Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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8
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4answers
813 views

Correct notation of ghost notes depending on note duration

Chords, notes and rests can generally be notated to show a duration of 1, 1/2, 1/4 etc. beats but how do I do that for ghost notes - i.e. those with an 'x' as a head. I can find examples of a quarter ...
6
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1answer
91 views

Divisi in Tchaikovsky Serenade for Strings

I am looking at the score for Tchaikovsky's Serenade for Strings op.48, Violins I section, and I can see that there are double-stops. It is not marked divisi, but I'm listening to some recordings and ...
3
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2answers
144 views

Different accidental notations for the same key within the same measure

Mozart sonata K545, first movement, measure 32, the same key appearing twice, as Db and C#, respectively (see circles in image). Is it because this way it looks more uniform like in the previous ...
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2answers
78 views

Smaller scripts on guitar tablature

Above picture there are some notes are written smaller does it mean play slightly more silent?
1
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1answer
45 views

Notation of piano arpeggios, cross-staff and between hands

I need opinions on the notation of cross-staff notes in piano arpeggios. I chose not to write the usual rests so that my page would have a clean look. I cannot beam the notes of the whole arpeggio ...
2
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3answers
77 views

What are your techniques to research music basics signs, theory and for sheet music?

There are many questions about music basics, scales, keys, signs, harmony, chords etc. which could be answered by own researches if people had better strategies for searching. This is because they don'...
3
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5answers
184 views

Are these notes (circled)?

This is from bass learning book. How are these G, D, G, D in red? Shouldn’t they be B, A, B, B? Sorry again, just starting out on electric bass.
3
votes
3answers
109 views

What is the correct terminology/notation for playing notes in a chord at the same time, and not as an arpeggio?

It is very common for interpreters of sheet music — especially string players — to roll chords. What is the notation to specify that all notes should sound at once? I had thought it was a square ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Help with same note next to each other but different values? [duplicate]

For the Treble Clef: Is The "D" played only once and at which value? What is the purpose of this notation?
5
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4answers
433 views

Rhythm notation syncopation over the third beat

I found this copy of Sloop John B online... I wanted different line breaks so re-notated it. But I changed the rhythm notation to use ties to the third beat... What is the right way to notate these ...
6
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2answers
405 views

Hollow, x-shaped noteheads

I came across this line of sheet music, and I've never seen these hollow "x" shaped noteheads before. I found it in this search engine, and the title or lyric seems to be in Chinese. I wasn'...
21
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9answers
3k views

Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language

I am working with a student in with a developmental delay. He basically cannot understand spoken or written language at all, so he has to learn by observation. He has expressed much interest in music, ...
3
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2answers
60 views

Correct notation of rhythm in 6/8 time [duplicate]

I am writing a bass part in 6/8 time. I'm not sure which is the correct way of notating the following rhythm, although I suspect bar 2 is easier to read. Is this a matter of opinion or is there a ...
5
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1answer
105 views

Highly irregular beaming in this Liszt piece - is phrasal beaming a no-no or not?

The piece is Liszt's Heroischer Marsch im Ungarischem Stil, S.231, and the passage is this (measures 57-64). Notice how irregular the beaming is in the right hand, going across barlines and grouping ...
11
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5answers
494 views

Function of augmented-fifth in figured bass

What is the harmonic function of the 5+ in the figured bass in the following snippet? If I have interpreted the figuring correctly, a F♯ figured 5+ should realise the triad F♯ A C𝄪. I am confused ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Is it possible to combine accent and tremolo in notation?

I want to have a strings part with tremolo, like used for example on the beginning of the 4th movement in Beethoven's 6th Symphony. But I also want the beginning of every such note to be accented. In ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

How can I use a custom text font in LilyPond?

I'm trying to use the "Hiragino Mincho ProN" font for Japanese text on the title, but I don't know how to use fonts, not even the other default ones (Sans and Typewriter). I don't have any ...
3
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1answer
36 views

Questions on note grouping and beaming for 3+3+2 rhythm

EDIT: The questions below still apply, but here is an updated edit that I think looks a lot cleaner. Any thoughts? Regarding this piece with a 3+3+2 rhythm, I have a few more questions regarding ...
10
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5answers
2k views

To what extent do performers “hear” sheet music?

Sheet music enables instrumental performers who are able to read music notation (a pianist, orchestral instrument players, a jazz band, etc.) or singers to perform a song or piece. Presumably some ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

What's the difference with this 'cross-staff' notation? [duplicate]

Sometimes I see this cross-staff notation. I'm not even 100% sure cross-staff is the right word for it. The two sets of half notes are joined on both clefs. They are identical but what's the ...
5
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2answers
89 views

How should one play those codas?

In the below arrangement of "Ah Istanbul" by Sezen Aksu, how should one play all those codas and segno?
6
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5answers
794 views

Best way to notate 3+3+2 syncopated rhythm

I'm arranging a piece in 4/4 with a syncopated 3+3+2 Latin rhythm throughout, and am wondering which (if either) would be the better way to notate. Here's the first notation, which emphasizes these 3+...
0
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1answer
38 views

Keys and major pentatonic, minor pentatonic or minor harmonic scales [closed]

Are Keys with minor or major pentatonic and minor harmonic scales named differently or how do you discern the scale based on the key if it's pentatonic or harmonic instead of natural?
3
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1answer
64 views

ornamentation in keyboard music of William Byrd

I'm working through some tunes by Byrd, and am wondering about the ornamentation, the two diagonal slashes through the note stem. As far as I can tell, we don't actually know what the composers of ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Time signatures and values exceeding the bar?

I'm looking at a modern edition (1984)1 of Van Eyck's Der Fluyten Lusthof (a XVI century collection of old songs with variations for recorder flute that's been and still is the bread and butter of ...
8
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3answers
592 views

How did the ancient Greeks notate their music?

Ancient Greece had a sophisticated musical system that allowed for transposable modes and flexible instrument tunings. Known as the Greater Perfect System, it is discussed in detail in What are the ...
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5answers
1k views

What if we had six note names in notation instead of seven? [closed]

I have a naïve question, but this has been bothering me for a while now. Wouldn't it be simpler and more convenient to have 6 note names instead of 7? So we basically have the same 12 notes but ...
5
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2answers
429 views

Piano chord fingering notation with only 1 finger number for multi-finger chord

The following score has suggested fingering, where some left hand chords only have one finger number indicated. Does it mean the other fingers on the same chord are obvious or whatever your preference ...
12
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2answers
552 views

What is the Schäffer Clef?

I was perusing the Musescore master palette and came across this triangle shaped clef called the Schäffer clef. Doing a Google search for it only returned stuff like a website for browsing the ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Notating a double stop with a semitone interval

I am arranging a piece of music, and I am having trouble figuring out how to notate a double stop with the notes G and G#. The key is G, and it's for mallet percussion. The notes are repeated once. ...
9
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3answers
280 views

On the grand staff, does the crescendo apply to the right hand or left hand?

How can one tell if the crescendo is for the treble staff or the bass staff? The excerpt above is from Chopin's Nocturne in C# minor.
2
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1answer
43 views

Writing syncopes in harmonic grids

I am learning how to write a harmonic grid and I wondered how to write a syncope? I thought about doing: If that makes sense? Is it the standard notation?
20
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8answers
2k views

I don't understand the bottom number in a time signature

I've learned that 4/4 means 4 beats with the kind of beat being a crotchet. However, I've seen pieces with that time signature that don't just use crotchets, but minims, quavers, etc. I am still a ...
0
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3answers
77 views

Please explain the bars [duplicate]

I was trying to play a piece of music on my keyboard when I got stuck at this bar no.17 (Please refer to the pic below). Can someone please explain how do a rest symbol and a whole note appear one ...
0
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7answers
165 views

I need Help with this scale!

I composed a piece of music (more like a few renditions of a theme) that I sat down to transcribe, but it doesn't seem to fit into any scale! (I haven't looked at Japanese scales yet) Bear in mind ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Do accidentals carry through 8va? [duplicate]

I recently picked up a collection of Czerny exercises, including Thirty New Studies in Technics, Op. 349. In number 12, measure 17 begins with a C# accidental. Later in the measure, in the 8va section,...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What are the guidelines/rules for notating rests?

I know there are rest notation rules in theory, and I’m curious to know what they are, as I’ve never learned them. I read somewhere, for example, with ‘cut time’ there’s not supposed to be dotted ...
4
votes
3answers
754 views

What are “MI7” and “MA7” chords?

Is it correct in this sheet that "A MI 7" means minor 7th (m7), "C MA 7" means major 7th (maj7) and just "C 7" means the dominant 7th?
9
votes
3answers
810 views

Is there a way to notate the repeat of a larger section that itself has repeats in it? [duplicate]

Is there a way to notate the repeat of a larger section that itself has repeats in it, or is it best to give up and just write it out again?
1
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3answers
64 views

How should one work with missing digital staff on entry level keyboard?

I am currently trying to find a good entry level keyboard for getting back to learning to play after 20 years. I had a few years of grade school classes playing a brass instrument and some self taught ...
16
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4answers
3k views

Why are there fingerings in Liszt's Beethoven's 9th transcription, a piece for a very skilled player who presumably doesn't need the finger markings?

I was watching along with an entertaining video of Liszt's solo piano transcription of Beethoven's 9th symphony. This thing is over an hour long with numerous technical feats and is surely something ...
1
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2answers
59 views

Is this the correct numeral for the given bass?

Pardon me, I'm pretty new on the whole "part writing from figured bass". Based on what I know, I believe that a 6th means 1st inversion? (correct me if I'm wrong) However, here's what I don'...
6
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2answers
590 views

What do these left arrows or angle brackets mean to the left of a chord?

I almost wonder if this is a weird way to draw an arpeggio, but they seem like distinct arrows or left angle brackets each on a line to the left of a chord in piano music on the left-hand bass clef. ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Are there examples of explicitly-notated, precise, nontrivial polytempo before Ives and Nancarrow?

Polytempo refers to the simultaneous use of two or more distinct tempi in a piece of music. Polyrhythm can be viewed as a special case of polytempo; any polyrhythm can be written as a temporary tempo ...
4
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5answers
161 views

Two ties in a row

The image was from a video on YouTube. I think I only heard one G played on the third measure. So why did the author have the two one quarter G in the 4th measure instead of a single one half G ...
3
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1answer
191 views

What does this bracket mean in violin music sheet?

I am a self-taught violinist and need help understanding this sheet music.I know how it sounds thanks to YouTube but I wonder its name and its meaning.
0
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1answer
91 views

What does it mean when a chord in the bass-clef bar is marked with a treble clef and what is the extent of applying that notation.This is piano music [duplicate]

There is a treble clef next to a chord in the bass-clef bar near the end of a piece of music I'm trying to learn. I don't know how to interpret it. Should I play just this one chord as if it were on ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Did Chopin use hairpins (adjacent crescendo and decrescendo) to indicate rubato rather than dynamics?

In her answer to Liszt's B minor sonata crescendo, user @Madeleine writes: In many places in Chopin's music, he wrote hairpins ... to indicate rubato rather than a crescendo or decrescendo. The ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Guitar tablature: same fret indication connected by arc, no label [duplicate]

I'm trying to learn "Hard Time Killin' Floor Blues", by Skip James, and I am stumped on the circled notation in the picture. It doesn’t look like a pull off or hammer on to me, because the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What does the word full mean to do in this piece

I was trying to play the song Legends Never Die for flute and I found the word full on an arrow attached to a note and do now know what it means or how to play it.

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