Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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1answer
54 views

What do these arrows mean?

I've noticed on Edson Lopes pieces he highlights (I think) certain phrases. Not sure what he is trying to tell us when he puts a section between these arrows. Notice arrow pointing left and down, then ...
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3answers
152 views

Ritenuto / Fermata / Tempo change

I've written a piece of music, for string quartet plus triangle. But I'm having trouble expressing the last bar in the right way. In the second half of the bar: The top three strings are to play a ...
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3answers
52 views

How to notate alternate/secondary melody in ABC

I'm not able to find any indication that you can do this in ABC, and I was able to use a couple of Ideographic Space characters in the lyrics to make it kinda work and get the lyrics to align, but ...
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0answers
57 views

Note Timings with numbers above notes [duplicate]

I am learning the piece clair de lune on the piano, and I noticed in some measures there are numbers above the notes. I researched about it and I only saw that numbers above notes are fingerings. They ...
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1answer
56 views

How do you notate a tremolo of indeterminate length?

I've got this lengthy solo passage in my piano piece (a transcription of a symphony, where this is the solo). The right hand plays the solo, and the left hand provides the quietest possible background ...
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3answers
52 views

Notation question natural followed by sharp Chopin Waltz in C sharp minor

In Chopin's Waltz in C sharp minor, I'm a bit confused by the following notation: The F has a natural, cancelling out the sharp in the key signature. But then it instantly becomes an F-sharp again. ...
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5answers
1k views

Is cross-staff beaming helpful or confusing?

I'm writing a fairly simple piano piece which has a repeated pattern which crosses staves/hands. I think it looks clearer musically to write it with cross-staff beaming as in the first bar below, but ...
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1answer
31 views

LilyPond: Figured bass help - Vertical figure order with bass figure extenders on

I'm having a bit of trouble obtaining the desired result in the following example: \version "2.18.2" << \relative c' { e2 e, } \figuremode { \bassFigureExtendersOn ...
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2answers
76 views

Sheet Music query, a note printed in a bar as half note and quarter note on the same beat [duplicate]

I have searched the internet extensively to find an answer to no avail. These notes cannot possibly be played at the same time so my theory would be the note can be played as a quarter beat or a half ...
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2answers
513 views

Which octave does Cb4 belong to?

How do you distinguish: C tone in 4th octave - flat Cb in 4th octave ? Or said other way around. Is the order of operations: (C4)b or (Cb)${calculate octave}?
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0answers
45 views

How are editorial additions/changes to a score indicated?

How do music editors indicate changes they've made to a score? Sometimes an editor will make musically meaningful changes to a score, such as Adding markings the editor believes were omitted by the ...
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1answer
104 views

Arpeggiated Chords with Partial Wavy Vertical Lines

Does anyone know how to play an arpeggiated chord when the wavy vertical line beside the chord is not all the way alongside the chord? Any fingering suggestions for playing the first chord? Thank you :...
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2answers
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How to write a slur to nothing in LilyPond?

Just like this: This is a Piano Staff, the example was created on MuseScore. The \laissezVibrer slur only creates a small slur. I don't mind whether the slur crosses the measure or not, I just don't ...
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2answers
293 views

How to play a diamond note on guitar? [duplicate]

Source Here it is written in diamond notes in the first measure. How should one play them on guitar and also what do they indicate?
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4answers
785 views

What does it mean when notes are beamed across both piano staves?

I have only six months in playing piano. I want to learn a new sheet, but I don”t understand this notation that merges the two staffs. Can you explain to me please?
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2answers
474 views

What does the chord notation X/Y (“slash notation”) mean?

Questions about slash notation are frequent enough that this question was created to answer the general concerns as well as link to related or more specific questions on the topic. Chords notated ...
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1answer
201 views

Chopin notation question / what notes do I play?

I am trying to learn Chopin's Op10 no5 ("black keys") [I know it is too advanced for me, but I just enjoy the piece]. The 8--- notation in the first measure of the attached, I believe means ...
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3answers
721 views

Dotted notes crossing barlines?

The piece is Alkan's Quasi Faust (from the Grande Sonate 'Les Quatre Âges'). There are a few idiosyncrasies in the score, but the most remarkable one I found is this example of dotted notes crossing ...
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3answers
531 views

Notation for a unison double stop

What's the standard notation for the occurrence of the same pitch played on two different strings of the same instrument simultaneously, to be used within the same staff? The typical context would be ...
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3answers
199 views

Rhythmic/Metric Stress Patterns

The attached images are a page from Jack Perricone's Melody in Songwriting. I am familiar with the concept of stress patterns in music, but, honestly, have no idea what the hell he's on about here. ...
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3answers
285 views

What is the name of this notation in this example by Couperin?

Consider following excerpt from the beginning of the 2nd leçon of Couperin's Leçon des ténèbres pour le mercredi saint: As you see, it uses a rather strange notation where, for instance, a bar of 3/2 ...
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2answers
108 views

Why are baritone vocals written one octave higher in the treble clef?

I have a lot of sheetmusic where the singer is a baritone and sings a lot in the C3 - C4 region. This would normally be written in the bass clef but in my sheet music, the notes are written in the ...
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0answers
44 views

Why are accidentals sometimes provided when not necessary? [duplicate]

Here’s an example from Bach’s Fugue in Ab major from WTC book 1: In the last bar of this image you can see they put an Ab in the left hand and a G natural in both the left and right hands. Since ...
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4answers
8k views

In a piano score, what is the meaning of a V with a dot in it

In a beginners piano scorebook, under the last cord there is a V with a dot in it. I searched but can't find what it could mean. In case that matters, it's a French book. There is no other place in ...
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3answers
78 views

How to write inverted 7th chords

I am trying to write the inverted G7 chord on the treble clef and in the attached images there are two bars. I believe the first bar in this score is correct. I am guessing so because this is what my ...
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3answers
1k views

What clef is this? (Baroque, Vivaldi)

What is this clef in Vivaldi RV281? This is the only source of the concerto is available ( at least without buying it, which is the manuscript). The piece did have a few weird clefs like an octave ...
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2answers
589 views

In Ravel's Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor à cordes - what are the flute and clarinet doing here?

In Ravel's Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor à cordes, the flute and clarinet seem to start doing some very fluttery tremolo arpeggiations in the first theme - I THINK ...
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3answers
2k views

What does it mean when a dotted half note has two dots instead of one?

I know one dot on the dotted half note means to play the note for 3 beats, but what do two dots mean:
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1answer
665 views

What does the L-shaped symbol attached to C5 and G4 on the top staff mean?

I am trying to learn Kiss The Rain by Yiruma, and I am learning from a score published on musescore. Source: https://musescore.com/user/27057308/scores/4838600 I was confused by the L-shaped line ...
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2answers
112 views

Accidental in parenthesis (not courtesy)

This is the 24th measure of Bach's Minuet in G major BWV Anh 116. What does the parenthesis mean? In the previous measure the D has a #, but it shouldn't carry over. Re this piece, I have seen 3 ...
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5answers
2k views

Understanding guitar music sheet

I am a beginner and I have some really basic questions regarding the notations of this guitar sheet music and how to read them. First, what is the purpose of the chord's names above the staff ? Also ...
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1answer
399 views

Why aren't there barlines in the piano solo parts in Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5?

In the beginning of this piece you'll notice that the piano solo part has no barlines. Why? And why does he use 16th notes? How can a "16th" note have any meaning without barlines (not to ...
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5answers
838 views

Are notes played on the beat [always] played louder?

I know that the 4/4 time signature is played as [ONE-two-Three-four]. But in the third beat of the first measure there are two 8th notes; the first one coinciding with the beat. So would they be ...
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4answers
1k views

Note in parenthesis: optional or ghost note?

According to this answer, the following parenthesis designate an optional note: The answer currently has 20 upvotes, while another answer claiming it is a ghost note has -1. Seems pretty definitive, ...
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1answer
418 views

Difference between time signatures [duplicate]

What is the difference between 4/4 and 8/8 time? 4/4 means 4 crotchets in a bar and 8/8 means 8 quavers in a bar, but 4 crotchets mean 8 quavers. Is it just a question of notation? If so, why isn't ...
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3answers
822 views

What does syntaxes like T1, D2, and p3 mean in music notation?

I was reviewing tonal harmony basic guidelines when I came across the article Keyboard-style voice-leading schemata and it had notation like this: I haven't seen syntax like this before, what's it ...
4
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1answer
589 views

24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure; Tuplets?

They're not labeled tuplets, but they probably are since there cannot be 24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure. They don't appear to be a standard triplet though since it still doesn't fit (with each triplet ...
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6answers
152 views

Issue with notes going over the time signature

I'm transferring this score to Finale, am almost at the end of it, and I'm really confused as to how this works. There are 16th notes between the 8th notes, probably done with another layer, but then ...
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2answers
104 views

What does the symbol with a squiggly line mean? [duplicate]

What does the symbol above mean?
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2answers
1k views

Mystery bowing notation

A cellist friend asked if I had come across this coloured in cross marking (hourglass?) in bar 35 and it has me stumped. (Beethoven Sonatina, so you can discount any crazy new music articulation.) ...
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1answer
56 views

Tie instead of a Rest in Keyboard Staff notation

Hello, I am learning Keyboard notation. Want to know why a tie is used across bar lines . Why can't they use a rest in bar 2?
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3answers
143 views

Note with two stems in snare drum part [Ravel's Miroir]: What is the result?

This is part of the snare drum part from Ravel's Miroirs No. 4: Alborado del Gracioso (The jester's aubade). What is the effect of both sticks playing the same note? If the sticks coincide precisely ...
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3answers
127 views

What symbols on piano sheet music shows what hand should play what?

I learned to read music to a certain level as a child and since retiring have started learning piano again, but no matter how many books I read, I can't figure out when reading sheet music when you ...
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3answers
1k views

What does this notation mean?

What does the prime symbol above the note mean? I have not seen it before. This is from Haydn's Variations in F minor
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3answers
74 views

Scope of natural accidental inside a bar

I have a question about natural accidental and its scope inside a bar. As far as I know, all accitentals should last until end of the bar and they affect all following notes on the same line in this ...
2
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1answer
93 views

What is the biggest chord ever written for orchestra?

Firstly I must define what I mean by "biggest". I mean the chord that has the most differently named notes in it not counting duplicates. Initially I was assuming equal temperament but if ...
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2answers
53 views

How to notate a 16:15 frequency in just intonation?

I've often came across tables just chromatic scales like so: C: 1:1 C#: 16:15 D: 9:8 And so forth. I know that at least in Ben Johnston notation, the sharp sign implies that a note's frequency is ...
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2answers
1k views

Two angled lines in a study score

I’m studying Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 and have come across two lines which look like they are intended to save paper in just showing the musical lines that are playing? They are everywhere, the ...
5
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1answer
133 views

What are these arrows?

I have played the guitar for 6 years now and have never seen this notation. What do these arrows mean? EDIT: Bach Chaconne, arrangement by Edson Lopes, classical guitar (for electric guitar players: ...
2
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2answers
89 views

Mixed 3:5 rhythm with ordinary notes

I've got this rhythm which has a 3:5 bit (the three notes in the top go against the first five in the bottom - the final rest in each bar is in-line to make up the bar of 6/8) and I've sketched out ...

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