# Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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### Notating three simultaneous notes of different durations for piano

On the same staff, how do I notate three simultaneous notes of different duration? For example, half notes on middle C and the C above and four eighth notes on the G inbetween
77 views

### Music Notation adding notes doesn't always match time signature [duplicate]

A couple weeks back I got into piano and now after synesthesia experiments and learning basic stuff. I'm trying to teach myself reading music scores correctly. Went smooth till this presented below ...
79 views

### Repeat bar lines in early music

I am looking for explanations on how to interpret the repeat bar lines used during the 17th century and specifically for German music. The sign ':||:' seems to be employed at that time for repeating ...
526 views

### Is there a difference between 'decrescendo' and 'diminuendo'?

I'm a lifelong musician, and this is something I've always wondered about. I know that decrescendo translates to "decreasing" and diminuendo to "diminishing", but does this have any practical ...
143 views

### why is the most common note length in music the quarter note?

I am new to learning piano and most of the notes I see in scores are in the length of a quarter note, and the time signatures I see are in 4/4. My question is if the quarter note is used so often, ...
805 views

### Converting a 3/4 melody to a 2/4 march, any tips?

So, I'm writing a Theme and Variations piece using the Happy Birthday melody. And I am writing it for a string quartet. I know I will have or already have these variations: Eighth note variation - ...
2k views

### What note values cannot be represented in conventional notation?

Using dots, ties and tuplets of standard note values (whole, half, quarter, etc.), are there values that cannot be represented? Examples: 1/8 is an eighth 7/16 is a two-dotted-quarter 15/8 is a ...
52 views

### Dotted bar lines of different height

I’m studying many scores and have come across a ‘dotted bar line’. The first time I have encountered this. After some initial research I do see their purpose. To make the music clearer to understand,...
3k views

### Why does standard notation not preserve intervals (visually)

(Disclaimer: I don't know much about music theory but ...) The notes A, B are a whole step apart, and B, C are a semitone apart, yet their distance in standard notation is the same visually (from a ...
74 views

### Slur or tie rule for chords in piano

I know there are a lot of questions asking related points but I haven't found an identical question to mine. Question: Is there a rule for identifying a tie from a slur in piano chords? Do you need ...
744 views

### 12 bar blues notation

I'm trying to put a 12 bar blues to paper but the notes don't add up. It will be C/F/G and I have the rhythm like so (just the C here): but something isn't right (and what's more, my baby done left ...
12k views

### What does the '°' notation signify?

I just saw this comment by Tim, in another question: D° can't have a C. It's spelt D, F, Ab, Cb.Or as a triad, just the 1st 3 notes. Ao/F is F b9, and Ao/F# will just be F#o. Or D b9/F#. If this ...
172 views

### Cross-staff conflict

How can I achieve to have tied notes from the previous measure and cross-staff situation, when the notes which are in the Bass clef, technically in the Treble clef? No program (I tried Sibelius and ...
124 views

### Can someone please explain this symbol? [closed]

I'm trying to learn this piece that is called "Waltz in A minor" and I don't know to play that little symbol.
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### how to read quarter notes and half notes in 3/4 time?

I have a question about reading sheet music for pieces in 3/4 time signature. Attached is a bar in the bass clef from Waltz No. 2, Shostakovitch which has one dotted half note (D) and two quarter ...
105 views

### How to notate staccato on notes tied across a barline?

I'm a bit stuck on how I feel it's most appropriate to place staccato in a piece I'm writing. The excerpt below is not from the piece I'm working on -- I just wrote up a phrase to show how this ...
40 views

### How do you notate the use of an effect pedal? What precedents are there?

In my WIP, the first two phrases don't ask for any effects, and the third measure onwards requires a Leslie simulator to be switched on (and as to why I'm being so specific for this piece, it is ...
3k views

### Can you not Slur notes of the same pitch?

Is this true? I can't help but feel it is not? a slur does not connect two or more notes of the same pitch Source: https://easypianobasics.com/ties-and-slurs/ Kind of makes sense, you may wish ...
79 views

### How can I easily get (or generate) images of single notes of written music?

Here is an image of what I am hoping to retrieve (or generate) from somewhere: I need something similar for different pitches. I could make screenshots in Musescore (or some other musical editor), ...
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### What does this 'm' or 'w' shaped symbol mean? [duplicate]

Here are two pictures of this m-shaped symbol. One is from a Bach chorale prelude and the other from a hymn melody by Martin Luther.
539 views

### Unknown Music Notation for Vocals

I would to ask what the notation circled in red meant. Thank you
1k views

### What is the meaning of these lines connecting notes?

I am trying to use a software called guitar pro to copy the sheet music and play the tracks. I am currently stuck in this track as I am not able to understand what does the dot and the little symbol ...
155 views

### What are the non-standard note heads (triangle, cross) in this piano sheet?

I have never seen this kind of notation on a piano score before? Does anyone know what they are?
139 views

### How to hide individual staff lines in lilypond?

How can individual staff lines be hidden in lilypond? E.g. in \new DrumStaff \with { \override StaffSymbol.line-count = #3 } << \drummode { << { r4 hh } \\ ...
936 views

### What is this symbol that looks like an elongated “L” on the left-hand piano staff, and how can I write it in Musescore?

I'm writing out the Bärenreiter version of Bach Concerto for two violins BWV 1043 on Musescore, and have come across an odd symbol in the left hand piano part. Here is a picture - the elongated L ...
128 views

### Repeat markings

When a portion of music, say 16 bars from the start, has a repeat sign at the end of that 16th bar, the direction means go back and start again. The sign I mean is II: at the beginning. So why do some ...
55 views

### Change in horizontal lyric spacing in 2.20.0?

I have been typesetting liturgical chants with reciting notes. Using lilypond version 2.18.2, I get what I want, but when I switched to 2.20.0, there is way too much space between syllables in some ...
582 views

### Breath marks and Ritardando with no notes

This is really interesting. I’m going to try and ask two questions here albeit I do believe they are very much related to reading music. In this first example, (end of Stravinsky’s Symphony in C) we ...
74k views

### What do the terms E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 actually mean?

I am attempting to learn guitar, and I keep coming across this notation in various apps that I've downloaded. I know that E2 A2 D3 G3 B3 E4 are something to do with tuning, but I'm not exactly sure ...
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### Kabalevski Op. 48 (Violin) - What is this called and how do you play it? [duplicate]

First of all, I'm sorry for the unspecific title, but since I don't know what it is called, I cannot specify. I'm regarding the last bar before they key switches from Eb Major (2 b) to C Major (no ...
561 views

### What's the meaning of this extra rest? [duplicate]

This is the first bar of F. W. Mecham Op 92 - American Patrol Semiquaver triplet + quaver + quaver rest + quarter rest 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/8 + 1/4 = 2/4 + 1/8 ...
698 views

### Cannot get bar to accord with time signature [duplicate]

If you look at the image below, you'll see that the 3 treble bars and the first two bass bars accord with 3/4 time, but the last bass bar to my mind does not. I also do not understand where the rest ...
58 views

### Making a lead sheet to practise transcription - have a few queries

I'm fairly new to music and have been transcribing melodies in the name of ear training and becoming more fluent with standard notation. I'm presently creating a lead sheet for this song: ...
136 views

### Music Notation (in Musescore) - Ties or Separate Voices?

I'm new to using Musescore and writing notation, so excuse any ignorance on my part. For the sake of example, let's say we want to play a C-Major triad in the root position, but we want to express ...
216 views

### F. Schubert “Mut!”, Number in front of piano-staff

I'm currently transcribing this passage from F. Schubert's "Mut". Can anyone tell me why the piano-staff is named "42."?
24k views

### Why are there both sharps and flats? [duplicate]

If we can get away with just having sharps (aka black notes on a piano) then why complicate things and add flats as well? For example, if I have a C# why call it Dflat? Why not just leave it as C# and ...
277 views

### Are these Bansuri Notes all on the Low Octave (to me they are on Low and Middle)

As a newbie I am trying to play these notes of O RE PIYA http://sargamnote.blogspot.com/ To my ear, all the notes belong in the Low and Middle Octave of this beginner Bansuri Fingering Chart (as ...
22k views

### Why “delta” chords?

Why are major seventh chords called delta chords and written with a delta symbol, like CΔ7 or CΔ? Do engravers consistently use Δ to mean a seventh chord (such that Δ7 is redundant) or do some use Δ ...
19k views

### Is “16va” proper notation?

Is the notation "16va" or "16vb" ever used to mean to transpose what is written up or down two octaves? I cannot think of how else you would represent the highest and lowest notes on a piano without ...
2k views

### Two rests and a note that isn't played? misunderstanding ties

I've been teaching myself Piano (it's just for fun, I can't take classes at the moment so don't start with that) and reading music. I'm practicing a piece from J.S. Bach called Prelude in C major here'...
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### Can someone help me understand the counting of this measure [duplicate]

The timing is 4/4, so first the E-B-G chord is held for 1+1/2 beats, then the tied EBG chord is held for a combined 1 beat, I think, but then what does the little squiggle in front of the fourth lower ...
132 views

### What does a note with no head mean?

There's a piece of notation in a guitar book I'm using that I can't find any information about. The note appears without a head: . I would guess that it symbolizes "play the previous note again" but ...
476 views

### How do you know which note within a chord is the tenuto note?

For piano (and I assume other instruments where one can play multiple notes at the same time as a chord, and one of said notes can be emphasized more than the others), sometimes there is a melody line ...
50 views

### When reading Darbukah drum notes, some letters are capital, what is the meaning of it?

I'm learning to play Darkbuka these days and when reading notes, I see that some letters representing notes are capital and some are not and I looked for the reason online and couldn't find it, so ...
113 views

### How to read notes with an “ornate X” notehead for guitar?

I am not sure how to read notes with noteheads that look like a double-sharp (see the image below for an example). So far, I have dicovered that this notehead might be called "ornate X notehead" and ...
132 views

### Half note and quarter notes that use the same stem?

Why is there a half note and quarter notes that use the same stem? How to play it on a violin? and What's it called? Thank you.
107 views

### How do I write with Sagittal notation and other microtonal notations?

I just found out that quarter tones aren't the only microtones. Now I'd like to experiment and write music with microtones. I'd like to know how to read and write with sagittal notation (or other ...
620 views

### How to configure slur with tie when writing choral music?

I'm writing a choral piece in 12/8 where the basses have a dotted quarter C, tied to a dotted half, tied to a dotted quarter, and then slurred to a C# - all while on the same syllable. How should I ...