Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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11 votes
3 answers
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Notation Question - Augmented vs. Diminished for Accidental

Another noob question, sorry if it is trivial or stoopid... I am notating a song that I wrote and question the correct way to notate an accidental. I suppose it is technically correct to notate ...
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9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What's going on in this musical notation?

The notation snippet below is from the cover of a Composition textbook. The cover has a pale blue background and pale green notes, so I changed it to be black on white to make it easier to read. From ...
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9 votes
3 answers
170 views

Was a 13-line (6 over 7) staff system ever in wide use?

On the Wikipedia article for Passacaglia, there is an excerpt of a piece by 17th-century composer Bernardo Storace. It has a 6-line staff with both G and C clefs above a 7 line staff with both C and ...
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6 votes
1 answer
82 views

Beams broken/unbroken with rests - meaning and usage

Shown in the circled parts of the image, are two different ways of representing a beam that spans a sixteenth note - a sixteenth rest - a sixteenth note In one of them, the beam is broken at the rest,...
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  • 461
2 votes
3 answers
137 views

Making a melodic line stand out in written score

I'm arranging an orchestral piece for solo piano, and find myself transcribing a passage with a single melodic line in the lower register, which to play on piano should alternate between the left and ...
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3 votes
0 answers
85 views

What was the first published "cutaway/cut-out" score?

Sometimes scores are formatted so that silent measures are completely omitted—not just left empty, but left blank, including the staff. The oldest score in this style that I have seen is Lutosławski's ...
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  • 359
3 votes
2 answers
203 views

Bass Guitar Nomenclature for Intermediate Players

My call for advice involves music nomenclature of intermediate-level bass players who can’t read sheet music. I am such a bass player, self-taught and want to take my playing to the next level. My ...
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11 votes
2 answers
2k views

In sheet music, can notes of a chord have different length, or how to read this sheet?

I have some sheet music that I'm trying to understand, but I'm unfamiliar with the correct terminology and my understanding of it (just starting out learning music). Specifically, the notes that are ...
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  • 335
4 votes
2 answers
127 views

Notating a sus chord with thirteenth

How do you notate a chord like G F A C E without using slash notation? G13sus? G13sus4? If it’s along the lines of a G13, this leads to me to wonder why the chord G F A C is usually notated as G9sus4 ...
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  • 367
4 votes
1 answer
253 views

how to disconnect two notes

I’m rewriting a sheet of music where the first two notes are separate, but lilypond connect them. How to disconnect those two 1/8 notes? Thanks. see exemple: http://lilybin.com/rexyws/1
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  • 514
0 votes
0 answers
53 views

How do I play two bass clefs sharing piano keys? [duplicate]

I have some sheet music for the song Mad World. Part way though the treble clef on the grand staff changes to bass, which is fine, but a few bars later I hit a snag. In bar 7 both hands are given the ...
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9 votes
2 answers
433 views

Orchestral score has inconsistent time signature changes and note lengths

I'm learning music notation and as both a fan and enthusiast I bought the Star Trek: The Motion Picture film score from Omni Music Publishing. Unfortunately, I've encountered a confusing bit of ...
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4 votes
1 answer
289 views

What does a B on a note stem in guitar music mean?

I found B's on note stems in sheet music of the 3rd movement of the Libra Sonatine, "Fuoco", by Roland Dyens, which is for guitar: What does that B on a note stem mean in this guitar music? ...
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7 votes
1 answer
148 views

Which came first: the dot or the tie?

In considering the question of the benefits of dots versus ties for extending note values, I got to wondering about the origins of those two notations. Did one emerge before the other? For what ...
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4 votes
2 answers
723 views

How to notate a phrase than goes up and down several octaves

I have several bars of sixteenth notes that span quite a large range on the keyboard, and also go up and down the length of four octaves on the keyboard quite rapidly. I am not sure about how best to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
73 views

How long should the note modifiers be played? [duplicate]

There is a D natural modifier at the begining here. Does that mean that all of the D's in the bass clef are natural or just this specific one?
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  • 13
2 votes
1 answer
104 views

Lilypond error: Loose column does not have right side to attach to

in every song that I compile there is the message: "programming error: " but at the same time Frescobaldi says: "Completed successfully in 1.9" Why that error? Lilypond code below: ...
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  • 514
1 vote
5 answers
222 views

How do I sing/count these notes?

What are the beats in the underlined notes? How can I count them?
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  • 135
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

What do the rests in this bar mean? [duplicate]

I don't understand what the half note rest means at the start of this measure. If it's a half note rest then why are all the notes in the chord not half notes? Same question for the eight note rest ...
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  • 113
0 votes
2 answers
91 views

Small note in standard notation (not ossia)

In this bar from "Sundown", by Gordon Lightfoot, there is a small note (F): I'm pretty sure it is not an ossia, since it does not occur at the same time as another note, and it does not ...
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  • 233
2 votes
4 answers
188 views

How can I notate this better in 12/8 time?

Can I write tied notes instead of half notes? tied dotted quarter + an eighth note? If not how can I write this better?
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  • 83
3 votes
1 answer
197 views

Where can I find music written in baritone and mezzo-soprano clefs?

I use C clefs as tools for transposition, and while it's relatively easy to find music written in alto, tenor, and soprano clefs, I've never found a consistent source for music in baritone and mezzo-...
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4 votes
2 answers
272 views

Rewriting a measure in 6/8

How can I rewrite this? What I did wasn't right, so I was wondering if there was another way to rewrite it. It's in 6/8.
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  • 135
3 votes
3 answers
347 views

When transposing songs from major key to minor key, should it be natural minor or harmonic minor?

I noticed that people can transpose songs from major key to minor key vice versa, but I'm wondering that should a major key be transposed to natural minor or harmonic minor? I'm confused
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8 votes
1 answer
692 views

How to notate an arpeggio that anticipates the beat

The last chord of a piece of music I wrote has an arpeggio in the right hand and not in the left. I want the top note in the right chord to fall on the beat so that it matches with the chord in the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
295 views

How to write a double sharp in a figured bass symbol

Here is an image of the exercise I am doing. I'm supposed to write the figured bass symbol underneath the chord label but I am not sure if this is right. I just put a double sharp next to the 3. Can ...
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6 votes
3 answers
505 views

How to calculate notes beats and properly draw notes beams?

I am fairly new to music theory and i find these 2 topics related but not explained in depth in...pretty much every resource i have found. How are beats normally calculated? I went through the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
131 views

can someone explain me how many beats in my notation in the photo?

I'm confused about notation in my music sheet for my training classical guitar, in this photo there are 2 beats notation (orange circle) but the time signature is 3/4, can someone explain me how many ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
142 views

What this is, and how can it be put into Sibelius?

If you look at the bass staff, there is one more 16th note than there should be on a 4/4 time signature. Can someone explain this to me? And what is the number of top of the barline?
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1 vote
0 answers
33 views

Why is a third-space C on the staff played on the second-string, 1st guitar fret? [duplicate]

I am reading Classic Guitar for Dummies by Chappell, Jon; Phillips, Mark. Classical Guitar For Dummies® (p. 83). Wiley. Kindle Edition. The question comes from a direct statement in the text, which I ...
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6 votes
3 answers
754 views

Interpreting Concert Scores

(Perhaps somewhat unusually) I understand how a transposed score works, but I don't understand the details of how "concert score" works – it's not as simple as: show every note at sounding ...
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3 votes
2 answers
196 views

Notehead direction in keyboard style 4-part harmony

Can someone please explain to me which of the last two chords is written correctly and why? What are the rules for writing the soprano stem going up?
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  • 8,293
3 votes
1 answer
239 views

Error and flat notes

Lilypond gives me an error in the second line but I can't find out where it is. Plus in the last line all the F note are flat (ff) but the second F note even if it is written correctely do not show ...
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  • 514
4 votes
2 answers
140 views

Tempo marking for double time

I came across a marking in music where it says that the quarter note = half note and then says double time. I don't understand why the notation implies double time. Can someone explain how saying the ...
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-1 votes
3 answers
165 views

Note naming system with one unique name per note

Is there any note naming system out there that uses the normal note names for non-accidental notes (A,B,C,D,E,F,G) but has one syllable unique names for the accidental notes? I find it frustrating ...
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2 votes
2 answers
182 views

Ignored rest at the beginning of a section

I'm entering some fiddle music into Guitar Pro 7.5 and trying to handle a second section. At the beginning of the second section, the bar is short (only two eighth notes) just like an anacrusis, but ...
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  • 233
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is this curve going upwards to a note that's also detached from the previous note? [duplicate]

In Cedric Dent's "He's Got The Whole World In His Hands, this symbol appears attached to the note on "-ands." From first glance, it seems like a poorly drawn legato, but there is a ...
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2 votes
1 answer
74 views

two alternatives for one song in a bookpart

I am making a music book where each song is on its own page. The code for each song is: title = ... music = ... \bookpart { \header { title = \title } \score { \music \layout { } } ...
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  • 708
4 votes
3 answers
485 views

notation for different versions of melody

I have a simple song for which I know two melodies to play. They are not played simultaneously - one has to choose between one of them. What is the common/standard notation for that? As far as I know, ...
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  • 708
4 votes
2 answers
108 views

Lilypond: modifying woodwind diagrams

Regarding woodwind diagram in LilyPond as: \markup { \center-column { \override #'(size . 0.7) { \woodwind-diagram #'flute #'((cc . (oneF two three four five six)) (lh . (...
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  • 395
2 votes
2 answers
91 views

Left aligning copyright in Lilypond

Is it possible to left-align the copyright information in Lilypond instead of the default center-alignment?
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  • 21
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Best way to indicate L.H over in piano

I have piano sheet music that has this: But I wanted to change the right hand clef to be lower to get rid of all the ledger lines: But then I realized I could put the left hand over part on the ...
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  • 173
12 votes
1 answer
177 views

Unknown Ornament Notation - Three horizontal short lines

This nonation appears on Partite diverse sopra l'Aria 'Schweiget mir von Weiber nehmen' by Reincken, Johann Adam, IMSLP #04945.
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3 votes
1 answer
221 views

Unknown Notation - Brace connect two notes

I dont know what exactly reffering to. Anyone can explaining to me? EDIT: this notation appear on "450 Noëls" by Rouher, Edouard Marcel Victor
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3 votes
1 answer
81 views

Measure alignment in LilyPond

In LilyPond, why is the first (yellow marked) measure not aligned with the other measures? What is the way to fix it?
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  • 395
3 votes
1 answer
210 views

Sharp and flat errors

Why does an error occur during using sharp or flat? I just added a few more notes with "is" or "es" to my code: \relative { %\key g \minor % \...
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  • 395
5 votes
1 answer
656 views

Why include both "sempre legato" and slur marks?

In Mendelssohn's 6 Kinderstücke Op. 72 No. 2 "Andante Sostenuto" (See the first 6 bars in the image below) there is the indication to play "sempre legato" and there are slurs as ...
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  • 159
-1 votes
1 answer
82 views

adding global gap for using woodwing diagrams [closed]

Courtesy to Aaron answer, I did re-write my code and it compiled without any erors or wornings - great. I wonder if it can be use global variable \pad instead of using it for each tone as I wrote: d4\...
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  • 395
0 votes
1 answer
168 views

lilypond errors

Can someone tells me what wrong with my code? **\version "2.22.1" % this is my first score \language "english" \header { title = "Aint Necessarily So" %...
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  • 395
4 votes
3 answers
670 views

Bar lines in lilypond

I want to control on the locations of the bar lines (yellow marked). I want to move them to any other places when ever I would like to do. its seems to me that bar lines pop up automaticaly... For ...
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