Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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4
votes
1answer
269 views

What is the proper shorthand notation for a multi-measure chord tremolo?

This question came up from Proper chord tremolo notation and execution: What is a proper way to notate a chord tremolo with bars (as opposed to writing it out explicitly), when the tremolo lasts more ...
4
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1answer
110 views

Proper chord tremolo notation and execution

I'm not sure if this measure from Joe Hisaishi's "Hana-Bi" is correctly notated for a chord tremolo. What is the correct notation, and how should it be played?
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5answers
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Can you use a dotted semibreve rest in 3/2 time?

In an exercise I am doing in 3/2, I am asked to mark the rests used as correct or incorrect. I got an answer wrong and am not sure why. Here is a photo of the answer book and you can see right at the ...
6
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2answers
198 views

How would you indicate upwards or downwards movement when writing out a chord progression?

So as I'm writing this song, its main chord progression is i-VII-v-VI, D#m-C#-A#-B. I usually compose by ear and just write what sounds nice and analyze it later, and I'm doing here, but I'm now ...
3
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3answers
296 views

Do you have to use a tie over the middle of a bar in 4/2 time?

In my workbook I need to fill in the time signatures and in this example I have used 4/2 as the time signature as you can see there is a whole note across the bar, is this allowed in 4/2 time? ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Did Renaissance composers work from a full score?

When I look at manuscripts and original publications from composers of Renaissance polyphony, I tend to find part-books, not scores. So I would see a soprano book, an alto book, and so on. When I ...
3
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2answers
272 views

Original manuscripts of 16th century composers [closed]

TL;DR - Where can I find manuscripts by Renaissance composers? I'm studying 16th Century counterpoint and the shift in rhythmic notation from "longer" note values to "shorter" ...
2
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3answers
806 views

Is 6/4 compound time?

In my workbook 6/4 appears to be categorized as compound duple time but in this exercise where I am supposed to complete 4 bar rhythms the author has a grouped triplet quaver at the beginning and I ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Tablature notation meaning

What is that tablature symbol in the second bar of Alfred Schnittke's piano sonata no.3 ?
0
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1answer
104 views

how to convert 3/4 into 9/8 time

In this exercise I am given a piece of music in 3/4 and asked to convert it into 9/8. In 3/4 time each beat is a crotchet snd in 9/8 each beat is supposed to be a dotted crotchet but in the exercise ...
2
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2answers
115 views

How do you convert 6/4 into 2/2 time

I am doing an exercise where I have to convert 6/4 to 2/2. My book has no answers and I cant find enough info anywhere else. please could someone tell me if they think this is done right? I cant ...
8
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4answers
1k views

Music notation question - note between staves

I have a sheet with 2 lines between the treble clef and the bass clef, with a note shown on either one. What does it mean? It looks like competing middle Cs. Returning after many years to piano.
6
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3answers
290 views

What are dotted quaver beats in 12/8 time?

In grade 3 music theory I learned about compound time and how in 12/8 for example you have 4 dotted crotchet (quarter note) beats per bar. Each beat them gets 3 quavers (8th notes). But what does it ...
3
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3answers
146 views

(beginner question) If the first E is natural, is the 2nd E also a natural? (Or put another way, are the E's in the same or different bars?)

Is the 2nd E natural like the 1st E? I asked a similar question earlier today: If the first D note (in the 1st beam) is flat, does that mean the next D note (in the 2nd beam) is also flat? (see photo) ...
0
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3answers
85 views

What are the benefits of using no beams in simple vocal melody? [duplicate]

I've noticed some of my favorite musicians went out of their way to use no beams while writing vocal melodies. Why would they choose to exclude beams? There are beams in the music but not the vocal ...
3
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2answers
55 views

If the first D note (in the 1st beam) is flat, does that mean the next D note (in the 2nd beam) is also flat? (see photo) [duplicate]

If the first D note (in the 1st beam) is flat, does that mean the next D note (in the 2nd beam) is also flat? (see photo)
3
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3answers
111 views

How to notate a minor chord with added 4th

In C major, notes are G-D-F-A- (G is in the bass). How would one notate this chord? The G is not a pedal tone nor a passing tone. The first time this occurs there is a C pedal tone that is left over ...
17
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3answers
3k views

What's the proper piano notation for adding one note at a time to a chord and holding all the notes?

I came across a bar that sounds like this while transcribing a piece for keyboard. Is there a correct/better way to write this?
8
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4answers
1k views

What does the bracket spanning a chord on a guitar score mean?

I came across this notation in a guitar solo collection book, but I don't know what it means. It's a bracket spanning a chord (The Asus4, A/C# and G chords in the image below.) My first guess is that ...
1
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1answer
149 views

Is this 3/4 at 270 BPM or 6/8 at 90 BPM? [closed]

So im composing a song called "Consonant Dissonance II" (You can listen to the first one), and I hear it as 270 BPM 3/4 but I dont know if it is correct to notate it as that. (Sorry if the ...
10
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1answer
352 views

Meaning of a Notation Symbol (

I wonder if anyone can tell me what the curved notation next to the 8th notes are. If it helps, this is a score for saxophone. Thanks.
2
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1answer
149 views

Do songs in X/32+ time signatures exist?

7 hours ago I asked a question involving a rare time signature (Why does 1/1 time signature exist if you are curious), but then my curiosity had me thinking about X/32, X/64, and absurd time ...
2
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1answer
202 views

Why does 1/1 time signature exist

So I stumbled around a 1/1 song like 3 days ago I still dont whats the use of 1/1, I get 2/2 and 8/8 but why does 1/1 exist?* Like what is its purpose?
1
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1answer
63 views

Simile Mark on sheet music [closed]

On the sheet music I am playing, I have faced 3 simile Mark each on different bar continuously. Does it mean I should repeat 3 measures back ?
8
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3answers
616 views

Can a singer sing a song from its notation if he/she has not heard the song before? [duplicate]

Is it possible for a singer to sing a song just by reading its musical notation? A song which he/she has never heard before?
3
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4answers
183 views

How interpret 4 & 3 markings in these 2 bars? (Alkan - Prelude Opus 31 No 8 in A-flat minor)

Looking over this piece and I'm stumped trying to interpret the 4s in bar 29 and the 3s in bar 30. Also bar 30 is perplexing because there are 6 quarter notes. The piece is in 6/8 time. I don't think ...
2
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2answers
169 views

What is the duration of chords shown on top of a measure

In the image, there is an A Major over the first measure. Should it be also played over the 2nd, 3rd and 4th measures even though the chord is not written on top? Until the D chord in the 5th measure?
4
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1answer
64 views

Is it ok to use irregular key signatures for neutral scales?

So for 24-TET neutral scales is it correct to use irregular key signatures? or do I need to use a minor with accidentals or something?
10
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1answer
799 views

What are these sixteenth notes with left-right arrows beneath them supposed to mean

Specifically in this picture/piece This is the link to the whole piece, performed on piano with notation
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2answers
95 views

How would you notate an extra long note for strings in a way which allows it to be bowed multiple times?

When composing for strings, sometimes I'd like to write a note which is a combination of very loud and very long—something that can't be played on one bow alone. If I write a long note with ties, ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

Custom rehearsal markings on an arrangement of a piece that already has them

I've arranged a 75 minute symphony for solo piano. This piece is obviously very long, as are its four movements, but it can in fact be relatively well divided into smaller, musically cohesive sub-...
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5answers
1k views

How do you exactly notate in 31-TET?

So I always wanted to compose a song in 31-TET inspired by a song I heard on musescore some months ago, the thing is that I didnt know how to notate in 31-TET, so obviously i want to learn.
4
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1answer
221 views

What is the best way to write a baritone vocal and piano part?

I am trying to figure out the most sensible way to write my music on a score as I compose and write music. I have little experience with scoring other than learning from sheet music of songs I like to ...
21
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5answers
1k views

Notation - when to use staccato vs rests

I'm arranging a piece of music I wrote for string quartet, and I'm not sure what the most practical way of notating the following rhythm is. I'm self taught and rarely use written music, so I'm not ...
4
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8answers
937 views

Any tips on writing the structure of a song for a band which does not read music?

I am starting to play some pre-written songs with a band. These are written by the vocalist and we are trying to make a demo out of them. We (as a band) are having a hard time trying to remember he ...
60
votes
3answers
6k views

Found in an 1800s newspaper--what kind of march notation is this?

Does anyone recognize this musical notation? It looks like a bunch of vertical bars. Is it supposed to be read by a machine? It was found in an issue of Scientific American from 1846. I'm guessing ...
5
votes
4answers
902 views

Precise rule(s) for calling a note sharp or flat in a given scale

Is there a precise rule (or set of rules) by which I can determine if a note should called sharp or flat? Consider the two scales below. In the first C#/Db is C#, and in the second it's Db. By which ...
5
votes
3answers
396 views

Chords as Roman Numerals: how to represent in-between chords?

In a piece that is in C-major, the chords in Roman numerals would be I for C, ii for dm, iii for em, IV for F, V for G, etc. Now let's say the piece also features a (rare) Eb chord. How would I ...
7
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2answers
126 views

A small note AFTER a normal sized note in a chord. How do I play it?

What are these notes called? It doesn't look like a regular appoggiatura notation, the tiny note is placed after the main one. How should I be playing them? Willie "Lion" Smith - ...
4
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2answers
164 views

Note and dotted note on the same line - Lilypond

I have a note here: What do these notes (a quarter note and dotted quarter note on the same line) mean? It's note a, in LilyPond, bottom of the bass clef. How is this coded in LilyPond? Full measure ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

What are letters in parentheses (no chords)?

I have piano sheet music (~100 measures). At two bars, there's a letter in parentheses added - (a) and (e). Due to the context, I don't think it's chord symbols. My first guess was, it's additional ...
9
votes
3answers
428 views

Meaning of a left bracket at the beginning of a chord

I've come across this notation in the score of Gershwin's second piano prelude: a left bracket at the beginning of a chord. I have also seen it in the score of Rachmaninoff's C-sharp minor prelude, ...
9
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2answers
320 views

What is the correct placement of portato marks in relation to phrase marks?

I'm engraving an orchestral score, using Musescore. The following two bars, in the oboe part, don't look "right" in terms of engraving aesthetics: Another example, this time in the flute ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

How can i add 5 grace notes before a note, when only one grace note can fit in? (GuitarPRO)

Here's a part (measure 3) of "Tango En Skaï" (Roland Dyens) I am trying to write out. You can see there are 5 grace notes before the A, how would I add this in GuitarPRO? Here what it ...
21
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7answers
3k views

Is there a legitimate reason why a C-Clef could ever be used in piano music?

I'm working on a composition that I can't help but to use the C-Clef because it renders neater on paper. This one switched to treble clef twice. But this would be a mess with bass clef and treble clef ...
12
votes
1answer
470 views

What does ( ) = D.S.x mean?

As shown in the second bar of the third complete system (fourth system on the page), I guess it tells me to play like this on first/second time or something. What is the name of notation? I searched ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Music notes longer than a maxima [duplicate]

I have been studying music since now, and since, I have been wondering if there was a note longer than a maxima. I know a dotted maxima, but what other note is longer than that? That was the most ...
7
votes
1answer
116 views

What is this weird two-notes-in-one-note notation? Scriabin Piano Sonata [duplicate]

I was looking at sheet music for Scriabin's Sonata No.2 in G-sharp Minor, and came across this interesting notation I'd never seen before. The piece is written in three-halves time signature. I was ...
6
votes
3answers
189 views

How do you set the number of measures per line or page in LilyPond / Frescobaldi when you have a score with multiple instruments?

As I am doing an arranging project, I was wondering how to set the number of measures per line and therefore page as it is a score with a rhythm section and five horns. I have seen these pages (line ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Why do most lead sheets have no rest notation? [closed]

All of the Mel Bay books, My Gene Autry songbook, and I'm sure many others do not indicate rests for the entire song. At the end of a four bar lyrical line they just place a whole note when it is ...

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