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Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

8
votes
1answer
274 views

What is this “time signature”?

Piece: Nuper rosarum Flores - Dufay What does this "time signature" mean? I've read that it's about the taleas but I've read different stuff too, please help :)
5
votes
1answer
332 views

What kind of notation is this?

Working on Analyzing this Motet by Dufay, most of this fits a certain type of notation (I don't know the English name) but some doesn't. What's your opinion?
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Question about beaming in LilyPond

I've recently installed LilyPond and Denomo and found them to be great tools. However I can not seem to learn how to make a beaming pattern like this: This is the bar in Denemo gui: My LilyPond ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

Rules For Notating Tuplets

The first line shows 3 ways to notate the same rhythm. The second line shows 2 ways to notate another rhythm. The third line shows 4 various tuplet rhythms. 1) Are these tuplets all notated ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

What does “vos” mean?

I'm currently reading about the Renaissance and this is a picture of (according to my book) the first Fauxbordon composition. But the thing I'm actually wondering about is: what does vos mean? I ...
4
votes
3answers
763 views

Why is this tremolo here instead of a trill?

In my copy of Jacques Ibert's Concertino da Camera, I have this curious marking: In the first bar after 23, there seems to be a tremolo from a C# to a B. This shows up multiple times—why isn't this ...
6
votes
2answers
262 views

Accidentals in the same register in a measure with a clef change

From a notational perspective, is it clear that the second C4 in the image below is flat (if in fact it is)? I've never encountered a situation like this before.
1
vote
3answers
120 views

Playing vocals on instrument

I’m not advanced sooo just wanted to ask- i found a music sheets with vocal and accompaniment. As no one will sing for me i need accompaniment. Is it possible to merge it? I play on piano, so I can do ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Why do we always call a quarter note a **quarter** note? [closed]

Edit: After a lot of discussion I try to restate my question so that it becomes easier to understand: A concise version of my question, suggested by Stinkfoot: Why do we always call a quarter note a ...
4
votes
2answers
265 views

What does two chords notated above one another mean?

I've been asked to accompany a local choir on my baseguitar and in the notes they sent me, I have found two chords notated above one another (see image below). This is not the first time I've seen ...
7
votes
1answer
532 views

What do square brackets above the bottom staff mean?

From Leonard Ornstein's Tarantelle (1963) Unlike pedal markings, these are above the bottom staff. I feel like it could be phrasing, but that's normally indicated by the beaming of the notes. What do ...
2
votes
3answers
268 views

How long does a sound take that corresponds to a note at a certain tempo? What notations / conventions do influence it in detail? [closed]

I am just starting to get familar with the meaning of notes and already read some related questions. Lets assume I have a speed s of 60 "beats per minute" (bpm). Then one beat occurs during a time ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Does the key signature change how I notate a diminished seventh chord?

When notating a piano score, and a C diminished seventh chord must be notated, I do not know what conventions to follow. How does the key signature govern the notation? For example, assume the ...
4
votes
5answers
720 views

Why have sharps and flats instead of twelve notes with distinct names? [duplicate]

I'm new to piano, and I'm new to music. 12 notes, 7 letters, and I'm mad at teacher. I tried looking up why there are only 7 letters for 12 notes, and I'm not satisfied. Why do we have sharps and ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

Is this acceptable notation for a “how to play” excerpt?

I have notated (via LilyPond) how I would like a turn to be played in my score. Is this an acceptable way to notate this?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Do accidentals last for the entire measure? [duplicate]

When I mark a note with an accidental, is that accidental gonna be applied to that note for its duration or is it applied every time that same note is played in that same measure?
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Should a non-annotated note after a flat note be flat?

I am reading a measure of music (in bass clef) in which a flat E is followed by a non-annotated E. Should that subsequent (4th) E note be played flat or natural? I feel like there should a natural ...
9
votes
2answers
585 views

Reinforcing meter when dealing with alternating 1/8 and 1/16 notes and rests

Below is an excerpt from a not very known piece (in 4/4 time) that prominently features abuses ornament notes: In an attempt to simplify the piece (which is full of similar ornamentation) while ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Notation of a pickup out of open vamp?

How do I notate a pickup that only gets played on the last time a vamp is played? For example: https://i.imgur.com/16Xggfl.png I want the quavers in bar 2 to only be played as a lead in to bar 3.
5
votes
4answers
348 views

Why do these notes have two sets of beams?

I'm puzzled by the bar ringed in red from a piece for Celtic harp (La danseuse T'ang, in Images de Chine, by Monique Grabus). There are two sets of beams, and every note has both an upward stem and ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What do you call a scale with 19 notes per octave? Howabout 17 notes per octave?

I know that a 12-note scale (as in the currently ubiquitous 12 equal temperament) is called "chromatic". In a chromatic system, there are sharps and/or flats, but no neighboring sharps and flats. ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

How is this possible in Bach's Goldberg Variations? [duplicate]

While reading through Bach's Goldberg Variations, I noticed that at least the first few bars seem to be mathematically impossible. How would one play the first few measures of the bass when there ...
8
votes
2answers
231 views

How does 8va work on a staff with multiple voices?

I am writing a piano score and at one point I have a bar with multiple voices, one of which is quite high above the staff. I would like to write the top voice with 8va to make it more readable, but I'...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Meaning of Capitalization on The Notation of Gregorian Psalm Tone Endings

As you know, most Gregorian Psalm Tones have alternative endings. For example, Tone I has 10 possible endings. The endings are denoted by a letter and a number. I understand (correct me if I am ...
56
votes
7answers
16k views

Why are there both sharps and flats? [duplicate]

If we can get away with just having sharps (aka black notes on a piano) then why complicate things and add flats as well? For example, if I have a C# why call it Dflat? Why not just leave it as C# and ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the meaning of a dashed line connecting two notes on different staves? [duplicate]

I want to play this song on the piano and I don't know the meaning of the dashed line connecting the two F notes in measures 8 and 16.
4
votes
3answers
607 views

Why do jazz chord symbols give absolute, not relative, roots?

Answers to the question How do they decide the key? point out how useful it is for a jazz musician to be able to play a piece in any key. So, in jazz, why does sheet music give chord symbols with ...
3
votes
1answer
220 views

What's the difference between the two arpeggio symbols (default and upwards)?

What is the difference between the symbol in the upper-left corner (with no arrow) and the one next to it (with an upwards arrow)? Aren't the two the same?
1
vote
1answer
133 views

the right way to notate enharmonic notes [duplicate]

Hi I'm in the middle of transcribing Cappella music. The melody is in 'G# minor'. I have in succession F natural and then up to F#. My question is how should I notate the F natural, do I notate it as ...
-2
votes
1answer
492 views

How do I play stacked notes? [closed]

I'm a beginner piano player. How do I play the stacked notes in the third bar?
0
votes
1answer
128 views

Rachmaninoff prelude op 3 no 2 marking meanings

While playing this Rachmaninoff prelude, I came across this strange marking in the left hand connecting the 2 voices and am wondering what it means. My edition is by Boosey and Hawkes, if that helps.
4
votes
2answers
155 views

What does this “legato” means for bass drum?

I am looking at the tab for heart of gold on Songsterr and I've come across this bit what does the legato notation means? Should I put two notes there or just one?
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Indicating the expectation for improvised rhythmic ornamentation

I'm currently transcribing some baroque guitar music. For some pieces the performer is expected to improvise a rhythmic ornamentation, e.g., for a notated quarter note you are free to play several ...
2
votes
2answers
759 views

What does “Moderately slow, in 2” mean at the top of a piece of music? [duplicate]

I have a song that is 96bpm but it says "Moderately slow, in 2" at the top. Does this mean the song is actually 192bpm and that the person who wrote the notation decided to write it as 96bpm? Could ...
3
votes
3answers
866 views

The role of accidentals in this piece of music

My question concerns this short piece of music: http://czteryrefy.pl/data/dskgrtx/teksty/nuty/pressgang.html The key signature has 3 flat signs. But there is no actual A♭ sound in the song because all ...
4
votes
2answers
782 views

Double sharp notation - why should i use it? [duplicate]

From wiki: Double sharp Raises the pitch of a note by two chromatic semitones. Usually used when the note to modify is already sharpened by the key signature If I write a D note in a D Major key ...
11
votes
3answers
455 views

Is there a term for the practice of omitting staves for the measures that have no music in an orchestral score?

Particularly in 20th century "atonal" orchestral music, one from time to time comes across a score in which staves that have no music are not notated with a whole rest, but rather are not even printed ...
16
votes
4answers
3k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Notation for blind people?

Let's assume a person can no longer see, but he can play a musical instrument. He wants to read notes and learn new pieces. Is there any kind of notation system for such blind people?
2
votes
4answers
142 views

What are these small notated notes?

Does the size of the notes have any meaning or is this only for space purposes?
12
votes
3answers
764 views

Articulation between staccato and full note length?

I'm transcribing liturgical choir music. I want to know is there an articulation that's longer then staccato but shorter then a note without an articulation. I have half notes that needs to be sung ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

What does the double 3s mean in these patterns?

These are from For Whom the Bell Tolls drums: I understand the sixteen-notes triplets, but the other 3 above them confuses me. The first sixteen-note of the triplets would be in the same location as ...
8
votes
1answer
662 views

Is this small note played at the same time as the regular-sized note?

This is an excerpt from Unravel – Tokyo Ghoul, a solo piano piece. I'm wondering about this following section highlighted in the green circle: Is this note played at the same time as the regular ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I type a sharp or flat In a computer file name?

When I name a file of a music score on the computer, I use a 'b' as flat and '#' as sharp. My question is is there in any way to use the real sharp or flat? It's not a big problem but for esthetic and ...
14
votes
1answer
420 views

What does a pair of ceiling brackets mean?

I was reading a piece of music (a modern transcription of Begli Occhi by Barbara Strozzi, 1654), and came across a puzzling bit of notation: a pair of ceiling brackets (the upper halves of square ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

How to notate divisi with voice for solo and voice for the others

So I have written this violins part on one staff where at a certain moment I want the concert master to play solo and the others play something else (some pizzicato accents in this case) What would ...
3
votes
2answers
793 views

Where should dynamics marking be written?

I am recently writing a piece for violin and piano. Should I write the f and p dynamic markings of the violin above the stave of violin or below? Also, should tempo markings such as rit. written on ...
1
vote
1answer
913 views

What does a squiggly line above a note mean? [duplicate]

What does the horizontal lightning bolt over the C sharp mean? Also, what do the double grace notes (the two semiquavers joined by a beam) mean?
6
votes
3answers
700 views

Writing piano music: play top staff 2nd time only

When writing music for piano, what is the most professional-looking way to notate that you should play the right hand notes, or the top staff, during only the second time through a repeated section? ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

Condensing orchestral scores

In the image below is an example of a full orchestral score being "condensed". As far I know this only occurs in hand engraved music, and I was wondering if it could be replicated with software? To my ...