Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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7
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3answers
295 views

Should the “a” in “poco a/à poco” be accented in the original Italian?

This one’s mostly for language nerds: I usually see “poco a poco” spelled without an accent on the “a”, but now and again I see it spelled “poco à poco” – it’s written that way in some scores, and ...
7
votes
1answer
146 views

Notation for depressing piano keys without sounding them

This question was inspired by playing around on the piano. I held some keys gently in one hand without letting them sound: sometimes one, sometimes two a fifth apart, and sometimes a major triad. I ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What is this type of ornament, and how should it be played?

An appoggiatura is a grace note type ornament, that precedes main note it slurred to. When it is played, it takes some time from the main note. An appoggiatura looks like this : and should be ...
10
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1answer
2k views

Why was the common time symbol created?

Was it just created to make an easier alternative to writing 4/4?
14
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3answers
4k views

Small Notes in Sheet Music — NOT grace notes — written AFTER the main note and beamed with it

Can anyone explain the significance of the small notes in the following music? An otherwise identical arrangement in a different "easy" song book shows only quarter notes without the smaller notes. ...
12
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9answers
4k views

Is it possible to write a melody which can't be notated?

Is it possible to have a piece which can't be notated using the musical notes we currently have?
0
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5answers
102 views

Is there a 2/3 time signature, or “cut-time” equivalent for 3/4?

Here's a passage written in 3/4 time: (The composer uses an ambiguous shorthand after the first measure, but assume that where he wrote dotted-half tremolos he intended for the passage to be played 3 ...
3
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2answers
65 views

Correct abbreviation for “niente”?

“Niente” (“nothing”) is used to start a crescendo from silence or end a diminuendo with silence. Some scores spell it out fully (from “Titanic Suite”, published by Hal Leonard): Other scores ...
0
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1answer
56 views

What is the internal harmony of this Liszt melody?

This is an exercise taken out of Walter Piston’s Harmony (4th ed). Let me know how you would change my progression. Thanks!
1
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2answers
64 views

Scoring for the Trumpet Part of a Larger Work

I want to score parts to for two trumpets, but have only a little experience in music notation. Fairly simple parts I can edit in Cubase Score editor, but how do I indicate different places where the ...
2
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2answers
120 views

Can animated visualizations help to understand music better?

There are lots of animated visualizations (of a specific kind) of performed music around that I would like to understand better: How accurate are they? Do they help to understand music better? If so: ...
4
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1answer
323 views

staff, grand staff, staves? what does it mean?

I've understood that staff is one system of 5 note lines and the term for both systems (l. & r. h. keyboard) is grand staff, is this correct? ... while in a full score would be several staves?
1
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1answer
62 views

lilypond bug with octave change/whole note

I'm using lilypond with Frescobaldi to notate a piano score. My time signature is 4/4, and I just did a clef change, changing the bottom clef to treble for a few notes. I returned the clef to bass, ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Pizzicato notation

I'm trying to figure out what (if any) norms apply to notation for pizzicato. As explained here, we have: Do we not have any symbols used to indicate right-hand pizzicato? I have only seen it ...
1
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1answer
60 views

How do you write ghost notes in stop time?

From my example I have a rhythmic slashes notation (stop time), how do I change some of them to a ghost notation? I know in regular notation you do an X, I think in slashes you do brackets, is that a ...
1
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2answers
69 views

Downbeat moves to beat 4 for a bass clef solo, should I insert a 3/4 bar or just keep it in 4/4?

So, I ran into a bit of an issue related to time signatures. In this orchestral piece I am working on(still writing down the piano solo version but I am thinking about the orchestration every step of ...
2
votes
3answers
89 views

Minor Key (and other key?) Roman Numeral Analysis

What is the general standard in RNA for the natural minor key, as well as keys that are neither major nor nat. minor? So in studying RNA, I found the major key pretty straightforward: I ii iii IV V ...
5
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3answers
77 views

Roman Numerals and VII#

The following is an excerpt from this Wikipedia article: [The Lydian cadence] is so-called because it evokes the Lydian mode based on its final chord as a tonic, and may be construed with the ...
7
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7answers
3k views

Beginner question about how to understand chords in musical notation

I have a question about how to interpret musical notation involving chords. In the first picture, I can see D minor chord but do I play it with right or left hand? And what notes do I play with the ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What do the written instructions in Satie's 1ère Gnossienne mean?

I'm a beginner or early intermediate piano player, and picked up the score to Erik Satie's Gnossienne no. 1 from IMSLP. It contains some textual comments in French, which I presume are from the ...
6
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5answers
5k views

Is there a definitive notation for multiple repeats?

Is there a definitive notation for repeating a section more than twice? Say you want a section to be played four times. I have mostly seen this: x4 𝄆 .... 𝄇 meaning "play four times", but I ...
5
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6answers
78 views

Preferred notation for subdivision into 2 parts in 6/8

Which of these notations is preferred?
2
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3answers
640 views

Roman numeral analysis for melody?

This is mainly a notation question. But when analyzing a melody how do you notate melody notes? Is it 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII (or maybe lower case) or do, re, mi, fa, sol, ...
23
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7answers
4k views

Is it true that cut time means “play twice as fast as written”?

I was just reading an e-book and saw this sentence which really confused me: "Played twice as fast as written" - This isn't what cut time actually means right, or are there situations where cut time ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Dual time signature of Alla Breve x2 in Schubert?

So I know I have asked about a piece of Chopin where I came across a dual time signature in an edition where it is 3/4 9/8 and that in the case of that Chopin Nocturne, the reason for the dual time ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Dynamic marking “f-p”

I know that: The dynamic marking f means forte, or play loud. And that p means piano, or play soft. The dynamic marking fp means fortepiano, or play this note loud, and play the following notes ...
0
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2answers
75 views

Viola and Cello diamond notehead notation interpretation

I'm attempting to transcribe (for playback) Dukas' L'Apprenti Sorcier into Musescore. I don't understand what the following notation means, how it should be played, or possibly be approximated, ...
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1answer
69 views

Number 6 finger notation on music?

My music has a number 6 on the finger notation and I can’t figure out what finger I’m supposed to use.
8
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6answers
1k views

Does the voicing of a chord affect the name it's been given? If not, what does?

So I came across a YouTube video where the guy kept referring to a chord as Cm♭6 (C minor flat 6th). However, it seems to me that with a little rearranging this could also be written as a simple ...
1
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2answers
69 views

How to properly repeat an entire song which already has with repeats?

What is the best way to repeat an entire song, including the first and second ending? Basically, I have a very short song that I would like to play through two times, which means also playing through ...
8
votes
2answers
188 views

The “tunelessness” of birdsong in a “Peanuts” comic strip?

Charles Schulz was a very careful transcriber of music into Peanuts. Many passages are identifiable (lots of Beethoven, no surprise). However, Schulz could not read music himself -- thus copying from ...
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0answers
63 views

How objective is the structure of a notated piece of music? [closed]

How objective can the analysis of a notated piece of music into a hierarchical structure of some "constituents" be? Consider a given piece of music in notated form and structurally analysed by ...
3
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2answers
164 views

Two dots below a note in the Bass Clef

I’ve come across some sheet music that has notes (Bass Clef) with 2 dots immediately below the note, as per the image below (right in the middle of the page): What does this notation mean?
4
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2answers
1k views

What are these brackets? What do they mean and what are they called?

I came across to these brackets in my music theory book of Trinity. I don't know what are these called and what they exactly do in this music?
5
votes
3answers
106 views

What do three layers of slurs mean for violin?

Here's a four-measure excerpt from an arrangement for violin (by Maxim Jacobsen). There are points in the score – two indicated in red here – where there are three slurs in effect simultaneously. ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Notating using ties on a 4/4 music

I am required to notate a note that is played on the 'and' of 1 and ring for the remaining beats of a 4/4 measure. My choices is: I use a quaver rest followed by a quaver tied to a dotted minim in ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Meaning of “chords” in a bar with eight notes

First of all, LaM means AM and Sim means Bm. In the sheet music you will see below, what does mean AM________? Does it mean all the notes I will find on the _____ part will correspond to the AM chord? ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

What do square brackets around one or multiple accent marks mean?

Here's the phrase in question: It comes from Dvořák's Slavonic Dances op. 46, no. 7, in a piano duet arrangement. I do not know the arranger; the YouTube video was not clear about that, but I think ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Song Cycle Texts, all at the beginning or placed individually before each song?

Following the recommendation that the text for a song be provided separately as part of the front matter of a vocal composition, what is the best way to handle the texts for a song cycle if each text ...
2
votes
4answers
69 views

Is it correct to write a score that repeats a phrase with 1 different bar at the middle like this?

I have a phrase that need to be played twice but there's a bar at the middle is different for second time. Can I write the score like this? Is this correct? Thank you very much.
1
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2answers
42 views

understanding schematic analysis notation

What do the numbers above and below the staffs represent? I was assuming that the white-circled numbers under the bass parts were the thoroughbass and that the black-circled numbers above were the ...
9
votes
2answers
304 views

Piano Pedal Notation P, Pw, with and without *

I'm transcribing a piano reduction of Suppé's Light Cavalry into MuseScore. This particular score has pedal notation P. *, Pw. *, and then some parts where there's no *. I'm assuming (perhaps ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

How do I raise or lower Lilypond's “repeat percent” symbol?

Lilypond's "\repeat percent" construct enables you to express a repeating musical snippet by writing the first occurrence in full then using a symbol as a sort of "ditto" mark for the later ones. ...
5
votes
4answers
132 views

What do these notation marks mean?

So recently I have got this piece for a classical guitar (probably originally for some kind of lute) - Chaconne by Anonymous from Schwerin It's full of mysterious parentheses, and I have failed to ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

Inferring Position Number, String, and Shifts From Sparse Fingering Notation

I'm attempting to (re)learn some violin music using the composer's desired fingering. However, my background is not in violin but in fiddle, where fingerings and positions/shifts are rarely written (...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

How do I write with Sagittal notation and other microtonal notations?

I just found out that quarter tones aren't the only microtones. Now I'd like to experiment and write music with microtones. I'd like to know how to read and write with sagittal notation (or other ...
34
votes
8answers
13k views

Does an accidental apply to all octaves?

I've been playing French Horn for 20 years, and thought I had most basic concepts regarding accidentals understood. But the other day I came across the following image via Wikipedia, which had me ...
6
votes
1answer
884 views

Strange Ornamental Symbol on Bach Piece

This is from the marvelous andante from Bach’s organ trio sonata BWV 528. What does this symbol mean on the stave of the second keyboard? I am assuming it is ornamental. Is it just a strange version ...
16
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5answers
4k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
5
votes
3answers
118 views

Is there a reason an arranger/composer will choose a particular chord voicing when charting chords for guitar on a particular song?

When I look in music books for guitar or chord arrangements (or tabs) online for songs I want to learn to play on guitar, I notice that often a specific voicing for each particular chord is indicated. ...

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