Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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4
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3answers
91 views

In percussion notation, how does one interpret a slurred tremolo?

My question is about tied/slurred tremolos in percussion music notation. I've had my bongo drums for almost half my life, and am just now deciding to buy a book and learn how to play Afro-Cuban ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Why is there a key signature change in Beethoven's Hammerklavier Sonata (2nd movement)?

I have listened to the Hammerklavier Sonata many times, sometimes while following the score, and I have noticed that, in the second movement, there is a change in the key signature for just a little. ...
2
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1answer
17 views

Notation for Eastern European pan flute

Years ago composed a piece of chamber music that included an Eastern European-style pan flute (Romanian or Hungarian, I don't recall which). It was a large one, with a 2.5-octave range from C4 (middle ...
7
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1answer
1k views

What does the 1.-5. notation mean at the top right corner?

What is the 1.-5. notation in the top right corner telling me to do?
2
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2answers
57 views

Make triplets from already written notes in Musescore

I am desperate, I don't know where else to look. I have this sheet where I need to turn 3 sixteenths into a triplet. Is there a way to select the three notes and make them into a triplet? I really ...
18
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5answers
3k views

What's an “add” chord?

The name implies that you are adding a note, but we already notate that explicitly in the chord name and quality. We say Cm7, not Cm add 7. If we want a 9th, we can go Cm9, but is Cm add 9 correct ...
15
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5answers
2k views

Basic Accidental Question

Example: You have d major scale but you make a c flat accidental, does it just naturalize c back to its basic form or make it an enharmonic b? Ive tried searching on google but found nothing. It's ...
4
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2answers
68 views

Translate muted bass string from tablature to staff notation

I am arranging a piece for a choir, and as a starting point for the bass I am looking at bass-guitar tabs. I figured out how to translate the tabs to staff notation, except muted strings. I do not ...
8
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1answer
176 views

Baroque notation question

Here's a snippet from a 1624 facsimile of Juan Arañés' "Libro Segundo de Tonos y Villancicos". This is a rather syncopated, lively song, with a time signature of C3. Note values seem to be ...
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0answers
35 views

Key signatures with Quarter Tones [duplicate]

I know how to write the key signatures for any note within the 12-note chromatic scale. I know this doesn't come up very often, but what are some ways to write out key signatures for passages of music ...
9
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2answers
194 views

How can I typeset a break or jump in my scores?

I am using lilypond to typeset some music. I would like to leave away some bars from the original music. Therefore, I have to jump from some bar to an other. But I want to show, that I cut something ...
3
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2answers
70 views

Difference between appoggiatura, acciaccatura and grace note

I seem to get easily confused between the 3 terms. Is an appoggiatura a grace note? How can I distinguish each of them in a music score?
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3answers
535 views

How to play this rhythm in Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata? as a 4/3 polyrythm or as 6/16?

First of all, I apologize if I do not get it right with the terminology. In this sonata of Beethoven in bar 6, there is the 3/8 being played and then at the 4rth 3/8 part, the melody enters above - ...
8
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5answers
990 views

Does the voicing of a chord affect the name it's been given? If not, what does?

So I came across a YouTube video where the guy kept referring to a chord as Cm♭6 (C minor flat 6th). However, it seems to me that with a little rearranging this could also be written as a simple ...
-1
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1answer
78 views

how to write 32nd notes and rests [closed]

Hi can someone please tell me if I have written either of these correctly? If not please can someone correct me. Thank you! EDIT: In case the question was not clear to anybody let me rephrase: Can ...
4
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2answers
113 views

What does this V-Shaped Slur denote?

It looks like a regular slur, but at an obtuse angle. This example is from Liszt's Mephisto Waltz No. 1, where it connects an F natural to an E. I have only seen this a couple of times, so I'm just ...
6
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2answers
105 views

Hi-hat Sheet notation

Would someone help me out with the hi-hat notation here?: My theory's a little rusty, I'm thinking it is a foot close of the hi-hat and not a closed strike? I only started learning 6 months ago so it'...
12
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7answers
6k views

Same note to be played with both hands?

Why some notes in the piano are written the same for the left and right hand ? What is the purpose of this ? And how do we play them ? Do we just choose one hand to play them or do we play them ...
7
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2answers
495 views

What are the diatonic extended chords of C major?

I saw this question about 9ths, but I'd like to know what the diatonic chords of 11ths and 13ths as well. This isn't strictly for jazz, I just want to know what the basic diatonic chords are. I'm ...
5
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4answers
727 views

What does a half note followed by three dots mean?

While I was reading some sheet music I had gotten, I crossed a half note with three dots after it. What is this called? How many beats does it get (4/4)?
13
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3answers
2k views

What is this type of notehead called?

I was looking through some sheet music when I came across a notehead that looked very odd. It looks like a whole note with two lines on both its sides. Here is an image of the notehead: What is this ...
8
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1answer
332 views

What does an arrow pointing up inside the staff mean?

This was in my audition music, and I can’t ask the person I got it from. It was written by the director at my high school. Edit: Here’s the full music: I’m not sure what style. Also, I can ask my ...
0
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1answer
48 views

How to find the the guitar notes in the staff notation if it starts from other than key of C

I can identify the open string in the key of C, but i don't know how to identify the open string if it starts from other than key of C,Can someone help me, I have shown below the music sheets Where ...
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4answers
226 views

Weird notation… Would anyone know?

So i found this weird notation that keeps popping up in this sheet... Would you know what that is ?
6
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3answers
116 views

What is this notation in Debussy's “Engulfed Cathedral”?

In light of the recent portato question at What do the dots and lines underneath these chords mean?, what did Debussy mean by the tied portato on the third quarter note of the second measure of ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Correct chord name for Am(maj7)add9?

Given the chord notes A-C-E-G#-B, what is the correct chord name assuming the song is in the key of Am? It is an E/Am polychord and the dissonance between the C and the B is the sound I'm seeking, ...
9
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2answers
1k views

What do the dots and lines underneath these chords mean?

The piece is called "Cello Melody"
2
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1answer
44 views

Difference between Martele & accent

I’m studying string articulations and I’m having trouble finding the difference between these off the bow articulations. Why should a composer choose to use martele in a situtuation instead of ...
4
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3answers
251 views

How could the medieval chants be classified before any notation was available?

We all have in mind the image of a medieval mode as a scale with a pattern of tones and semitones with a finalis, a specific range, etc. However, it seems that medieval chants were classified ...
3
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5answers
546 views

C Clef Showing Middle C on the Second Space: Printing Error, or Obscure Clef?

A friend of mine asked me for help on their theory assignment. Number 8 on the worksheet asked the student to write a certain scale with what appeared to be a standard alto clef, except that the point ...
3
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3answers
1k views

What is an “07” chord?

What chord does "D#07" refer to? I'd guess it's a kind of D# or D#7? /Em C /D /Em / / Baby, I've been waiting, I've been waiting night and day. Em ...
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4answers
1k views

Is there any open source notation software for indian shrutis?

I would like to write down Shruti music but I wasn't able to find notation software for that. Do you know any? edit: Live Playback would be a great feature.
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8answers
3k views

What is more proper notation in piano sheet music to denote that the left hand should be louder?

Sorry if this is a stupid question. In this passage I'm notating, the right hand has accentuating chords and the left hand carries the melody. I wonder whether I need to denote that (and if so, ...
4
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4answers
124 views

What is an altered chord?

A chord can be altered in many ways, but not all alterations make a chord an "altered" chord. Which alterations actually make a chord an altered chord? Do altered chords have special notation?
3
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2answers
74 views

How to notate a seventh chord without a fifth?

I read that when you take away the fifth in a seventh chord it's still considered a seventh chord. But how would you differentiate between a seventh chord with a fifth and without one? Like is there a ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What does /r mean in a score?

Does anyone know what the "/r" in this score might mean? Thank you so much...
3
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3answers
280 views

When to use 8va in musical notation?

I want to know after how many ledger lines should you start notating music with the 8va symbol. I have read that the flute often has music written on ledger lines. So up to how many ledger lines can a ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Guitar String Ringing

My guitar string is ringing after the intended note duration and I am having a hard time muting the open strings. It is like the LET RING technique of guitar. So when do you know if you should stop ...
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4answers
97 views

How to determine the downbeats of a time signature?

From what I understand of time signatures, the top number indicates the number of beats, except for compound or odd beats. Like 4/4 has 4 crotchet beats, while 6/8 has two groups of 3 quaver beats, so ...
9
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3answers
630 views

Drum kit notation for crashes at section starts

What is the best way to notate crashes for drum kit, that happen only occasionally, while the rest of the rhythm pattern remains unchanged? Or only at the beginning of a section, but with the rest of ...
27
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5answers
16k views

Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
20
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2answers
2k views

Which accidental continues through the bar?

Messiaen's Prelude for Organ (no opus number, discovered posthumously in 1997, composed probably circa 1929) is rife with ambiguous accidentals. Some can be figured out by examining similar passages, ...
2
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2answers
49 views

Usage of grace notes in a Yiddish music theater song

I found this particular usage of grace notes really confusing and would like do ask for some opinions. (I am very much an amateur without any formal music education). I tried to use MuseScore to ...
3
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1answer
36 views

How to make unpitched percussion and a pitched instrument share a staff in LilyPond?

For parts where the percussionist switches from vibraphone to maracas, for example, is there a way to combine the two on the same staff? IIRC, LilyPond treats normal staves and percussion staffs ...
3
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1answer
67 views

Display time signature as single number above the staff

Sometimes, when a piece of music has a frequently-changing time signature, the time signature is printed above the staff. In the following example, only the numerator is printed (the denominator is 4 ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Force bar numbers below the staff and chord names above in LilyPond

In the documentation for the bar number engraver, it's quite clear that the bar numbers were only ever intended to go above the staff. How do I override that behavior? It would make a part I'm ...
6
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2answers
179 views

What's the best way to notate this syncopation?

Trying to write out the first measure to "When I Get Low I Get High", I've read this answer, https://music.stackexchange.com/a/59262/63723, is this the best approach?
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2answers
70 views

What time signatures are best for choir music? [closed]

What time signatures are best for choir music? 4/4 or 2/4 or 2/2? The choice of 4 or 2 beats to the bar is governed by issues I raise in my other question. If 2/2 is better than 2/4, is 3/2 better ...
2
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1answer
34 views

How should choir music be notated to best suit how conductors need to conduct?

How should choir music be notated to best suit how conductors need to conduct, to make it easier for singers to follow the conductor? I see at least two issues here: what are the beats that the ...
20
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6answers
2k views

Scope of accidentals in measureless music

An accidental usually only lasts until the end of a measure, but what if there are no measures? I'm writing some music without bar lines (blame Satie) and am wondering what to do about notating ...