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Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

3
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1answer
49 views

Turn above an X symbol in Chopin’s prelude in E minor

I am a self-taught pianist and thought I would pick this piece up relatively easily and quickly, but being self-taught I often run into unknown signs, symbols, and other things like that, that give me ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Are these Bansuri Notes all on the Low Octave (to me they are on Low and Middle)

As a newbie I am trying to play these notes of O RE PIYA http://sargamnote.blogspot.com/ To my ear, all the notes belong in the Low and Middle Octave of this beginner Bansuri Fingering Chart (as ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

What are the diatonic extended chords of C major?

I saw this question about 9ths, but I'd like to know what the diatonic chords of 11ths and 13ths as well. This isn't strictly for jazz, I just want to know what the basic diatonic chords are. I'm ...
2
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3answers
61 views

Arpeggio Markings for Chord symbols

Is it common to denote a chord symbol with an arpeggio marking? How else would you indicate that the chord is to be played arpeggio?
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Alto saxophone fingering for notes written below the staff

I am a beginner on the alto saxophone. I understand the fingering for playing notes on the staff but I do not understand the fingering for playing notes below the staff. Sometimes there are two extra ...
5
votes
4answers
661 views

Spelling diminished and augmented chords

The diminished chords and the augmented chords do not fit into any standard key signature. What is the best way to specify the notes? Initially, let's assume that the key signature is C major. For ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Scriabin Op.8, No.4: typo in measure #12?

From this score available on IMSLP, IMSLP69176-PMLP07375: Editor: Konstantin Igumnov (1873-1948), Yakov Milstein (1911-1981) Publisher Info: A.N. Skryabin: Polnoe sobranie sochinenii dlia fortepiano, ...
8
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1answer
115 views

What does an arrow pointing up inside the staff mean?

This was in my audition music, and I can’t ask the person I got it from. It was written by the director at my high school. Edit: Here’s the full music: I’m not sure what style. Also, I can ask my ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Equivalency between Indian Classical Saptak and Western Notes

Can anyone tell me the equivalency between Indian Classical Saptak, i.e. Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa and Western Notes, C D E F G A B It is Sa ~ C, Re ~ D, Ga ~ E, etc, or is it something else. Please ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

Where do I put this expression marking?

So in this passage (for piano) I have a pianissimo part in the right hand that follows the left hand. I want the pianist to treat the notes in the right hand 'like distant resonance' (or something ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Why does this note have two stems? [duplicate]

I think this is a normal note but I'm not sure. Why is this note like this? Can you explain it please?
15
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4answers
3k views

How to notate time signature switching consistently every measure

It seems my musical journey's always pushing me into left field territory when it comes to notation ... So this time I'd like to know what would be a good way to notate a consistent switching of time ...
5
votes
2answers
542 views

What do three bars across the stem of a note mean?

I am wondering how are to be understood the following notes and how to play them on the violin. There is no indication of tremolo on the score. Nevertheless, should I understand this as tremolo on ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

Piano - What is the notation for two notes played simultaneously, where both notes are different lengths?

I was improvising on my piano, when I played a two notes simultaneously where one of the notes in it was longer than the other. I liked it, and wanted to implement it in the sheet music I write; The ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Secondary dominants/slash notation in Elton John

Please see the section labelled "chorus" in the screenshot below: My textbook labels these same chords as follows: I V(2-4)/IV vi7 V(6-5) I(6-4) V11 V I I have questions regarding the second and ...
3
votes
4answers
619 views

Is the bagpipe a transposing instrument?

Until this morning I was under the impression that the bagpipe is a D♭ transposing instrument, thus a written C would sound like a D♭, a written A would sound like a B♭, etc. Now I see (check the ...
4
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2answers
371 views

Arthur Somervell: 1000 Exercises - Meaning of this notation

Arthur Somervell's uses the following notation on his One Thousand Exercises Is it a standard notation? What's the meaning?
0
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0answers
21 views

Violin - Notation for writing sliding fingers? [duplicate]

On the violin, you slide your fingers forward on a string (the D string as an example), and make a noise that sound something like this. What would be sheet music notation for writing that?
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a clear way to write a bar that has an extra beat?

If I have a simple 4/4 piece and at some point, for some reason, I delay the rhythm by 1 beat. How do I notate that particular irregularity on the staff? I think having a bar with 5/4 without writing ...
6
votes
4answers
219 views

music publishing: Old notation vs modern notation

At some point old notation gave way to new notation. The unit note of contemporary music is the Semibreve, and the half note, the Minim. Both words mean short (and shorter) time duration. Early ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Am I intepreting the repeat signs correctly?

So this is a pretty simple question, but I haven't found anything that looks exactly like the piece of music I'm trying to learn, so I have to ask. Am I interpreting the repeat signs in this image ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the name of the practice of rhythm being written as series of 2's and 3's?

I remember some time ago learning about traditional Irish music and how a lot of the music wasn't written with our modern time signature structure, but was instead written as a series of 2 beat / 3 ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

How writing a dominant 7 sus4 chord in RNA ( Vsus7 chord in the 1st inversion)

Maybe I’ve just a black out. But I wanted to notate a V7sus (inversion 1) writing a dominant 7 without the suspension of the 4th in RNA. No idea ... g,c,d,f => c,d,f,g
7
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3answers
2k views

What conventions are used with accidentals and tied notes?

If I have a tied note across a bar line, say 2 whole G notes, and I have an accidental, say a sharp, on the first G, my assumption is that the accidental applies as well to the second G because it is ...
7
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1answer
43 views

Duration of lexical directives like “dolce,” “espress.,” and “marcato?”

What is the duration of lexical directives like "dolce," "espress.," (espressivo) and "marcato" when they appear in a written score beneath a bar? Is it until the end of the bar, for the remainder of ...
2
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5answers
123 views

Does this song have a tempo or time signature?

Does this song have a tempo or time signature ? How do you write and play this kind of music ?
17
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6answers
3k views

Why does standard notation not preserve intervals (visually)

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about music theory but ...) The notes A, B are a whole step apart, and B, C are a semitone apart, yet their distance in standard notation is the same visually (from a ...
11
votes
1answer
385 views

Bartok - Syncopation (1): Meaning of notes in between Grand Staff

Bartok - Mikrokosmos Book 1 - 91)* Syncopation(1) What's the meaning of the notes in between the Grand Staff?
16
votes
1answer
1k views

What does this shorthand mean?

I was reading an article on the Internet and saw this notation: 3*3*3*3* – 4331 – tmp+3 – hp – cel/pno – cds (14/12/10/8/6) Then, searching on Google, I could see that this is a shorthand for ...
2
votes
4answers
157 views

What’s this drum notation symbol (X in the top gap)

Hi. What’s the drum notation symbol that I’ve circled in the attached image? Thanks
5
votes
2answers
333 views

Irrational meter - why the mark of a triplet in 4 half notes

Can someone please explain to me why the mark of a triplet in this 4 half notes? I understood how to play it but from what i read you can only write triplets on 3 notes like 3 eighths 3 quarters etc......
12
votes
4answers
3k views

What does the notation “2/3BII” mean?

What does the note "2/3BII" mean here? The notation below is a part of the piece "Canon in D", arranged in classical guitar. Update This piece is arranged by Allan Alexander. Here is his explanation....
3
votes
1answer
495 views

What's the meaning of this extra rest? [duplicate]

This is the first bar of F. W. Mecham Op 92 - American Patrol Semiquaver triplet + quaver + quaver rest + quarter rest 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/4 = 2/4 + 1/8 ...
17
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1answer
2k views

What does this 7 mean above the f flat

It seems to look like a fingering number but I don’t have 7 fingers and the note is already marked with a fingering number.
1
vote
4answers
271 views

Music terminology - why are seven letters used to name scale tones [duplicate]

Since the scale is logarithmic with each interval (half-step) being a constant multiple of the previous frequency, why didn't they just name the pitches A to F with each note having a half-step #/b in ...
30
votes
1answer
3k views

What do the letters D and E above the staff represent here?

A mystery from a musician friend of mine: In the Alpine Symphony by Strauss, the oboe, Eflat clarinet, and bass clarinet/C clarinet have these D's and E's scattered throughout the back half of the ...
27
votes
4answers
13k views

Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What does this horizontal bar at the first measure mean?

I was looking at some sheet music when I came across something I am seeing for the first time. It looked like a horizontal bar on the first measure. Here is an image: What does this bar tell you? ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What is this type of notehead called?

I was looking through some sheet music when I came across a notehead that looked very odd. It looks like a whole note with two lines on both its sides. Here is an image of the notehead: What is this ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Violin - Sheet music notation for playing the same note at the same time

On the violin you can play a double stop where you are playing 4th finger on the D string (A note) while playing the open A string. This means that you are playing the A note on both strings. How ...
3
votes
4answers
240 views

What does a half note followed by three dots mean?

While I was reading some sheet music I had gotten, I crossed a half note with three dots after it. What is this called? How many beats does it get (4/4)?
15
votes
1answer
181 views

How do I interpret two notes in a tempo marking?

Is this the same tempo as (quarter note) = 90, or is it (half note) = 90? I know what tempo this is because of the marking next to the bar number, but what does the part below the number mean? Is ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

How do I tie a note with other notes in between without creating a slur?

For example, let's say I have four quarter notes, only I want to first note to span the length of all four, and I want the other three notes to be played individually with no slurring involved. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Extra beats per measure on one staff [duplicate]

I'm new to stack exchange, so here goes... How is this possible: Some sheet music I'm trying to use, written in 6/4 time, is written for piano, and, of course, includes both treble and bass staffs. ...
7
votes
2answers
200 views

Notating for the pianist to lift the pedal slowly?

So in various sections of a piece I want the pianist to lift the pedal slower than usual, achieving an interesting effects as the harmonics fade. In some areas the pedal lift might be slower or faster,...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What is the meaning of a broken tenuto mark? [duplicate]

A manuscript I have uses what seems to be a broken tenuto mark like this in a few places: It's always on tremolo notes and always in a string part (violin & cello); the composer is 19th century ...
4
votes
3answers
521 views

Is divisi notation needed for brass or woodwind in an orchestra?

I'm composing for orchestra. I've read that divisions [of parts] should be notated using divisi. (or div.) above the staff. But I'm wondering whether this notation is mandatory for all instruments. ...
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votes
1answer
76 views

Why is Bach's Cello Suite 1 written in 16th notes

I come from a blues/rock background and play some jazz too. Recently I started to learn Bach's cello suite 1 on bass guitar, and I am confused by the way I am supposed to feel the rhythm. If I were to ...
25
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7answers
42k views

How many (major and minor) keys are there? Why?

I am wondering about how many major and minor keys there are and why. Here are some suggestions: 24 keys One could argue that there should be one major and one relative minor key for each of the 12 ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Bansuri 1/2 open Ma vs full open Ma

In Bansuri notation, Ma is half open or fully open. Which octave is half open Ma located and which octave is full open Ma located. Or is full open Ma a special case? Different places tell different ...