Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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2
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1answer
97 views

standard notation and the numbered notation

So I have been playing piano for 1.5 years and my biggest obstacle for learning piano is definitely to play both hand, I’m still struggling right now, maybe I improve a little bit, but still very much ...
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2answers
87 views

How do I notate this rhythm? [closed]

I've written this riff and cannot for the life of me figure out how to notate the rhythm. I need to know the subdivisions to set up DAW and write drum track for it. Here's the riff, played twice: ...
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1answer
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With no accent mark available to soften a note or 2, can Dynamics notes be used instead? [duplicate]

I realize a form of this question has been addressed in the past, but ... I am very new to music theory and need a clarification. I was shocked to discover today that in music notation, there is no ...
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4answers
180 views

The proper way to mark sustain pedal for MuseScore playback and live performer?

Thanks in advance for your help here. I am very new to music theory and notation. As such, I may struggle with your reply if it has a lot of musical vocab. I'm using a great free music notation ...
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1answer
108 views

Proper use of fermata marks on sheet music

I'm VERY new to music notation ... an absolute novice, so forgive me if this is an obvious beginner question. My questions involve use of Fermata marks. (1) In music notation, if I want to tell the ...
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1answer
80 views

What does this tenuto notation mean?

What precisely does this notation mean in the first bar treble clef? From ear, the note appears to be held until it’s sounded again - is that the intention, and wouldn’t a dotted eight be a reasonable ...
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1answer
36 views

Help, how can I properly notate this rhythm? [closed]

this is the song The intro/loop throughout is F#m E A Bm A/C# D C#m E A/E E I was thinking like: | F#m F#m E A | A Bm A/C# | D D C#m E | E A/E E F#m But I don't know if that's a proper way to ...
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1answer
56 views

Tongue drum note symbols

I've been offered recently a tongue drum similar to this one: Exploring the StackExchange answers I think it is tuned to the pentatonic scale. However I cannot make sense of the symbols on the ...
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1answer
170 views

How to notate the 6th and 7th scale degree cord of a minor scale? [duplicate]

Let's say that I'm in the key of A minor and there is a G major chord proceeding an A minor chord. Do I notate the G major as VII or bVII? Confusing since G is the VII in the natural minor scale and ...
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1answer
65 views

MUSICXML - what octaves does it use?

I noticed that .musicxml used an open g string in guitar as a 3rd octave note. However in classical guitar wouldn't this be the second octave. What octave system does the .musicxml format use? Or like ...
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0answers
43 views

What form is a Waltz in? [closed]

What form is a waltz in? I've heard lots of things coming from lots of people but it is not very clear. I need it for a music theory study.
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1answer
68 views

Augmented and Diminished (Fifth) Chords Baroque Notation

Hello ¿Does anybody know what is the baroque notation of Augmented & Diminished (Fifth) chords? I'm talking about of chords like this: C-E-G# & C-E-Gb I need the baroque notation, for example: ...
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3answers
137 views

How does one know which F (or other note) to play?

I am trying to learn how to read sheet music for my guitar. I am starting with this beginner exercise, but I am confused on how I am supposed to know, for example, which F note to play when it comes ...
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1answer
539 views

What is this open, vertical rectangular symbol?

In Rautavaara's Second Piano Sonata, first movement, beginning 20 bars before the end, there is a tablature-like symbol. What does it mean?
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4answers
250 views

When should one use flats or sharps when transcribing? [closed]

All I know is that: if the song has an F chord then it should be flats but if it has a B chord it should be sharps In this song, the chords are Dm B♭ F C and a transition chord which is C♯dim/D♭dim ...
6
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1answer
208 views

How do I get chords that last half a measure to display correctly in 6/8 in LilyPond / Frescobaldi?

I am currently using a lead sheet template to make a reference lead sheet for someone (I am looking to see if the chords that I found are correct, but that is a whole other problem). In LilyPond / ...
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4answers
933 views

Correct notation of ghost notes depending on note duration

Chords, notes and rests can generally be notated to show a duration of 1, 1/2, 1/4 etc. beats but how do I do that for ghost notes - i.e. those with an 'x' as a head. I can find examples of a quarter ...
6
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1answer
100 views

Divisi in Tchaikovsky Serenade for Strings

I am looking at the score for Tchaikovsky's Serenade for Strings op.48, Violins I section, and I can see that there are double-stops. It is not marked divisi, but I'm listening to some recordings and ...
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2answers
152 views

Different accidental notations for the same key within the same measure

Mozart sonata K545, first movement, measure 32, the same key appearing twice, as Db and C#, respectively (see circles in image). Is it because this way it looks more uniform like in the previous ...
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2answers
83 views

Smaller scripts on guitar tablature

Above picture there are some notes are written smaller does it mean play slightly more silent?
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1answer
52 views

Notation of piano arpeggios, cross-staff and between hands

I need opinions on the notation of cross-staff notes in piano arpeggios. I chose not to write the usual rests so that my page would have a clean look. I cannot beam the notes of the whole arpeggio ...
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3answers
81 views

What are your techniques to research music basics signs, theory and for sheet music?

There are many questions about music basics, scales, keys, signs, harmony, chords etc. which could be answered by own researches if people had better strategies for searching. This is because they don'...
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5answers
189 views

Are these notes (circled)?

This is from bass learning book. How are these G, D, G, D in red? Shouldn’t they be B, A, B, B? Sorry again, just starting out on electric bass.
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3answers
119 views

What is the correct terminology/notation for playing notes in a chord at the same time, and not as an arpeggio?

It is very common for interpreters of sheet music — especially string players — to roll chords. What is the notation to specify that all notes should sound at once? I had thought it was a square ...
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1answer
72 views

Help with same note next to each other but different values? [duplicate]

For the Treble Clef: Is The "D" played only once and at which value? What is the purpose of this notation?
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4answers
452 views

Rhythm notation syncopation over the third beat

I found this copy of Sloop John B online... I wanted different line breaks so re-notated it. But I changed the rhythm notation to use ties to the third beat... What is the right way to notate these ...
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2answers
435 views

Hollow, x-shaped noteheads

I came across this line of sheet music, and I've never seen these hollow "x" shaped noteheads before. I found it in this search engine, and the title or lyric seems to be in Chinese. I wasn'...
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9answers
3k views

Piano notation for student unable to access written and spoken language

I am working with a student in with a developmental delay. He basically cannot understand spoken or written language at all, so he has to learn by observation. He has expressed much interest in music, ...
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2answers
70 views

Correct notation of rhythm in 6/8 time [duplicate]

I am writing a bass part in 6/8 time. I'm not sure which is the correct way of notating the following rhythm, although I suspect bar 2 is easier to read. Is this a matter of opinion or is there a ...
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1answer
113 views

Highly irregular beaming in this Liszt piece - is phrasal beaming a no-no or not?

The piece is Liszt's Heroischer Marsch im Ungarischem Stil, S.231, and the passage is this (measures 57-64). Notice how irregular the beaming is in the right hand, going across barlines and grouping ...
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5answers
523 views

Function of augmented-fifth in figured bass

What is the harmonic function of the 5+ in the figured bass in the following snippet? If I have interpreted the figuring correctly, a F♯ figured 5+ should realise the triad F♯ A C𝄪. I am confused ...
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1answer
60 views

Is it possible to combine accent and tremolo in notation?

I want to have a strings part with tremolo, like used for example on the beginning of the 4th movement in Beethoven's 6th Symphony. But I also want the beginning of every such note to be accented. In ...
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1answer
69 views

How can I use a custom text font in LilyPond?

I'm trying to use the "Hiragino Mincho ProN" font for Japanese text on the title, but I don't know how to use fonts, not even the other default ones (Sans and Typewriter). I don't have any ...
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1answer
42 views

Questions on note grouping and beaming for 3+3+2 rhythm

EDIT: The questions below still apply, but here is an updated edit that I think looks a lot cleaner. Any thoughts? Regarding this piece with a 3+3+2 rhythm, I have a few more questions regarding ...
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5answers
2k views

To what extent do performers “hear” sheet music?

Sheet music enables instrumental performers who are able to read music notation (a pianist, orchestral instrument players, a jazz band, etc.) or singers to perform a song or piece. Presumably some ...
3
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1answer
37 views

What's the difference with this 'cross-staff' notation? [duplicate]

Sometimes I see this cross-staff notation. I'm not even 100% sure cross-staff is the right word for it. The two sets of half notes are joined on both clefs. They are identical but what's the ...
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2answers
94 views

How should one play those codas?

In the below arrangement of "Ah Istanbul" by Sezen Aksu, how should one play all those codas and segno?
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5answers
853 views

Best way to notate 3+3+2 syncopated rhythm

I'm arranging a piece in 4/4 with a syncopated 3+3+2 Latin rhythm throughout, and am wondering which (if either) would be the better way to notate. Here's the first notation, which emphasizes these 3+...
0
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1answer
39 views

Keys and major pentatonic, minor pentatonic or minor harmonic scales [closed]

Are Keys with minor or major pentatonic and minor harmonic scales named differently or how do you discern the scale based on the key if it's pentatonic or harmonic instead of natural?
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1answer
122 views

ornamentation in keyboard music of William Byrd

I'm working through some tunes by Byrd, and am wondering about the ornamentation, the two diagonal slashes through the note stem. As far as I can tell, we don't actually know what the composers of ...
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1answer
94 views

Time signatures and values exceeding the bar?

I'm looking at a modern edition (1984)1 of Van Eyck's Der Fluyten Lusthof (a XVI century collection of old songs with variations for recorder flute that's been and still is the bread and butter of ...
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3answers
603 views

How did the ancient Greeks notate their music?

Ancient Greece had a sophisticated musical system that allowed for transposable modes and flexible instrument tunings. Known as the Greater Perfect System, it is discussed in detail in What are the ...
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5answers
1k views

What if we had six note names in notation instead of seven? [closed]

I have a naïve question, but this has been bothering me for a while now. Wouldn't it be simpler and more convenient to have 6 note names instead of 7? So we basically have the same 12 notes but ...
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2answers
438 views

Piano chord fingering notation with only 1 finger number for multi-finger chord

The following score has suggested fingering, where some left hand chords only have one finger number indicated. Does it mean the other fingers on the same chord are obvious or whatever your preference ...
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2answers
567 views

What is the Schäffer Clef?

I was perusing the Musescore master palette and came across this triangle shaped clef called the Schäffer clef. Doing a Google search for it only returned stuff like a website for browsing the ...
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3answers
97 views

Notating a double stop with a semitone interval

I am arranging a piece of music, and I am having trouble figuring out how to notate a double stop with the notes G and G#. The key is G, and it's for mallet percussion. The notes are repeated once. ...
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3answers
311 views

On the grand staff, does the crescendo apply to the right hand or left hand?

How can one tell if the crescendo is for the treble staff or the bass staff? The excerpt above is from Chopin's Nocturne in C# minor.
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1answer
48 views

Writing syncopes in harmonic grids

I am learning how to write a harmonic grid and I wondered how to write a syncope? I thought about doing: If that makes sense? Is it the standard notation?
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8answers
3k views

I don't understand the bottom number in a time signature

I've learned that 4/4 means 4 beats with the kind of beat being a crotchet. However, I've seen pieces with that time signature that don't just use crotchets, but minims, quavers, etc. I am still a ...
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3answers
85 views

Please explain the bars [duplicate]

I was trying to play a piece of music on my keyboard when I got stuck at this bar no.17 (Please refer to the pic below). Can someone please explain how do a rest symbol and a whole note appear one ...

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