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Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

8
votes
6answers
29k views

What is the difference between swing and shuffle?

I am learning piano from a book and I can't understand the difference between swing and shuffle. I have searched, but I still can't understand the difference. Could someone please iterate the ...
2
votes
3answers
57 views

Is there terminology to distinguish arpeggio as embellishment versus 'broken chord' figuration?

Embellishment... ...versus broken chord figuration... In written or spoken language the ambiguity is frustrating. EDIT Broken chord is an unambiguous term. Arpeggio is the ambiguous term. When ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

MWE – minimum working example [on hold]

I go searching for answers to my LilyPond questions on several online forums (both German-language and English-language). What I am hungry for is a handfull of LilyPond source-code examples of “...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Are grace notes ever notated with notes of exact duration?

I’m learning a new piece of music that has a couple of Grace notes in it which has led me to wonder if it had a unique use or were there other ways of writing the piece using, for example, a one ...
0
votes
4answers
80 views

Chord Recognition Training

I'm an amateur piano player trying to progress toward more difficult material and it seems what is slowing me down the most is identifying what chord I'm looking at on the sheet music, especially when ...
2
votes
3answers
180 views

Does it exist some kind of “1-bit” / “binary” / “one note only” musical notation?

Disclaimer: I'm a programmer and I know nothing about music. I connected a small electronic component to my computer, and I'm able to control it using a software I developed. This electronic ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Indication of general usage of piano pedal

Traditionally, "P" and "*" are used to indicate the use of sustain pedal for the piano, and the release of it, respectively. However, in composing my own piece, I often want to indicate the player ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

Why did Scriabin notate the bass clef in Op 11 no 15?

Why didn't he just notate it with treble clef from the start?
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Strange type of 'grace note'?

I am currently working on transcribing an old SATB score (circa 1920) and I came across a type of note for which I have no name. It is the same size as a grace note, but it has a full note value, is ...
6
votes
2answers
850 views

Why are these quavers beamed this way?

I don't know why the quavers in the bass are beamed across barlines the way they are. Does it signify phrasing or is there another reason for it?
-1
votes
2answers
68 views

What elementary notation principles are there to provide a “PRE-NOTATION” state of a musical idea? [on hold]

How can we help someone who doesn't know reading sheet music to design his own ideas or to interpret a musical score? I call this graphic design (something of a enhanced neumes of the gregorian ...
2
votes
4answers
360 views

Notation to return from piano or forte to regular intensity

With ppp, pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff, fff, sfz one denotes the transition from 'regular' intensity to pianississimo, pianissimo, etc. If I understand correctly placing one of those indicates playing with ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

“D.S., D.S. Al Coda, To Coda” Confusion

I'm having a difficult time grasping "D.S., D.S. Al Coda, To Coda" based on the online explanations I've come across. Below is the specific example that I'm attempting to play. Does the Dal Segno ...
20
votes
8answers
17k views

Relationship between 3/4 and 4/4

I understand the meaning of music notations such as 3/4, 4/4 and so on. The first number is the number of beats per measure, while the second number is the note-duration (quarter, half, one-eighth) ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Half note and quarter notes that use the same stem?

Why is there a half note and quarter notes that use the same stem? How to play it on a violin? and What's it called? Thank you.
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Sibelius is playing the acciaccatura differently

I'm writing a piece in swing feel. When I use the grace note, Sibelius plays it differently than how I think it should sound but when I notate the same thing using a dotted 32nd, it plays the same ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

How to disable or limit compression of over-full pages in Lilypond?

Sometimes lilypond tries to use less pages for more music, which is not always wanted. This can be easily fixed by manually adding \pageBreak , but sometimes an automatic solution is needed. When ...
4
votes
2answers
85 views

What is this chord in Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 2? [closed]

Can anyone tell me what chord Bach notated in the second half of measure 91 in the score below? I can see that the first chord in this measure is FMaj7, which is the end of a circle of fifths chord ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Question about beaming in LilyPond

I've recently installed LilyPond and Denomo and found them to be great tools. However I can not seem to learn how to make a beaming pattern like this: This is the bar in Denemo gui: My LilyPond ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

How to read and count this rhythm ?

http://www.sheetmusic1.com/winston/Thanksgiving.pdf In bar 7 how would I count and when would I play those first two notes in the treble clef, the E and B? Also why is there a treble clef placed in ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Drum set notation

I'm notating a drum beat in Finale that I worked on at first using a piano roll. Below is a screenshot of the piano roll containing the beat's pattern. From bottom to top the rows containing notes ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

How to make position/barre markers in lilypond?

I've recently started experimenting with LilyPond (Version 2.18.2 in case it matters). I've been fairly successful in creating basic scores, but I cannot figure how to properly make position/barre ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

What do these extra strokes above and below the repeat signs mean?

The image below is taken from Haydn's 94th symphony, as published by Breitkopf und Härtel in 1855, from IMSLP page Symphony No.94 in G major, Hob.I:94 (Haydn, Joseph). My question: What do the double ...
5
votes
3answers
957 views

Two whole notes next to each other in a bar? [duplicate]

How do you play two whole notes next two each other? They're not stacked on top of each other but rather one is slightly right of the first. It's in 4 4 time and so that means 1 whole note should ...
3
votes
1answer
245 views

What does this weird notation mean (looks like “#.1”)?

I play guitar using the following scale, which I think is C major. (I don't know the name, but I follow the number on the music note, and it works.) I came across the following note: As you can see, ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Clefs used for pitched percussion

I know that unpitched percussion instruments use the percussion/neutral clef. However, I was wondering what clefs are used for pitched percussion instruments. Are treble, tenor, alto and bass clef all ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

When and how to use finger and position markings?

I've been making my first attempts at writing some pieces for solo guitar, and I'm wondering how best to make use of finger and position markings when putting together a final score. I've looked over ...
10
votes
2answers
11k views

What are parenthesis used for in notation?

I have seen parenthesis occasionally used in notation and would like to know what they mean. Here are some examples of them I have collected. Around a note: Around an Appoggiatura: Around a ...
15
votes
1answer
171 views

J.S.Bach's organ tablature notation

Is anyone familiar with some freely available guide explaining in detail how to read Bach's organ tablature notation? Apparently, Bach was very comfortable in using the tablature notation, ...
40
votes
9answers
15k views

Key signature for writing in modes other than major and minor

I have trouble deciding what accidentals to put in the key signature for pieces in Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian or Mixolydian modes. There seem to be trade-offs associated with each choice. For example, ...
14
votes
1answer
861 views

What do these square notes mean (in the left hand)?

What are this notes about? I had to learn this piece in 8-27-1963 in my first year at the music conservatory in Bern. The notes look like square notation, but the music was written in 20th. century....
14
votes
3answers
908 views

Reasoning for redundant “natural” (but not courtesy accidental)

I understand why you'd add courtesy accidentals, but I was browsing through some old sheet music lying around here and came across this, and can't seem to come up with a reason for this natural in bar ...
25
votes
4answers
9k views

What does it mean when two notes are stuck together?

I mean something like this: I'm guessing it means they're played together but I'm not sure. Also, does the sharp apply to both pitches or just the G?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

In MuseScore, is it possible to add tab to an existing bass notation so I'd get both notation and tabs for bass?

I'm using MuseScore 2 and I've been wondering: Is it possible to add tab to an existing bass notation so I'd get both notation and tabs for bass like you can have it for regular guitar? Basically I ...
5
votes
2answers
8k views

What does the '°' notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: Do can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
4
votes
4answers
366 views

Why do we start from the bottom note when counting intervals?

Say if I play G to C descending, my intuition tells me to start from the note that came first. But I've been told that's not correct. You start from the bass note and count up no matter what.
1
vote
0answers
50 views

What do these dotted half notes mean? [duplicate]

I've recently started playing the piano and I've been curious about a music piece. This is the only thing i haven't been able to figure out why it's there. Would appreciate some help, thanks!
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Eighth notes beamed over quarter note notation guitar part

Please could someone clarify what the highlighted note combination means? The source is the song "Paint it Black" sheet music for guitar and piano. Thanks
4
votes
4answers
911 views

How to easily transpose sheet music?

I`m trying to get better at reading and writing standard notation. I was wondering how to transpose a piece from one key to another on sheet music , so I wrote a 2 bar phrase and tried to do it myself....
10
votes
5answers
39k views

Piano music with two treble clefs, and notes between staves

I do not understand why there are two treble cleff staves and why there are music notes in the middle of the two staves. Which hand should I play those notes with and why are there two treble cleff ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How to suggest on a score that the dynamics are meant to be inconsistent?

I'm trying to get a drone-like sound on the bass that relies on relatively inconsistent dynamics for effect. I added "a resilient and ominous drone" to suggest that it's meant to appear to reduce ...
10
votes
3answers
175 views

What's this notation symbol?

I recenyly encountered a symbol in a Violoncello score which I was not able to identify. It is shown in the image below after the p (piano). I looked for it in the Musescore documentation and in the ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Why accidentals are not additive?

This question asks if the accidentals are not "additive" (i.e. placing a sharp on F where the key signature already contains an F sharp would result in an F double sharp, and placing a flat on F in ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Does the flat (b) in bIII flatten all the notes?

Say we're talking about C major. In C major the III is E major (a non-diatonic chord) which consists of the pitches: E G# B If we do bIII, does that b mean I should flatten all the notes in the ...
13
votes
13answers
2k views

Should I learn to read standard notation?

I've been playing guitar for the last two years, and never came in contact with pieces in standard notation. This is probably because I never had any lessons, and am self-taught. But the thing I ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What does C.M. mean above a measure?

I'm playing Linus and Lucy and when it changes after the intro and the repeated chords to a different feel and rhythm, there is a C.M. above that measure where it changes. What does this mean?
1
vote
2answers
39 views

How to write a Swing Rhythm using tabs?

I'm tabbing out a song on bass, which consists partly of a swing rhythm. I'm wondering how to properly convey a swing rhythm (or more generally, triplets) using tabs. Here is the part as I've written ...
10
votes
8answers
1k views

Why is printed music published with incorrect enharmonics?

I'm seeing more and more music that contains conflicting or erroneous information - for example, C°7 written with an A, (not B♭♭), or E7♭5 with A♯ (not B♭). Wondering if ...
5
votes
1answer
58 views

How to properly notate scales that are not heptatonic

As far as I understand Scales are defined on intervals. So, for example, the major scale is defined by the following intervals from the root: C - Root D - Major Second E - Major Third F - Perfect ...
2
votes
1answer
777 views

Are you still playing a scale if you don't include every note in said scale? [duplicate]

For instance, if you're playing C major, and instead of playing C D E F G A B, you play C D E F G A, or C D E F G, would that still be considered playing in that scale or key? Because I doubt that ...