Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about understanding notation and the use of it. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
3answers
91 views

Do I change the key signature or add accidentals for a section in a different key?

I am composing a piano piece that starts out in G# minor (which is the set key) and later on I have a section that goes into E major. For that section, do I simply just change the key signature, or ...
6
votes
2answers
87 views

Would an accidental in a mordant still be effective for the whole measure?

This is from Bach's Chromatic Fantasie and Fugue: This would obviously be played D, C#, D. Let's say that there was a C on the same octave later in that measure. Would the C be sharp?
3
votes
4answers
577 views

How do you write a dominant ninth in fourth inversion?

How do you write in music notation a dominant ninth chord in its fourth inversion? I only know of the ways to write first, second and third inversion. Fourth I have never come across.
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Figured bass and ties

How does one play figured bass when the bass line contains ties? For example, here are the first three measures of Vivaldi's "Filiae maestae Jerusalem" (sheet music source). Do I understand ...
1
vote
2answers
203 views

Notation problems in ABCjs

In the below ABCjs sample: X: 1 T: Symphony No. 7 C: Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) R: Langsam (Adagio) M: 4/4 L: 1/4 K: Bm [F,^G,B,D]/z//[F,G,B,D]///[F,G,B,D]/// [F,G,B,D]/z//[F,G,B,D]///[F,G,B,D]/// !///...
1
vote
1answer
233 views

Note Positioning: .abc files and note length

Sequel to this question... sorta: Understanding MIDI Files I'm using Starbound Composer to directly edit a .midi file. I'm not really sure if it's .abc or .midi that's the main focus here. BGM ~ The ...
6
votes
2answers
946 views

How do I notate sharps in ABC notation?

I'm trying to convert the dozenal representation of tau (=2*pi) to a series of notes. I was trying to use ABC notation, but I don't know how to indicate sharps or flats. I'd like to use a notation as ...
26
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the limitations of the ABC notation format?

This question came up in a discussion on Meta, and I thought it might be a good question to ask on the general site. ABC notation is a relatively simple text-based format for writing music scores ...
8
votes
1answer
692 views

Why use cross notes in sheet music for hip hop tracks?

This is an excerpt from the sheet music for a song by Eminem. What do the cross notes mean, and what is their purpose? Why not use normal notes? (I see this frequently in hip-hop sheet music.)
5
votes
2answers
346 views

What are the diatonic extended chords of C major?

I saw this question about 9ths, but I'd like to know what the diatonic chords of 11ths and 13ths as well. This isn't strictly for jazz, I just want to know what the basic diatonic chords are. I'm ...
15
votes
3answers
525 views

Is the Baroque Schleifer, slide, or glissando symbol evolved from the Gregorian chant quilisma?

I posted this question on Wikipedia a year ago, with no answers. These two musical signs look eerily similar. The Baroque Schleifer or slide (see Wikipedia page): The quilisma in Gregorian chant (...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

What is the point of repeating the same dynamic mark?

See this video The audio is the orchestral version of Shosty 7, but the video shows a two piano arrangement, which is what the question is about. If you look at 1:06:...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Quintuplet over 3/16th

For quintuplets over 4/16th notes I can use 16th note quintuplet. For quintuplets over 2/16th notes I can use 32nd note quintuplet. Is there any notation for quintuplets over 3/16th notes? Imagine ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

Notation for strumming piano strings

At this piece of mine, I have the pianist (at an upright piano, with the front lid removed) at a certain point holding down a chord with his left hand and with his right hand strumming the strings of ...
6
votes
2answers
398 views

Irrational meter - why the mark of a triplet in 4 half notes

Can someone please explain to me why the mark of a triplet in this 4 half notes? I understood how to play it but from what i read you can only write triplets on 3 notes like 3 eighths 3 quarters etc......
13
votes
12answers
14k views

Tablature vs. standard music notation? (guitar)

Under what circumstances should I write down "TAB" (tablature) or just regular music notation or both? I know how to read and write both of them, but I'm not sure which I should use for my songs when ...
11
votes
5answers
939 views

Which instrument (generally) has to read the largest number of clefs?

I recently had a (light-hearted) argument with a violin-playing friend, I play the trombone and we were discussing which instrument is more difficult to play. We talked about the relative difficulty ...
3
votes
4answers
160 views

Are there any simple ways to improve the sound quality of songs I made in MuseScore?

I have composed several tracks using MuseScore. I exported these as MIDIs and played them on my phone to my friend. His comment was: "It sounds like the music from an old computer game like Super ...
8
votes
2answers
141 views

Piano Pedal Notation P, Pw, with and without *

I'm transcribing a piano reduction of Suppé's Light Cavalry into MuseScore. This particular score has pedal notation P. *, Pw. *, and then some parts where there's no *. I'm assuming (perhaps ...
5
votes
2answers
353 views

How to notate a (harp) glissando extending beyond the first beat of the next bar

I want to write a harp glissando that starts at the end of one bar (Bar 1) and ends in the next bar (Bar 2), only rather than end on the first beat of Bar 2, I want it to extend an 8th further, as ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

When to use tied notes vs. an unconnected “laissez vibrer” (l.v.) tie?

Consider this little passage on the orchestral bass drum (time is 4/4), where bars 62 and 63 are meant to be played identically: I want to indicate clearly that the third note (second 8th) is meant ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

The metre/rhythm of classical guitar piece “Recuerdos de la Alhambra”

In all sheets I can find the famous piece "Recuerdos de la Alhambra" for classical guitar (see these search results) is written in 3/4. But in some way I hear it most of the time as a 4/4 with a 2/4; ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is this 4th-note written as two 8th-notes tied together?

In the second measure of the first voice, the 8th notes are tied together in pairs. Why would it be notated this way instead of as fourth-notes?
2
votes
0answers
31 views

How do you play the triplets in Chopin's prelude no 4 in e minor? [duplicate]

I'm learning Chopin's prelude no 4 in e minor and have a question about the sheet music: In the first and seventh measure in the picture, there is a 3 under the c and e respectively. Previously I ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

How to transition between notes in Bansuri

Ok, at this point, I am teaching myself Bansuri (A Scale) by playing simple tunes 10-15 min a day (totally swamped nowadays) Playing Om Jai Jagdish Hare it quite straightforward (plus I am familiar ...
17
votes
4answers
853 views

Odd symbol in Béla Bartók's Mikrokosmos Book 1

Today I came across an odd symbol in Béla Bartók's Microkosmos. The symbol occurs in Book 1, Score 21, Measure 8, at the end of a phrasing slur. It looks like a vertical bar that crosses only the ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Roman numeral chord notation in minor scale?

I need help to understand chord intervals (not single note intervals) explains what the numbers I, IV, vi, III+ usually stand for in major chord theory. But what's it like with a minor scale? What ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Why is there a natural symbol on the second note? [duplicate]

Just begining to learn to read musical scores. I don't understand why there is a natural on the second note of the 9th measure, since there is no previous sharp or flat? I assume the natural in the ...
8
votes
2answers
429 views

Rests in pickup measure (anacrusis)

Which of the following examples is correct? I know that in regular measures you can use the whole rest to indicate a complete measure of rest in any time signature, but does that also apply to a ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

What is a good app, software or other efficient method to type out staff notations? [closed]

I’m asking for suggestions and recommendations from music theory educators who often need to prepare music lesson notes and set tests that will require a lot of staff notation images, for e.g. an ...
24
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it true that cut time means “play twice as fast as written”?

I was just reading an e-book and saw this sentence which really confused me: "Played twice as fast as written" - This isn't what cut time actually means right, or are there situations where cut time ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

A repeat barline in the middle of a tie

How would I play a tie when a barline is in the middle of it? Here is an example: In the picture, there is a tie, which has a repeat sign in the middle. When I play the repeat inside of the repeat, ...
8
votes
0answers
102 views

Baroque notation question

Here's a snippet from a 1624 facsimile of Juan Arañés' "Libro Segundo de Tonos y Villancicos". This is a rather syncopated, lively song, with a time signature of C3. Note values seem to be ...
5
votes
1answer
145 views

What are the notes on this instrument? [duplicate]

I happen to have what I believe is called a bansuri. It seems to be of Chinese or Indian origin from what I can find out on Google, but I don't seem to be able to find note equivalents for it in a ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Grace notes at beginning of “A Media Luz”

I'm trying to transcribe some part of "A media luz" from this video. Here it is what I did: I'm wondering if there is an alternative way to notate the first four notes. Could I use graces notes or ...
2
votes
2answers
378 views

Alto saxophone fingering for notes written below the staff

I am a beginner on the alto saxophone. I understand the fingering for playing notes on the staff but I do not understand the fingering for playing notes below the staff. Sometimes there are two extra ...
3
votes
4answers
318 views

How does the staff work above/below the main lines?

With a G clef the pattern seems to be A B C D E F G repeated. Does it repeat for all octaves above/below the main lines as well? Is it the same pattern of semitones added recursively or how does it ...
18
votes
6answers
3k views

Why does standard notation not preserve intervals (visually)

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about music theory but ...) The notes A, B are a whole step apart, and B, C are a semitone apart, yet their distance in standard notation is the same visually (from a ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

What does this 'x' mean on the stem of the voice's note, above the notehead?

I was looking at the score for Arnold Schoenberg's Pierrot lunaire (On Youtube), and on the voice staff none of the notes are connected with each other and they have this x or * on their stem: What ...
16
votes
5answers
3k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
7
votes
2answers
826 views

What's the name for when you write multiple voices on same staff? And are there any cons?

When I transcribe music for piano I always use the grand staff and notate the left hand (which often is the bass voice) on the lower staff, everything else on the upper one. When I do it for a guitar ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

Guiro part notation using cross notes

Here's a picture of a Guiro part in drum notation: In a Guiro part, what does it mean when there are cross notes? I've seen other Guiro parts elsewhere that use the same line placement but with ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Should these notes be played as a chord or one after another?

A fairly basic sight reading question coming up... Are these notes (highlighted) intended to be played as a single chord or one after the other? They are so close together that they could be played as ...
17
votes
4answers
7k views

Tell pianist to play entire piece softly, except one part

I've composed a short melody, however I'm very new to all this piano theory, how would I tell the pianist to play the entire piece softly? (mp, not pp), and how would I write exceptions for specific ...
1
vote
3answers
115 views

Quick conversion between concert pitch and written notes

I've always been intrigued/annoyed/interested by the nature of transposing instruments, and specifically, recently I've been getting into discussions with my saxophonist friends. Lately, I've found ...
2
votes
3answers
283 views

How are 13th chords with alterations “shorthand” written?

My question is a general curiosity because on StackExchange and other sites I haven't found a complete answer that I can get my head around. I've read through the existing 13th discussions and am ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Is it common to combine multiple voices in one piano staff, even if they don't fit the time signature?

I'm a beginner/intermediate sheet reader and struggling a bit with a current piano piece ("He sleeps" from Pretty Woman). The only arrangement I could find uses a notation which makes it hard to ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

Understanding ties

I'm rather new to playing the piano and reading sheet music. Because of this fact I want make sure that I understand this correctly and have been doing it right. Does the tie in the second measure ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

How to read rhythm when note stems and beams are used to indicate fingering [closed]

In Georg Anton Benda's keyboard sonatas there are many examples of beaming used NOT to show rhythm but to show which hand to use. This was how my problem with the notation was explained to me by an ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

was the 12/16 measure usual in the time of Bach?

We met today this work by Bach with this strange time - strange to me as I've never met before this meter. Of course it is possible ... but I ask if someone knows another composition with this meter, ...