Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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6
votes
1answer
162 views

What is the Root/Quality chord symbol for this note cluster?

I am just starting to learn the music for Leigh Harline's song : "When You Wish Upon A Star" In measure 5 the LH notes are C, D, and E and the RH notes are G♭, A♭, B♭ and C. The beginning ...
8
votes
2answers
943 views

What does the chord notation X/Y (“slash chord”) mean?

Questions about slash chords are frequent enough that this question was created to answer the general concerns as well as link to related or more specific questions on the topic. Chords notated like ...
12
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9answers
3k views

Can you not Slur notes of the same pitch?

Is this true? I can't help but feel it is not? a slur does not connect two or more notes of the same pitch Source: https://easypianobasics.com/ties-and-slurs/ Kind of makes sense, you may wish ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

What do (P5) and (P6) mean? (Guitar)

Nocturne (Noturno) Op.9, No. 2 by Chopin. Tarrega's version, revised by Edson Lopes. In bars 18 and 19. P(5) and P(6) are written below the music. They are repeated throughout the piece with the same ...
8
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4answers
887 views

How should I read this tab?

What does this mean, is it an hammer-on? Is it a pull-off? What is it?
28
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5answers
4k views

How do I know when the next note starts in sheet music?

I can't understand the note duration notation very well. In the image below, the highlighted A in the second measure seems to start half a beat between the first and the second beat. But shouldn't we ...
4
votes
2answers
62 views

How should tuning systems / temperaments be notated in modern scores?

Similar to this question: How were tuning/temperaments indicated on scores (if they ever were)? In modern musical notation how should the use of something other than equal temperament be notated? See ...
5
votes
2answers
756 views

What is the meaning of “M. M.” in this tempo mark?

The music is Shostakovich's 7th symphony, the orchestral score; sadly not publicly available as it's under copyright but there are a few versions floating about online. At rehearsal mark 141 the tempo ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Confusion in Base, Scales and Sargam

I am learning and playing flute from Youtube on my own for over 10 months now but there are some questions and doubts that still confuse me. Now according to me no matter what the bass of flute is the ...
6
votes
2answers
469 views

How to notate multiple keyboard parts for the same player in a rock song?

I'm working on a transcription of a rock song with three parts that would be played on keyboard: piano, organ, and strings. One keyboardist would play all of these parts on multiple keyboards. In some ...
4
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3answers
212 views

Percussion duration notation issue

As I understand it: For most percussion instruments "notes" don't really have durations in the same sense as other instruments. Percussion instruments are struck, and thus usually sound ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Minor Key (and other key?) Roman Numeral Analysis

What is the general standard in RNA for the natural minor key, as well as keys that are neither major nor nat. minor? So in studying RNA, I found the major key pretty straightforward: I ii iii IV V ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

ornamentation in keyboard music of William Byrd

I'm working through some tunes by Byrd, and am wondering about the ornamentation, the two diagonal slashes through the note stem. As far as I can tell, we don't actually know what the composers of ...
3
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3answers
75 views

How to notate alternate/secondary melody in ABC

I'm not able to find any indication that you can do this in ABC, and I was able to use a couple of Ideographic Space characters in the lyrics to make it kinda work and get the lyrics to align, but ...
6
votes
2answers
90 views

Sudden note end notation

I've been studying musical notation for some time now and I decided to take a shot at writing my own piece. It's going pretty smooth, but I have a question to make sure I follow common practices and ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Are there examples of explicitly-notated, precise, nontrivial polytempo before Ives and Nancarrow?

Polytempo refers to the simultaneous use of two or more distinct tempi in a piece of music. Polyrhythm can be viewed as a special case of polytempo; any polyrhythm can be written as a temporary tempo ...
6
votes
3answers
317 views

Does the chord-symbol spelling of a polychord have musical meaning?

The chord C Eb G Bb D F A would typically be notated Cm13. However, it makes a convenient example for this question. Suppose I want to write that same Cm13 chord as a polychord. I have two choices: ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

note with stem above and below [duplicate]

What is the meaning of the following type of notation? All I know regarding the stem location is the common rule of going down below the third line and up otherwise, but I'm not familiar with the one ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

Hand duplication in music notation

I'm writing a montuno two piano ensemble and primo has its melody in the right hand completely duplicated by the left, an octave lower. How could this be abbreviated in the score? I can't find any ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

Drum chart standards

I'm currently notating a drum chart in Sibelius. The song is "Best to You" by Blood Orange. It's an R&B/Electropop/Afrobeat song. I am not a drummer, and I have only just figured out ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the best way get rhythm section notation (rhythmic notation, kicks over time, and slash notation) to display in LilyPond / Frescobaldi?

I have an arranging project due very soon, so I decided to ask this while I might still get help and a response. What is the best way to get rhythm section notation techniques like rhythmic notation, &...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Help! How would you write this rhythm (audio linked below)? [closed]

The audio source can be found here. I'm interested in the section highlighted in blue. There is naturally some freedom in the artist's interpretation, but I would like to transcribe it in a relatively ...
1
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3answers
117 views

When using Functional Chord symbols, how can we distinguish between a Dominant 7th chord and a Major 7th chord? [duplicate]

In the key of F major (for example), we can have the chords C7 and Cmaj7. C7 = C-E-G-Bb and Cmaj7 = C-E-G-B Using Functional Chord symbols, the basic tonic chord is "I", and the basic ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it a G flat or a G natural?

I've got a doubt here. Do I play G flat or G natural?? The accidental doesn't come in till the 3rd beat while the key signature does not have G flat, while the lyric has an accidental but at the ...
3
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2answers
75 views

Questions about Renaissance music notation

I see that in Renaissance music printings, the noteheads are diamond and square shaped as opposed to circular, and the stem for each note comes up or down from the middle instead of from one side (I'...
13
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3answers
621 views

What's this rectangular notation symbol?

I recently encountered a symbol in a Violoncello score which I was not able to identify. It is shown in the image below after the p (piano). I looked for it in the Musescore documentation and in the ...
8
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2answers
2k views

How “hard” to read is this rhythm? A rhythmic comparison

I've recently heard a rhythm that sounded like this It seems slightly tricky to play it perfectly, so I wonder if I could somehow improve this writing to make it more natural and "readable"....
2
votes
1answer
97 views

standard notation and the numbered notation

So I have been playing piano for 1.5 years and my biggest obstacle for learning piano is definitely to play both hand, I’m still struggling right now, maybe I improve a little bit, but still very much ...
5
votes
1answer
59 views

Which octave should sound for Stravinsky's viola harmonics in the “Pulcinella Suite”?

This is the viola part from Stravinsky "Pulcinella" Suite, movement 3a "Scherzino". How should the harmonics (diamond notes written on open string places) sound? Norman del Mar, &...
20
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2answers
1k views

Is there any official/semi-official standard for music symbol visual appearance?

Is there any official or at least widely recognized source that documents the visual parameters of music symbols? Something that says things like: "The note head shall be an ellipse with the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Wagner Parsifal ouverture, non fitting rhythyms

(click to enlarge image) As a studying method I am making a reduction of Wagner's Parsifal ouverture. In bar 3, the rhythm does not fit. The quarter, dotted eight, sixteenth and half note take up a ...
-1
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1answer
143 views

What is the internal harmony of this Liszt melody?

This is an exercise taken out of Walter Piston’s Harmony (4th ed). Let me know how you would change my progression. Thanks!
4
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5answers
916 views

How should I notate an intermediate dynamic between mp and mf?

I know this is a question that’s been asked before, but I haven’t found an answer that suits my needs. Consider the following example [edit: new excerpt, to include all swells and to remove other ...
6
votes
4answers
748 views

Is there any reason to use F flat in notating this blues riff (jazz)?

I am reading though Dariusz Terefenko's Jazz theory book, and in the chapter on Improvisation (chapter 10) he lists a few typical 1-, 2- and 4-bars blues riffs, all on a Bb blues scale. Several of ...
5
votes
2answers
310 views

Roman numerals below the note in violin

I thought the number over the note was the string number for violin. But what are the roman numerals below the score? How do I finger this score in violin? Could you number on the score please...
15
votes
6answers
3k views

What music notation software allows you to code the notation?

I saw a recent notation software product that seemed to offer a novel and concise way to code your music notation. I can't find it so I'm reaching out for your help.
3
votes
3answers
338 views

How should I notate a three-voiced chord?

I've got a nice chord that's composed of three voices: octaved A half notes, a quarter note C, and an eighth note F that's tied to more F's behind the chord. Problem is that with three voices, there's ...
30
votes
4answers
26k views

Rest above a note in a piano piece

I am playing a piece and wondering, what the heck is the rest doing there above the note? The piece is in 3/4 so I see no purpose of the 1/4 rest. I've been googling around but did not find any ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

How do you begin a 16th note triplet on the last third of an eighth note triplet?

My piece has a 16th note triplet motif. In the B section, the theme is slower and is based on eighth note triplets. I would like to begin the 16th triplet motif again on the last eighth note of an ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a historical reason why we say “C sharp” but notate on the staff “sharp C”?

Early music students are often confused with where to place accidentals: When we speak, we say the note name first and then the accidental: C sharp. When we're writing away from the staff, we do the ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Why use 5 or more ledger lines below the bass clef instead of ottava bassa lines for piano sheet music?

One thing that has bothered me when listening to classical music with the sheet music also scrolling by is its persistent use of 5 or more ledger lines for low enough bass clef parts instead of ottava ...
10
votes
1answer
432 views

“C-Four-Sharp” or “C-Sharp-Four”?

I apologize if this is an overly obvious question, but I have been having difficulty finding the answer here or elsewhere. I am making a deck of sheet music flash cards for use with piano, and I am ...
15
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2answers
2k views

Slurs within slurs

How do I play the slurs with in the larger slur? Can you play this two ways? One big slur or individual slurs?
1
vote
0answers
41 views

How are these 2 notes theoretically possible? [duplicate]

In this 4/4 piece, the 2 quavers (highlighted in red) don't seem to "occupy" any time since there is a crotchet rest at each end of the bar. I'm assuming this is a composition/notation ...
11
votes
1answer
19k views

“х” on tablature - how do I play it?

I'm learning "Last Christmas" arrangement for the acoustic guitar, and have encountered lots of notes marked as "x" in tablature. --------------------------------0---------------- -...
6
votes
1answer
336 views

Two different clefs at the start of a piece on the same hand

I am looking at the intro for the "Piano collections" of Nobuo Uematsu's Final Fantasy VI Terra's theme, which starts like this . The right hand is pretty straight forward, but the first bar ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

What is the origin of the notation A4, B3, F5, etc. (i.e. <letter><number>)

Long before I started to play an instrument I used to tune my young son's guitar for him using a device which told me how close the strings were to the correct notes of E2, A2, D3, G3, B3 and E4. When ...
0
votes
4answers
123 views

How can you make sure you remember the melody for any lyrics you write?

How can you make sure you remember the melody for any lyrics you write? I am not even sure if it's possible, because I don't know any notation system for lyrics that allows you to write down the ...
2
votes
5answers
115 views

How can I easily get (or generate) images of single notes of written music?

Here is an image of what I am hoping to retrieve (or generate) from somewhere: I need something similar for different pitches. I could make screenshots in Musescore (or some other musical editor), ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

How can I set LilyPond's “Point and Click” from Skim to VSCode?

I'm working on on MacOS High Sierra, and I'm trying to use Point and Click so that Skim (PDF viewer) redirects to a specific file/line/column/character/letter/whatever on VSCode. I've found a couple ...

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