Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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2answers
66 views

How to properly repeat an entire song which already has with repeats?

What is the best way to repeat an entire song, including the first and second ending? Basically, I have a very short song that I would like to play through two times, which means also playing through ...
8
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2answers
182 views

The “tunelessness” of birdsong in a “Peanuts” comic strip?

Charles Schulz was a very careful transcriber of music into Peanuts. Many passages are identifiable (lots of Beethoven, no surprise). However, Schulz could not read music himself -- thus copying from ...
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0answers
86 views

Improvised music by notes [migrated]

[Edit: I replaced "free jazz" by "improvised music".] Are there legendary recordings of improvised music that have been replayed note-by-note by another band – either by notating and playing ...
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0answers
38 views

Can animated visualizations help to understand music better? [closed]

There are lots of animated visualizations (of a specific kind) of performed music around that I would like to understand better: How accurate are they? Do they help to understand music better? If so: ...
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0answers
56 views

How objective is the structure of a notated piece of music? [closed]

How objective can the analysis of a notated piece of music into a hierarchical structure of some "constituents" be? Consider a given piece of music in notated form and structurally analysed by ...
3
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2answers
155 views

Two dots below a note in the Bass Clef

I’ve come across some sheet music that has notes (Bass Clef) with 2 dots immediately below the note, as per the image below (right in the middle of the page): What does this notation mean?
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1answer
59 views

reference request : English / Australian notation and vocabulary [closed]

I've been playing the trombone for some years in France and Spain. I'm about to emigrate to Australia. As I intent to keep playing, in some local band, that means quite a new system to learn for me. ...
4
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2answers
1k views

What are these brackets? What do they mean and what are they called?

I came across to these brackets in my music theory book of Trinity. I don't know what are these called and what they exactly do in this music?
5
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3answers
99 views

What do three layers of slurs mean for violin?

Here's a four-measure excerpt from an arrangement for violin (by Maxim Jacobsen). There are points in the score – two indicated in red here – where there are three slurs in effect simultaneously. ...
2
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2answers
93 views

Notating using ties on a 4/4 music

I am required to notate a note that is played on the 'and' of 1 and ring for the remaining beats of a 4/4 measure. My choices is: I use a quaver rest followed by a quaver tied to a dotted minim in ...
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1answer
71 views

Meaning of “chords” in a bar with eight notes

First of all, LaM means AM and Sim means Bm. In the sheet music you will see below, what does mean AM________? Does it mean all the notes I will find on the _____ part will correspond to the AM chord? ...
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1answer
56 views

What do square brackets around one or multiple accent marks mean?

Here's the phrase in question: It comes from Dvořák's Slavonic Dances op. 46, no. 7, in a piano duet arrangement. I do not know the arranger; the YouTube video was not clear about that, but I think ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Song Cycle Texts, all at the beginning or placed individually before each song?

Following the recommendation that the text for a song be provided separately as part of the front matter of a vocal composition, what is the best way to handle the texts for a song cycle if each text ...
2
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4answers
64 views

Is it correct to write a score that repeats a phrase with 1 different bar at the middle like this?

I have a phrase that need to be played twice but there's a bar at the middle is different for second time. Can I write the score like this? Is this correct? Thank you very much.
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2answers
41 views

understanding schematic analysis notation

What do the numbers above and below the staffs represent? I was assuming that the white-circled numbers under the bass parts were the thoroughbass and that the black-circled numbers above were the ...
9
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2answers
265 views

Piano Pedal Notation P, Pw, with and without *

I'm transcribing a piano reduction of Suppé's Light Cavalry into MuseScore. This particular score has pedal notation P. *, Pw. *, and then some parts where there's no *. I'm assuming (perhaps ...
4
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1answer
65 views

How do I raise or lower Lilypond's “repeat percent” symbol?

Lilypond's "\repeat percent" construct enables you to express a repeating musical snippet by writing the first occurrence in full then using a symbol as a sort of "ditto" mark for the later ones. ...
5
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4answers
127 views

What do these notation marks mean?

So recently I have got this piece for a classical guitar (probably originally for some kind of lute) - Chaconne by Anonymous from Schwerin It's full of mysterious parentheses, and I have failed to ...
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3answers
65 views

Inferring Position Number, String, and Shifts From Sparse Fingering Notation

I'm attempting to (re)learn some violin music using the composer's desired fingering. However, my background is not in violin but in fiddle, where fingerings and positions/shifts are rarely written (...
2
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0answers
45 views

How do I write with Sagittal notation and other microtonal notations?

I just found out that quarter tones aren't the only microtones. Now I'd like to experiment and write music with microtones. I'd like to know how to read and write with sagittal notation (or other ...
34
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8answers
13k views

Does an accidental apply to all octaves?

I've been playing French Horn for 20 years, and thought I had most basic concepts regarding accidentals understood. But the other day I came across the following image via Wikipedia, which had me ...
6
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1answer
877 views

Strange Ornamental Symbol on Bach Piece

This is from the marvelous andante from Bach’s organ trio sonata BWV 528. What does this symbol mean on the stave of the second keyboard? I am assuming it is ornamental. Is it just a strange version ...
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5answers
3k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
5
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3answers
114 views

Is there a reason an arranger/composer will choose a particular chord voicing when charting chords for guitar on a particular song?

When I look in music books for guitar or chord arrangements (or tabs) online for songs I want to learn to play on guitar, I notice that often a specific voicing for each particular chord is indicated. ...
3
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4answers
502 views

What is the practical importance of grasping the concept of tonality? More specially for piano players?

Let me explain the context of this question: my 12 year old niece is learning to play the piano and has to study musical theory; she recently encountered the notion of tonality and can't manage to ...
8
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1answer
305 views

Meaning of notation in violin part

I've been working on transcribing a score for my own edification, and I've come across a piece of notation in one of the violin parts that I'm not familiar with: In the third measure shown, the A has ...
3
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3answers
115 views

Key signatures with Quarter Tones

I know how to write the key signatures for any note within the 12-note chromatic scale. I know this doesn't come up very often, but what are some ways to write out key signatures for passages of music ...
4
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8answers
958 views

Piano and Guitar are the same music sheets?

I want to start learning piano. My friend said all my guitar lessons sheets can be played on a piano and that I would not have to buy sheet music for the piano. Is this true?
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2answers
108 views

In Moonlight Sonata a note has both a natural and a sharp sign

In the first movement (Adagio sostenuto) of Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata,1 there is a natural sign (♮) followed by a sharp (♯) on F. What does this mean? 1 Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor “Quasi una ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Notes with different duration on the same voice

I am a beginner piano student (by my own). Studying the sheet music for the song "The cranberries - Zombie" I came across to this part: (G and F clef) Talking about G clef: What I understand is, you ...
4
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6answers
458 views

How do I contextualize chords from different keys that sound good together?

For instance, an E major triad followed by an A minor sounds really good to me. I don't believe these can belong to the same key, because you can't have a sharp g and a natural C in the same scale as ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Identifying symbol in Claude Debussy’s Claire de lune

Can someone please let me know what the jagged line connecting the top note to the bottom note is?1 Footnotes 1 p. 14 Reference Debussy, Claude. Suite bergamasque. Ed. Fromont, E. Paris, 1905.
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1answer
54 views

Bar lines in wrong place after removing staff lines

I need to set a rhythm-only piece in lilypond without staff lines. The following almost works but it puts the bar lines in the wrong place. It thinks I'm in 4/4 when I set it to 3/4. \score { \new ...
2
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1answer
992 views

DS or DC al coda how to tell go to 3 and 4 verses

I have a song in this format: Verse 1 Verse 2 Chorus has a 1st and 2nd ending Verse 3 Verse 4 Chorus I use repeat for V1 and V2 and then I go to Chorus easy enough. Now I want to go to Verse 3 and ...
4
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3answers
2k views

When does one use an extra stave for piano music?

In complex piano music, one sometimes notates the notes over an additional stave - though I cannot say for sure I always know the reason. Here's an example from Stravinsky's Firebird, arranged by ...
43
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9answers
18k views

Key signature for writing in modes other than major and minor

I have trouble deciding what accidentals to put in the key signature for pieces in Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian or Mixolydian modes. There seem to be trade-offs associated with each choice. For example, ...
0
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1answer
68 views

There is a scale with these notes?

C, D♭, F, G♭, A♭, B♮. Does a scale using the notes above exist? Here is what is looks on a sheet:
10
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7answers
1k views

Writing music by hand?

How do you write music by hand -- without using a ruler -- and not make it look like ugly chickenscratch? Are there exercises for writing note heads, stems and beams while making them look relatively ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Pizzicato notation

I'm trying to figure out what (if any) norms apply to notation for pizzicato. As explained here, we have: Do we not have any symbols used to indicate right-hand pizzicato? I have only seen it ...
10
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2answers
16k views

What do the letters above the piano staff represent?

I am a beginner trying to understand the music notation for a song I want to try. Can someone kindly tell me what are the letters above the treble clef in the following figure: I've read that they ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Upside-down down bow

On my Cello Salut D'amour by Elgar score, it has upside-down down bow symbols on it. Does this just mean up bow? I have this on other pieces too: Salut d'amour, Op.12 (Elgar, Edward) Mainz: Schott, ...
5
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1answer
85 views

Upside-down up-bow

I have a piece here, that uses upside-down up-bows, that I have never seen before. Since I know other editions of the same opus, I can tell that they have the meaning of a normal down-bow. Does anyone ...
21
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1answer
2k views

What does a long arrow pointing up and down mean in an organ score?

What is the meaning of this symbol (long vertical arrow) in old organ notation?
13
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5answers
5k views

What is the rhythmic notation for 5/8 the duration of a whole note?

Assume that the whole note time equals 8. Then a note which time equals 3 will be written as 1/4 note and dot. How you write down a note that time is equal 5/8 of a whole note?
5
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2answers
778 views

Representation of a 5/16 note duration

How can I write on a pentagram (another word for the staff in my country) a note that is 5 x 1/16 notes length? If I use a dotted quarter note I get 6 x 1/16 length I can get away with a quarter note ...
4
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4answers
108 views

Diminished 7th notation, match the key or key signature?

I'm planning on using a diminished 7th to modulate out of Eb minor and into Eb major. I'm thinking of using this diminished 7th or one of its enharmonic equivalents: This chord could then resolve to ...
25
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6answers
5k views

Why are double staff pieces of music not properly aligned for Middle C?

I am a guitar, flute and (a long time ago) bassoon player. I can play a few things on a keyboard, badly, in short: I know how it all works. I'm trying to help teach my wife to play a harp. It has a ...
65
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5answers
179k views

What is the relationship between “do re mi” and note letter names?

When the people sing the song, we use do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, si, ect, but some time I hear that the music people say A, B, C, C flat, ect. Is their relationship or are they two different things?...
2
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3answers
128 views

What is notation for holding a note full value?

I'm a Jazz Trumpet Player. When playing written music, the lead/conductor sometimes asks for us to mark on the music to remember to hold a note for the full value. So, consider music is in 4/4 time. ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Notating Sound Effects on a Score?

I'vw composed a piece of music that contains various sound effects, most notably movie trailer-style "braaaam" horn sounds, and large, synthetic drum hits that don't fall within the drum part. For the ...