Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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8
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4answers
644 views

How many measures minimum in a repeat

I know that a "repeated section" (i.e. I'm explicitly thinking about "enclosed in repeat-barlines") may be however long, 1 measure or 100. However, I'm wondering, whether there are ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Understanding the notes in the 4th measure of Moonlight Sonata [duplicate]

I'm working on playing Moonlight Sonata on the Piano and I'm having trouble relating what I'm reading on the sheet music to what I'm finding around the web on how to play it. Here's a picture of the ...
7
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1answer
424 views

Why aren't there barlines in the piano solo parts in Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 5?

In the beginning of this piece you'll notice that the piano solo part has no barlines. Why? And why does he use 16th notes? How can a "16th" note have any meaning without barlines (not to ...
20
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1answer
2k views

What does this 7 mean above the F flat?

It seems to look like a fingering number but I don’t have 7 fingers and the note is already marked with a fingering number. This is from Chopin's Fantaisie-Impromptu.
1
vote
1answer
122 views

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass?

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass, specifically when the harmony changes? If you have non-chord tones in the bass following a figuring, it's easy to show the same harmony ...
4
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2answers
888 views

How are sharps and flats written in the Nashville Number System?

How are sharps and flats written in the Nashville Number System? 5♯ or 5♭?
32
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4answers
68k views

What are the Solfège names of the semitones between the basic do, re, mi, etc?

What are the names of all the notes in a sol-fa scale, especially the chromatic notes between the basic Do, Re, Mi's.
5
votes
4answers
125 views

How to write inverted 7th chords [duplicate]

I am trying to write the inverted G7 chord on the treble clef and in the attached images there are two bars. I believe the first bar in this score is correct. I am guessing so because this is what my ...
1
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3answers
125 views

What does this X mean in a sheet music? [duplicate]

Below you can find a part of RIOPY's "I Love You". Could someone please explain to me, what does this X3 mean here and which part exactly should I repeat 3 times? And also, what does 1.2 ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Is there a standard way to notate random-note stabs in a certain rhythm?

e.g. What the percussionist plays on the Seaside version of Hope Day at 4:15
6
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5answers
2k views

Is 5/4 simple or compound?

I have seen 3 major ways of subdividing the quarter notes in 5/4. 1 is treating it as a simple meter and 2 others treat it as an irregular compound(or technically speaking, complex) meter. I have seen ...
1
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1answer
168 views

What does (loco) mean? [duplicate]

Source wikipedia. I was reading classical guitar article on wikipedia and saw this (loco) notation. What does it mean? This was used to describe playing range of guitar.
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3answers
316 views

Ritenuto / Fermata / Tempo change

I've written a piece of music, for string quartet plus triangle. But I'm having trouble expressing the last bar in the right way. In the second half of the bar: The top three strings are to play a ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

What do these arrows mean?

I've noticed on Edson Lopes pieces he highlights (I think) certain phrases. Not sure what he is trying to tell us when he puts a section between these arrows. Notice arrow pointing left and down, then ...
7
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9answers
44k views

In 3/2 time why is a whole-note rest used as a bar's rest when a whole-note doesn't fill the measure? [duplicate]

A bar's duration is measured in beats and can be represented using a whole note. So, a bar duration in beats is just a whole note. So isn't a 3/2 measure just spilling over? 3 half notes is equal to ...
5
votes
3answers
532 views

Key signatures with Quarter Tones

I know how to write the key signatures for any note within the 12-note chromatic scale. I know this doesn't come up very often, but what are some ways to write out key signatures for passages of music ...
5
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2answers
155 views

Rendering 8va and 8vb with Abc notation?

I'm writing up a sheet of music for bass guitar in Abc notation and I'm getting irritated by having to type so many commas to place the notes in the range of the bass. Is there any way to set the ...
3
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2answers
249 views

Beam break and rest height problems in ABCjs

In the below ABCjs sample: X: 1 T: Symphony No. 7 C: Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) R: Langsam (Adagio) M: 4/4 L: 1/4 K: Bm [F,^G,B,D]/z//[F,G,B,D]///[F,G,B,D]/// [F,G,B,D]/z//[F,G,B,D]///[F,G,B,D]/// !///...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Note Timings with numbers above notes [duplicate]

I am learning the piece clair de lune on the piano, and I noticed in some measures there are numbers above the notes. I researched about it and I only saw that numbers above notes are fingerings. They ...
2
votes
3answers
57 views

How to notate alternate/secondary melody in ABC

I'm not able to find any indication that you can do this in ABC, and I was able to use a couple of Ideographic Space characters in the lyrics to make it kinda work and get the lyrics to align, but ...
15
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3answers
9k views

How does the piano middle pedal work? Is there a standard symbol for it?

What are the mechanics behind the middle piano pedal? I have been using the middle pedal for a variety of music, it is wonderful, but I can't figure out how it works (I mean the mechanical process). ...
23
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3answers
47k views

With regards to piano sheet music, when are you supposed to press the pedal(s)?

I've been playing piano for about 8 months. I have a digital weighted 88-key piano with only one pedal. My friend, who used to play piano, taught me to hold the pedal down when there is an arc in ...
17
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4answers
9k views

With sheet music, what happens with sharps and double sharps that are already sharped in the key signature?

For example, let's say the key signature has an f sharp and then also an individual f note has a sharp next to it. Are they just emphasizing the f sharp or does that actually become a g? Same ...
0
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3answers
80 views

Notation question natural followed by sharp Chopin Waltz in C sharp minor

In Chopin's Waltz in C sharp minor, I'm a bit confused by the following notation: The F has a natural, cancelling out the sharp in the key signature. But then it instantly becomes an F-sharp again. ...
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5answers
3k views

Left and right hand playing same note on piano?

Occasionally I run across sheet music that has the left and right hand playing the same note at the same time. Is this on purpose? If so... Why? And how do I play it? For example, see the first ...
1
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1answer
40 views

LilyPond: Figured bass help - Vertical figure order with bass figure extenders on

I'm having a bit of trouble obtaining the desired result in the following example: \version "2.18.2" << \relative c' { e2 e, } \figuremode { \bassFigureExtendersOn ...
2
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1answer
60 views

LilyPond: Is it possible to create an instrument switch that goes from a Staff to a DrumStaff and back?

I'm typesetting a piece where a singer alternates between singing and playing maracas while never doing both at the same time. I would like to use a single stave and make an instrument switch using \...
7
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4answers
805 views

What does it mean when notes are beamed across both piano staves?

I have only six months in playing piano. I want to learn a new sheet, but I don”t understand this notation that merges the two staffs. Can you explain to me please?
19
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3answers
5k views

On the piano, how should you play staccato with the pedal?

In some pieces, there is a pedal designation along with staccato. How should this be played?
71
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5answers
58k views

How do you draw a quarter rest with a pen/pencil?

It seems to me that the quarter rest we see everywhere was drawn with a calligraphy pen. I don't have one of those - I have a sharpened/mechanical pencil or a ball-point pen. So usually when I try to ...
-1
votes
2answers
88 views

Sheet Music query, a note printed in a bar as half note and quarter note on the same beat [duplicate]

I have searched the internet extensively to find an answer to no avail. These notes cannot possibly be played at the same time so my theory would be the note can be played as a quarter beat or a half ...
12
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3answers
3k views

What does it mean when a dotted half note has two dots instead of one?

I know one dot on the dotted half note means to play the note for 3 beats, but what do two dots mean:
20
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5answers
1k views

Odd symbol in Béla Bartók's Mikrokosmos Book 1

Today I came across an odd symbol in Béla Bartók's Microkosmos. The symbol occurs in Book 1, Score 21, Measure 8, at the end of a phrasing slur. It looks like a vertical bar that crosses only the ...
8
votes
2answers
542 views

Which octave does Cb4 belong to?

How do you distinguish: C tone in 4th octave - flat Cb in 4th octave ? Or said other way around. Is the order of operations: (C4)b or (Cb)${calculate octave}?
3
votes
2answers
117 views

What is this chord in Haydn's Symphony No. 94?

Can anyone tell me what chord is in bar 115 of the attached image, and how it relates to the key of F minor (just edited, accidentally said F# minor at first) (which is also the subsequent chord)? It ...
3
votes
2answers
544 views

What is this Chord Notation using Roman Numerals with super and sub script? [duplicate]

I know how to read Roman numerals for chord progressions, but I've seen something recently I don't understand. I've attached an image below. What are those super-/subscripts?
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Arpeggiated Chords with Partial Wavy Vertical Lines

Does anyone know how to play an arpeggiated chord when the wavy vertical line beside the chord is not all the way alongside the chord? Any fingering suggestions for playing the first chord? Thank you :...
6
votes
2answers
134 views

How to write a slur to nothing in LilyPond?

Just like this: This is a Piano Staff, the example was created on MuseScore. The \laissezVibrer slur only creates a small slur. I don't mind whether the slur crosses the measure or not, I just don't ...
5
votes
2answers
364 views

How to play a diamond note on guitar? [duplicate]

Source Here it is written in diamond notes in the first measure. How should one play them on guitar and also what do they indicate?
2
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3answers
134 views

Tips on speedy scale writing (and singing) in different clefs and modes

I'm currently doing homework from this textbook (Unfortunately, I don't have the name of the book), where there are these exercises: Write the following scales in (treble/bass/tenor/alto) clef, ...
0
votes
2answers
311 views

Why are baritone vocals written one octave higher in the treble clef?

I have a lot of sheetmusic where the singer is a baritone and sings a lot in the C3 - C4 region. This would normally be written in the bass clef but in my sheet music, the notes are written in the ...
4
votes
3answers
326 views

Rhythmic/Metric Stress Patterns

The attached images are a page from Jack Perricone's Melody in Songwriting. I am familiar with the concept of stress patterns in music, but, honestly, have no idea what the hell he's on about here. ...
6
votes
2answers
408 views

Best way to score melodic piano lines across both hands

Having some trouble understanding the best way to score piano when a melodic pattern is played across both hands... Here is the first bar of the section in question, arranged on separate staves, and ...
1
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4answers
280 views

Is the bass clef the same thing as a question mark? How are they related?

Why does the bass clef look like a question mark?
17
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6answers
5k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What do the written instructions in Satie's 1ère Gnossienne mean?

I'm a beginner or early intermediate piano player, and picked up the score to Erik Satie's Gnossienne no. 1 from IMSLP. It contains some textual comments in French, which I presume are from the ...
2
votes
3answers
214 views

Chopin - Étude in A minor, Op.25 No.11 “Winterwind” Pedalling Discrepancies Between Sheet Music and Performances

The nub of the question is: why are there pedalling discrepancies that most performers I listen to follow identically, but are almost universally not listed in any variations of scores and how could I ...
11
votes
3answers
622 views

Notation for a unison double stop

What's the standard notation for the occurrence of the same pitch played on two different strings of the same instrument simultaneously, to be used within the same staff? The typical context would be ...
6
votes
3answers
747 views

Dotted notes crossing barlines?

The piece is Alkan's Quasi Faust (from the Grande Sonate 'Les Quatre Âges'). There are a few idiosyncrasies in the score, but the most remarkable one I found is this example of dotted notes crossing ...
10
votes
5answers
867 views

Are notes played on the beat [always] played louder?

I know that the 4/4 time signature is played as [ONE-two-Three-four]. But in the third beat of the first measure there are two 8th notes; the first one coinciding with the beat. So would they be ...

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