Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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Correct Connected (Across Staves) Arpeggio Collission

In context, the collision looks like this: Here's a minimum example that appears to reproduce the problem: \version "2.22.1" rh=\relative c'' {\key des \major <g g'>4.( <e e'&...
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5 votes
2 answers
147 views

How Do I Insert Markup (ritardando) Without a Note

In the solo voice here: a ritardando shows up on beat four of the measure, but there is only a whole note in the measure. If I attach the ^\markup{\italic rit.} to that whole note, the ritardando ...
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3 votes
2 answers
383 views

What is the meaning of upward and downward arrows on double note in guitar tab?

It is a part of Desperado song guitar tab. I'm wondering what does upward and downward arrows mean in the guitar tab?
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1 vote
4 answers
115 views

Should I hold down Arpeggios for their duration?

Their are 2 Arpeggios on this picture: I know I should play their notes from the bottom to top very quickly BUT should I hold each note pressed down for their duration (dotted half note) OR should I ...
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5 votes
3 answers
391 views

Different notations for accidental notes

I make instruments that are sometimes unorthodox and it serves helpful to mark the notes that each part of the instrument creates for ease of use. This is often done using metal punches. The issue ...
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0 votes
1 answer
90 views

How to search for melody? [closed]

I have a (likely well-known) melody in my head, and I'd like to know what song it is and where it is from. In this situation I normally use www.musipedia.org. While I have vague memories of having ...
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0 votes
3 answers
222 views

Why isn't there a unique double-flat symbol?

Why isn't there a unique, compact, easy to write, double-flat symbol? The current double-flat is not easy to write as the "x" symbol is for double sharp.
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7 votes
1 answer
165 views

What is the meaning of this tempo marking?

I came across this in a piece for piano four hands (title and composer are unknown; as pointed out in the comments, it might also be a part of a longer piece). Here's the beginning of the upper part (...
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4 votes
2 answers
509 views

A rest with a lyric syllable under it? Is this a typo?

I am confused by this passage where a rest has a lyric syllable under it: I do not understand what the singer would do here. Is this likely a typo? The source is a specific edition of Thomas Tallis's ...
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8 votes
1 answer
198 views

Meaning of left parenthesis notation on chords

As an example, in the Joseffy edition of the Chopin Nocturne op.62 no.1, there are many instances where a "left parenthesis" is used in front of a chord. I have always assumed this means a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
73 views

I don't know how to deal with the trills in Bach's Fugue in D Minor

(Included from comment: the fugue is from well-tempered clavier, vol. 1 BWV 851) All research I do gives me a different answer. One example said to use the auxiliary note first - more in keeping with ...
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3 votes
0 answers
39 views

A Question about Avid Sibelius 2021 and Kontakt (.nki) instruments

Since Sibelius is just using a version of Kontakt in the background to play its own sounds, can I build Sibelius Soundsets that are based on nothing but the .nki files in my authorized Kontakt ...
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14 votes
8 answers
3k views

Should I use British or American note value terminology?

When writing in English for an international audience. I'm not a native speaker of English myself, and I was wondering whether, say, crotchet and quaver are more generally recognized than quarter and ...
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0 votes
2 answers
99 views

How to notate scores when the keys don't admit a heptatonic scale?

I was playing with microtonality. Specifically, equal temperaments other than 12edo. Since the point of equal temperaments is versatility, I wanted them to admit a notion of key signatures similar to ...
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0 votes
3 answers
110 views

Double time swing notation

I am arranging a piece for big band, and I want a section that is being played "straight" (no swing) to immediately be followed by a section with double time swing. Is it necessary to ...
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13 votes
1 answer
1k views

How do you specify no vibrato in notation?

I am composing a piece for string quartet, and I explicitly don't want vibrato. Is there a term for it, or should I just write "no vibrato"?
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4 votes
1 answer
197 views

Sextuplet vs pair of triplets

A single sextuplet and a pair of triplets are similar in the fact that their rhythmic note values are equal, but are different (as affirmed in this post) in that usually a sextuplet should only have ...
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2 votes
1 answer
46 views

How do you insert this symbol |0| using finale v 26?

What does this symbol mean |O| ? It appears in notation for a chanted psalm. Is there a way to insert this symbol using Finale v 26?
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1 vote
0 answers
42 views

Why only 7 natural notes? [duplicate]

I dont really understand why the 12 notes shouldn't be labeled ABCDEFGHIJKL instead of sharps and flats. Wouldn't it be easier to forma and remember the major and minor and other keys? Adding flats ...
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8 votes
1 answer
355 views

Weird notation in Bartok's Microcosmos, Book 1, No. 9 [duplicate]

In Bartok's Microcosmos Book 1, Number 9, I found these notes floating between the staves, without any lines. What do they mean? What notes are supposed to be played?
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8 votes
3 answers
333 views

In Bach's WTK I Prelude in C major, is Glenn Gould's performance more literal reading of the score?

Bach's prelude in C major, being beginners' favorite, seemingly shouldn't be controversial as to how it should be read. This is why Glenn Gould's interpretation came to me as a shock with each ...
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3 votes
3 answers
167 views

Why is the second movement to Beethoven's 9th notated in fast 3/4, rather than in 3/8?

Looking at the score for Beethoven's 9th symphony, it surprises me how the second movement is written in a breakneck 3/4 at 116 dotted half notes per minute. Why did Beethoven opt for this 3/4, rather ...
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4 votes
4 answers
458 views

Notation of staccato rhythm

I'm notating a line for bass and effectively want the 1st and 4th semiquaver of a beat played staccato. I've thought of four ways of notating this that I think would effectively sound the same if ...
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4 votes
1 answer
86 views

What is the reason for using non-standard harp pedal notation?

According to this page, harp pedals are notated as D C B E F G A. In the score for Holst's Planets - 7. Neptune, the order Cb D# Eb G# Ab B F# was used. Is there a specific reason for this non-...
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1 vote
0 answers
79 views

where to find piano symbols dataset [closed]

I want to detect piano symbols from pictures using machine learning. My issue is that I couldn't find a decent dataset to train my model. any recommendations ?
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4 votes
2 answers
226 views

How to notate syncopations in measures that starts with slashes

(Apologies in advance for possibly incorrect terminology. Also, I'm fairly new to slash notation.) I am writing a chord sheet for my band. I use slash notation and explicitly specify important rhythms/...
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  • 225
10 votes
2 answers
833 views

In what sense is the guitar a transposing instrument?

Guitars are transposing instruments. Does this mean if the music notation is calling for a C4 I should play a C3? Or would I still play a C4? Does the original instrument the notation was made for ...
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3 votes
3 answers
97 views

Guitar Standard Notation Fret & String Selection

After reviewing this image: I've noticed guitars can play the exact same pitches on different strings and frets. How can I determine correct strings and fingerings? For example, if I want to ...
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  • 133
0 votes
2 answers
168 views

The Grand Staff Revealed?

This is a long explanation (with a question at the end), but I hope it might help some struggling students. I'm embarrassed that I always shunned reading music. I first learned music a lifetime ago by ...
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1 vote
1 answer
45 views

Can voltas be used mid-repeat instead of just at the end? [duplicate]

I'm writing an ABAB arrangement where the only difference the second time (apart from lyrics) is one extra bar (extra long pre-chorus, as it were) between A and B. I think it would help the musicians ...
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7 votes
2 answers
805 views

How to correctly and clearly write unisons that have different time values?

I have a soprano and alto both sharing the same pitch but the alto should be a dotted quarter/crotchet note while the soprano is an eighth/quaver note. How can I write this so it is correct?
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1 vote
0 answers
89 views

When to use natural vs. artificial harmonics

I am working on the above homework assignment regarding string harmonics. I'm stuck on exercise #2. What are the rules or guidelines for determining whether a pitch should be played via a natural or ...
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4 votes
1 answer
44 views

Separate drumkit into hands and feet in Musink music maker

I'm writing drum and percussion exercises in Musink music maker software. It's going well except when I write the hands and feet the notes 'join'. I would like them to be separate. I read about voice ...
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2 votes
1 answer
102 views

How to write proper repeat signs for ABABBCB form?

I'm trying to write down the melody of a song. It's in ABABBCB form, with a Coda. It also has a pickup measure. This is what I came up with. Is this correct? In the 2nd volta (ending), should it ...
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2 votes
1 answer
61 views

Is the volta ONLY used to mark unique end of a section or can it mark unique verse content within a section?

I see a three verse, two chord song, verse 1 and 2 are a b c a b c d d e Verse three is a b c a b c a f g d d e Without writing everything serially, within a repeated section with lyrics listed as ...
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1 vote
1 answer
59 views

what does this symbol from KV265 mean?

At 5:41, in the 17th bar of the 6th variation, there is a star above the C in the righthand. what does it mean?
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4 votes
3 answers
159 views

Shell and inversion notation for lead sheets

I am a beginner piano player here. I have been studying Barry Harris’s maj 6/ diminished chord approach. It seems that often you can have a shell in you left hand and different chord in the right ...
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0 votes
1 answer
49 views

How do I add a rest in smart music compose?

I've just started learning smart music's compose feature whereby I can create my own musical score. I'm starting with Mary Had a Little Lamb (the hello world program equivalent for any music notation ...
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

What do these three lines through the measure mean?

The below image is from the Clarinet II part of Samuel Barber's Violin concerto. I don't have the faintest clue as to what these three lines could mean in this context. The notation is preceded by a ...
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17 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does the 'L' line in Elgar's "The Spirit of the Lord" mean?

In the introduction to the Elgar's "The Spirit of the Lord", the prologue to The Apostles Op. 49, the score has lines which looks like octave signs, but which have the letter 'L' instead of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
258 views

What is the strumming pattern of this guitar tab from "Bring Me to Life" by Evanescence? [closed]

I'm trying to learn how to play "Bring Me to Life" by Evanescence on guitar, and I'm following Christian Torres's cover on YouTube: Only problem is, I suck ...
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7 votes
3 answers
735 views

Why are some notes double stemmed in keyboard style harmony while others are not?

When doubling certain notes in the right hand chord shapes sometimes there are double stems and sometimes there arent. Can someone please explain the rules? Here you can see the upbeat shows a double ...
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5 votes
1 answer
91 views

Meaning of drum TAB notation: horizontal line with upward stroke

I came across the following notation which I couldn't find in any guides to drum TAB notation: It resembles a small x note lying directly on the 2nd stave line from the top (i.e., a D4 in the treble ...
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  • 153
10 votes
2 answers
510 views

Which clef is used for the tenors here? [duplicate]

In modern typesetting, tenors usually have an F clef (or an octaving C clef, with the 8 indicated or omitted). Consider following clef from Bellini's Norma (p. 125): It looks like an (octaving) G ...
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6 votes
1 answer
123 views

What are those brackets for?

We sang this song at Church and I am just wondering what these two symbols do.
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3 votes
2 answers
162 views

Is sforzando on two beats sensible? Are there alternatives?

For a piano piece, I want a sforzando (which I interpret as a strong accent on every note in that beat) to be applied to two beats. Until now I have notated it like this, with sffz between the notes: ...
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  • 1,413
5 votes
3 answers
386 views

Grace notes with slash

What exactly does the slash mean as opposed to the other? And if you have a group of grace notes together, do you just slash the first one?
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  • 223
6 votes
2 answers
657 views

Trill notation with a wavy line

There are 2 trill notations: 'tr' and 'tr' followed by a wavy line. What exactly is the difference and when is one used over the other?
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  • 223
4 votes
5 answers
550 views

Slurs for flute

In writing for the flute when the composer does not play the instrument himself, how does he know where to put the slurs? To my understanding slur markings for woodwind indicate to play with a certain ...
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  • 223
25 votes
10 answers
6k views

Why don’t piano teachers teach the chord method of playing to young children and adults?

I have been playing piano since I was 10 and now I am 43. I have never really been good at sight reading sheet music. I have recently been researching alternative methods of learning songs fast as ...
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