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Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

2
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0answers
39 views

What is a good app, software or other efficient method to type out staff notations? [on hold]

I’m asking for suggestions and recommendations from music theory educators who often need to prepare music lesson notes and set tests that will require a lot of staff notation images, for e.g. an ...
24
votes
7answers
3k views

Is it true that cut time means “play twice as fast as written”?

I was just reading an e-book and saw this sentence which really confused me: "Played twice as fast as written" - This isn't what cut time actually means right, or are there situations where cut time ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

A repeat barline in the middle of a tie

How would I play a tie when a barline is in the middle of it? Here is an example: In the picture, there is a tie, which has a repeat sign in the middle. When I play the repeat inside of the repeat, ...
7
votes
0answers
30 views

Baroque notation question

Here's a snippet from a 1624 facsimile of Juan Arañés' "Libro Segundo de Tonos y Villancicos". This is a rather syncopated, lively song, with a time signature of C3. Note values seem to be ...
0
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0answers
16 views

The metre/rhythm of classical guitar piece “Recuerdos de la Alhambra”

In all sheets I can find the famous piece "Recuerdos de la Alhambra" for classical guitar (see these search results) is written in 3/4. But in some way I hear it most of the time as a 4/4 with a 2/4; ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

What are the notes on this instrument? [duplicate]

I happen to have what I believe is called a bansuri. It seems to be of Chinese or Indian origin from what I can find out on Google, but I don't seem to be able to find note equivalents for it in a ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Grace notes at beginning of “A Media Luz”

I'm trying to transcribe some part of "A media luz" from this video. Here it is what I did: I'm wondering if there is an alternative way to notate the first four notes. Could I use graces notes or ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Alto saxophone fingering for notes written below the staff

I am a beginner on the alto saxophone. I understand the fingering for playing notes on the staff but I do not understand the fingering for playing notes below the staff. Sometimes there are two extra ...
3
votes
4answers
94 views

How does the staff work above/below the main lines?

With a G clef the pattern seems to be A B C D E F G repeated. Does it repeat for all octaves above/below the main lines as well? Is it the same pattern of semitones added recursively or how does it ...
18
votes
6answers
3k views

Why does standard notation not preserve intervals (visually)

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about music theory but ...) The notes A, B are a whole step apart, and B, C are a semitone apart, yet their distance in standard notation is the same visually (from a ...
11
votes
2answers
747 views

What does this 'x' mean on the stem of the voice's note, above the notehead?

I was looking at the score for Arnold Schoenberg's Pierrot lunaire (On Youtube), and on the voice staff none of the notes are connected with each other and they have this x or * on their stem: What ...
16
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5answers
3k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
7
votes
2answers
791 views

What's the name for when you write multiple voices on same staff? And are there any cons?

When I transcribe music for piano I always use the grand staff and notate the left hand (which often is the bass voice) on the lower staff, everything else on the upper one. When I do it for a guitar ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Guiro part notation using cross notes

Here's a picture of a Guiro part in drum notation: In a Guiro part, what does it mean when there are cross notes? I've seen other Guiro parts elsewhere that use the same line placement but with ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Should these notes be played as a chord or one after another?

A fairly basic sight reading question coming up... Are these notes (highlighted) intended to be played as a single chord or one after the other? They are so close together that they could be played as ...
17
votes
4answers
7k views

Tell pianist to play entire piece softly, except one part

I've composed a short melody, however I'm very new to all this piano theory, how would I tell the pianist to play the entire piece softly? (mp, not pp), and how would I write exceptions for specific ...
1
vote
3answers
90 views

Quick conversion between concert pitch and written notes

I've always been intrigued/annoyed/interested by the nature of transposing instruments, and specifically, recently I've been getting into discussions with my saxophonist friends. Lately, I've found ...
2
votes
3answers
267 views

How are 13th chords with alterations “shorthand” written?

My question is a general curiosity because on StackExchange and other sites I haven't found a complete answer that I can get my head around. I've read through the existing 13th discussions and am ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Is it common to combine multiple voices in one piano staff, even if they don't fit the time signature?

I'm a beginner/intermediate sheet reader and struggling a bit with a current piano piece ("He sleeps" from Pretty Woman). The only arrangement I could find uses a notation which makes it hard to ...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Understanding ties

I'm rather new to playing the piano and reading sheet music. Because of this fact I want make sure that I understand this correctly and have been doing it right. Does the tie in the second measure ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

How to read rhythm when note stems and beams are used to indicate fingering [closed]

In Georg Anton Benda's keyboard sonatas there are many examples of beaming used NOT to show rhythm but to show which hand to use. This was how my problem with the notation was explained to me by an ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

was the 12/16 measure usual in the time of Bach?

We met today this work by Bach with this strange time - strange to me as I've never met before this meter. Of course it is possible ... but I ask if someone knows another composition with this meter, ...
15
votes
2answers
215 views

How do I interpret two notes in a tempo marking?

Is this the same tempo as (quarter note) = 90, or is it (half note) = 90? I know what tempo this is because of the marking next to the bar number, but what does the part below the number mean? Is ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Is there a naming convention for open chords?

I am studying a guitar piece where an F# minor chord is spelled as F# / C# / A (R / P5 / m3) over strings 5, 3 and 2. I found out that chords spanning over more than a octave are called open chords (...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

What does this wavy downward arrow preceding a piano chord mean?

I started to play this piece today, & I came across this symbol (wavy arrow pointing downwards in treble clef). I have never seen it before in any piece, nor did I read about it in music theory so ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

How would you notate a non-accent?

There's a variety of notations that indicate various types of accent - tenuto, staccato, martellato and the like. But what notation would I use to indicate that I want notes to be deliberately ...
5
votes
2answers
238 views

What are the diatonic extended chords of C major?

I saw this question about 9ths, but I'd like to know what the diatonic chords of 11ths and 13ths as well. This isn't strictly for jazz, I just want to know what the basic diatonic chords are. I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

What does ben tenuto il basso mean?

In the second theme of the recapitulation of Beethoven's Pathetique Sonata where the bass line goes into the treble clef and the bass register becomes part of the melody, I see the marking ben tenuto ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Sibelius Time Signature notes before line

I attach a picture where I have a time signature of 2/4. As you see in the first notes there are the equivalent of 1/4 group of notes then a bar line and then the normal bars with 2/4 begin. Why are ...
11
votes
2answers
95 views

Notation of triplets in Bach’s *Orgelbüchlein*

In the following piece from J.S. Bach’s Orgelbüchlein, the nearly constant triplet line seems to be incorrect: The time signature is 3/2, but there are 9 eighth-note triplets per measure rather than ...
0
votes
3answers
123 views

What is the scale of A # Minor / B flat minor? What does it look like in tab? [closed]

What is the Guitar chord - lead scale of A# Minor / B flat minor? I'd like to see what this scale looks like in tablature. How do I play it?
4
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3answers
388 views

Easiest way to turn permutations into Sibelius notation

Total dummy (non-programmer) question here. There are permutations like these, for example: (n=9, r=2) {1,2} {1,3} {1,4} {1,5} {1,6} {1,7} {1,8} {1,9} {2,1} {2,3} {2,4} {2,5} {2,6} {2,7} {2,8} {2,9}...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Is it OK to use 3rd/4th line C clef for euphonium?

If I write a Euphonium part that implies more melodic stuff that is more high in the register, can I use a 3rd or 4th line C clef for this Euphonium instead of using the bass clef or should I always ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What does a straight horizontal line above a few notes, after a changed tempo mean?

The piece is for playing guitar using plectrum: I am guessing the horizontal line represents the stretch of notes to be played at the changed tempo, and begin playing at the initial tempo after that.
0
votes
1answer
40 views

App for playing music from notation [closed]

I'm looking for an app (hopefully an Android one) which takes notation in text (such as cdefg; the exact syntax shouldn't matter) as input and plays the music that it represents. I haven't been able ...
3
votes
3answers
335 views

Understanding note stems as written in Mozart's K.331 Andante Grazioso

I have difficulties in interpreting two peculiar notes in Mozart's K.331 Andante Grazioso. I hope you can help in improving my performance. First question is about the D note evidenced with the arrow:...
2
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4answers
82 views

Arpeggio Markings for Chord symbols

Is it common to denote a chord symbol with an arpeggio marking? How else would you indicate that the chord is to be played arpeggio?
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Turn above an X symbol in Chopin’s prelude in E minor

I am a self-taught pianist and thought I would pick this piece up relatively easily and quickly, but being self-taught I often run into unknown signs, symbols, and other things like that, that give me ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Are these Bansuri Notes all on the Low Octave (to me they are on Low and Middle)

As a newbie I am trying to play these notes of O RE PIYA http://sargamnote.blogspot.com/ To my ear, all the notes belong in the Low and Middle Octave of this beginner Bansuri Fingering Chart (as ...
4
votes
4answers
712 views

Spelling diminished and augmented chords

The diminished chords and the augmented chords do not fit into any standard key signature. What is the best way to specify the notes? Initially, let's assume that the key signature is C major. For ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Scriabin Op.8, No.4: typo in measure #12?

From this score available on IMSLP, IMSLP69176-PMLP07375: Editor: Konstantin Igumnov (1873-1948), Yakov Milstein (1911-1981) Publisher Info: A.N. Skryabin: Polnoe sobranie sochinenii dlia fortepiano, ...
8
votes
1answer
136 views

What does an arrow pointing up inside the staff mean?

This was in my audition music, and I can’t ask the person I got it from. It was written by the director at my high school. Edit: Here’s the full music: I’m not sure what style. Also, I can ask my ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Equivalency between Indian Classical Saptak and Western Notes

Can anyone tell me the equivalency between Indian Classical Saptak, i.e. Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa and Western Notes, C D E F G A B It is Sa ~ C, Re ~ D, Ga ~ E, etc, or is it something else. Please ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

Where do I put this expression marking?

So in this passage (for piano) I have a pianissimo part in the right hand that follows the left hand. I want the pianist to treat the notes in the right hand 'like distant resonance' (or something ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Why does this note have two stems? [duplicate]

I think this is a normal note but I'm not sure. Why is this note like this? Can you explain it please?
15
votes
4answers
3k views

How to notate time signature switching consistently every measure

It seems my musical journey's always pushing me into left field territory when it comes to notation ... So this time I'd like to know what would be a good way to notate a consistent switching of time ...
5
votes
2answers
569 views

What do three bars across the stem of a note mean?

I am wondering how are to be understood the following notes and how to play them on the violin. There is no indication of tremolo on the score. Nevertheless, should I understand this as tremolo on ...
2
votes
1answer
340 views

Piano - What is the notation for two notes played simultaneously, where both notes are different lengths?

I was improvising on my piano, when I played a two notes simultaneously where one of the notes in it was longer than the other. I liked it, and wanted to implement it in the sheet music I write; The ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Secondary dominants/slash notation in Elton John

Please see the section labelled "chorus" in the screenshot below: My textbook labels these same chords as follows: I V(2-4)/IV vi7 V(6-5) I(6-4) V11 V I I have questions regarding the second and ...
3
votes
4answers
652 views

Is the bagpipe a transposing instrument?

Until this morning I was under the impression that the bagpipe is a D♭ transposing instrument, thus a written C would sound like a D♭, a written A would sound like a B♭, etc. Now I see (check the ...