Questions tagged [notation]

For questions about visual representation of music and its uses. If the question is about a specific type of notation like tablature, that should also be tagged. Questions about how to input specific notation are best served with the engraving tag.

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Beethoven Sonata Op. 49 No. 2 Bar 12 trill

I just started learning this piece on my own. I played the trill (red circle) as A G F# G (So with the context it's G AGF#G A. Is it correct? When I listen to the videos played by professionals on ...
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12 votes
2 answers
546 views

Rare abbreviation in Haydn String Quartet

I am engaving a complete edition of the Haydn String Quartets from the 1803 Pleyel "Bonaparte" edition, to provide players with access to this particular edition, which does not suffer much ...
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13 votes
4 answers
493 views

Is there a common labeling system for tritone substitutions?

Imagine the following progression: C F D♭7 C We typically just explain that third chord as a tritone substitution—and we stop there!—but this must be maddening for beginners, because we aren't ...
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6 votes
2 answers
626 views

Is 12/16 time signature a4 beats of dotted quavers or 2 beats of dotted crotchets?

Please see this question I am asked in one of my textbooks. I am asked to add a time signature. My answer is 12/16 but the problem is that I can't divide the bar into 4 dotted quavers because of the ...
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11 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to write down slap bass on score?

How could I write down slap bass (slap and pop) on sheet music?
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5 votes
2 answers
674 views

Are slurs on a score for piano as well?

With piano I dont really see/hear the point yet of having slurs because of its sound. I find it difficult to play more legato than is normal. Please can someone enlighten me. Are slurs for piano ...
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Should I use uppercase or lowercase roman numerals in Jazz harmonic analysis?

I know that there is not a fully defined specification for the language used in jazz harmonic analysis, as it has grown slowly and organically and has many variations. I have seen some textbooks use ...
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3 votes
1 answer
385 views

Name of a "triplet" inside an eighth beat

I've recently been creating my own rendition of Amazing Grace, and while I was working to add a bit of stylistic elements to it, I imagined a melody in my head which would require 3 beats in the space ...
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3 votes
2 answers
363 views

How should guitar strumming patterns be represented in music notation?

I am new to sheet music and I am basically a programmer. I am trying to blend technology with music and display the tabs on the screen like so for my son's YouTube channel. Now I want to integrate ...
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2 votes
1 answer
79 views

Is there a way of actually opening hairpins in LilyPond?

I need this for an Ossia staff that only appears for a single bar, like this: The real hairpin starts before that bar (like the 2nd one), but spanning the hairpin where the lower one starts doesn't ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
77 views

In the absence of articulation marks should a piece be played legato? [duplicate]

If the answer is yes then why use legato articulation? surely the absence of staccato articulation implies legato?
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6 votes
2 answers
558 views

How can I omit breaks and page breaks in LilyPond?

I'm creating score and parts from a single file with various \book blocks, and my instrument parts have some \break and \pageBreak commands, but I want my score to omit those breaks. I thought that ...
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4 votes
1 answer
112 views

Can I edit the properties of System Spacers in LilyPond and double it on the other side of the page?

I can't find any information about system spacers more than: \paper { system-separator-markup = \slashSeparator } I find the defaults too small, and I would like to put a second separator aligned ...
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10 votes
2 answers
668 views

How are backup vocals notated in sheet music (score order)?

Many pop songs have a lead singer singing over instrumentals. However, on certain phrases, the singer may be joined by a backup singer who sings the same words and rhythm but harmonizing above. How ...
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8 votes
3 answers
385 views

Is there a better way of working on a score in real-time collaboration?

I've struggled with this topic for a long time since I edit scores with some friends at the same time, and came with some workarounds, but none of them seems that efficient for the workflow. I mainly ...
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6 votes
4 answers
962 views

Grouping three quarter notes in 6/8 time signature

I'm writing a piece of music in 6/8 time signature. Is it correct to have a bar with 3 quarter notes in this time signature?
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4 votes
3 answers
632 views

Can you put one demisemiquaver rest inside a group of 4 demisemiquavers?

I did a picture with 2 examples so you guys can see what I mean. Please can you tell me if blue or red is better?
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6 votes
3 answers
547 views

Is the length of a G.P. that has no fermata discretionary?

In mm. 342 and 382 of the last movement of his Piano Quartet n. 3, Op.26, Brahms writes G.P. over one measure's rest (with no fermata). Is the intention that this General Pause should last exactly one ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What is the notation for repeating 3 times in keyboard sheet music? [duplicate]

In sheet music how do you notate repetition of a measure 3 times? Do you put 3 above the repeat sign? For example:
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6 votes
3 answers
345 views

How to write rests in triplet semiquaver groups

In the second bar I have to add the correct rest and it is a triplet semiquaver group Do you have to use separate semiquaver rests like I have done or could I have used one quaver rest instead?
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2 votes
0 answers
58 views

What is Just Intonation in detailed terms, and how can I notate it? [duplicate]

I've recently caught a great interest in the use of microtonal music through Just Intonation because of an artist I'm sure you've heard of recently, Jacob Collier. There a point in one of his songs ...
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4 votes
3 answers
148 views

What is the generalized terminology for continuous changes?

In some musical dimensions, termini and notation for continuous changes are common: Melodic (pitch): glissando, portamento, doit, fall Dynamic (volume): crescendo, diminuendo (alias decrescendo) ...
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8 votes
4 answers
661 views

Are these chords tied (not played again) or is only the top note tied?

In the recording it sounds like the chords are simply tied... I've been playing piano for 20 years and this seemingly simple question is escaping me. Any help would be appreciated! The piece is "...
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0 votes
1 answer
83 views

What word the combines both tabs and sheet music?

Wondering what word combines both Tabs and sheet music? I usually say Music Score. Is it correct?
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6 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the symbol above this note?

What does the following symbol mean?
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  • 353
9 votes
2 answers
765 views

How to notate a double stop for snare drum music

I'm just writing some stuff out by hand, and wondered how to indicate a single note where both hands play in unison, called a double stop. Or perhaps how to indicate a few bars will use double stops. ...
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  • 91
4 votes
1 answer
216 views

How to notate specific-note harp glissando?

I am writing a piece in which I want the harp to play a glissando containing only specific notes, like so: Is this the best way to notate this type of thing, or is there a better way?
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  • 41
4 votes
2 answers
367 views

Notes and Beat "slashes" in the same measure

I have a song I'm working on where the chorus ends with a half note in the first half of a measure. I would like to do an instrumental/solo, I want to allow freedom to the musician so have just filled ...
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  • 317
4 votes
2 answers
946 views

Music notation: Left side dot

What's the meaning of the highlighted left side dot? I found it in the tango Almagro by Vicente San Lorenzo (lyrics by A. Timarni). It looks too clean to be noise in the score capture.
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  • 617
2 votes
1 answer
94 views

In Sibelius ManuScript language example, why will the Run method not run?

I am learning to write Sibelius plug-ins by working my way through the ManuScript Language Reference (see File > Plug-ins > ManuScript Language Reference). Unlike other scripting languages I use ...
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  • 139
6 votes
1 answer
726 views

Can you explain the transposing convention in this Jean Sibelius's score?

I am looking at a 1954 edition of Jean Sibelius's orchestral score for Tapiola. It has the Concert Pitch instruments (Flutes, Violins etc) in two sharps. He then has various other key signatures which ...
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  • 321
4 votes
1 answer
348 views

What is the proper shorthand notation for a multi-measure chord tremolo?

This question came up from Proper chord tremolo notation and execution: What is a proper way to notate a chord tremolo with bars (as opposed to writing it out explicitly), when the tremolo lasts more ...
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4 votes
1 answer
164 views

Proper chord tremolo notation and execution

I'm not sure if this measure from Joe Hisaishi's "Hana-Bi" is correctly notated for a chord tremolo. What is the correct notation, and how should it be played?
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10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Can you use a dotted semibreve rest in 3/2 time?

In an exercise I am doing in 3/2, I am asked to mark the rests used as correct or incorrect. I got an answer wrong and am not sure why. Here is a photo of the answer book and you can see right at the ...
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6 votes
2 answers
211 views

How would you indicate upwards or downwards movement when writing out a chord progression?

So as I'm writing this song, its main chord progression is i-VII-v-VI, D#m-C#-A#-B. I usually compose by ear and just write what sounds nice and analyze it later, and I'm doing here, but I'm now ...
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3 votes
3 answers
328 views

Do you have to use a tie over the middle of a bar in 4/2 time?

In my workbook I need to fill in the time signatures and in this example I have used 4/2 as the time signature as you can see there is a whole note across the bar, is this allowed in 4/2 time? ...
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10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Did Renaissance composers work from a full score?

When I look at manuscripts and original publications from composers of Renaissance polyphony, I tend to find part-books, not scores. So I would see a soprano book, an alto book, and so on. When I ...
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3 votes
2 answers
283 views

Original manuscripts of 16th century composers [closed]

TL;DR - Where can I find manuscripts by Renaissance composers? I'm studying 16th Century counterpoint and the shift in rhythmic notation from "longer" note values to "shorter" ...
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2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is 6/4 compound time?

In my workbook 6/4 appears to be categorized as compound duple time but in this exercise where I am supposed to complete 4 bar rhythms the author has a grouped triplet quaver at the beginning and I ...
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2 votes
1 answer
111 views

Tablature notation meaning

What is that tablature symbol in the second bar of Alfred Schnittke's piano sonata no.3 ?
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  • 139
0 votes
1 answer
148 views

how to convert 3/4 into 9/8 time

In this exercise I am given a piece of music in 3/4 and asked to convert it into 9/8. In 3/4 time each beat is a crotchet snd in 9/8 each beat is supposed to be a dotted crotchet but in the exercise ...
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2 votes
2 answers
156 views

How do you convert 6/4 into 2/2 time

I am doing an exercise where I have to convert 6/4 to 2/2. My book has no answers and I cant find enough info anywhere else. please could someone tell me if they think this is done right? I cant ...
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Music notation question - note between staves

I have a sheet with 2 lines between the treble clef and the bass clef, with a note shown on either one. What does it mean? It looks like competing middle Cs. Returning after many years to piano.
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6 votes
3 answers
390 views

What are dotted quaver beats in 12/8 time?

In grade 3 music theory I learned about compound time and how in 12/8 for example you have 4 dotted crotchet (quarter note) beats per bar. Each beat them gets 3 quavers (8th notes). But what does it ...
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3 votes
3 answers
166 views

(beginner question) If the first E is natural, is the 2nd E also a natural? (Or put another way, are the E's in the same or different bars?)

Is the 2nd E natural like the 1st E? I asked a similar question earlier today: If the first D note (in the 1st beam) is flat, does that mean the next D note (in the 2nd beam) is also flat? (see photo) ...
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  • 69
0 votes
3 answers
109 views

What are the benefits of using no beams in simple vocal melody? [duplicate]

I've noticed some of my favorite musicians went out of their way to use no beams while writing vocal melodies. Why would they choose to exclude beams? There are beams in the music but not the vocal ...
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3 votes
2 answers
68 views

If the first D note (in the 1st beam) is flat, does that mean the next D note (in the 2nd beam) is also flat? (see photo) [duplicate]

If the first D note (in the 1st beam) is flat, does that mean the next D note (in the 2nd beam) is also flat? (see photo)
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  • 69
3 votes
3 answers
118 views

How to notate a minor chord with added 4th

In C major, notes are G-D-F-A- (G is in the bass). How would one notate this chord? The G is not a pedal tone nor a passing tone. The first time this occurs there is a C pedal tone that is left over ...
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  • 31
18 votes
3 answers
3k views

What's the proper piano notation for adding one note at a time to a chord and holding all the notes?

I came across a bar that sounds like this while transcribing a piece for keyboard. Is there a correct/better way to write this?
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

What does the bracket spanning a chord on a guitar score mean?

I came across this notation in a guitar solo collection book, but I don't know what it means. It's a bracket spanning a chord (The Asus4, A/C# and G chords in the image below.) My first guess is that ...
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