Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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4
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3answers
2k views

why is guitar music written one octave higher?

I was always a guitar player and so I never really cared about the difference but since starting piano it is a bit annoying writing the guitar parts since I always have to transpose by an octave. Is ...
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4answers
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Do brackets between staves indicating which hand to use apply to the entire measure?

In the fourth and sixth measures (shown above) how should the brackets be interpreted? Should all subsequent notes in the treble clef with stems pointing downward be played with the left hand? Or only ...
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6answers
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What is the point in writing an appoggiatura?

An appoggiatura is a small grace note written to suspend the resolution of a chord. It takes half of the actual note's value, usually. So, why write that when it could be written out with ordinary ...
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1answer
50 views

How to count this rhythm notation? [duplicate]

This is bar 3 of an arrangement of Clair de Lune in 9/8. What is the meaning of the 2 above the beam? The first C is played on beat 4, so the 4 remaining notes in the bar need to cover 6 beats. Which ...
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1answer
68 views

What is a line prall?

I am composing a melody for piano in Musescore, and after experimenting on a particular note with various ornaments (i.e. trills, mordents, etc.) I decided to use a 'line prall'. It sounded good, so I ...
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10answers
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Does an accidental apply to all octaves?

I've been playing French Horn for 20 years, and thought I had most basic concepts regarding accidentals understood. But the other day I came across the following image via Wikipedia, which had me ...
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2answers
64 views

Applied Chords notation

I have a chord in the key of F minor. The notes from the bass are A natural , C , F , E flat. From textbook: " Identify the following applied chord . Symbolize the chord using functional and root ...
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2answers
104 views

What is the name for this style of Beaming in Music Engraving?

This is a rough example of my engraving of beaming which I really like and takes time to produce, and I think looks very good. This is an example from an old score that seems to represent standard ...
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4answers
1k views

Notation that means “same as previous four?”

I am playing “Sonate Pathetique,” whose time signature is 4/4. I came across a bar with four notes that looked like half notes. I asked my friend, and he said it meant “the same as the previous four ...
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1answer
51 views

Music theory - minim over beats 2 and 3 in 4/4 [duplicate]

When writing the rhythm crotchet - minim - crotchet in 4/4, is this ok or should it be 4 crotchets with the 2nd and 3rd tied together? I know that you can't write a minim rest over beats 2 and 3 in 4/...
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2answers
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Notation for Eastern European pan flute

Years ago I composed a piece of chamber music that included an Eastern European-style pan flute (Romanian or Hungarian, I don't recall which). It was a large one, with a 3-octave range from G3 (the ...
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2answers
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Problem Understanding Specific Rules of Adding Rests

I am currently studying music theory via https://mymusictheory.com and I can't perhaps understand the English this teacher is using while trying to explain these two rules of adding rests: If the ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of these letters above the soprano part in Monteverdi's SV 332?

Consider following score of Monteverdi's Sì dolce è 'l tormento for soprano and continuo (SV 332) from IMSLP. What is the meaning of the capital letters above the soprano part? They do not seem to ...
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2answers
420 views

Notating three simultaneous notes of different durations for piano

On the same staff, how do I notate three simultaneous notes of different duration? For example, half notes on middle C and the C above and four eighth notes on the G inbetween
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2answers
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Chopin - Étude in A minor, Op.25 No.11 “Winterwind” Pedalling Discrepancies Between Sheet Music and Performances

The nub of the question is: why are there pedalling discrepancies that most performers I listen to follow identically, but are almost universally not listed in any variations of scores and how could I ...
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3answers
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Music Notation adding notes doesn't always match time signature [duplicate]

A couple weeks back I got into piano and now after synesthesia experiments and learning basic stuff. I'm trying to teach myself reading music scores correctly. Went smooth till this presented below ...
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3answers
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Repeat bar lines in early music

I am looking for explanations on how to interpret the repeat bar lines used during the 17th century and specifically for German music. The sign ':||:' seems to be employed at that time for repeating ...
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3answers
123 views

Is the bass clef the same thing as a question mark? How are they related?

Why does the bass clef look like a question mark?
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1answer
84 views

Is there a difference between 'decrescendo' and 'diminuendo'?

I'm a lifelong musician, and this is something I've always wondered about. I know that decrescendo translates to "decreasing" and diminuendo to "diminishing", but does this have any practical ...
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3answers
105 views

why is the most common note length in music the quarter note?

I am new to learning piano and most of the notes I see in scores are in the length of a quarter note, and the time signatures I see are in 4/4. My question is if the quarter note is used so often, ...
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8answers
791 views

Converting a 3/4 melody to a 2/4 march, any tips?

So, I'm writing a Theme and Variations piece using the Happy Birthday melody. And I am writing it for a string quartet. I know I will have or already have these variations: Eighth note variation - ...
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3answers
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What note values cannot be represented in conventional notation?

Using dots, ties and tuplets of standard note values (whole, half, quarter, etc.), are there values that cannot be represented? Examples: 1/8 is an eighth 7/16 is a two-dotted-quarter 15/8 is a ...
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1answer
44 views

Dotted bar lines of different height

I’m studying many scores and have come across a ‘dotted bar line’. The first time I have encountered this. After some initial research I do see their purpose. To make the music clearer to understand,...
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6answers
3k views

Why does standard notation not preserve intervals (visually)

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about music theory but ...) The notes A, B are a whole step apart, and B, C are a semitone apart, yet their distance in standard notation is the same visually (from a ...
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1answer
35 views

Slur or tie rule for chords in piano

I know there are a lot of questions asking related points but I haven't found an identical question to mine. Question: Is there a rule for identifying a tie from a slur in piano chords? Do you need ...
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2answers
710 views

12 bar blues notation

I'm trying to put a 12 bar blues to paper but the notes don't add up. It will be C/F/G and I have the rhythm like so (just the C here): but something isn't right (and what's more, my baby done left ...
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2answers
12k views

What does the '°' notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: D° can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
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3answers
55 views

#11 versus 6th in musical notation

I am a new guy here--having a hard time with this any help will be much appreciated--I have seen a chord described as Abmaj7/add 6 versus Abmaj7 #11 are they the same but written differently? Many ...
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4answers
155 views

Cross-staff conflict

How can I achieve to have tied notes from the previous measure and cross-staff situation, when the notes which are in the Bass clef, technically in the Treble clef? No program (I tried Sibelius and ...
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1answer
104 views

Can someone please explain this symbol? [closed]

I'm trying to learn this piece that is called "Waltz in A minor" and I don't know to play that little symbol.
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2answers
568 views

What's the proper notation for holding one note of a chord while playing the other notes staccato?

I want to hold down the A key on the piano for 3 beats. During the first of these 3 beats ONLY the A key is held, but during the second and third beats I press the C and E keys staccato on the beat. ...
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1answer
55 views

how to read quarter notes and half notes in 3/4 time?

I have a question about reading sheet music for pieces in 3/4 time signature. Attached is a bar in the bass clef from Waltz No. 2, Shostakovitch which has one dotted half note (D) and two quarter ...
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2answers
62 views

How to notate staccato on notes tied across a barline?

I'm a bit stuck on how I feel it's most appropriate to place staccato in a piece I'm writing. The excerpt below is not from the piece I'm working on -- I just wrote up a phrase to show how this ...
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2answers
38 views

How do you notate the use of an effect pedal? What precedents are there?

In my WIP, the first two phrases don't ask for any effects, and the third measure onwards requires a Leslie simulator to be switched on (and as to why I'm being so specific for this piece, it is ...
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8answers
3k views

Can you not Slur notes of the same pitch?

Is this true? I can't help but feel it is not? a slur does not connect two or more notes of the same pitch Source: https://easypianobasics.com/ties-and-slurs/ Kind of makes sense, you may wish ...
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4answers
76 views

How can I easily get (or generate) images of single notes of written music?

Here is an image of what I am hoping to retrieve (or generate) from somewhere: I need something similar for different pitches. I could make screenshots in Musescore (or some other musical editor), ...
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0answers
82 views

What does this 'm' or 'w' shaped symbol mean? [duplicate]

Here are two pictures of this m-shaped symbol. One is from a Bach chorale prelude and the other from a hymn melody by Martin Luther.
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2answers
525 views

Unknown Music Notation for Vocals

I would to ask what the notation circled in red meant. Thank you
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3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of these lines connecting notes?

I am trying to use a software called guitar pro to copy the sheet music and play the tracks. I am currently stuck in this track as I am not able to understand what does the dot and the little symbol ...
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2answers
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What are the non-standard note heads (triangle, cross) in this piano sheet?

I have never seen this kind of notation on a piano score before? Does anyone know what they are?
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0answers
27 views

can ABC notate multiple chords over a single held note?

In ABC notation, is there a way to notate a long held note with multiple guitar chords? The naive approach "F" "D7" "F#dim" C8- | produces this, which isn't right The obvious approach of ...
6
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1answer
105 views

How to hide individual staff lines in lilypond?

How can individual staff lines be hidden in lilypond? E.g. in \new DrumStaff \with { \override StaffSymbol.line-count = #3 } << \drummode { << { r4 hh } \\ ...
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1answer
919 views

What is this symbol that looks like an elongated “L” on the left-hand piano staff, and how can I write it in Musescore?

I'm writing out the Bärenreiter version of Bach Concerto for two violins BWV 1043 on Musescore, and have come across an odd symbol in the left hand piano part. Here is a picture - the elongated L ...
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3answers
122 views

Repeat markings

When a portion of music, say 16 bars from the start, has a repeat sign at the end of that 16th bar, the direction means go back and start again. The sign I mean is II: at the beginning. So why do some ...
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1answer
51 views

Change in horizontal lyric spacing in 2.20.0?

I have been typesetting liturgical chants with reciting notes. Using lilypond version 2.18.2, I get what I want, but when I switched to 2.20.0, there is way too much space between syllables in some ...
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3answers
566 views

Breath marks and Ritardando with no notes

This is really interesting. I’m going to try and ask two questions here albeit I do believe they are very much related to reading music. In this first example, (end of Stravinsky’s Symphony in C) we ...
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6answers
40k views

3/2 Time signature

A bar's duration is measured in beats and can be represented using a whole note. So, a bar duration in beats is just a whole note. So isn't a 3/2 measure just spilling over? 3 half notes is equal to ...
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3answers
67k views

What do the terms E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 actually mean?

I am attempting to learn guitar, and I keep coming across this notation in various apps that I've downloaded. I know that E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 are something to do with tuning, but I'm not exactly sure ...
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2answers
56 views

Kabalevski Op. 48 (Violin) - What is this called and how do you play it? [duplicate]

First of all, I'm sorry for the unspecific title, but since I don't know what it is called, I cannot specify. I'm regarding the last bar before they key switches from Eb Major (2 b) to C Major (no ...
3
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1answer
545 views

What's the meaning of this extra rest? [duplicate]

This is the first bar of F. W. Mecham Op 92 - American Patrol Semiquaver triplet + quaver + quaver rest + quarter rest 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/4 = 2/4 + 1/8 ...

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