Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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2
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3answers
94 views

Usage of grace notes in a Yiddish music theater song

I found this particular usage of grace notes really confusing and would like do ask for some opinions. (I am very much an amateur without any formal music education). I tried to use MuseScore to ...
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2answers
477 views

Beginning of Chopin nocturne no.20: slur and tie confusion

In the opening bars of this c-sharp minor nocturne, we have the famous descending scales that are played twice, first in piano then in pianissimo. Here's a snapshot (source) of the part in question: ...
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2answers
620 views

Useless natural accidental? [duplicate]

Why is that natural accidental placed on that G? Does the slur extend the sharp on the previous measure to the next one? That wouldn't make sense for the bass though.
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0answers
33 views

Why are accidentals sometimes provided when not necessary? [duplicate]

Here’s an example from Bach’s Fugue in Ab major from WTC book 1: In the last bar of this image you can see they put an Ab in the left hand and a G natural in both the left and right hands. Since ...
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4answers
6k views

In a piano score, what is the meaning of a V with a dot in it

In a beginners piano scorebook, under the last cord there is a V with a dot in it. I searched but can't find what it could mean. In case that matters, it's a French book. There is no other place in ...
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3answers
69 views

How to write inverted 7th chords

I am trying to write the inverted G7 chord on the treble clef and in the attached images there are two bars. I believe the first bar in this score is correct. I am guessing so because this is what my ...
7
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3answers
132 views

Note with two stems in snare drum part [Ravel's Miroir]: What is the result?

This is part of the snare drum part from Ravel's Miroirs No. 4: Alborado del Gracioso (The jester's aubade). What is the effect of both sticks playing the same note? If the sticks coincide precisely ...
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3answers
1k views

What clef is this? (Baroque, Vivaldi)

What is this clef in Vivaldi RV281? This is the only source of the concerto is available ( at least without buying it, which is the manuscript). The piece did have a few weird clefs like an octave ...
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2answers
569 views

In Ravel's Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor à cordes - what are the flute and clarinet doing here?

In Ravel's Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor à cordes, the flute and clarinet seem to start doing some very fluttery tremolo arpeggiations in the first theme - I THINK ...
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3answers
2k views

why is guitar music written one octave higher?

I was always a guitar player and so I never really cared about the difference but since starting piano it is a bit annoying writing the guitar parts since I always have to transpose by an octave. Is ...
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1answer
44 views

How do I represent these measures (bends and prebends) in GuitarPro?

I was reading through a book when I came across this lick. I tried to represent it in guitar pro but am finding difficulty. Can you please help me with this lick? I understand that these are grace ...
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3answers
2k views

What does it mean when a dotted half note has two dots instead of one?

I know one dot on the dotted half note means to play the note for 3 beats, but what do two dots mean:
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5answers
230 views

Is there a 2/3 time signature, or “cut-time” equivalent for 3/4?

Here's a passage written in 3/4 time: (The composer uses an ambiguous shorthand after the first measure, but assume that where he wrote dotted-half tremolos he intended for the passage to be played 3 ...
12
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1answer
643 views

What does the L-shaped symbol attached to C5 and G4 on the top staff mean?

I am trying to learn Kiss The Rain by Yiruma, and I am learning from a score published on musescore. Source: https://musescore.com/user/27057308/scores/4838600 I was confused by the L-shaped line ...
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2answers
101 views

Accidental in parenthesis (not courtesy)

This is the 24th measure of Bach's Minuet in G major BWV Anh 116. What does the parenthesis mean? In the previous measure the D has a #, but it shouldn't carry over. Re this piece, I have seen 3 ...
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5answers
2k views

Understanding guitar music sheet

I am a beginner and I have some really basic questions regarding the notations of this guitar sheet music and how to read them. First, what is the purpose of the chord's names above the staff ? Also ...
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4answers
798 views

Are notes played on the beat [always] played louder?

I know that the 4/4 time signature is played as [ONE-two-Three-four]. But in the third beat of the first measure there are two 8th notes; the first one coinciding with the beat. So would they be ...
6
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8answers
41k views

In 3/2 time why is a whole-note rest used as a bar's rest when a whole-note doesn't fill the measure?

A bar's duration is measured in beats and can be represented using a whole note. So, a bar duration in beats is just a whole note. So isn't a 3/2 measure just spilling over? 3 half notes is equal to ...
6
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1answer
58 views

can ABC notate multiple chords over a single held note?

In ABC notation, is there a way to notate a long held note with multiple guitar chords? The naive approach "F" "D7" "F#dim" C8- | produces this, which isn't right The obvious approach of ...
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1answer
392 views

Why aren't there barlines in the piano solo parts in Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5?

In the beginning of this piece you'll notice that the piano solo part has no barlines. Why? And why does he use 16th notes? How can a "16th" note have any meaning without barlines (not to ...
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3answers
19k views

What are parenthesis used for in notation?

I have seen parenthesis occasionally used in notation and would like to know what they mean. Here are some examples of them I have collected. Around a note: Around an Appoggiatura: Around a ...
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3answers
808 views

What does syntaxes like T1, D2, and p3 mean in music notation?

I was reviewing tonal harmony basic guidelines when I came across the article Keyboard-style voice-leading schemata and it had notation like this: I haven't seen syntax like this before, what's it ...
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4answers
1k views

Note in parenthesis: optional or ghost note?

According to this answer, the following parenthesis designate an optional note: The answer currently has 20 upvotes, while another answer claiming it is a ghost note has -1. Seems pretty definitive, ...
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6answers
146 views

Issue with notes going over the time signature

I'm transferring this score to Finale, am almost at the end of it, and I'm really confused as to how this works. There are 16th notes between the 8th notes, probably done with another layer, but then ...
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1answer
582 views

24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure; Tuplets?

They're not labeled tuplets, but they probably are since there cannot be 24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure. They don't appear to be a standard triplet though since it still doesn't fit (with each triplet ...
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1answer
413 views

Difference between time signatures [duplicate]

What is the difference between 4/4 and 8/8 time? 4/4 means 4 crotchets in a bar and 8/8 means 8 quavers in a bar, but 4 crotchets mean 8 quavers. Is it just a question of notation? If so, why isn't ...
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1answer
92 views

What is the internal harmony of this Liszt melody?

This is an exercise taken out of Walter Piston’s Harmony (4th ed). Let me know how you would change my progression. Thanks!
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2answers
1k views

Mystery bowing notation

A cellist friend asked if I had come across this coloured in cross marking (hourglass?) in bar 35 and it has me stumped. (Beethoven Sonatina, so you can discount any crazy new music articulation.) ...
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2answers
95 views

What does the symbol with a squiggly line mean? [duplicate]

What does the symbol above mean?
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1answer
51 views

Tie instead of a Rest in Keyboard Staff notation

Hello, I am learning Keyboard notation. Want to know why a tie is used across bar lines . Why can't they use a rest in bar 2?
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3answers
107 views

What symbols on piano sheet music shows what hand should play what?

I learned to read music to a certain level as a child and since retiring have started learning piano again, but no matter how many books I read, I can't figure out when reading sheet music when you ...
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3answers
1k views

What does this notation mean?

What does the prime symbol above the note mean? I have not seen it before. This is from Haydn's Variations in F minor
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2answers
92 views

Am I notating this 2 layered staccato right?

How should I notate syncopations happening at the level of the sixteenth note? I'm composing a piece and in the piano accompaniment, there are 2 layers of staccato, one being on beat eighth notes so 1 ...
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3answers
73 views

Scope of natural accidental inside a bar

I have a question about natural accidental and its scope inside a bar. As far as I know, all accitentals should last until end of the bar and they affect all following notes on the same line in this ...
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2answers
51 views

How to notate a 16:15 frequency in just intonation?

I've often came across tables just chromatic scales like so: C: 1:1 C#: 16:15 D: 9:8 And so forth. I know that at least in Ben Johnston notation, the sharp sign implies that a note's frequency is ...
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1answer
89 views

What is the biggest chord ever written for orchestra?

Firstly I must define what I mean by "biggest". I mean the chord that has the most differently named notes in it not counting duplicates. Initially I was assuming equal temperament but if ...
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2answers
1k views

Two angled lines in a study score

I’m studying Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 and have come across two lines which look like they are intended to save paper in just showing the musical lines that are playing? They are everywhere, the ...
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1answer
124 views

What are these arrows?

I have played the guitar for 6 years now and have never seen this notation. What do these arrows mean? EDIT: Bach Chaconne, arrangement by Edson Lopes, classical guitar (for electric guitar players: ...
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5answers
3k views

“crescendo” vs hair pin

symphony no.1 movement 1 page 16 by the string sections Working on Peter I. Tchaikovsky first symphony manuscript Conductor score. I came to a interesting observation. On the same page all ...
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2answers
97 views

Notation of portamento

I have two measures (in treble clef) of a soprano voice, the first starting on the higher c and the second ending on the c an octave lower. I would like to notate a portamento that starts on the ...
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2answers
81 views

Mixed 3:5 rhythm with ordinary notes

I've got this rhythm which has a 3:5 bit (the three notes in the top go against the first five in the bottom - the final rest in each bar is in-line to make up the bar of 6/8) and I've sketched out ...
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4answers
3k views

Are whole notes/rests really used to signify variable lengths of time?

I saw this answer and I thought the guy was absolutely crazy for assuming that a whole note automatically equaled one measure regardless of time signature. However, there does appear to be more than ...
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2answers
71 views

Which symbol should I use to indicate “transpose”?

I'm making an online chord database, and I want symbols instead of words to label everything, so it can be used by non English speakers. E.g. instead of "Home" I have a picture of a house. I ...
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2answers
62 views

Is there a more compact way of notating two-note duplet division tremolos?

Is there a really compact way of notating the following bar? I'm already using slash notehead on beats 2 and 3 to indicate "repeat the previous beat". But is there some way of writing just a ...
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3answers
74 views

#11 versus 6th in musical notation

I am a new guy here--having a hard time with this any help will be much appreciated--I have seen a chord described as Abmaj7/add 6 versus Abmaj7 #11 are they the same but written differently? Many ...
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4answers
94 views

Do brackets between staves indicating which hand to use apply to the entire measure?

In the fourth and sixth measures (shown above) how should the brackets be interpreted? Should all subsequent notes in the treble clef with stems pointing downward be played with the left hand? Or only ...
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6answers
2k views

What is the point in writing an appoggiatura?

An appoggiatura is a small grace note written to suspend the resolution of a chord. It takes half of the actual note's value, usually. So, why write that when it could be written out with ordinary ...
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1answer
58 views

How to count this rhythm notation? [duplicate]

This is bar 3 of an arrangement of Clair de Lune in 9/8. What is the meaning of the 2 above the beam? The first C is played on beat 4, so the 4 remaining notes in the bar need to cover 6 beats. Which ...
0
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1answer
94 views

What is a line prall?

I am composing a melody for piano in Musescore, and after experimenting on a particular note with various ornaments (i.e. trills, mordents, etc.) I decided to use a 'line prall'. It sounded good, so I ...
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10answers
15k views

Does an accidental apply to all octaves?

I've been playing French Horn for 20 years, and thought I had most basic concepts regarding accidentals understood. But the other day I came across the following image via Wikipedia, which had me ...

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