Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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7
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2answers
698 views

What does the chord notation X/Y (“slash chord”) mean?

Questions about slash chords are frequent enough that this question was created to answer the general concerns as well as link to related or more specific questions on the topic. Chords notated like ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Transcribing music which has no obvious metre

I am about halfway through transcribing Ryo Fukui's "Early Summer", but I am having trouble figuring out how to notate the rhythm for the introduction (0:00 - 0:44) since I can't identify ...
6
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1answer
87 views

Divisi in Tchaikovsky Serenade for Strings

I am looking at the score for Tchaikovsky's Serenade for Strings op.48, Violins I section, and I can see that there are double-stops. It is not marked divisi, but I'm listening to some recordings and ...
57
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7answers
34k views

Why is C the base note of standard notation and keys?

Why is it that notes "start" with C? In key signatures, for example, C Major is the basis and accidentals are added for all other key signatures. I know that the musical alphabet starts with A and ...
3
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2answers
140 views

Different accidental notations for the same key within the same measure

Mozart sonata K545, first movement, measure 32, the same key appearing twice, as Db and C#, respectively (see circles in image). Is it because this way it looks more uniform like in the previous ...
11
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3answers
925 views

Is it best to use a tie when using 8th notes off the beat?

I am notating my bongos in 4/4. If you look at the last two bars, they are the same rhythm but notated differently. Can you tell me if the 3rd or 4th bar would be the most correct way to notate the ...
1
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2answers
75 views

Smaller scripts on guitar tablature

Above picture there are some notes are written smaller does it mean play slightly more silent?
3
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3answers
512 views

How to play eighths (quavers) interspersed only with quarter notes (crotchets) in swing time

I am currently learning saxophone, and I've recently been introduced to jazz compositions (after playing classical music for a few months). The second measure here has had me puzzled for a few weeks ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Notation of piano arpeggios, cross-staff and between hands

I need opinions on the notation of cross-staff notes in piano arpeggios. I chose not to write the usual rests so that my page would have a clean look. I cannot beam the notes of the whole arpeggio ...
10
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5answers
1k views

Is cross-staff beaming helpful or confusing?

I'm writing a fairly simple piano piece which has a repeated pattern which crosses staves/hands. I think it looks clearer musically to write it with cross-staff beaming as in the first bar below, but ...
8
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1answer
325 views

Does music have a relative interval notation?

A melody can be written in a type of relative notation, where we don't think in notes but rather in relative intervals. X - means choose any note 0 - means hit note again where you are positive - ...
3
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5answers
182 views

Are these notes (circled)?

This is from bass learning book. How are these G, D, G, D in red? Shouldn’t they be B, A, B, B? Sorry again, just starting out on electric bass.
3
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3answers
107 views

What is the correct terminology/notation for playing notes in a chord at the same time, and not as an arpeggio?

It is very common for interpreters of sheet music — especially string players — to roll chords. What is the notation to specify that all notes should sound at once? I had thought it was a square ...
2
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3answers
76 views

What are your techniques to research music basics signs, theory and for sheet music?

There are many questions about music basics, scales, keys, signs, harmony, chords etc. which could be answered by own researches if people had better strategies for searching. This is because they don'...
20
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8answers
2k views

I don't understand the bottom number in a time signature

I've learned that 4/4 means 4 beats with the kind of beat being a crotchet. However, I've seen pieces with that time signature that don't just use crotchets, but minims, quavers, etc. I am still a ...
21
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9answers
3k views

Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language

I am working with a student in with a developmental delay. He basically cannot understand spoken or written language at all, so he has to learn by observation. He has expressed much interest in music, ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Writing syncopes in harmonic grids

I am learning how to write a harmonic grid and I wondered how to write a syncope? I thought about doing: If that makes sense? Is it the standard notation?
2
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1answer
68 views

Help with same note next to each other but different values? [duplicate]

For the Treble Clef: Is The "D" played only once and at which value? What is the purpose of this notation?
5
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4answers
429 views

Rhythm notation syncopation over the third beat

I found this copy of Sloop John B online... I wanted different line breaks so re-notated it. But I changed the rhythm notation to use ties to the third beat... What is the right way to notate these ...
6
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2answers
405 views

Hollow, x-shaped noteheads

I came across this line of sheet music, and I've never seen these hollow "x" shaped noteheads before. I found it in this search engine, and the title or lyric seems to be in Chinese. I wasn'...
11
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5answers
492 views

Function of augmented-fifth in figured bass

What is the harmonic function of the 5+ in the figured bass in the following snippet? If I have interpreted the figuring correctly, a F♯ figured 5+ should realise the triad F♯ A C𝄪. I am confused ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the clearest way to notate this rhythm?

What would be the clearest way to notate this rhythm? There are multiple ways to represent this; should I clearly represent the beat or use the least amount of rhythm notes as possible? Is this ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Highly irregular beaming in this Liszt piece - is phrasal beaming a no-no or not?

The piece is Liszt's Heroischer Marsch im Ungarischem Stil, S.231, and the passage is this (measures 57-64). Notice how irregular the beaming is in the right hand, going across barlines and grouping ...
3
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2answers
60 views

Correct notation of rhythm in 6/8 time [duplicate]

I am writing a bass part in 6/8 time. I'm not sure which is the correct way of notating the following rhythm, although I suspect bar 2 is easier to read. Is this a matter of opinion or is there a ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Is it possible to combine accent and tremolo in notation?

I want to have a strings part with tremolo, like used for example on the beginning of the 4th movement in Beethoven's 6th Symphony. But I also want the beginning of every such note to be accented. In ...
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5answers
2k views

To what extent do performers “hear” sheet music?

Sheet music enables instrumental performers who are able to read music notation (a pianist, orchestral instrument players, a jazz band, etc.) or singers to perform a song or piece. Presumably some ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

How can I use a custom text font in LilyPond?

I'm trying to use the "Hiragino Mincho ProN" font for Japanese text on the title, but I don't know how to use fonts, not even the other default ones (Sans and Typewriter). I don't have any ...
13
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2answers
25k views

What does this indication mean?

On the Jazz Theory Book, there is this example to be played on the piano: I've never had any piano training/lessons, so I don't really know the indications. What does 'Led' (or is it 'Σed') mean?
3
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1answer
36 views

Questions on note grouping and beaming for 3+3+2 rhythm

EDIT: The questions below still apply, but here is an updated edit that I think looks a lot cleaner. Any thoughts? Regarding this piece with a 3+3+2 rhythm, I have a few more questions regarding ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

What's the difference with this 'cross-staff' notation? [duplicate]

Sometimes I see this cross-staff notation. I'm not even 100% sure cross-staff is the right word for it. The two sets of half notes are joined on both clefs. They are identical but what's the ...
5
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2answers
88 views

How should one play those codas?

In the below arrangement of "Ah Istanbul" by Sezen Aksu, how should one play all those codas and segno?
6
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5answers
788 views

Best way to notate 3+3+2 syncopated rhythm

I'm arranging a piece in 4/4 with a syncopated 3+3+2 Latin rhythm throughout, and am wondering which (if either) would be the better way to notate. Here's the first notation, which emphasizes these 3+...
18
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8answers
8k views

Why aren't chord names written in classical sheet music?

When I see classical sheet music I don't see the chords named, were chords not used back then? And if they were, do the notes that are under a bass clef generally outline the shapes of chords? I only ...
3
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4answers
232 views

How do you interpret the symbols in Erwin Schulhoff's “In futurum”?

One of the pieces that I am researching is the third movement of Funf Pittoresken, "In futurum". IMSLP link to the score pg 8 This composition has a few notations that I am at a loss at how ...
3
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2answers
1k views

What does this number and line mean under these violin notes?

What do these numbers and the short line under the notes mean?
3
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1answer
768 views

How do I enter Segno, Coda, D.S. al Coda into TuxGuitar?

I've figured out TuxGuitar for the most part, and although I can do simple repeats, I can't find where "D.S. al Coda", "To Coda", and the symbol buttons are. How do I enter Segno, Coda, D.S. al Coda ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Keys and major pentatonic, minor pentatonic or minor harmonic scales [closed]

Are Keys with minor or major pentatonic and minor harmonic scales named differently or how do you discern the scale based on the key if it's pentatonic or harmonic instead of natural?
4
votes
5answers
157 views

Two ties in a row

The image was from a video on YouTube. I think I only heard one G played on the third measure. So why did the author have the two one quarter G in the 4th measure instead of a single one half G ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

ornamentation in keyboard music of William Byrd

I'm working through some tunes by Byrd, and am wondering about the ornamentation, the two diagonal slashes through the note stem. As far as I can tell, we don't actually know what the composers of ...
20
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8answers
56k views

B -> C and E -> F, No Sharp?

The keyboard has these notes: A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G# Why do B and C and E and F not have a sharp note between them? If they did, the keyboard would look like this: A A# B B# C ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Time signatures and values exceeding the bar?

I'm looking at a modern edition (1984)1 of Van Eyck's Der Fluyten Lusthof (a XVI century collection of old songs with variations for recorder flute that's been and still is the bread and butter of ...
15
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4answers
1k views

Why is there a key signature change in Beethoven's Hammerklavier Sonata (2nd movement)?

I have listened to the Hammerklavier Sonata many times, sometimes while following the score, and I have noticed that, in the second movement, there is a change in the key signature for just a little. ...
2
votes
4answers
367 views

What to call groups of measures?

I'm making a music game. It's a dancing game to electronic music at 120ish bpm in 4/4 time (I'm assuming). I have beats, and 4 of those make a measure. But dancers yell that 5,6,7,8 before dancing, ...
8
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3answers
591 views

How did the ancient Greeks notate their music?

Ancient Greece had a sophisticated musical system that allowed for transposable modes and flexible instrument tunings. Known as the Greater Perfect System, it is discussed in detail in What are the ...
2
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3answers
175 views

Ties - is there a distinction between these two notes?

How would you play this? I think I generally understand how ties work but I'm a bit confused by the marked articulation. Would you hear a distinction between the two notes?
3
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5answers
1k views

What if we had six note names in notation instead of seven? [closed]

I have a naïve question, but this has been bothering me for a while now. Wouldn't it be simpler and more convenient to have 6 note names instead of 7? So we basically have the same 12 notes but ...
5
votes
2answers
428 views

Piano chord fingering notation with only 1 finger number for multi-finger chord

The following score has suggested fingering, where some left hand chords only have one finger number indicated. Does it mean the other fingers on the same chord are obvious or whatever your preference ...
11
votes
4answers
759 views

Earliest Music Notation Programs

I just came across this terrific video of sample notation (of ABBA, no less!; here's the original) done with Bank Street Music Writer, a program released back in 1985 (!). This is the earliest ...
3
votes
3answers
94 views

Notating a double stop with a semitone interval

I am arranging a piece of music, and I am having trouble figuring out how to notate a double stop with the notes G and G#. The key is G, and it's for mallet percussion. The notes are repeated once. ...
12
votes
2answers
548 views

What is the Schäffer Clef?

I was perusing the Musescore master palette and came across this triangle shaped clef called the Schäffer clef. Doing a Google search for it only returned stuff like a website for browsing the ...

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