPond

I would like to notate a piece proportionally in LilyPond in which different time signatures are layered polymetrically. To do this, I want to place the time signatures above the staves, or more ...
1 vote
1 answer
83 views

What do notes on the neutral clef mean? [duplicate]

When writing notes on the neutral clef for percussion, do the notes correspond to different instruments (bass drum, snare drum, etc.) or do the notes represent something else? Here's an example:
6 votes
1 answer
665 views

What does a lowercase "a" mean for guitar music?

What does a lowercase letter "a" next to the notehead mean for guitar music?
4 votes
1 answer
127 views

What does the s number mean in the title of the piece?

For example, the transcendental etudes by Liszt are labeled "S. 139." What does this mean? If it's related to the piece's release date, what's the difference between it and opus # (e.g the ...
4 votes
2 answers
99 views

Annotate 'repeat final lyric of final chorus'

I have some sheet music where I want to correctly annotate that the final lyric of the final chorus should be repeated. It is 2 and 1 quarter measures long. Our choir calls this a 'tag'. From what I'...
1 vote
0 answers
82 views

Entering Chords With Frescobaldi

how do we insert chords over a melody with Frecobaldi/Lilypond?
3 votes
3 answers
583 views

Natural followed by sharp in Chopin Waltz in C-sharp minor

In Chopin's Waltz in C-sharp minor (Op. 64, No. 2), I'm a bit confused by the following notation in the third measure: The F has a natural, cancelling out the sharp in the key signature. But then it ...
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are these slashed noteheads?

This is taken from a piece of sheet music (which I originally thought was for piano) for "Save Tonight" by Eagle-Eye Cherry. I do not recognize these notes in the beginning - can somebody ...
9 votes
1 answer
186 views

Long horizontal line between notes

In my piece of music for cello, there is a straight line above two notes. It is dead straight and over two E's (and then again over two A's), the first note in each pair is a dotted crochet and the ...
7 votes
3 answers
35k views

"D.S., D.S. Al Coda, To Coda" Confusion

I'm having a difficult time grasping "D.S., D.S. Al Coda, To Coda" based on the online explanations I've come across. Below is the specific example that I'm attempting to play. Does the Dal ...
8 votes
4 answers
9k views

Music notation software for JianPu and erhu notation

My wife's band, which features the erhu, uses music notation like the page shown below. We want to take hand-written scanned/faxed from stained napkins with bad handwriting and two-side bleedthrough ...
2 votes
3 answers
178 views

How to identify voice of whole note

I've got a chord of whole notes and have no idea which voice they're in. There are other chords in the sheet music that I looked at to try to figure out the voice, but this hasn't been conclusive. At ...
0 votes
1 answer
129 views

When was music notation first used? [duplicate]

When was the first time someone wrote music in the way we use it today (on a stave)? Was this the first way people ever wrote music or did they do something else before that? (such as just writing the ...
5 votes
2 answers
525 views

Unidentified symbol in music notation [duplicate]

What is the symbol marked in red circle? I tried to search all old hymnbooks, I could not find this symbol.
0 votes
3 answers
430 views

What is this weird “e” time signature?

I'm looking at a piano arrangement of Right Behind You by Mike Morasky. The time signature looks like a weird “e”, what does this mean?
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does "gliss 2x" mean here?

What does "gliss 2x" mean here?
2 votes
1 answer
251 views

Adding special text, signs, symbols, and marks, to LilyPond scores

What is the best way to add special text, signs, symbols, and marks for multi-measure rests, rehearsal marks, segno, and coda symbols, in LilyPond code?
4 votes
3 answers
164 views

What does a BPM of 92/100 mean?

I’ve been trying to figure this out but have found nothing that I understand online. I have sheet music for the double bass and it has a BPM of 92/100 — Not really sure what that means but I figure it’...
2 votes
3 answers
418 views

Note duration notation when using the sustain pedal

In the excerpt below from "Theme from Symphony No.6, 1st Movement" by Tchaikovsky, the chord in red in the bass is a dotted half note. But the sustain pedal prolongs the sound to a whole ...
1 vote
1 answer
207 views

How do I add a rest in SmartMusic's Compose?

I've just started learning SmartMusic's Compose feature whereby I can create my own musical score. I'm starting with Mary Had a Little Lamb (the hello world program equivalent for any music notation ...
10 votes
1 answer
684 views

Are copyright traps in musical scores a thing?

Maps, dictionaries, and similar sometimes contain copyright traps, which are intentionally false information like a street that does not exist. The point of these is that when somebody plagiarises the ...
2 votes
2 answers
145 views

Is a whole note always one bar long, regardless of the time signature? [duplicate]

I found conflicting information about this online. I am only familiar with 4/4, nothing else. So, I was wondering if a whole note always one bar long, regardless of the time signature? Or is it longer ...
81 votes
7 answers
64k views

How do you draw a quarter rest with a pen/pencil?

It seems to me that the quarter rest we see everywhere was drawn with a calligraphy pen. I don't have one of those — I have a sharpened/mechanical pencil or a ball-point pen. So usually when I try to ...
30 votes
3 answers
2k views

C Trumpet in Beethoven's 5th symphony

For a school assignment, I am playing part of Beethoven's 5th Symphony on keyboards. While analyzing the piece, I'm confused by the trumpet part. In the score I am using, it is written as 'Trombe in C'...
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

how to play a double mordent on the piano

I am guessing the wavy line from one chord up to another chord is called "double mordent," from my looking online. How it is played?
5 votes
1 answer
402 views

How do you distinguish an upper mordent from a trill?

I recently learned of the upper mordent. (first ornament in this image from Wikipedia) To me, it looks identical to the trill from the table of ornaments I'm familiar with: When encountering this ...
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

How is the mordent played in the given piece from Petzold

Here is an excerpt of Petzold's Menuett in G major and I stumbled upon a mordent which I don't know how to play. The fun fact is: The excerpt is from a beginner book where there is an explanation of ...
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Half step mordent in Sibelius

Is there a way I can do the mordent that is shown in the pictures below in Sibelius? When I try to just put a sharp sign below the mordent, it doesn't play it correctly.
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Ornaments in J. S. Bach's 4th prelude

Inverted mordents and turns are frequently used in the prelude No.4 of J.S. Bach in C-sharp minor. In what follows I assume the key of the piece is known. My first question is related to the normal ...
5 votes
1 answer
931 views

Music Notation: "Wave" below a note

So recently I stumbled upon this symbol in one of Chopin's works, to be precise in "4 Mazurkas" (Op. 33 No. 1) in bars 14, 16 and 17. Here's a link to the edition I'm talking about, and below is a ...
4 votes
2 answers
103 views

Should a second volta appear at the end or beginning of a line?

Given a single-measure second ending that fits comfortably at the end of one line or the beginning of the next, what is the convention or best practice (allowing there is one) on the preferred ...
2 votes
3 answers
136 views

How should the first chords in "Rubber Human (Key Ingredient Ver.)" be labeled?

I was looking at this song (which I think is in Gb Major) and tried to figure out what the chords in the first 4 measures are in context from this sheet music that I have: You can also listen to it ...
14 votes
1 answer
523 views

Dot in front of a mordent

I am singing Messe de Minuit pour Noël by Marc-Antoine Charpentier and stumbled on some notation unknown to me. There are quite a few mordents in the piece and some of them are denoted with a ...
6 votes
3 answers
729 views

Triplets in 4/4 or 12/8 (with dotted quarter notes as beats)?

I am writing a piece in 4/4 which has triplets all the way. I insist it is not a "swing" feel, which I know how to notate (writing regular eight notes and adding the Swing decorator), but ...
2 votes
3 answers
220 views

Music Notation adding notes doesn't always match time signature [duplicate]

A couple weeks back I got into piano and now after synesthesia experiments and learning basic stuff. I'm trying to teach myself reading music scores correctly. Went smooth till this presented below ...
7 votes
1 answer
200 views

What is this viola music notation symbol?

What is this symbol? It is from the viola part of Conversations in Silence by Conni Ellisor.
12 votes
3 answers
1k views

Notation of note duration [duplicate]

Is it correct that the first note here is a 64th while the others are 32th? Or is the first note just an 8th? This mixing of writing notes with flags and with beams confuses me. It's from Franz Liszt'...
3 votes
1 answer
172 views

Notation of odd note values without ties in LilyPond

I would like to ask a perhaps somewhat strange question here in the hope that someone can help me or pave the way. It's about a special kind of rhythmic notation that I have come up with and that I ...
22 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does this 7 mean above the F flat?

It seems to look like a fingering number but I don’t have 7 fingers and the note is already marked with a fingering number. This is from Chopin's Fantaisie-Impromptu, Op. 66.
7 votes
2 answers
504 views

What is the meaning of these lines

Are these pedal signs? I have never seen one in Bach pieces.

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