Questions tagged [repeats]

For questions about repeated sections of music. Volta repeats (marked with repeat barlines), DC repeats, Simile repeats, as well as the meaning, notation, and implementation of these are all on topic.

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Lilypond verse lyrics with repeat and anacrusis

I'm wondering if someone can point me to a snippet or other example as I'm yet to find a solution ... I have a piece, a simple tune with 2 verses n Lilypond where the piano parts, melody and words are ...
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7 votes
3 answers
728 views

Can a bridge be repeated?

A bridge is basically a section of the song that joins verses and choruses together, am I right? But can a bridge be repeated if the verse/chorus also repeats? I've tried Googling it, but I got some ...
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2 votes
2 answers
173 views

Notation for 8va on the repeat

In piano music sometimes there is a section that is repeated (with repeat bar lines, or with DC), but on the repeat one (or both) hands are to play an octave up (or down). Is there a common Italian ...
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4 votes
1 answer
74 views

How to get Lilypond to produce a "repeat lyrics here" mark?

I'd like to get lilypond to produce the ://: mark above the stave used in hymnals (at least) to indicate "repeat the preceding line of words here" - for an example of what I mean, see the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
57 views

How to fix legato errors on repeats

I'd like to fix two errors with legato appearance near the repeat sign. I'd like the legato before the repeat (inside the 1st volta) to extend slightly to the right from the A note to emphasize that ...
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2 votes
2 answers
93 views

Lilypond: Set key change signature before D.C. or D.S., and different key in next line

Imagine you have a piece consisting of 3 parts, say A, B, C, and they appear in order A B A C. You want to typeset this in the following form with Da Capo and a Coda, and a line break after the "...
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3 votes
3 answers
488 views

Why an end repeat barline without a corresponding start repeat barline?

How should I interpret an end repeat barline without a corresponding start repeat barline? I was expecting to see a few bars delimited by corresponding start and end repeat barlines, but in this piece ...
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1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Can voltas be used mid-repeat instead of just at the end? [duplicate]

I'm writing an ABAB arrangement where the only difference the second time (apart from lyrics) is one extra bar (extra long pre-chorus, as it were) between A and B. I think it would help the musicians ...
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  • 225
1 vote
3 answers
109 views

Can't get Lilypond volta repeat to work with parallel music (multiple staves) and the \alternative construct

I have been unable to get even the simplest example to use volta repeats, the \alternative construct, and parallel music, without Lilypond producing an extra context (stave), starting at the first ...
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  • 199
3 votes
1 answer
127 views

How to write proper repeat signs for ABABBCB form?

I'm trying to write down the melody of a song. It's in ABABBCB form, with a Coda. It also has a pickup measure. This is what I came up with. Is this correct? In the 2nd volta (ending), should it ...
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  • 31
2 votes
1 answer
78 views

Is the volta ONLY used to mark unique end of a section or can it mark unique verse content within a section?

I have a three verse, two chord song: Verses 1 and 2 are a b c a b c d d e Verse three is a b c a b c a f g d d e Without writing everything serially, within a repeated section with lyrics listed ...
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4 votes
4 answers
296 views

Sibelius Notation for Slightly Changed Repeat Passage

I want to recreate a repeated section of music in Sibelius which I found in an online score. Here is a screenshot of the relevant bar from the repeated passage: The passage is repeated three times, ...
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12 votes
1 answer
846 views

What does F.O. mean, and is it related to a repeat?

I have some sheet music (from a Japanese book, if that matters in any way) and it says "F.O." at the end of some pieces. I could find some other terms related to repeats (D.S. being Dal ...
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3 votes
1 answer
261 views

Dal Segno al Coda and repeats in Guitar Pro

Why do D.S. al Coda and Dal Segno with separate al Coda, work differently in Guitar Pro when al Coda is at the end of repeat? D.S. al Coda skips the last repeat. Here the performance is as thought. ...
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10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Should I do the repeat sign when there is a fine

I stumbled upon this piece, Lágrima by Francisco Tárrega, and I would like to know if I should do the repetition sign when doing da capo al fine or just end the piece.
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Can a double bar line begin a repeated section?

Please see the following: I assume that the repeat sign should refer back to the double bar line?
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5 votes
1 answer
226 views

\unfoldRepeats and \repeat with midi output in lilypond

I have a piece of lilypond code here: trebleNotesOne = { \unfoldRepeats { \repeat volta 2 { r8 a'16 b'16 c''8 b'16 c''16 d''2 | r8 b'16 a'16 b'8 a'16 g'16 f'2 | ...
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  • 403
1 vote
1 answer
118 views

Simile Mark on sheet music [closed]

On the sheet music I am playing, I have faced 3 simile Mark each on different bar continuously. Does it mean I should repeat 3 measures back ?
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12 votes
1 answer
544 views

What does ( ) = D.S.x mean?

As shown in the second bar of the third complete system (fourth system on the page), I guess it tells me to play like this on first/second time or something. What is the name of notation? I searched ...
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11 votes
2 answers
812 views

When should the last ending bracket(volta) be closed and when should it be open?

I have a question about the last volta (ultima volta, last ending bracket). When should it be closed and when should it be open? I have found a document about that topic, which can be found here on ...
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  • 111
3 votes
2 answers
84 views

How to repeat passages in Falk's №1?

I'm trying to play R. Falk's №1. I don't understand how repetition works here with multiple coda signs/brackets. Could someone give me a hint? The music goes like this:
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5 votes
3 answers
138 views

How should one play those codas?

In the below arrangement of "Ah Istanbul" by Sezen Aksu, how should one play all those codas and segno?
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is there a way to notate the repeat of a larger section that itself has repeats in it? [duplicate]

Is there a way to notate the repeat of a larger section that itself has repeats in it, or is it best to give up and just write it out again?
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

How many measures minimum in a repeat

I know that a "repeated section" (i.e. I'm explicitly thinking about "enclosed in repeat-barlines") may be however long, 1 measure or 100. However, I'm wondering, whether there are ...
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4 votes
4 answers
247 views

Where should I put the bass clef? Before or after the repeat sign?

So I'm in the middle of writing the second movement of a duo sonata for Violin and Cello. The cello goes into the tenor register for a decent amount of time, thus me writing the tenor clef. But where ...
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2 votes
3 answers
427 views

What does this X mean in a sheet music? [duplicate]

Below you can find a part of RIOPY's "I Love You". Could someone please explain to me, what does this X3 mean here and which part exactly should I repeat 3 times? And also, what does 1.2 ...
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  • 355
1 vote
1 answer
277 views

Custom text in volta with Lilypond

I'm trying to put custom text in voltas when engraving with Lilypond. The problem is not adding text, but adding it with the formatting I want. I am aware that a similar question was asked and ...
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2 votes
3 answers
156 views

Repeat bar lines in early music

I am looking for explanations on how to interpret the repeat bar lines used during the 17th century and specifically for German music. The sign ':||:' seems to be employed at that time for repeating ...
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2 votes
3 answers
182 views

Repeat markings

When a portion of music, say 16 bars from the start, has a repeat sign at the end of that 16th bar, the direction means go back and start again. The sign I mean is II: at the beginning. So why do some ...
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  • 176k
5 votes
2 answers
158 views

Small changes between 1st and 2nd endings

I'm arranging a long(ish) medley of video game music for piano duet, and I'm running into a recurring problem. Most of the movements in my medley have repeat bars, with a 1st and 2nd ending - easy ...
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  • 153
2 votes
5 answers
309 views

Unnecessary and confusing bass clef in Mozart's Fantasia in D minor, Why?

I just played Mozart's Fantasia in D minor and I noticed at the Allegretto section in D major, an unnecessary and confusing bass clef. So I looked on IMSLP to see if any of the editions of Mozart's ...
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  • 6,160
5 votes
1 answer
183 views

How do I raise or lower Lilypond's "repeat percent" symbol?

Lilypond's "\repeat percent" construct enables you to express a repeating musical snippet by writing the first occurrence in full then using a symbol as a sort of "ditto" mark for the later ones. ...
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  • 4,959
2 votes
2 answers
280 views

How to properly repeat an entire song which already has with repeats? [duplicate]

What is the best way to repeat an entire song, including the first and second ending? Basically, I have a very short song that I would like to play through two times, which means also playing through ...
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5 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are these brackets? What do they mean and what are they called?

I came across to these brackets in my music theory book of Trinity. I don't know what are these called and what they exactly do in this music?
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23 votes
3 answers
5k views

Three diagonal lines that cross through both staves

What do these three thick diagonal lines that cross through three measures of both staves mean, and what are they called? I think they indicate that you repeat the previous three measures, but I'm ...
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  • 333
6 votes
1 answer
789 views

How do I use efficient repeats in sheets for pop music?

I'm transcribing some music with the following structure: Intro AB AC AB AC Outro How in can I notate this structure with repeats and codas? Or do I just have to write it all out? I'm using MuseScore.
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2 votes
1 answer
191 views

Eighth Slash Notes for a Simile

I know that if you want to make a SIMILE part, you can put (as my picture) quarter notes, then convert (in Sibelius) to SLASH NOTATION and enter the text that says SIMILE. Here is the picture: The ...
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  • 487
6 votes
1 answer
128 views

Am I intepreting the repeat signs correctly?

So this is a pretty simple question, but I haven't found anything that looks exactly like the piece of music I'm trying to learn, so I have to ask. Am I interpreting the repeat signs in this image ...
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  • 163
1 vote
2 answers
261 views

Multi-bar repeats in MuseScore

How do you denote a multi-bar repetition in one hand for piano in MuseScore 3? The background is as follows. Imagine having a 4 bar pattern with your left hand, which repeats through your entire song ...
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4 votes
1 answer
284 views

Why do Coda and Segno have symbols, while the jumps to them is always spelled with letters?

Segno has the symbol 𝄋 and Coda has the symbol 𝄌. Ok, barely visible, but I thought it was funny that unicode symbols for these actually exist. But as far as I know, there are no symbols for D.C., ...
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2 votes
3 answers
262 views

How to denote a volta that should only be used after jump back to the Segno?

I have an arrangement which looks a bit like this: First there is an intro, and then we play bars 2-5 twice, and then jump to bar 9. When we reach D.S. al Coda, we jump back to the segno and play ...
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  • 1,398
3 votes
2 answers
132 views

Are repeats, segnos, and coda markings "bad style" in marching band music?

Nearly all marching band music (not classic marches, mind) that I've seen in my five years of performing experience has been written without any kind of repeat signs. However, I've recently seen some ...
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5 votes
3 answers
19k views

"D.S., D.S. Al Coda, To Coda" Confusion

I'm having a difficult time grasping "D.S., D.S. Al Coda, To Coda" based on the online explanations I've come across. Below is the specific example that I'm attempting to play. Does the Dal ...
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5 votes
3 answers
447 views

What do these extra strokes above and below the repeat signs mean?

The image below is taken from Haydn's 94th symphony, as published by Breitkopf und Härtel in 1855, from IMSLP page Symphony No.94 in G major, Hob.I:94 (Haydn, Joseph). My question: What do the double ...
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10 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to write a score that begins with a pickup note and repeats

I'm writing a song as a score for piano and vocal. The verses begin with a pickup note on 4. So, after the chorus I end on 4 and then pickup up into the next verse with a repeat sign. The question is: ...
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  • 101
3 votes
1 answer
264 views

What's the best notation for musical navigation?

Lots of times I'm asked to play songs from printed notation which has been typeset to minimise the number of printed pages. It's OK when the musical structure is relatively straightforward, and the ...
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  • 9,597
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

What does a "repeat" symbol on the chord section mean?

In the following picture, there's a "repeat" symbol on the chord section. I know the meaning of repeat symbols in the measures, but I don’t know what it means in the chord section. Does it mean to ...
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  • 487
1 vote
2 answers
275 views

What is the function of the two segnos in this score?

What is the function of the two segnos in the following score? At the start of measure 7 there is a segno, and in measure 70 there is a second segno together with a Da Capo. In the following measure ...
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  • 161
13 votes
5 answers
3k views

Is there a good way to denote nested repeats?

I'm arranging a song and I have a jam section in it that could be repeated an arbitrary amount of times. The problem is that the jam section itself contains repeats, so I have "nested repeats&...
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  • 1,398
11 votes
6 answers
22k views

Is there a definitive notation for multiple repeats?

Is there a definitive notation for repeating a section more than twice? Say you want a section to be played four times. I have mostly seen this: x4 𝄆 .... 𝄇 meaning "play four times"...
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