Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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5
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2answers
425 views

Notating three simultaneous notes of different durations for piano

On the same staff, how do I notate three simultaneous notes of different duration? For example, half notes on middle C and the C above and four eighth notes on the G inbetween
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3answers
77 views

Music Notation adding notes doesn't always match time signature [duplicate]

A couple weeks back I got into piano and now after synesthesia experiments and learning basic stuff. I'm trying to teach myself reading music scores correctly. Went smooth till this presented below ...
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3answers
79 views

Repeat bar lines in early music

I am looking for explanations on how to interpret the repeat bar lines used during the 17th century and specifically for German music. The sign ':||:' seems to be employed at that time for repeating ...
3
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1answer
526 views

Is there a difference between 'decrescendo' and 'diminuendo'?

I'm a lifelong musician, and this is something I've always wondered about. I know that decrescendo translates to "decreasing" and diminuendo to "diminishing", but does this have any practical ...
3
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3answers
143 views

why is the most common note length in music the quarter note?

I am new to learning piano and most of the notes I see in scores are in the length of a quarter note, and the time signatures I see are in 4/4. My question is if the quarter note is used so often, ...
5
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8answers
805 views

Converting a 3/4 melody to a 2/4 march, any tips?

So, I'm writing a Theme and Variations piece using the Happy Birthday melody. And I am writing it for a string quartet. I know I will have or already have these variations: Eighth note variation - ...
11
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3answers
2k views

What note values cannot be represented in conventional notation?

Using dots, ties and tuplets of standard note values (whole, half, quarter, etc.), are there values that cannot be represented? Examples: 1/8 is an eighth 7/16 is a two-dotted-quarter 15/8 is a ...
4
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1answer
52 views

Dotted bar lines of different height

I’m studying many scores and have come across a ‘dotted bar line’. The first time I have encountered this. After some initial research I do see their purpose. To make the music clearer to understand,...
18
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6answers
3k views

Why does standard notation not preserve intervals (visually)

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about music theory but ...) The notes A, B are a whole step apart, and B, C are a semitone apart, yet their distance in standard notation is the same visually (from a ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Slur or tie rule for chords in piano

I know there are a lot of questions asking related points but I haven't found an identical question to mine. Question: Is there a rule for identifying a tie from a slur in piano chords? Do you need ...
7
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2answers
744 views

12 bar blues notation

I'm trying to put a 12 bar blues to paper but the notes don't add up. It will be C/F/G and I have the rhythm like so (just the C here): but something isn't right (and what's more, my baby done left ...
5
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2answers
12k views

What does the '°' notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: D° can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
2
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4answers
172 views

Cross-staff conflict

How can I achieve to have tied notes from the previous measure and cross-staff situation, when the notes which are in the Bass clef, technically in the Treble clef? No program (I tried Sibelius and ...
0
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1answer
124 views

Can someone please explain this symbol? [closed]

I'm trying to learn this piece that is called "Waltz in A minor" and I don't know to play that little symbol.
1
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1answer
77 views

how to read quarter notes and half notes in 3/4 time?

I have a question about reading sheet music for pieces in 3/4 time signature. Attached is a bar in the bass clef from Waltz No. 2, Shostakovitch which has one dotted half note (D) and two quarter ...
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2answers
105 views

How to notate staccato on notes tied across a barline?

I'm a bit stuck on how I feel it's most appropriate to place staccato in a piece I'm writing. The excerpt below is not from the piece I'm working on -- I just wrote up a phrase to show how this ...
1
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2answers
40 views

How do you notate the use of an effect pedal? What precedents are there?

In my WIP, the first two phrases don't ask for any effects, and the third measure onwards requires a Leslie simulator to be switched on (and as to why I'm being so specific for this piece, it is ...
12
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8answers
3k views

Can you not Slur notes of the same pitch?

Is this true? I can't help but feel it is not? a slur does not connect two or more notes of the same pitch Source: https://easypianobasics.com/ties-and-slurs/ Kind of makes sense, you may wish ...
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4answers
79 views

How can I easily get (or generate) images of single notes of written music?

Here is an image of what I am hoping to retrieve (or generate) from somewhere: I need something similar for different pitches. I could make screenshots in Musescore (or some other musical editor), ...
1
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0answers
85 views

What does this 'm' or 'w' shaped symbol mean? [duplicate]

Here are two pictures of this m-shaped symbol. One is from a Bach chorale prelude and the other from a hymn melody by Martin Luther.
4
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2answers
539 views

Unknown Music Notation for Vocals

I would to ask what the notation circled in red meant. Thank you
7
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3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of these lines connecting notes?

I am trying to use a software called guitar pro to copy the sheet music and play the tracks. I am currently stuck in this track as I am not able to understand what does the dot and the little symbol ...
1
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2answers
155 views

What are the non-standard note heads (triangle, cross) in this piano sheet?

I have never seen this kind of notation on a piano score before? Does anyone know what they are?
6
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1answer
139 views

How to hide individual staff lines in lilypond?

How can individual staff lines be hidden in lilypond? E.g. in \new DrumStaff \with { \override StaffSymbol.line-count = #3 } << \drummode { << { r4 hh } \\ ...
10
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1answer
936 views

What is this symbol that looks like an elongated “L” on the left-hand piano staff, and how can I write it in Musescore?

I'm writing out the Bärenreiter version of Bach Concerto for two violins BWV 1043 on Musescore, and have come across an odd symbol in the left hand piano part. Here is a picture - the elongated L ...
2
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3answers
128 views

Repeat markings

When a portion of music, say 16 bars from the start, has a repeat sign at the end of that 16th bar, the direction means go back and start again. The sign I mean is II: at the beginning. So why do some ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Change in horizontal lyric spacing in 2.20.0?

I have been typesetting liturgical chants with reciting notes. Using lilypond version 2.18.2, I get what I want, but when I switched to 2.20.0, there is way too much space between syllables in some ...
6
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3answers
582 views

Breath marks and Ritardando with no notes

This is really interesting. I’m going to try and ask two questions here albeit I do believe they are very much related to reading music. In this first example, (end of Stravinsky’s Symphony in C) we ...
16
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3answers
74k views

What do the terms E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 actually mean?

I am attempting to learn guitar, and I keep coming across this notation in various apps that I've downloaded. I know that E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 are something to do with tuning, but I'm not exactly sure ...
2
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2answers
65 views

Kabalevski Op. 48 (Violin) - What is this called and how do you play it? [duplicate]

First of all, I'm sorry for the unspecific title, but since I don't know what it is called, I cannot specify. I'm regarding the last bar before they key switches from Eb Major (2 b) to C Major (no ...
3
votes
1answer
561 views

What's the meaning of this extra rest? [duplicate]

This is the first bar of F. W. Mecham Op 92 - American Patrol Semiquaver triplet + quaver + quaver rest + quarter rest 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/4 = 2/4 + 1/8 ...
3
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4answers
698 views

Cannot get bar to accord with time signature [duplicate]

If you look at the image below, you'll see that the 3 treble bars and the first two bass bars accord with 3/4 time, but the last bass bar to my mind does not. I also do not understand where the rest ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Making a lead sheet to practise transcription - have a few queries

I'm fairly new to music and have been transcribing melodies in the name of ear training and becoming more fluent with standard notation. I'm presently creating a lead sheet for this song: ...
3
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2answers
136 views

Music Notation (in Musescore) - Ties or Separate Voices?

I'm new to using Musescore and writing notation, so excuse any ignorance on my part. For the sake of example, let's say we want to play a C-Major triad in the root position, but we want to express ...
6
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1answer
216 views

F. Schubert “Mut!”, Number in front of piano-staff

I'm currently transcribing this passage from F. Schubert's "Mut". Can anyone tell me why the piano-staff is named "42."?
66
votes
7answers
24k views

Why are there both sharps and flats? [duplicate]

If we can get away with just having sharps (aka black notes on a piano) then why complicate things and add flats as well? For example, if I have a C# why call it Dflat? Why not just leave it as C# and ...
3
votes
1answer
277 views

Are these Bansuri Notes all on the Low Octave (to me they are on Low and Middle)

As a newbie I am trying to play these notes of O RE PIYA http://sargamnote.blogspot.com/ To my ear, all the notes belong in the Low and Middle Octave of this beginner Bansuri Fingering Chart (as ...
17
votes
2answers
22k views

Why “delta” chords?

Why are major seventh chords called delta chords and written with a delta symbol, like CΔ7 or CΔ? Do engravers consistently use Δ to mean a seventh chord (such that Δ7 is redundant) or do some use Δ ...
29
votes
5answers
19k views

Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
3
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4answers
2k views

Two rests and a note that isn't played? misunderstanding ties

I've been teaching myself Piano (it's just for fun, I can't take classes at the moment so don't start with that) and reading music. I'm practicing a piece from J.S. Bach called Prelude in C major here'...
2
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3answers
94 views

Can someone help me understand the counting of this measure [duplicate]

The timing is 4/4, so first the E-B-G chord is held for 1+1/2 beats, then the tied EBG chord is held for a combined 1 beat, I think, but then what does the little squiggle in front of the fourth lower ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

What does a note with no head mean?

There's a piece of notation in a guitar book I'm using that I can't find any information about. The note appears without a head: . I would guess that it symbolizes "play the previous note again" but ...
6
votes
2answers
476 views

How do you know which note within a chord is the tenuto note?

For piano (and I assume other instruments where one can play multiple notes at the same time as a chord, and one of said notes can be emphasized more than the others), sometimes there is a melody line ...
3
votes
2answers
50 views

When reading Darbukah drum notes, some letters are capital, what is the meaning of it?

I'm learning to play Darkbuka these days and when reading notes, I see that some letters representing notes are capital and some are not and I looked for the reason online and couldn't find it, so ...
2
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3answers
113 views

How to read notes with an “ornate X” notehead for guitar?

I am not sure how to read notes with noteheads that look like a double-sharp (see the image below for an example). So far, I have dicovered that this notehead might be called "ornate X notehead" and ...
2
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2answers
132 views

Half note and quarter notes that use the same stem?

Why is there a half note and quarter notes that use the same stem? How to play it on a violin? and What's it called? Thank you.
4
votes
1answer
107 views

How do I write with Sagittal notation and other microtonal notations?

I just found out that quarter tones aren't the only microtones. Now I'd like to experiment and write music with microtones. I'd like to know how to read and write with sagittal notation (or other ...
10
votes
6answers
620 views

How to configure slur with tie when writing choral music?

I'm writing a choral piece in 12/8 where the basses have a dotted quarter C, tied to a dotted half, tied to a dotted quarter, and then slurred to a C# - all while on the same syllable. How should I ...
2
votes
4answers
121 views

Finally about different values of Acciaccatura (8th, 16th, 32th… grace notes)

I spent several days but didn't find a clear explanation on this topic, only blurry ones. It's logical to think that if the following note is, e.g., 16th note, then it's properly to use 16th ...
1
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2answers
185 views

Question about cross-staff beaming, unnecessary rests, Debussy

Two questions: 1) Why in Debussy's Arabesque No. 1 the first two measures written without the rests? What's the rule? 2) If I write notes in different clefs and beam them together, what clef will ...

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