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Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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2answers
40 views

How to notate a seventh chord without a fifth?

I read that when you take away the fifth in a seventh chord it's still considered a seventh chord. But how would you differentiate between a seventh chord with a fifth and without one? Like is there a ...
6
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5answers
272 views

What is more proper notation in piano sheet music to denote that the left hand should be louder?

Sorry if this is a stupid question. In this passage I'm notating, the right hand has accentuating chords and the left hand carries the melody. I wonder whether I need to denote that (and if so, ...
3
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4answers
66 views

What is an altered chord?

A chord can be altered in many ways, but not all alterations make a chord an "altered" chord. Which alterations actually make a chord an altered chord? Do altered chords have special notation?
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2answers
1k views

What does /r mean in a score?

Does anyone know what the "/r" in this score might mean? Thank you so much...
3
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3answers
240 views

When to use 8va in musical notation?

I want to know after how many ledger lines should you start notating music with the 8va symbol. I have read that the flute often has music written on ledger lines. So up to how many ledger lines can a ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Guitar String Ringing

My guitar string is ringing after the intended note duration and I am having a hard time muting the open strings. It is like the LET RING technique of guitar. So when do you know if you should stop ...
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4answers
81 views

How to determine the downbeats of a time signature?

From what I understand of time signatures, the top number indicates the number of beats, except for compound or odd beats. Like 4/4 has 4 crotchet beats, while 6/8 has two groups of 3 quaver beats, so ...
3
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4answers
494 views

C Clef Showing Middle C on the Second Space: Printing Error, or Obscure Clef?

A friend of mine asked me for help on their theory assignment. Number 8 on the worksheet asked the student to write a certain scale with what appeared to be a standard alto clef, except that the point ...
3
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2answers
43 views

Translate muted bass string from tablature to staff notation

I am arranging a piece for a choir, and as a starting point for the bass I am looking at bass-guitar tabs. I figured out how to translate the tabs to staff notation, except muted strings. I do not ...
9
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3answers
621 views

Drum kit notation for crashes at section starts

What is the best way to notate crashes for drum kit, that happen only occasionally, while the rest of the rhythm pattern remains unchanged? Or only at the beginning of a section, but with the rest of ...
27
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5answers
16k views

Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
18
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2answers
2k views

Which accidental continues through the bar?

Messiaen's Prelude for Organ (no opus number, discovered posthumously in 1997, composed probably circa 1929) is rife with ambiguous accidentals. Some can be figured out by examining similar passages, ...
2
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2answers
45 views

Usage of grace notes in a Yiddish music theater song

I found this particular usage of grace notes really confusing and would like do ask for some opinions. (I am very much an amateur without any formal music education). I tried to use MuseScore to ...
3
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1answer
32 views

How to make unpitched percussion and a pitched instrument share a staff in LilyPond?

For parts where the percussionist switches from vibraphone to maracas, for example, is there a way to combine the two on the same staff? IIRC, LilyPond treats normal staves and percussion staffs ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Display time signature as single number above the staff

Sometimes, when a piece of music has a frequently-changing time signature, the time signature is printed above the staff. In the following example, only the numerator is printed (the denominator is 4 ...
2
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1answer
31 views

Force bar numbers below the staff and chord names above in LilyPond

In the documentation for the bar number engraver, it's quite clear that the bar numbers were only ever intended to go above the staff. How do I override that behavior? It would make a part I'm ...
6
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2answers
172 views

What's the best way to notate this syncopation?

Trying to write out the first measure to "When I Get Low I Get High", I've read this answer, https://music.stackexchange.com/a/59262/63723, is this the best approach?
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2answers
59 views

What time signatures are best for choir music? [closed]

What time signatures are best for choir music? 4/4 or 2/4 or 2/2? The choice of 4 or 2 beats to the bar is governed by issues I raise in my other question. If 2/2 is better than 2/4, is 3/2 better ...
2
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1answer
32 views

How should choir music be notated to best suit how conductors need to conduct?

How should choir music be notated to best suit how conductors need to conduct, to make it easier for singers to follow the conductor? I see at least two issues here: what are the beats that the ...
19
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6answers
2k views

Scope of accidentals in measureless music

An accidental usually only lasts until the end of a measure, but what if there are no measures? I'm writing some music without bar lines (blame Satie) and am wondering what to do about notating ...
3
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2answers
63 views

When should a phrase-final long note be tied to a shorter note?

I note a common practice in vocal lines, where a phrase ends with a long note: in many cases such a note is written not to go up to a strong beat, but to extend a short way beyond that. For example it ...
4
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2answers
61 views

How to write string divisi sections w/ different instructions correctly

There are two string parts in a piece I’m writing that use divisi, and I’m not sure how to write them correctly. First, this violin section: I want to make clear that all players should play sul ...
2
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2answers
48 views

Make triplets from already written notes in Musescore

I am desperate, I don't know where else to look. I have this sheet where I need to turn 3 sixteenths into a triplet. Is there a way to select the three notes and make them into a triplet? I really ...
5
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4answers
624 views

How should i play this 4/4 measure with 4 quarter notes and 1 whole note in it [duplicate]

So i came across this during my piano sight reading practice and I don't know how to understand it. There is a quarter note (C) with a whole note (C) right next to it. At first i thought they're just ...
24
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1answer
3k views

“inuendo” in a piano score

I have a question about music notation: - - - in - - - u - - - - en - - - - - do - - It appears in a music book edited by Willard A. Palmer, Bach, Prelude in C Minor, BWV 999, measure 26 to 29. Can ...
3
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1answer
186 views

How to denote changing of pipe organ stops during performance?

I'm in the midst of writing a piece which has an organ part which may require stop changes during the performance, possibly mid-note (with the resultant tonal shifts). Searching the web I've tried to ...
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2answers
30 views

How to insert or change the notehead to a band diamond on MuseScore?

By band “diamond” I’m referring to the notation the symbolizes holding the chord (usually the value of a whole or half note), it’s pretty commonly seen in contemporary band chart for pop music. ...
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2answers
177 views

Notating manuals and pedal on a pipe organ

What is the easiest way to notate an original piece for pipe organ (two manual) and pedal? I would like to have: The left hand play a tonal chord on the Great Manual The right hand play a melody on ...
2
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3answers
306 views

The Elusive sign of + in organ fingering

I am a pianist trying to learn organ and since there’s no funds for lessons I am reading old organ instruction books and came across one from Schneider in the public domain in London published 1875 ...
4
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1answer
570 views

Odd Meter Transcription Practices

I've occasionally found myself listening to music that's not always in standard meter. Either through odd time signatures, syncopation, or a combination of the two, certain music seems hard to ...
10
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6answers
18k views

Do accidentals in one staff apply to notes in other staffs?

For example, when reading piano music on a grand staff, I know that if there is an A# in the treble clef staff (where it's normally natural), it changes all of the A's in the rest of that measure to A#...
6
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2answers
638 views

What is this symbol?

This symbol from Les Baricades Mistérieuses, Couperin, 1717. From recordings I can only guess a mordent. I've checked various music dictionaries and done several reverse image searches, all without a ...
32
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8answers
11k views

Does an accidental apply to all octaves?

I've been playing French Horn for 20 years, and thought I had most basic concepts regarding accidentals understood. But the other day I came across the following image via Wikipedia, which had me ...
7
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2answers
216 views

Bwv 639 Bach/Busoni note length and symbols

I am currently spending some time with this piece of music and I am a bit confused as to how long I should hold some of the notes and what some of the symbols mean. In blue: Should i repeat/hold the ...
13
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4answers
1k views

Notation clarity question for a conglomerate of accidentals

I have encountered the following slightly weird notation for three close-by notes intended to be taken together. However, in order to fit the sharp and double sharp accidental symbols at appropriate ...
16
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6answers
33k views

What is the difference between swing and shuffle?

I am learning piano from a book and I can't understand the difference between swing and shuffle. I have searched, but I still can't understand the difference. Could someone please iterate the ...
1
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3answers
69 views

Meaning of time signature

In time signature, is the duration of a bar a fixed amount of time (like for example 1 second) or is it completely arbitrary? If the latter is the case, I don't see how time signature has any meaning ...
12
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4answers
2k views

Why are some instruments listed 'in F' or 'in B'?

I am looking through scores of pieces that I particularly like. I can't understand (as this is the first time I have come across it) why here, in the manuscript, some instruments are named as ...
2
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1answer
272 views

What do these two notes together (same pitch, stems in opposite directions) mean in a piano score? [duplicate]

How should the two As be played with the left hand? Why is the second A even necessary?
12
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6answers
6k views

Same note to be played with both hands?

Why some notes in the piano are written the same for the left and right hand ? What is the purpose of this ? And how do we play them ? Do we just choose one hand to play them or do we play them ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Note durations in instruments [closed]

I am so confused about note durations in guitar. I know what note duration is. In guitar, if i play the low E string, it vibrates for a long time(sustain). I have no problem with the fretted notes ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Question about note stopping [closed]

When I play one note in piano, and play another after that, the latter makes the first silent. Does a particular note stops when another note is played , especially in piano?
3
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1answer
45 views

How to condense an SATB choir section with mixed dynamics, voices & hairpins

The score I’m working on has a four-part SATB choir, thus: For space-conservation reasons I usually condense my choir parts down to a SA/TB grand staff. But this choir section has different dynamics ...
7
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4answers
905 views

How does one know if a score is notated well?

I'm a programmer and in programming a code can be bad or good. It is easy to see by the way the structure is built and how blocks of code are arranged, what functions and procedures are used, and how ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Piano Notation - Hold previous note and add the next one [duplicate]

What's the correct notation for adding notes one finger at a time until the whole chord is played? On each eighth note, the next note is played by a new finger, but all the previous notes are held. So ...
0
votes
2answers
70 views

2 notes played at the same time [duplicate]

I want to create a notation for 2 different notes being played at the same time (half and quarter notes) in which the half note is played at first and the quarter is played at the second half of that ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

Musescore issue: Bar going across the page

I am using Musescore 3.2.3 and I'm trying to analyze Beethoven's Pathetique sonata by first writing it down, and then analyzing the harmony. But, I have a slight issue. The bar is going right across ...
1
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1answer
60 views

What does this 3 means in staff notation? [duplicate]

Does anyone know what does this 3 means in staff notation as shown below in the image, why there is more than 3 bits.
1
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2answers
120 views

How do i play a quaver and semi quaver together?

I Wanted to know how a semi quaver and quaver notes are played in same beat?
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4answers
2k views

Why is it that I have to play this note on the piano as A sharp?

I watched a Synthesia video of this music paper, and on the Synthesia is played that note as a A sharp, but I see no sign of playing an A sharp.