Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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Fitting music in a single, long system for scrolling in Lilypond

Suppose I have a piece of music in Lilypond (three staves per system) and I want to lay it out so that all the piece fits into a single, continuous system of arbitrary length, with no breaks. How ...
0 votes
0 answers
25 views

How to understanding usage the square bracket between piano staves? [duplicate]

I have found this passage with a square bracket – enclosed the picture. Is it related to dynamics or chords? How shall I play it? Does anyone know how to enter it in Musescore version 3 or 4? Thanks
3 votes
2 answers
215 views

What does B7sus mean when learning which notes to sing in a song?

Brand new member here. I've been learning to sing and trying to learn how to read music to decipher which notes should be sung in a particular song. With The Carpenters Yesterday Once More it's in E ...
0 votes
0 answers
28 views

What is the healthiest and safest way to sing with a belty, powerful and emotive voice? Is glottal compression really safe?

So, I usually sing loudly without belt or something like that. I did some research on this and I want my voice to sound powerful, very loud, emotive in a safe way. Just like this song: Jon Bon Jovi - ...
2 votes
3 answers
111 views

12 bar Blues in Bm scale

The first four bars of the Bminor blues are Bm7 / Em7 / Bm7 / Bm7 What does the 7 mean? Does it indicate that the 7th note of the Bminor scale (A) needs to be included in the chord and the same for ...
18 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does "j" mean in a chord symbol?

In a book of jazz trumpet duets (for Bb trumpets), I keep seeing chord symbols like "Fj" (shown below). I'm familiar with the various kinds of chord symbols (the various seventh chords, ...
5 votes
3 answers
371 views

Transposing Piano Accompaniment for Vocalist - When to Change Clefs

I have been transposing some voice + piano accompaniment music originally written for a mezzo-soprano or alto into a key for a tenor down (usually by a third or a fourth) and have found the resulting ...
1 vote
3 answers
108 views

Notate whole note right hand and eighth notes left hand

I've read a bunch of questions on how to play something like this, but I'm not sure how best to notate it. It seems to me there must be a more elegant way, e.g. if the whole note had a dropped stem or ...
1 vote
1 answer
87 views

What is the time signature in Metallica's "Nothing Else Matters" [closed]

The song is very popular and has been notated countless times, in all possible ways. What note values and time signature should be used to notate the music? The main six note guitar pattern: seems to ...
4 votes
1 answer
543 views

What is the meaning of 8va combined with the bracket?

I am learning from Bastien Piano for Adults 1, and on page 57 there is 8va mark (which is explained) but at the bottom of the page, there is additional bracket. What is the meaning of the bracket (or ...
25 votes
9 answers
11k views

I don't understand the bottom number in a time signature

I've learned that 4/4 means 4 beats with the kind of beat being a crotchet. However, I've seen pieces with that time signature that don't just use crotchets, but minims, quavers, etc. I am still a ...
2 votes
2 answers
85 views

Are these groups of notes played together?

From the sheet, the notes circled in red appears to be separate (1 chord + 1 note), and I have always played them separately. However, after listening to a few recordings, apparently they are to be ...
-1 votes
1 answer
60 views

Is there a way to sing actual clear, nice two notes? (Polyphonic overtone singing)

So I found this two video On polyphonic overtone singing, I'm just wondering is there a way to actually sing good two notes that doesn't ...
5 votes
2 answers
259 views

Figured Bass Standalone Accidentals

I'm wondering whether or not standalone accidentals always imply 3rds in figured bass notation. Is (5)(♭)(8) the same as (5)(3♭)(8)? Is (9)(♮) the same as (9)(3)? Can a figure 3 always be inserted ...
15 votes
4 answers
38k views

Small notes on the staff

What are these and how do I play them on the piano?
8 votes
1 answer
409 views

Notation (circles and diamonds) in flute score

I recently heard a piece by Nathaniel Parks, "and by opening up". Could someone explain to me the notation in the flute part (circles and diamonds)?
4 votes
6 answers
881 views

What are the key things I need to work on for writing rhythmic notation?

I want to learn how to write music notation, but first I want to learn the rhythmic aspect of it so I’m only trying to work out rhythms on single staves. What are the key things I need to work on? ...
14 votes
2 answers
5k views

What does the chord notation X/Y ("slash chord") mean?

Questions about slash chords are frequent enough that this question was created to answer the general concerns as well as link to related or more specific questions on the topic. Chords notated like ...
5 votes
4 answers
2k views

Representation of a 5/16 note duration

How can I write on a pentagram (another word for the staff in my country) a note that is 5 x 1/16 notes length? If I use a dotted quarter note I get 6 x 1/16 length I can get away with a quarter note ...
27 votes
4 answers
5k views

Piano with two treble clefs on grand staff

How do you play the notes in the red square? On the upper staff, the lower chord is G but the note in the lower section is also G. Do you just ignore it?
4 votes
3 answers
349 views

Where can I find music written in baritone and mezzo-soprano clefs?

I use C clefs as tools for transposition, and while it's relatively easy to find music written in alto, tenor, and soprano clefs, I've never found a consistent source for music in baritone and mezzo-...
3 votes
1 answer
8k views

What does Harm. mean in guitar tabs

In the Nothing Else Matters tab by Metallica on songsterr.com, I came across some notation that I haven't seen before: What does “Harm.” mean in the picture above?
0 votes
1 answer
68 views

I can generally sing on-key, but I fear that I'll sing off key in front of the audience. What should I do?

So I've been wondering that: I can generally sing a song with correct pitches (is it called on-key singing? Sorry, english is not my first language) without guide melody on home. But throughout my ...
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Term for notation with right-hand-chords and melody simultaneously

I found a kind of notation in a solo piano book I'm not familiar with (see image below). As I understand it, I’m supposed to play every note and the ones in between the brackets only if possible. Is ...
20 votes
1 answer
525 views

Colon next to a flat in cello score

I'm seeing this symbol in a couple places in a score I'm transcribing, and wondering what it means: Next to the flat in each case is a colon symbol. It only appears in the cello part, though that ...
3 votes
2 answers
779 views

What does this line across multiple strings mean in this guitar chord?

I'm a novice at reading tab (don't know how to play any string instrument) and I'm trying to understand this tab notation for an F major chord from Ultimate Guitar: I know that the 3, 4, and 2 mean ...
18 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do accidentals earlier in the measure affect a trill?

I was attempting to help someone understand all the markings in a piece with which they are unfamiliar. One, however, has given me pause: Now, I know the rule for a trill is that it ordinarily ...
7 votes
2 answers
632 views

Why would anyone say that it is problematic to notate this chant like this instead of using the standard notation for gregorian chant?

I hear many people saying that notating Gregorian chant like this is problematic. Why would anyone say that it is problematic to notate this chant like this instead of using the standard notation for ...
1 vote
2 answers
103 views

Overlapping parenthesis symbol name / meaning

Ran into this symbol on some sheet music today, and no matter what I used in my search query I can't find the meaning or name. It's the twisty I / )( shown above the note / below the Cm chord. This ...
12 votes
3 answers
6k views

How do I express humming in music notation?

I have a section in a vocal piece where I want singers to hum. I'm going to include "mmm" in my music notation, but is there a good way to more clearly express the intent to hum in the notation?
19 votes
6 answers
35k views

Is there a definitive notation for multiple repeats?

Is there a definitive notation for repeating a section more than twice? Say you want a section to be played four times. I have mostly seen this: x4 𝄆 .... 𝄇 meaning "play four times"...
8 votes
6 answers
1k views

Ottava markings - Should this 8va be 8vb?

Perusing the score of Charles E. Ives' Concord Sonata, in the 4th movement "Thoreau", p. 10, I noticed some ottava markings; in particular, "8va" above the treble clef, and another ...
0 votes
2 answers
87 views

Sheet Music Software, w/ Measures/Bars per System Setting

For many years I was an "Encore" user, and alas, Encore is no longer supported. (Rumors of a new version persist, but... we'll see....) I used it to create piano sheet music. Encore allowed ...
8 votes
7 answers
3k views

Is there any other notation, like tab notation, for piano?

I am a beginner in music, and I like both piano and electric bass guitar. I can spend 2,3 hours per week on music (Online Learning and playing). I am not a musician, but I am playing for joy. I’ve ...
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

Help reading music sheet [closed]

Could someone help me explain this music sheet of Frere Jacque? The is a Violin key, A mole on the A line and some notes. What do I habe to do with them in order to play this the correct way according ...
11 votes
3 answers
9k views

Notating half notes across beat 3 in 4/4

When writing in 4/4, it's taught that the location of beat 3 should always be clear. However, it seems that the actual practice is that it is acceptable to have a half note on beat 2, instead of a ...
0 votes
3 answers
940 views

How to notate pickup measures in the middle of a piece?

I'm writing a song where some measures have less than the full number of beats indicated in the time signature. This occurs in the middle of the piece, but it is a pickup to the next phrase. How is ...
4 votes
1 answer
197 views

What's this vertical dash called and what does it mean?

I found this vertical dash on some sheet music and I can't figure out what it is or what does it mean. I've tried looking through Wikipedia's list of symbols, but I couldn't find it there and me ...
1 vote
1 answer
108 views

how to read and play a turn in music when it is inbetween 2 notes?

for example in this Mozart piece, there is a turn in bar 7, and in bar 10 how are you suppose to play these turns rhythmically? how else could the notes be notated?
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why are baritone vocals written one octave higher in the treble clef?

I have a lot of sheet music where the singer is a baritone and sings a lot in the C3 - C4 region. This would normally be written in the bass clef but in my sheet music, the notes are written in the ...
3 votes
2 answers
585 views

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass?

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass, specifically when the harmony changes? If you have non-chord tones in the bass following a figuring, it's easy to show the same harmony ...
5 votes
1 answer
91 views

Lilypond tablature: how to force a note to a specific string+fret?

I have written a partition on Lilypond, with both Staff and tabStaff. I have customised the tablature with TabStaff.minimumFret = #7 and TabStaff.restrainOpenStrings = ##t and the generated tablature ...
4 votes
2 answers
399 views

Is there a difference between C6sus4 and an inverted Fadd2?

I was playing with a sequencer and added a sixth to a C6sus4 to get C F G A. I liked the sound, so I did some basic research to find that C6sus4 chords are a thing. But then, taking a second look, I ...
1 vote
1 answer
87 views

Scheme function for time signatures in LilyPond

I would like to notate a piece proportionally in LilyPond in which different time signatures are layered polymetrically. To do this, I want to place the time signatures above the staves, or more ...
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

What do notes on the neutral clef mean? [duplicate]

When writing notes on the neutral clef for percussion, do the notes correspond to different instruments (bass drum, snare drum, etc.) or do the notes represent something else? Here's an example:
6 votes
1 answer
671 views

What does a lowercase "a" mean for guitar music?

What does a lowercase letter "a" next to the notehead mean for guitar music?
4 votes
1 answer
152 views

What does the s number mean in the title of the piece?

For example, the transcendental etudes by Liszt are labeled "S. 139." What does this mean? If it's related to the piece's release date, what's the difference between it and opus # (e.g the ...
4 votes
2 answers
115 views

Annotate 'repeat final lyric of final chorus'

I have some sheet music where I want to correctly annotate that the final lyric of the final chorus should be repeated. It is 2 and 1 quarter measures long. Our choir calls this a 'tag'. From what I'...
1 vote
0 answers
85 views

Entering Chords With Frescobaldi

how do we insert chords over a melody with Frecobaldi/Lilypond?
3 votes
3 answers
608 views

Natural followed by sharp in Chopin Waltz in C-sharp minor

In Chopin's Waltz in C-sharp minor (Op. 64, No. 2), I'm a bit confused by the following notation in the third measure: The F has a natural, cancelling out the sharp in the key signature. But then it ...

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