Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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6
votes
1answer
900 views

Strange Ornamental Symbol on Bach Piece

This is from the marvelous andante from Bach’s organ trio sonata BWV 528. What does this symbol mean on the stave of the second keyboard? I am assuming it is ornamental. Is it just a strange version ...
16
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5answers
4k views

How to play this trill in Mozart's Piano Sonata 14 (K457)

How does one play this trill in this Mozart Sonata? Does it mean we play 3 notes (Eb, F, Eb) before the last two notes of the second bar? Or how many trills does one have to play?
5
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3answers
159 views

Is there a reason an arranger/composer will choose a particular chord voicing when charting chords for guitar on a particular song?

When I look in music books for guitar or chord arrangements (or tabs) online for songs I want to learn to play on guitar, I notice that often a specific voicing for each particular chord is indicated. ...
3
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4answers
540 views

What is the practical importance of grasping the concept of tonality? More specially for piano players?

Let me explain the context of this question: my 12 year old niece is learning to play the piano and has to study musical theory; she recently encountered the notion of tonality and can't manage to ...
9
votes
1answer
376 views

Meaning of notation in violin part

I've been working on transcribing a score for my own edification, and I've come across a piece of notation in one of the violin parts that I'm not familiar with: In the third measure shown, the A has ...
4
votes
3answers
243 views

Key signatures with Quarter Tones

I know how to write the key signatures for any note within the 12-note chromatic scale. I know this doesn't come up very often, but what are some ways to write out key signatures for passages of music ...
4
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8answers
3k views

Piano and Guitar are the same music sheets?

I want to start learning piano. My friend said all my guitar lessons sheets can be played on a piano and that I would not have to buy sheet music for the piano. Is this true?
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Notes with different duration on the same voice

I am a beginner piano student (by my own). Studying the sheet music for the song "The cranberries - Zombie" I came across to this part: (G and F clef) Talking about G clef: What I understand is, you ...
4
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6answers
612 views

How do I contextualize chords from different keys that sound good together?

For instance, an E major triad followed by an A minor sounds really good to me. I don't believe these can belong to the same key, because you can't have a sharp g and a natural C in the same scale as ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Identifying symbol in Claude Debussy’s Claire de lune

Can someone please let me know what the jagged line connecting the top note to the bottom note is?1 Footnotes 1 p. 14 Reference Debussy, Claude. Suite bergamasque. Ed. Fromont, E. Paris, 1905.
4
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1answer
61 views

Bar lines in wrong place after removing staff lines

I need to set a rhythm-only piece in lilypond without staff lines. The following almost works but it puts the bar lines in the wrong place. It thinks I'm in 4/4 when I set it to 3/4. \score { \new ...
2
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1answer
1k views

DS or DC al coda how to tell go to 3 and 4 verses

I have a song in this format: Verse 1 Verse 2 Chorus has a 1st and 2nd ending Verse 3 Verse 4 Chorus I use repeat for V1 and V2 and then I go to Chorus easy enough. Now I want to go to Verse 3 and ...
4
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3answers
2k views

When does one use an extra stave for piano music?

In complex piano music, one sometimes notates the notes over an additional stave - though I cannot say for sure I always know the reason. Here's an example from Stravinsky's Firebird, arranged by ...
43
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9answers
19k views

Key signature for writing in modes other than major and minor

I have trouble deciding what accidentals to put in the key signature for pieces in Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian or Mixolydian modes. There seem to be trade-offs associated with each choice. For example, ...
0
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1answer
74 views

There is a scale with these notes?

C, D♭, F, G♭, A♭, B♮. Does a scale using the notes above exist? Here is what is looks on a sheet:
10
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7answers
2k views

Writing music by hand?

How do you write music by hand -- without using a ruler -- and not make it look like ugly chickenscratch? Are there exercises for writing note heads, stems and beams while making them look relatively ...
10
votes
2answers
19k views

What do the letters above the piano staff represent?

I am a beginner trying to understand the music notation for a song I want to try. Can someone kindly tell me what are the letters above the treble clef in the following figure: I've read that they ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Upside-down down bow

On my Cello Salut D'amour by Elgar score, it has upside-down down bow symbols on it. Does this just mean up bow? I have this on other pieces too: Salut d'amour, Op.12 (Elgar, Edward) Mainz: Schott, ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

Upside-down up-bow

I have a piece here, that uses upside-down up-bows, that I have never seen before. Since I know other editions of the same opus, I can tell that they have the meaning of a normal down-bow. Does anyone ...
21
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1answer
2k views

What does a long arrow pointing up and down mean in an organ score?

What is the meaning of this symbol (long vertical arrow) in old organ notation?
13
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5answers
5k views

What is the rhythmic notation for 5/8 the duration of a whole note?

Assume that the whole note time equals 8. Then a note which time equals 3 will be written as 1/4 note and dot. How you write down a note that time is equal 5/8 of a whole note?
5
votes
2answers
942 views

Representation of a 5/16 note duration

How can I write on a pentagram (another word for the staff in my country) a note that is 5 x 1/16 notes length? If I use a dotted quarter note I get 6 x 1/16 length I can get away with a quarter note ...
4
votes
4answers
155 views

Diminished 7th notation, match the key or key signature?

I'm planning on using a diminished 7th to modulate out of Eb minor and into Eb major. I'm thinking of using this diminished 7th or one of its enharmonic equivalents: This chord could then resolve to ...
25
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6answers
6k views

Why are double staff pieces of music not properly aligned for Middle C?

I am a guitar, flute and (a long time ago) bassoon player. I can play a few things on a keyboard, badly, in short: I know how it all works. I'm trying to help teach my wife to play a harp. It has a ...
2
votes
3answers
197 views

What is notation for holding a note full value?

I'm a Jazz Trumpet Player. When playing written music, the lead/conductor sometimes asks for us to mark on the music to remember to hold a note for the full value. So, consider music is in 4/4 time. ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Notating Sound Effects on a Score?

I'vw composed a piece of music that contains various sound effects, most notably movie trailer-style "braaaam" horn sounds, and large, synthetic drum hits that don't fall within the drum part. For the ...
6
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2answers
920 views

Is 5/4 simple or compound?

I have seen 3 major ways of subdividing the quarter notes in 5/4. 1 is treating it as a simple meter and 2 others treat it as an irregular compound(or technically speaking, complex) meter. I have seen ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Are whole and half note rests supposed to only be written on specific lines?

I've always written the whole note rest on the 4th line of the staff and the half note rest on the 3rd. I always see it that way and never thought much about it until recently a musician with a lot ...
9
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7answers
1k views

Anacruses, Bar Lines, and Line Breaks

I am an amateur composer. Page layout is important to me; I like the line breaks to be significant punctuation to the score. i.e. the end of: sections, parts, phrases, lines of verse/lyrics, are ...
5
votes
2answers
128 views

Is it OK to use 3rd/4th line C clef for euphonium?

If I write a Euphonium part that implies more melodic stuff that is more high in the register, can I use a 3rd or 4th line C clef for this Euphonium instead of using the bass clef or should I always ...
25
votes
1answer
4k views

Two voices for a solo singer written in a sheet music

I was reading the score for Mozart’s insertion aria for his own opera Idomeneo “Non Temer Amato Bene”, K. 490. In it, Idomeneo’s son Idamante (scored for soprano; trouser role) expresses his undying ...
4
votes
3answers
371 views

In percussion notation, how does one interpret a slurred tremolo?

My question is about tied/slurred tremolos in percussion music notation. I've had my bongo drums for almost half my life, and am just now deciding to buy a book and learn how to play Afro-Cuban ...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

Slurred half circle symbol

As an organist-amateur I recently bought "An Easy Bach Organ Album". In BWV 691 there's a symbol which looks like a half of a circle, or a small letter c. Moreover, the symbol is connected with the ...
21
votes
9answers
6k views

Why did we never simplify key signatures?

I understand that the key signature indicates what are the exact notes represented on the staff lines and spaces and thus tells us the diatonic scale in which the music is composed, which in turns ...
3
votes
3answers
229 views

I need help figuring out some of these note values for my sequencer

Alright so I'm using a sequencer that allows you to input notes and change the values of those notes, but for the note values, there are notation symbols used, the majority are quite easy to figure ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

What is this chord in Haydn's Symphony No. 94?

Can anyone tell me what chord is in bar 115 of the attached image, and how it relates to the key of F minor (just edited, accidentally said F# minor at first) (which is also the subsequent chord)? It ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

Am I intepreting the repeat signs correctly?

So this is a pretty simple question, but I haven't found anything that looks exactly like the piece of music I'm trying to learn, so I have to ask. Am I interpreting the repeat signs in this image ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Enter Chord with top and bottom modifiers in Musescore

I have a few old printouts of music pieces, which I am trying to enter into Musescore. (The paper prints are old and won't survive much longer with any use.) While everything is going fine, I'm ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Mistake with Whole/Half step intervals problem

I took a beginner music theory class and there was a quiz on reading music notation. H W H W H W W W W W I got 8 of them right. I got the 4th and 10th bar wrong. I wrote it's a whole step (W) for ...
2
votes
3answers
258 views

Chord symbols don't match tabs

Im trying to learn Pure imagination on guitar following the tabs. Im going well, but I realised that when I see the fret board numbering with words above them like Fmaj7, Am and C, following the fret ...
12
votes
4answers
12k views

What is the correct way of filling a 9/8 bar with a single note?

Similar to how you can fill a whole 4/4 bar with a single whole note, what is the best or most correct/readable way to fill a 9/8 bar with one note? I was thinking about a dotted half note tied with a ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Odd looking notation from a MIDI editor

I've created a few bars in a MIDI editor and the sound is as I want (the instrument is intended to be a violin) but the notation looks very odd - despite the fact that the end sound at 120bpm is what ...
3
votes
3answers
269 views

Time Signature Dilemma, should I change the time signature for my Scherzo?

When I started writing my Scherzo in D, I initially thought of having the time signature be 3/4 since that is a very typical time signature for a scherzo, especially earlier scherzos that are closer ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

How to notate an improvisation section around a theme?

I'm writing a blues song. There are a few 2-bar sections in the verse where there are no vocal parts and I want the piano to improvise around a specific notated part (it's kind of, but not exactly, an ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Repetition sign at the end of a sequence using endings

I have the following 7 measure sequence: To play it I go 1,2,3,4,5 repetition sign 2,3 use 2nd ending so 6,7. But at this point there is another repetition sign (the one at the end of the sequence) ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is there a key signature change in Beethoven's Hammerklavier Sonata (2nd movement)?

I have listened to the Hammerklavier Sonata many times, sometimes while following the score, and I have noticed that, in the second movement, there is a change in the key signature for just a little. ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What does the 1.-5. notation mean at the top right corner? [duplicate]

What is the 1.-5. notation in the top right corner telling me to do?
18
votes
5answers
4k views

What's an “add” chord?

The name implies that you are adding a note, but we already notate that explicitly in the chord name and quality. We say Cm7, not Cm add 7. If we want a 9th, we can go Cm9, but is Cm add 9 correct ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Basic Accidental Question

Example: You have d major scale but you make a c flat accidental, does it just naturalize c back to its basic form or make it an enharmonic b? Ive tried searching on google but found nothing. It's ...
5
votes
2answers
86 views

Translate muted bass string from tablature to staff notation

I am arranging a piece for a choir, and as a starting point for the bass I am looking at bass-guitar tabs. I figured out how to translate the tabs to staff notation, except muted strings. I do not ...

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