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Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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2answers
81 views

music publishing: Old notation vs modern notation

At some point old notation gave way to new notation. The unit note of contemporary music is the Semibreve, and the half note, the Minim. Both words mean short (and shorter) time duration. Early ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Why have a clef change right after a previous clef?

I came across this section in Mozart's piano sonata no. It shows a clef change at the start of the measure, but the bass clef is shown right before it. Why would this be needed if the measure uses ...
15
votes
1answer
178 views

J.S.Bach's organ tablature notation

Is anyone familiar with some freely available guide explaining in detail how to read Bach's organ tablature notation? Apparently, Bach was very comfortable in using the tablature notation, ...
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vote
0answers
87 views

Is there a term for tablature with numerals placed between the lines?

In most of tablature notation for fretted instruments, each line represents a string and the numerals, representing the frets where to stop the string, are printed on the respective lines. However, ...
-3
votes
1answer
86 views

What music note is this called? [closed]

Can somebody help me figure out what this note is called please? So i can google it and play it on the piano. Thank youu!! Cause i got it tattooed because it was pn bohemian rhapsody sheet music and i ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Cleaning up syncopated notes

I'm having a hard time on cleaning up following passages: I've been messing around with grace notes, breath marks, but I don't seem to find the right combination to capture the spirit of the ...
2
votes
2answers
66 views

How do I read this note and count it out loud?

I am struggling with understanding this pretty easy song "Una Mattina" which has this note: Can someone explain me how do I count this out loud?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Errors with slashed grace notes in LilyPond

Here's a strange issue with typesetting (in LilyPond) a work that begins with slashed grace notes (acciaccatura). First of all, I get the following error message in my console when I run lilypond (...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Timpani & Conga: Doit, Fall or is it something else and how is it performed?

I've been following and studying a particular orchestra score. I've never written for or played the Timpani or Conga before. In the image below I see a Doit (on the Timpani) and a Fall (on the Conga)....
7
votes
3answers
76 views

Notation precedent for alternative ending when playing movement as standalone piece?

I’m writing a piece with a movement that has two different endings: one to use if continuing on to the next movement, and one to use if playing the movement as a standalone piece. The players take ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Note Duration Priority? [duplicate]

If a dotted half note precedes a quarter note of the same pitch, is the note held for the duration of the former or latter? Does the following quarter note supersede the dotted half in this case?
6
votes
1answer
540 views

Which notation is better: using a second voice or tied notes?

Are both versions correct and if so, which one would you prefer to read for the piano? The first version is with a second voice to avoid unnecessary ties, the second version is only with one voice. I ...
7
votes
3answers
225 views

What time signature uses a C and a backwards C?

This just confuses me help would be appreciated
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Why are these notes written this way and how should it be played on the piano?

Self-taught player here with very rudimentary knowledge of theory so please go easy on me! The notes highlighted in yellow are confusing me a bit, as they are the same note, but one is a minim and the ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

How to rewrite this rhythm from common time to 12/8 time?

How might one go about rewriting the following rhythm into a time signature of 12/8? I initially figured we could just notate each set of beamed eighth-notes with 4:6 above them to indicate that four ...
0
votes
4answers
87 views

Accidental written twice [duplicate]

The following piece is in key of Eb/Cm and I'm struggling to read it. Firstly, the key is Eb so, the A is already Ab, does the accidental turn it into an Abb(G)? Secondly, the Abb appears yet again ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Convert midi data into lead sheet with roman numeral theory

I am working on making an original composition for a uni assignment and I am wondering how to notate this progression into essentially sheet music, I have converted it into a score with musescore, but ...
7
votes
4answers
903 views

How is speed change notated

This is a very beginner question as I am a complete beginner. How is change in speed during a song notated in standard notation? Is it done by changing the time signature for each measure that has a ...
0
votes
2answers
114 views

How to read and count this rhythm ?

http://www.sheetmusic1.com/winston/Thanksgiving.pdf In bar 7 how would I count and when would I play those first two notes in the treble clef, the E and B? Also why is there a treble clef placed in ...
2
votes
2answers
33 views

Multiple Bars of Different Additive Rythms

Greetings and Salutations, Potential Saviors. In a piece I write, which is generally notated in 8/8 (3+3+2) time, there is a 3-bar phrase that, if combined, is equal to 16/8. BUT the way this part ...
7
votes
1answer
702 views

What is the mark that looks like a slur but with straight lines, not curved

In "Curtain Call" by John Wasson, the oboe part (and others) includes an articulation mark that I'm not familiar with. It looks like a slur, but the up and down are straight lines, instead of curved. ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is this articulation mark that looks like a short upside-down slur?

From Jamey Aebersold's "Cantaloupe Island," Maiden Voyage, vol. 54.
3
votes
1answer
351 views

Barcheck failed (Lilypond)

This piano excerpt is somewhere in movement two of "Trio élégiaque No. 2 in D minor, Op.9 (Rachmaninoff, Sergei)". Listen here: or here: ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Are there any abbreviation marks to indicate a chord sequence?

Slashes can be used to abbreviate repetitions... ...but, are there any marks or standard instructions to repeat and sequence up or down by step or half step? I figure that I can always notate the ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

What do I do if a fp marking is in between two notes?

How can i play the section with forte piano fp where fp is between two notes
5
votes
2answers
687 views

What do these numbers above a measure mean?

On page 177, there seems to be what looks like measures of 8,6,4, etc. I just wanted to check. If there is a clear measure with just a number and a line under it, that means that what that number is, ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Drum set notation

I'm notating a drum beat in Finale that I worked on at first using a piano roll. Below is a screenshot of the piano roll containing the beat's pattern. From bottom to top the rows containing notes ...
21
votes
2answers
4k views

Two whole notes on the same measure, what does it mean?

I'm starting to analyze the Slavic March by Tchaikovsky. In measures 6, 8 and 9 the Clarinet has these repeated whole notes, but I don't know what they mean (I'm not a clarinetist). The bassoon/...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What's this L symbol in piano notation called?

There's a symbol used in piano manuscript notation that means "play this in the other hand, even though it's written in this one". It looks like a capital L shape. As you can (maybe) see in my bad ...
8
votes
2answers
413 views

Are there any “good practices for sheet music writing” guidelines that are more or less universally accepted?

I'm an amateur musician who sometimes likes to write sheet music for arrangements and for pieces that I figure out by ear. I do this mainly because I can go long periods without playing and when I ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

How is this type of chord progression notation called?

In France, a lot of guitar/bass (pop/jazz) musicians use a graphical way of representing a songs chord progression. It is called the "grid" ( translation of "grille"?) of a song. It looks like this (...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Dotted or tied quarter on beat two?

I know that in 4/4 beats 1 and 3 should be clearly indicated to make it easy to read. I just wanted to ask if this is only necessary if you use a lot of smaller note values like 8th or 16ths or is it ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a specific term for the orchestral bursts in The Firebird?

In Stravinsky's Firebird, during the Danse Infernale section, there are several very short, jarring bursts from the orchestra. These bursts have an unusual dynamic quality in that the attack is not at ...
1
vote
3answers
138 views

Is there a simplified version of music theory / notation for Western music?

So far as I understand it, Western music uses a 12-note chromatic scale from octave to octave, and modern instruments use even temperament. Other cultures have smaller intervals, meaning a different ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

How to indicate things that you should listen for in Musescore?

Some people have complained about my arrangements being hard to understand when only viewing your part sheet. Because of that, I'd like to somehow indicate that a certain part should not be played, ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Does the flat (b) in bIII flatten all the notes?

Say we're talking about C major. In C major the III is E major (a non-diatonic chord) which consists of the pitches: E G# B If we do bIII, does that b mean I should flatten all the notes in the ...
0
votes
4answers
105 views

How should this rhythm be notated? (syncopated 6/8 bar)

Although it looks like this rhythm would best be notated in 12/16, the drums play a straight 6/8 beat with accents on 3 and 6. The first option is visually simpler, but it doesn’t represent the beat ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

How to know when to play what note on what string on the violin?

I'm teaching myself to play the violin and only just starting on the notes and how to read the music, but i am getting a little stuck on knowing what note to play on what string from reading the sheet ...
6
votes
7answers
2k views

Why isn't Klavarskribo used more often? [closed]

After learning about the existence of Klavarskribo, I've been wondering why it's not more widely used. I know practically every piano piece is written in standard notation, but that cannot be the ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

How Do I Tie A Note With Other Notes In Between Without Creating a Slur?

For example, let's say I have four quarter notes, only I want to first note to span the length of all four, and I want the other three notes to be played individually with no slurring involved. Is ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Instrument cue names on separate page

In Sibelius, I have a grand choir staff (Soprano & Alto above, Tenor below) where singers pop in and out, and the first time they start singing I want them all announced with their names as cues. ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Shaped notes to standard notation

I grew up reading shaped notes and have a firm grasp on this. However, it is necessary that I become better at reading standard notation. I understand how it works since both methods are essentially ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

6/8 piano music with 4 dotted eighth notes

I have a song in 6/8 that has 4 dotted eighth notes in the treble clef with no rests. On what beat does each note play? I cannot figure this out for some reason.
4
votes
2answers
165 views

What does +- mean in piano music?

Attached is a picture of one of my piano students' Bach Inventions (BWV 785). What does the +- mean? I've never seen it used before. A precursory search online revealed nothing. Sometimes a + ...
1
vote
1answer
115 views

How do I play these two Ds? [duplicate]

I don’t know how to play this. How should I?
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Imaginary bar line fixed

I attach a picture where someone told me there are problems in some measures with the Imaginary Bar Line. What can be fixed in this example?
2
votes
2answers
66 views

Rendering 8va and 8vb with Abc notation?

I'm writing up a sheet of music for bass guitar in Abc notation and I'm getting irritated by having to type so many commas to place the notes in the range of the bass. Is there any way to set the ...
7
votes
2answers
304 views

Meaning of ₵ symbol on guitar sheet music

I have the following sheet music excerpt for Spanish guitar: What is the meaning of the ₵2 and C3 on the 2nd and 4th measures?
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2answers
97 views

What’s this drum notation symbol (X in the top gap)

Hi. What’s the drum notation symbol that I’ve circled in the attached image? Thanks
0
votes
4answers
188 views

Writing in 6/8 time for piano

I'm taking a beginner online piano class. When writing a song in 6/8 time for the piano, do all the notes in each measure both in the treble clef and bass clef have to add up to 6 beats and use eighth ...