Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Confusion in Base, Scales and Sargam

I am learning and playing flute from Youtube on my own for over 10 months now but there are some questions and doubts that still confuse me. Now according to me no matter what the bass of flute is the ...
2
votes
3answers
132 views

How does one know which F (or other note) to play?

I am trying to learn how to read sheet music for my guitar. I am starting with this beginner exercise, but I am confused on how I am supposed to know, for example, which F note to play when it comes ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What form is a Waltz in? [closed]

What form is a waltz in? I've heard lots of things coming from lots of people but it is not very clear. I need it for a music theory study.
8
votes
4answers
919 views

Correct notation of ghost notes depending on note duration

Chords, notes and rests can generally be notated to show a duration of 1, 1/2, 1/4 etc. beats but how do I do that for ghost notes - i.e. those with an 'x' as a head. I can find examples of a quarter ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

Note that is played along with another chord

What does E+ mean? I am playing Some Enchanted Evening and this is added along with a C note.
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

What is the reason for writing the notes according to the key of the melody? [duplicate]

When writing notes on the staff, we first indicate a key and then it affects all notes on the staff, making them sharp or flat. But I could instead indicate that all my staffs are in C major, and then ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

What do back-to-back crescendo-decrescendo (“<>”) markings mean?

Okay, So I understand the staccato and crescendo and diminuendo markings, and the accent mark... But what does the less than and greater than mark that I highlighted mean? This is Czerny, First ...
12
votes
1answer
524 views

What is this open, vertical rectangular symbol?

In Rautavaara's Second Piano Sonata, first movement, beginning 20 bars before the end, there is a tablature-like symbol. What does it mean?
4
votes
4answers
238 views

When should one use flats or sharps when transcribing? [closed]

All I know is that: if the song has an F chord then it should be flats but if it has a B chord it should be sharps In this song, the chords are Dm B♭ F C and a transition chord which is C♯dim/D♭dim ...
9
votes
1answer
802 views

What does “x” mean in piano fingering?

In many of Louis Moreau Gottshalk's scores, such as "Minuit á Séville", measures 16 - 18 (see below), the fingering is written "x" and not a digit. What does it mean? I interpret &...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

How do I get chords that last half a measure to display correctly in 6/8 in LilyPond / Frescobaldi?

I am currently using a lead sheet template to make a reference lead sheet for someone (I am looking to see if the chords that I found are correct, but that is a whole other problem). In LilyPond / ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

ornamentation in keyboard music of William Byrd

I'm working through some tunes by Byrd, and am wondering about the ornamentation, the two diagonal slashes through the note stem. As far as I can tell, we don't actually know what the composers of ...
6
votes
2answers
171 views

What does this V-Shaped Slur denote?

It looks like a regular slur, but at an obtuse angle. This example is from Liszt's Mephisto Waltz No. 1, where it connects an F natural to an E. I have only seen this a couple of times, so I'm just ...
34
votes
12answers
34k views

What does this note - B# - mean?

I'm confused as to how I should play the second note below, B#. Does it mean it's C? It is possible? In which case, why is it written like this, and not just C?
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Transcribing music which has no obvious metre

I am about halfway through transcribing Ryo Fukui's "Early Summer", but I am having trouble figuring out how to notate the rhythm for the introduction (0:00 - 0:44) since I can't identify ...
6
votes
1answer
97 views

Divisi in Tchaikovsky Serenade for Strings

I am looking at the score for Tchaikovsky's Serenade for Strings op.48, Violins I section, and I can see that there are double-stops. It is not marked divisi, but I'm listening to some recordings and ...
58
votes
7answers
35k views

Why is C the base note of standard notation and keys?

Why is it that notes "start" with C? In key signatures, for example, C Major is the basis and accidentals are added for all other key signatures. I know that the musical alphabet starts with A and ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

Different accidental notations for the same key within the same measure

Mozart sonata K545, first movement, measure 32, the same key appearing twice, as Db and C#, respectively (see circles in image). Is it because this way it looks more uniform like in the previous ...
11
votes
3answers
934 views

Is it best to use a tie when using 8th notes off the beat?

I am notating my bongos in 4/4. If you look at the last two bars, they are the same rhythm but notated differently. Can you tell me if the 3rd or 4th bar would be the most correct way to notate the ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Smaller scripts on guitar tablature

Above picture there are some notes are written smaller does it mean play slightly more silent?
3
votes
3answers
526 views

How to play eighths (quavers) interspersed only with quarter notes (crotchets) in swing time

I am currently learning saxophone, and I've recently been introduced to jazz compositions (after playing classical music for a few months). The second measure here has had me puzzled for a few weeks ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Notation of piano arpeggios, cross-staff and between hands

I need opinions on the notation of cross-staff notes in piano arpeggios. I chose not to write the usual rests so that my page would have a clean look. I cannot beam the notes of the whole arpeggio ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Is cross-staff beaming helpful or confusing?

I'm writing a fairly simple piano piece which has a repeated pattern which crosses staves/hands. I think it looks clearer musically to write it with cross-staff beaming as in the first bar below, but ...
8
votes
1answer
329 views

Does music have a relative interval notation?

A melody can be written in a type of relative notation, where we don't think in notes but rather in relative intervals. X - means choose any note 0 - means hit note again where you are positive - ...
2
votes
5answers
189 views

Are these notes (circled)?

This is from bass learning book. How are these G, D, G, D in red? Shouldn’t they be B, A, B, B? Sorry again, just starting out on electric bass.
3
votes
3answers
113 views

What is the correct terminology/notation for playing notes in a chord at the same time, and not as an arpeggio?

It is very common for interpreters of sheet music — especially string players — to roll chords. What is the notation to specify that all notes should sound at once? I had thought it was a square ...
2
votes
3answers
79 views

What are your techniques to research music basics signs, theory and for sheet music?

There are many questions about music basics, scales, keys, signs, harmony, chords etc. which could be answered by own researches if people had better strategies for searching. This is because they don'...
20
votes
8answers
3k views

I don't understand the bottom number in a time signature

I've learned that 4/4 means 4 beats with the kind of beat being a crotchet. However, I've seen pieces with that time signature that don't just use crotchets, but minims, quavers, etc. I am still a ...
21
votes
9answers
3k views

Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language

I am working with a student in with a developmental delay. He basically cannot understand spoken or written language at all, so he has to learn by observation. He has expressed much interest in music, ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Writing syncopes in harmonic grids

I am learning how to write a harmonic grid and I wondered how to write a syncope? I thought about doing: If that makes sense? Is it the standard notation?
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Help with same note next to each other but different values? [duplicate]

For the Treble Clef: Is The "D" played only once and at which value? What is the purpose of this notation?
5
votes
4answers
445 views

Rhythm notation syncopation over the third beat

I found this copy of Sloop John B online... I wanted different line breaks so re-notated it. But I changed the rhythm notation to use ties to the third beat... What is the right way to notate these ...
6
votes
2answers
415 views

Hollow, x-shaped noteheads

I came across this line of sheet music, and I've never seen these hollow "x" shaped noteheads before. I found it in this search engine, and the title or lyric seems to be in Chinese. I wasn'...
11
votes
5answers
508 views

Function of augmented-fifth in figured bass

What is the harmonic function of the 5+ in the figured bass in the following snippet? If I have interpreted the figuring correctly, a F♯ figured 5+ should realise the triad F♯ A C𝄪. I am confused ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the clearest way to notate this rhythm?

What would be the clearest way to notate this rhythm? There are multiple ways to represent this; should I clearly represent the beat or use the least amount of rhythm notes as possible? Is this ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Highly irregular beaming in this Liszt piece - is phrasal beaming a no-no or not?

The piece is Liszt's Heroischer Marsch im Ungarischem Stil, S.231, and the passage is this (measures 57-64). Notice how irregular the beaming is in the right hand, going across barlines and grouping ...
3
votes
2answers
64 views

Correct notation of rhythm in 6/8 time [duplicate]

I am writing a bass part in 6/8 time. I'm not sure which is the correct way of notating the following rhythm, although I suspect bar 2 is easier to read. Is this a matter of opinion or is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Is it possible to combine accent and tremolo in notation?

I want to have a strings part with tremolo, like used for example on the beginning of the 4th movement in Beethoven's 6th Symphony. But I also want the beginning of every such note to be accented. In ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

To what extent do performers “hear” sheet music?

Sheet music enables instrumental performers who are able to read music notation (a pianist, orchestral instrument players, a jazz band, etc.) or singers to perform a song or piece. Presumably some ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

How can I use a custom text font in LilyPond?

I'm trying to use the "Hiragino Mincho ProN" font for Japanese text on the title, but I don't know how to use fonts, not even the other default ones (Sans and Typewriter). I don't have any ...
13
votes
2answers
25k views

What does this indication mean?

On the Jazz Theory Book, there is this example to be played on the piano: I've never had any piano training/lessons, so I don't really know the indications. What does 'Led' (or is it 'Σed') mean?
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Questions on note grouping and beaming for 3+3+2 rhythm

EDIT: The questions below still apply, but here is an updated edit that I think looks a lot cleaner. Any thoughts? Regarding this piece with a 3+3+2 rhythm, I have a few more questions regarding ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

What's the difference with this 'cross-staff' notation? [duplicate]

Sometimes I see this cross-staff notation. I'm not even 100% sure cross-staff is the right word for it. The two sets of half notes are joined on both clefs. They are identical but what's the ...
5
votes
2answers
93 views

How should one play those codas?

In the below arrangement of "Ah Istanbul" by Sezen Aksu, how should one play all those codas and segno?
6
votes
5answers
822 views

Best way to notate 3+3+2 syncopated rhythm

I'm arranging a piece in 4/4 with a syncopated 3+3+2 Latin rhythm throughout, and am wondering which (if either) would be the better way to notate. Here's the first notation, which emphasizes these 3+...
18
votes
8answers
8k views

Why aren't chord names written in classical sheet music?

When I see classical sheet music I don't see the chords named, were chords not used back then? And if they were, do the notes that are under a bass clef generally outline the shapes of chords? I only ...
3
votes
4answers
242 views

How do you interpret the symbols in Erwin Schulhoff's “In futurum”?

One of the pieces that I am researching is the third movement of Funf Pittoresken, "In futurum". IMSLP link to the score pg 8 This composition has a few notations that I am at a loss at how ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What does this number and line mean under these violin notes?

What do these numbers and the short line under the notes mean?
4
votes
1answer
792 views

How do I enter Segno, Coda, D.S. al Coda into TuxGuitar?

I've figured out TuxGuitar for the most part, and although I can do simple repeats, I can't find where "D.S. al Coda", "To Coda", and the symbol buttons are. How do I enter Segno, Coda, D.S. al Coda ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Keys and major pentatonic, minor pentatonic or minor harmonic scales [closed]

Are Keys with minor or major pentatonic and minor harmonic scales named differently or how do you discern the scale based on the key if it's pentatonic or harmonic instead of natural?

1
2
3 4 5
35