Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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7
votes
1answer
659 views

How would I play this piano bassline?

The two notes (A) in the bass clef seem to be played at the same time. However, this is music for piano, so I can't seem to figure this one out.
7
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1answer
690 views

Notes in small font

Is there a name for the notes that appear in smaller size in sheet music? Not grace notes, but rather notes to accompany alternative words in lyrics in different verses that require slight variations ...
7
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1answer
3k views

Upside-down down bow

On my Cello Salut D'amour by Elgar score, it has upside-down down bow symbols on it. Does this just mean up bow? I have this on other pieces too: Salut d'amour, Op.12 (Elgar, Edward) Mainz: Schott, ...
7
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1answer
743 views

Why isn't the second whole note's accidental natural?

Above is a staff. After the third bar, why isn't the second C either sharp or natural?
6
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1answer
2k views

Half notes with slashed stem

How should I play the half bass notes with the slashed stem? See please the attached image:
6
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2answers
322 views

Add harp muffle notation in Lilypond

I'd like to add a muffle notation to my music sheets for the harp. The notation is a cross with a circle inside for left hand and that plus a circle outside for both hands. Example: There are a few ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What is the terminology for how we identify numbered notes like C4, E3, D6, etc? [duplicate]

Does this system - where C3 is middle C - have a standard name? For instance, is there a wikipedia page which explains this system and if so how is it titled? (note: As mentioned middle C is C4, my ...
6
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3answers
226 views

What is this notation in Debussy's “Engulfed Cathedral”?

In light of the recent portato question at What do the dots and lines underneath these chords mean?, what did Debussy mean by the tied portato on the third quarter note of the second measure of ...
6
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7answers
259 views

Is there a musical difference between a work ending with a whole note and one ending with a whole note tied to an eighth?

Occasionally I come across pieces of music written for wind ensembles (or similar groups) such that the final held note of a piece is notated like so: In other words, the final note of the piece ends ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Double- to single-sharp notation in lilypond - how to get rid of natural symbol?

I'm currently transcribing a work into Lilypond, and I have a situation where an F already sharpened by the key signature is itself sharpened (i.e. F♯ → Fx). The subsequent note within the same ...
5
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1answer
173 views

Upside-down up-bow

I have a piece here, that uses upside-down up-bows, that I have never seen before. Since I know other editions of the same opus, I can tell that they have the meaning of a normal down-bow. Does anyone ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is this square bracket between staves?

I am trying to learn a piece of piano music and have found some strange notation in it. The two vertical brackets appear to apply only to that particular chord. I have not found this notation ...
5
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3answers
178 views

Is there a reason an arranger/composer will choose a particular chord voicing when charting chords for guitar on a particular song?

When I look in music books for guitar or chord arrangements (or tabs) online for songs I want to learn to play on guitar, I notice that often a specific voicing for each particular chord is indicated. ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

Does music have a relative interval notation?

A melody can be written in a type of relative notation, where we don't think in notes but rather in relative intervals. X - means choose any note 0 - means hit note again where you are positive - ...
5
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1answer
960 views

Should a lyrics extension line (underscore) be used on tied notes?

I get that extension lines (undercores) are used where one syllable at the end of a word extends over multiple notes. But is this also true when the notes are tied together? In other words: Is one of ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What does Opt. S.D. mean?

I was looking at the sheet music for the Star Spangled Banner arranged for the U.S. Marine Band, and I saw that each instrument has an Opt. S.D. in the beginning. What does it mean?
5
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2answers
1k views

Is that a hemiola or what?

I found myself listening to Mumford and Sons' Babel, and my friend and I couldn't quite agree on how to describe the rhythm. I won that battle since my way led to groups of four figures, whereas his ...
5
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6answers
2k views

Why transpose at the octave?

If an instrument has a range too high or too low for composers to easily write its music on bass or treble clef, the music may be written either an octave higher or an octave lower than it sounds, in ...
5
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3answers
6k views

Music notation software for JianPu and erhu notation

My wife's band, which features the erhu, uses music notation like the page shown below. We want to take hand-written scanned/faxed from stained napkins with bad handwriting and two-side bleedthrough ...
4
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3answers
340 views

Why is there two notes in a row with more beats than the measure?

I'm relatively new to the piano and learning Pure Imagination. Here a part from early into the piece: In the 4th bar, there are 2 Ab's in a row and I'm not sure what I'm supposed to do at this point -...
4
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7answers
816 views

How to notate that a specific note be underlined in a piano chord?

I have the following set of chords for piano. How can I tell the performer to either stress or underline specific notes in the chord (so as to show the melody), i.e. the notes on the heads of which I'...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

How to abbreviate multiply -diminished or -augmented intervals

I know they aren't used often, but how do you abbreviate a doubly-, triply-, or otherwise multiply- diminished or augmented intervals? For instance, a perfect fifth is abnbreviated P5, a diminished ...
4
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1answer
202 views

How writing a dominant 7 sus4 chord in RNA ( Vsus7 chord in the 1st inversion)

Maybe I’ve just a black out. But I wanted to notate a V7sus (inversion 1) writing a dominant 7 without the suspension of the 4th in RNA. No idea ... g,c,d,f => c,d,f,g
4
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1answer
105 views

How to transition between notes in Bansuri

Ok, at this point, I am teaching myself Bansuri (A Scale) by playing simple tunes 10-15 min a day (totally swamped nowadays) Playing Om Jai Jagdish Hare it quite straightforward (plus I am familiar ...
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5answers
5k views

Is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the time signature?

Just a newbie question. In musical notation, is it okay to have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the Time Signature? For example, look at this music sheet: Can you see that the ...
4
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1answer
405 views

Can you beam together a 1/16 note and a 1/8 note?

I've seen sheet music where you beam together a 1/8 note with a dot next to it and a 1/16 note at the end. Basically the 1/16 note has a second beam coming out but it doesn't extend. Can you do the ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Is the beaming of this score following a vocal practice or it is just outdated and obscuring the beat?

The source is c.1770... https://imslp.org/wiki/Scots_Songs_for_Voice_and_Harpsichord_(Bremner%2C_Robert) ...first book. I can see that the beaming matches the words of the vocal part. But it ...
4
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3answers
247 views

Rhythmic/Metric Stress Patterns

The attached images are a page from Jack Perricone's Melody in Songwriting. I am familiar with the concept of stress patterns in music, but, honestly, have no idea what the hell he's on about here. ...
4
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2answers
744 views

How should I notate an intermediate dynamic between mp and mf?

I know this is a question that’s been asked before, but I haven’t found an answer that suits my needs. Consider the following example [edit: new excerpt, to include all swells and to remove other ...
4
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1answer
563 views

When did voice parts start using treble clef?

Parts for soprano, alto and tenor voices used to be written with the corresponding variant of movable C clef. When did the transition to treble (G) clef happen, and what drove the change -- composers,...
4
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1answer
595 views

24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure; Tuplets?

They're not labeled tuplets, but they probably are since there cannot be 24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure. They don't appear to be a standard triplet though since it still doesn't fit (with each triplet ...
4
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1answer
3k views

What does “Flag.” mean in orchestra score?

At the very beginning of Mahler's Symphony No. 1, where the strings drone an A in seven octaves, what does "Flag." mean in the orchestral notation? Also, The Wikipedia page mentions ...with the ...
4
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4answers
2k views

How to write very high/low notes in G/F clef?

Standard piano music sheets contain G and F clefs, which can display comfortably (without using a lot of ledger lines) around 48 keys C2-C6. I wonder how people write the very high/low notes, i.e., ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I simultaneously play two notes of the same pitch (i.e. two notes in unison), but with different accents? [duplicate]

I usually know what it means when a note has both a stem pointing up and another pointing down (What does this note have a stem pointing up and another pointing down?), but what if it has something ...
3
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1answer
18k views

What do multiple notes on top of each other in a staff mean?

Does it mean to play all the notes at the same time?
3
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3answers
460 views

Easiest way to turn permutations into Sibelius notation

Total dummy (non-programmer) question here. There are permutations like these, for example: (n=9, r=2) {1,2} {1,3} {1,4} {1,5} {1,6} {1,7} {1,8} {1,9} {2,1} {2,3} {2,4} {2,5} {2,6} {2,7} {2,8} {2,9}...
3
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0answers
61 views

How are editorial additions/changes to a score indicated?

How do music editors indicate changes they've made to a score? Sometimes an editor will make musically meaningful changes to a score, such as Adding markings the editor believes were omitted by the ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Cross hands while playing?

In the score below (from 1905 incidental score to Peter Pan by John Crook (1852–1922), see http://hdl.handle.net/1802/24425), the first few bars in both bass & treble staves have notations “L.H.” &...
3
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5answers
2k views

Why picking direction indicators in music?

In music notation specifically for the guitar, there are often picking symbols meaning to pick up or down. What is the purpose of these picking indicators (sorry, don't know the real term for them)? ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

Beam break and rest height problems in ABCjs

In the below ABCjs sample: X: 1 T: Symphony No. 7 C: Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) R: Langsam (Adagio) M: 4/4 L: 1/4 K: Bm [F,^G,B,D]/z//[F,G,B,D]///[F,G,B,D]/// [F,G,B,D]/z//[F,G,B,D]///[F,G,B,D]/// !///...
2
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1answer
392 views

Why is there a “G” marked on an augmented octave in Scarlatti Sonata K466 in F minor?

On the "Domenico Scarlatti: Sonates, Volume 10" edition of Scarlatti Sonata in F minor K.466 (obtainable from imslp), there are two occasions where the letter "G" is marked above a note, in bar 20 and ...
2
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1answer
489 views

Mix between Half Notes and Eighth Notes: What Kind of Note is This? [duplicate]

I came across these weird looking little dudes in a horrendous Trombone concertino that my orchestra is swallowing whole: I apologize for the crummy image. I refer to the strange hybrid-looking ...
2
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1answer
13k views

Squiggly Line Above Note

I just found a Bach score, and there is this squiggly line above the A eighth note in the first measure (and a few other places). This is the score. What does it mean?
2
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3answers
81 views

Thoughts on Tuplets vs. Subdivision?

This was a point of interest brought up in the comments to my answer on Help with analyzing sus and add chords in this progression. In that question, the sheet music has a measure of 4/4 time written ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

To which notes do dynamics notation apply? (eg. pp)

When a performer sees a dynamics notation, such as pp for pianissimo, (or p, or f or ff, or any of its siblings), in a written score, which notes are to be played softly? [1] I take it the symbol ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Octave changes on 2nd time

Suppose a piece of music contain two consequent parts than differ only by octaves (say, second part is entirely 8va). Is any way to show this in music sheet except writing each part separatly. In ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How do you write a dominant ninth in fourth inversion?

How do you write in music notation a dominant ninth chord in its fourth inversion? I only know of the ways to write first, second and third inversion. Fourth I have never come across.
2
votes
4answers
651 views

When does a note become a bass note?

For instance I have 4 notes in the first octave: C, E, G, B. How to know if it's a Cmaj7 or an Em/C? Can we count C as a bass note? Edit: What if it were a progression of chords all having one C note ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How should choir music be notated to best suit how conductors need to conduct?

How should choir music be notated to best suit how conductors need to conduct, to make it easier for singers to follow the conductor? I see at least two issues here: what are the beats that the ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Extra measures above staff in Hungarian Rhapsody No. 6

So there is an extra two measures on top of the measure 58. What does that mean?