# Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

2,043 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
228 views

### What do the ending numbers (e.g., Db 1; Db/F 1/3) written below the chords mean?

What do the ending numbers written below the chord in this video really mean? Video link: Db 1, Db/F 1/3, Gb 4, Ab 5, Db 1, Db/F 1/3, Gb 4, Ab 5, Fm7 3m, Bbm7 6m, Gb ...
• 499
682 views

### What do those double dots mean (in Trois mouvements de Petrouchka, Stravinsky)

What do those double dots mean ? Do they apply to the whole chord ? Or just the right hand chord or just the top D ? Does it have a musical meaning or interpretative meaning or both ? How is it ...
• 471
180 views

### How can you tell the difference between 3/4 time and 6/8 time? Or 3/2 time and 6/4 time?

When given any sheet of music without the time signature and you are given the choice of 3/4 and 6/8, how would you know which one would be the appropriate choice?
273 views

### Sibelius Notation for Slightly Changed Repeat Passage

I want to recreate a repeated section of music in Sibelius which I found in an online score. I attach a screenshot of the relevant bar from the repeated passage. The passage is repeated three times, ...
65 views

### Schoenberg notation [duplicate]

In Theory of Harmony section 4 on the major mode and diatonic chords by Schoenberg, he writes, A musical sound is a composite, made up of a series of tones sounding together, the overtones; hence, it ...
• 143
2k views

### Is there any other notation, like tab notation, for piano?

I am a beginner in music, and I like both piano and electric bass guitar. I can spend 2,3 hours per week on music (Online Learning and playing). I am not a musician, but I am playing for joy. I’ve ...
• 79
777 views

### What does the numbers mean in this guitar tab if they already gave the chords to play?

I understand E A D G B e And the meaning of the letters above. Which I can play like the c chord and em . But I don’t understand the numbers. Is it for the fret. Like where I should be playing on the ...
• 71
128 views

### What is the name of the chord with the notes G#, B, D#, and E?

I’m working on writing a chord sheet for Switchfoot’s song “Living Is Simple.” One of the chords during the second post-chorus has the notes G#, B, D#, and E. On the guitar, it’s fingered x-6-6-4-0-0 (...
• 197
152 views

### Correct Numbering for Scale Degrees

For ever, I've only called scale degrees by their (Arabic) numbers. As opposed to chords, where I use Roman Numerals. Now, I've found out they really ought to have carets, or circumflexes over them. ...
• 174k
199 views

### Properly listing notes on a scale by following the 3 guidelines: Alphabetical, No Repeats/Omissions, Don't Mix Sharps or Flats [duplicate]

My question specifically addresses the G Harmonic Minor scale, which I always see listed as: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F#, (G). The scale is listed alphabetically but it contains a mixture of 2 flats and 1 ...
186 views

### Notating a note sustained over clef change

I found this very interesting notation in Wiklund's first piano concerto, final bars of movement 1 (the transcription for two pianos): See the final left-hand bars: the low E is sustained over a clef ...
• 1,413
108 views

### Help understanding basso continuo in Vivaldi's 'La Folia'

This piece by Vivaldi is shown in the score to be notated for 3 voices. However in performances, there are 4 instruments played: 2 violins, cello and keyboard. The keyboard, along with playing the ...
• 223
318 views

### How to notate lack of pedal for a measure?

I'm writing a piano piece, for most of which I would like to use a blanket con pedale instead of marking pedals for each measure. However, at exactly one point, there are two nonconsecutive measures ...
525 views

### What is this notation used for the singer? [duplicate]

Consider this excerpt from Te Deum Laudamus by C.V. Stanford: What is the notation used on top of the voice? I suppose the letters indicate the notes (d(o)-r(e)-m(i)-s(ol) for re-mi-fa#-la in D major)...
• 1,213
1 vote
117 views

### Drum and dotted notes

I am trying to practice Smell like a teen spirit on drums and there is something I don’t understand with dotted notes. Here is the sheet: I don’t understand the use of dotted notes in this sheet. If ...
• 141
52 views

### 1 and 2 marks on Ravel's La Valse two-piano version

I found [1] and [2] marks on Ravel, "La Valse" two piano version (by Garban), like Only [1] or [2] is written during the whole piece, not [3] or [4], etc. so they are not rehearsal marks. ...
• 218
2k views

### Bass score, what does "Maybe quarter notes" mean?

I was playing "Elf: The Musical" this week and the keyboard player (playing the bass part) asked me what "Maybe quarter notes" meant. I figured it gave the option to either play ...
• 783
1k views

### What does this instrumentation mean?

I was checking the requirements for a score and saw this. 1.1.1.1-1.0.0.0-strings (3.3.2.2.1) - common woodwind doublings allowed I still don't know how to read the shorthand for orchestra ...
• 109
107 views

### What's the correct way of referring to movements with multiple tempo indications?

I'm checking out the tracklistings of a Scarlatti box set and seeing some differences between what's on the back covers and what's on the publisher's website. I'm interested to know which punctuations ...
785 views

### What does F.O. mean, and is it related to a repeat?

I have some sheet music (from a Japanese book, if that matters in any way) and it says "F.O." at the end of some pieces. I could find some other terms related to repeats (D.S. being Dal ...
• 325
104 views

### Rests with triplets across the Grand Staff

Let's say this is the 4th of 4 quaver triplets in a 4/4 measure: Unlike the other quaver triplets in the measure, this one crosses the staves, with one note in the bass clef and two in the treble ...
• 51
129 views

### Question about held notes in piano musical notation [duplicate]

My knowledge of musical notation is extremely limited, so I'm sorry if this is a dumb question... Could anyone tell me how the the below bar would look if the 3 triplet notes marked in red in the bass ...
• 51
109 views

### How would you write an inversion of a suspended chord with functional chord symbols? [duplicate]

Ex. Would the second chord be written as I7 - 6 or I62 - 1?
• 33
1 vote
75 views

### Do accidentals take precedence over the key signature? I've included an example of a measure for a clarinet in Bb [duplicate]

A measure written for Bb clarinet.
1k views

### What time signature should I use with partial triplets?

Say I have six groupings of eighth note triplets, 18 total notes. I want to play 16 eighth note triplets, leave off the last two notes ("partial triplet"), and repeat the section. To my ear, ...
• 173
241 views

### Why is the usual clef for guitar G clef?

Analyzing by two parameters, polyphony and range, music written for guitar should use two clefs, G and F. Usually, solo guitar has a polyphonic expression. Writing two melodies in a single stave could ...
82 views

### Lilypond: How to write - when the left hand should play more than the number of notes per bar as per the time signature

This is what I am aiming for: How can I tell LilyPond that the c1 in the first three measures is to be played by the thumb of the left hand in parallel with the other three notes also played by the ...
• 461
51 views

### Dash symbol above or below a note [duplicate]

The dash symbol or the horizontal bar at the F G A in the first measure and at A B C in the third measure, what is it called? Looking at the video, I could not tell what was unusual. (Measure 25 and ...
• 243
199 views

### Instrumental intro on "Piano and melody with lyrics" score in LilyPond

I am creating a LilyPond piano/vocal score starting with the Template A.3.2 Piano and melody with lyrics. In my piece, there will be several bars of instrumental introduction before the vocal line ...
• 1,845
640 views

### Lilypond: Putting left hand notes on treble clef - one more question

Similar to my earlier question - How to put Left hand notes on the treble clef But this still has me stumped - This is what I am trying to achieve: This is what I am getting: My right hand is: \...
• 461
640 views

### Multiple staccato dots on minim with tremolo repeat in Lilypond

I'm writing a piano reduction of Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony (to help study the score and practice music notation, but mainly just for kicks 'n' grins) using GNU LilyPond. (Yes, I know, I'm totally ...
• 1,162
266 views

### How to put Left hand notes on the treble clef

I want to put a note to be played by the left hand on the treble clef - using LilyPond. How can this be done? What I want to achieve is like this: This is how my code looks right now: Right Hand: \...
• 461
193 views

### Notating the 3rd and 5th of an augmented chord

I am transposing a piano solo which is in A major. At a certain point (3rd beat of bar 7) the piano plays a dyad which consists of what I would normally call Eb and G natural (a major third apart). ...
• 795
862 views

### Notation Question - Augmented vs. Diminished for Accidental

Another noob question, sorry if it is trivial or stoopid... I am notating a song that I wrote and question the correct way to notate an accidental. I suppose it is technically correct to notate ...
• 317
2k views

### What's going on in this musical notation?

The notation snippet below is from the cover of a Composition textbook. The cover has a pale blue background and pale green notes, so I changed it to be black on white to make it easier to read. From ...
• 9,292
164 views

### Was a 13-line (6 over 7) staff system ever in wide use?

On the Wikipedia article for Passacaglia, there is an excerpt of a piece by 17th-century composer Bernardo Storace. It has a 6-line staff with both G and C clefs above a 7 line staff with both C and ...
• 1,845
78 views

### Beams broken/unbroken with rests - meaning and usage

Shown in the circled parts of the image, are two different ways of representing a beam that spans a sixteenth note - a sixteenth rest - a sixteenth note In one of them, the beam is broken at the rest,...
• 461
133 views

### Making a melodic line stand out in written score

I'm arranging an orchestral piece for solo piano, and find myself transcribing a passage with a single melodic line in the lower register, which to play on piano should alternate between the left and ...
• 1,413
77 views

### What was the first published "cutaway/cut-out" score?

Sometimes scores are formatted so that silent measures are completely omitted—not just left empty, but left blank, including the staff. The oldest score in this style that I have seen is Lutosławski's ...
• 349
191 views

### Bass Guitar Nomenclature for Intermediate Players

My call for advice involves music nomenclature of intermediate-level bass players who can’t read sheet music. I am such a bass player, self-taught and want to take my playing to the next level. My ...
• 121
2k views

### In sheet music, can notes of a chord have different length, or how to read this sheet?

I have some sheet music that I'm trying to understand, but I'm unfamiliar with the correct terminology and my understanding of it (just starting out learning music). Specifically, the notes that are ...
• 325
124 views

### Notating a sus chord with thirteenth

How do you notate a chord like G F A C E without using slash notation? G13sus? G13sus4? If it’s along the lines of a G13, this leads to me to wonder why the chord G F A C is usually notated as G9sus4 ...
• 367
253 views

### how to disconnect two notes

I’m rewriting a sheet of music where the first two notes are separate, but lilypond connect them. How to disconnect those two 1/8 notes? Thanks. see exemple: http://lilybin.com/rexyws/1
• 514
53 views

### How do I play two bass clefs sharing piano keys? [duplicate]

I have some sheet music for the song Mad World. Part way though the treble clef on the grand staff changes to bass, which is fine, but a few bars later I hit a snag. In bar 7 both hands are given the ...
• 133
432 views

### Orchestral score has inconsistent time signature changes and note lengths

I'm learning music notation and as both a fan and enthusiast I bought the Star Trek: The Motion Picture film score from Omni Music Publishing. Unfortunately, I've encountered a confusing bit of ...
281 views

### What does a B on a note stem in guitar music mean?

I found B's on note stems in sheet music of the 3rd movement of the Libra Sonatine, "Fuoco", by Roland Dyens, which is for guitar: What does that B on a note stem mean in this guitar music? ...
• 11.6k
147 views

### Which came first: the dot or the tie?

In considering the question of the benefits of dots versus ties for extending note values, I got to wondering about the origins of those two notations. Did one emerge before the other? For what ...
• 56.9k
716 views

### How to notate a phrase than goes up and down several octaves

I have several bars of sixteenth notes that span quite a large range on the keyboard, and also go up and down the length of four octaves on the keyboard quite rapidly. I am not sure about how best to ...
• 49
1 vote
71 views

### How long should the note modifiers be played? [duplicate]

There is a D natural modifier at the begining here. Does that mean that all of the D's in the bass clef are natural or just this specific one?
• 13