Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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3
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1answer
97 views

How can I use a custom text font in LilyPond?

I'm trying to use the "Hiragino Mincho ProN" font for Japanese text on the title, but I don't know how to use fonts, not even the other default ones (Sans and Typewriter). I don't have any ...
3
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1answer
61 views

Questions on note grouping and beaming for 3+3+2 rhythm

EDIT: The questions below still apply, but here is an updated edit that I think looks a lot cleaner. Any thoughts? Regarding this piece with a 3+3+2 rhythm, I have a few more questions regarding ...
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5answers
2k views

To what extent do performers “hear” sheet music?

Sheet music enables instrumental performers who are able to read music notation (a pianist, orchestral instrument players, a jazz band, etc.) or singers to perform a song or piece. Presumably some ...
3
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1answer
41 views

What's the difference with this 'cross-staff' notation? [duplicate]

Sometimes I see this cross-staff notation. I'm not even 100% sure cross-staff is the right word for it. The two sets of half notes are joined on both clefs. They are identical but what's the ...
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2answers
94 views

How should one play those codas?

In the below arrangement of "Ah Istanbul" by Sezen Aksu, how should one play all those codas and segno?
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5answers
946 views

Best way to notate 3+3+2 syncopated rhythm

I'm arranging a piece in 4/4 with a syncopated 3+3+2 Latin rhythm throughout, and am wondering which (if either) would be the better way to notate. Here's the first notation, which emphasizes these 3+...
0
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1answer
41 views

Keys and major pentatonic, minor pentatonic or minor harmonic scales [closed]

Are Keys with minor or major pentatonic and minor harmonic scales named differently or how do you discern the scale based on the key if it's pentatonic or harmonic instead of natural?
4
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1answer
163 views

ornamentation in keyboard music of William Byrd

I'm working through some tunes by Byrd, and am wondering about the ornamentation, the two diagonal slashes through the note stem. As far as I can tell, we don't actually know what the composers of ...
2
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1answer
111 views

Time signatures and values exceeding the bar?

I'm looking at a modern edition (1984)1 of Van Eyck's Der Fluyten Lusthof (a XVI century collection of old songs with variations for recorder flute that's been and still is the bread and butter of ...
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3answers
624 views

How did the ancient Greeks notate their music?

Ancient Greece had a sophisticated musical system that allowed for transposable modes and flexible instrument tunings. Known as the Greater Perfect System, it is discussed in detail in What are the ...
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5answers
1k views

What if we had six note names in notation instead of seven? [closed]

I have a naïve question, but this has been bothering me for a while now. Wouldn't it be simpler and more convenient to have 6 note names instead of 7? So we basically have the same 12 notes but ...
5
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2answers
466 views

Piano chord fingering notation with only 1 finger number for multi-finger chord

The following score has suggested fingering, where some left hand chords only have one finger number indicated. Does it mean the other fingers on the same chord are obvious or whatever your preference ...
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2answers
589 views

What is the Schäffer Clef?

I was perusing the Musescore master palette and came across this triangle shaped clef called the Schäffer clef. Doing a Google search for it only returned stuff like a website for browsing the ...
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3answers
105 views

Notating a double stop with a semitone interval

I am arranging a piece of music, and I am having trouble figuring out how to notate a double stop with the notes G and G#. The key is G, and it's for mallet percussion. The notes are repeated once. ...
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3answers
352 views

On the grand staff, does the crescendo apply to the right hand or left hand?

How can one tell if the crescendo is for the treble staff or the bass staff? The excerpt above is from Chopin's Nocturne in C# minor.
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1answer
50 views

Writing syncopes in harmonic grids

I am learning how to write a harmonic grid and I wondered how to write a syncope? I thought about doing: If that makes sense? Is it the standard notation?
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8answers
3k views

I don't understand the bottom number in a time signature

I've learned that 4/4 means 4 beats with the kind of beat being a crotchet. However, I've seen pieces with that time signature that don't just use crotchets, but minims, quavers, etc. I am still a ...
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3answers
86 views

Please explain the bars [duplicate]

I was trying to play a piece of music on my keyboard when I got stuck at this bar no.17 (Please refer to the pic below). Can someone please explain how do a rest symbol and a whole note appear one ...
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7answers
261 views

What scale comprises D-E-F#-G-A-Bb-C?

I composed a piece of music (more like a few renditions of a theme) that I sat down to transcribe, but it doesn't seem to fit into any scale! (I haven't looked at Japanese scales yet) Bear in mind ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Do accidentals carry through 8va? [duplicate]

I recently picked up a collection of Czerny exercises, including Thirty New Studies in Technics, Op. 349. In number 12, measure 17 begins with a C# accidental. Later in the measure, in the 8va section,...
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1answer
96 views

What are the guidelines/rules for notating rests?

I know there are rest notation rules in theory, and I’m curious to know what they are, as I’ve never learned them. I read somewhere, for example, with ‘cut time’ there’s not supposed to be dotted ...
3
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3answers
822 views

What are “MI7” and “MA7” chords?

Is it correct in this sheet that "A MI 7" means minor 7th (m7), "C MA 7" means major 7th (maj7) and just "C 7" means the dominant 7th?
8
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3answers
902 views

Is there a way to notate the repeat of a larger section that itself has repeats in it? [duplicate]

Is there a way to notate the repeat of a larger section that itself has repeats in it, or is it best to give up and just write it out again?
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3answers
79 views

How should one work with missing digital staff on entry level keyboard?

I am currently trying to find a good entry level keyboard for getting back to learning to play after 20 years. I had a few years of grade school classes playing a brass instrument and some self taught ...
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4answers
3k views

Why are there fingerings in Liszt's Beethoven's 9th transcription, a piece for a very skilled player who presumably doesn't need the finger markings?

I was watching along with an entertaining video of Liszt's solo piano transcription of Beethoven's 9th symphony. This thing is over an hour long with numerous technical feats and is surely something ...
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2answers
62 views

Is this the correct numeral for the given bass?

Pardon me, I'm pretty new on the whole "part writing from figured bass". Based on what I know, I believe that a 6th means 1st inversion? (correct me if I'm wrong) However, here's what I don'...
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2answers
647 views

What do these left arrows or angle brackets mean to the left of a chord?

I almost wonder if this is a weird way to draw an arpeggio, but they seem like distinct arrows or left angle brackets each on a line to the left of a chord in piano music on the left-hand bass clef. ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Are there examples of explicitly-notated, precise, nontrivial polytempo before Ives and Nancarrow?

Polytempo refers to the simultaneous use of two or more distinct tempi in a piece of music. Polyrhythm can be viewed as a special case of polytempo; any polyrhythm can be written as a temporary tempo ...
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5answers
175 views

Two ties in a row

The image was from a video on YouTube. I think I only heard one G played on the third measure. So why did the author have the two one quarter G in the 4th measure instead of a single one half G ...
3
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1answer
356 views

What does this bracket mean in violin music sheet?

I am a self-taught violinist and need help understanding this sheet music.I know how it sounds thanks to YouTube but I wonder its name and its meaning.
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1answer
149 views

What does it mean when a chord in the bass-clef bar is marked with a treble clef and what is the extent of applying that notation.This is piano music [duplicate]

There is a treble clef next to a chord in the bass-clef bar near the end of a piece of music I'm trying to learn. I don't know how to interpret it. Should I play just this one chord as if it were on ...
5
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2answers
135 views

Did Chopin use hairpins (adjacent crescendo and decrescendo) to indicate rubato rather than dynamics?

In her answer to Liszt's B minor sonata crescendo, user @Madeleine writes: In many places in Chopin's music, he wrote hairpins ... to indicate rubato rather than a crescendo or decrescendo. The ...
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2answers
60 views

Guitar tablature: same fret indication connected by arc, no label [duplicate]

I'm trying to learn "Hard Time Killin' Floor Blues", by Skip James, and I am stumped on the circled notation in the picture. It doesn’t look like a pull off or hammer on to me, because the ...
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1answer
72 views

What does the word full mean to do in this piece

I was trying to play the song Legends Never Die for flute and I found the word full on an arrow attached to a note and do now know what it means or how to play it.
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1answer
114 views

Why does this sheet music say A7sus42?

In the sheet music below, there is an A7sus42 notation above the 2nd half of the measure. However, the left and right hands only play A, D, G which I thought should just be an A7sus4 chord. Is my ...
2
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2answers
89 views

Tempo problem in Schubert D784, 2nd movement

I am studying Schubert Sonata in a-minor D784. I have a problem with the tempo in the 2nd movement. In my scores (Wiener Urtext, thus, I suppose this is not a typo) the 2nd movement is written in Alla ...
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2answers
45 views

Can a phrase mark extend two staves?

I was watching Liszt B minor Sonata on YouTube with the sheet music when I came across what looks like a Slur covering the grand stave. I haven’t seen this before, if it’s common one obviously needs ...
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3answers
215 views

Does the natural sign still apply with the octave up sign?

The first natural sign means all E5s will be natural, so the first E5 and the second E5 will be E naturals. But then the 8va sign comes in and the third E is actually an E6 but resides on the same bar ...
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3answers
171 views

How do you notate a blues scale?

I understand the concept of a blues scales and its structure. For example, the one I've been trying to write on sheet music is D Major blues. The scale contains the following: D E F F# A B Now ...
2
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3answers
225 views

What is considered a proper Cantus Firmus?

I've recently begun on trying to compose a Cantus Firmus (it's an assignment given to me by my teacher). I know some of the rules but there are some parts I guess I don't understand: Could it be in ...
1
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1answer
127 views

Need help with reading this fragment from piano sheet

I'm a beginner in playing the piano and I came across these signs that I don't know. What do they mean and how should it be played? Second measure, first notes for the right hand: the three dots ...
2
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2answers
286 views

Time Signature Issue

I've been having an issue with this composition. Is it supposed to be 4/4 or would it become a different time signature? I know that 4/4 is 4/4 often because each note contains 4 beats- but often I ...
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0answers
36 views

Bass measure and treble measure don't add up [duplicate]

I'm having trouble matching the length of the two measures in the image below. All rests are eighth rests. Up until the seventh note group in the bass, things align; note groups 5 and 6 are sixteenths ...
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0answers
31 views

How to move the measure line to a specific note in New SmartMusic composer?

I want to move a bar line to a note so that I can loop from the point and so I don't have to write the whole section over again.
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2answers
98 views

Understanding Hammer-on Guitar Tab from the book “The Neo Soul Guitar Book”

I got this book "The Neo Soul Guitar Book" and they have audio files and videos, all helpful. But I just can't understand how musical notation or guitar tabs should be read here. Just the ...
7
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1answer
699 views

Are these diagonal dotted lines legitimate notation?

I came across this score with diagonal dotted lines: Source: https://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtd.asp?ppn=MN0016239 Compare with this more typical voice-plus-instrument score of the same song: ...
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0answers
57 views

Begining with solfege. She's leaving home [closed]

I bought a keyboard a couple of years ago (should have done it way before). I've been playing the guitar for twenty years just strumming and singing. but now I bought a new instrument to learn. Also ...
5
votes
2answers
578 views

Piano arpeggio symbol: split vs drawn through

This may be an obvious thing for more experienced piano players, but I was wondering whether there is a difference between having a single arpeggio symbol that spans both the left and right hand and ...
1
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4answers
176 views

I don't understand this rhythm notation

From the bass clef I think the downbeat count is obvious, but on the treble clef is the 1st downbeat on the eighth note? It looks like it, since it is right over the chord. But then why isn't it ...
4
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4answers
360 views

What is the musical symbol for a single, reverberating note (2-3 sec) in Unicode/HTML?

To be perfectly honest, I've long forgotten my music theory. I'm now a poet and I need a visual way to indicate a single note that reverberates for 2-3 seconds (think of a third-full wine glass gently ...

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