Questions tagged [repeats]

For questions about repeated sections of music. Volta repeats (marked with repeat barlines), DC repeats, Simile repeats, as well as the meaning, notation, and implementation of these are all on topic.

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3 votes
2 answers
3k views

Octave changes on 2nd time

Suppose a piece of music contain two subsequent parts than differ only by octaves (say, second part is entirely 8va). Is there any way to show this in sheet music, except by writing each part ...
4 votes
1 answer
134 views

Is the volta ONLY used to mark unique end of a section or can it mark unique verse content within a section?

I have a three verse, two chord song: Verses 1 and 2 are a b c a b c d d e Verse three is a b c a b c a f g d d e Without writing everything serially, within a repeated section with lyrics listed ...
4 votes
0 answers
35 views

How to indicate that a part of the song should be repeated only the second time around? [duplicate]

I have a song that I am transcribing, and it has a verse that repeats. The verse starts at the very beginning of the song and is 12 measures long. The second time the verse is played, it is played ...
2 votes
2 answers
827 views

"First ending" has a notation "2nd time R.H. 8va"

In a simple piano book I'm using (Jumbo Easy Piano Songbook: 200 Songs for All Occasions - Hal Leonard Corp.), one of the songs (The Entertainer - Scott Joplin) that has a first and second ending, ...
3 votes
3 answers
107 views

Custom dynamic mark

I am in the process of engraving a sheet of piano music. I wrote a custom dynamic mark — the look of which I am very happy with, but the behavior, not totally. It is the following: mff = \tweak ...
2 votes
2 answers
210 views

Notation for 8va on the repeat

In piano music sometimes there is a section that is repeated, and on the repeat one (or both) hands are to play an octave up (or down). I've seen this notated in English in the following form: 2nd ...
1 vote
1 answer
22 views

Raise or lower position of percent repeat counters by voice in Lilypond?

There is a very similar question; however, I cannot use its answer because it sets the \override PercentRepeatCounter.Y-offset = #-3 inside the \layout of a score block. I need the ability to leave ...
4 votes
2 answers
3k views

Priority of Da Coda vs. Repeat sign

There are three different cases I can think of, with a Da Coda embedded within repeat signs. My question for these three cases is the same: Do you jump to the Coda right when you reach the Da Coda or ...
7 votes
1 answer
451 views

What does this wavy line across a barline mean?

My daughter is playing Ocarina of Time, in an easy piano format. The following sign appears at the end of the song: Usually the song tells her to repeat and fade out but I have never seen this symbol ...
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

How would I notate this custom repeat scenario with sheet music?

I am composing a song. It has 8 measures in the verse and 8 in chorus. I also have an 8 measure instrumental section that I would like to include, after the second verse and before the second chorus....
3 votes
2 answers
500 views

LilyPond: How do I align markup text with #"scripts.segno"?

At the end of my score, I'd like to have a "Da Capo al Segno", with a nice symbol for segno. I'm almost there: DC = { \once \override Score.RehearsalMark #'break-visibility = #end-of-line-...
6 votes
2 answers
584 views

Lilypond: how to engrave a double bar at "Fine" when a \repeat statement follows

Under Lilypond 2.18, the following does not work as expected: \version "2.19.45" { g b c r-"Fine" \bar "|." \break \tempo "Trio" \repeat volta 2 { c a f f } } The double bar at "Fine" fails to ...
2 votes
1 answer
342 views

LilyPond - Repeat with Partial Measure at the End

This demonstrates the problem: \relative c' { c4 d e f d e \repeat volta 2 { f g a, b c d } \alternative { { e2 } { ...
5 votes
2 answers
207 views

Have tie extend past end of music in lilypond

I'm writing out a short snippet of music and would like to have a tie that extends past the end; How can I do this in LilyPond? Here's what I have now: I'd like to indicate that a tie goes back to ...
3 votes
2 answers
671 views

Unmatched pairs for LilyPond ties and slurs

In LilyPond, ties and slurs are expected to come in matched pairs. I keep coming across situations where a tie or a slur aren't matched. For example: As demonstrated in the MWE below, it is possible ...
2 votes
2 answers
106 views

How can I notate multiple repeats?

I'm currently using MuseScore for transcribing my drum notation and it's working great - except I can't seem to find a repeat for a section to repeat more than once. How can I notate multiple repeats?
2 votes
1 answer
744 views

LilyPond: Indicate alternate endings

Using LilyPond, I would like to indicate alternate endings to the piece I am engraving; an "Optional 'Screen Gems' Ending" which is 2 measures long or another "Low Fat" ending (not ...
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

LilyPond vertical spacing, alternate endings, and chords

I am typesetting a score that contains alternate endings on a volta repeat, as well as chords (using LilyPond 2.17.97). By default, the following MWE: song = { \repeat volta 2 { ...
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Is there a way to notate alternative transitions between 2 sections of music?

I'm writing out an original song I recently recorded because I need to provide both the sheet music and an audio recording for college applications. It would be okay just to submit what I wrote out ...
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

How to insert cautionary key signature before repeat mark using Sibelius 7

I'm arranging wind parts for the following song (excerpt below). This is the end of a repeated section that starts in D major and changes to F major halfway through. So, the repeat mark at the end of ...
8 votes
2 answers
849 views

Lilypond first alternative has only one note

I have used repeats with alternatives before without any problem, but now (all of a sudden?) I am seeing some very odd behavior, where the first alternative only has one note regardless of duration. ...
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

Lilypond: How to use repeat bars in markup lyrics

I am using \markup after the score for several verses of lyrics, so roughly \score { ... } \markup { \column { \line { ... } ... } } How can I typeset repeat marks for a piece of ...
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

How to interpret double dots and lines with numbers above the staff [duplicate]

I've been learning to play the piano by myself for a couple of months, and today I came across a song in my book that got me confused. I know that double dots inside double bars means that you have to ...
15 votes
3 answers
4k views

Dynamic marking "f-p"

I know that: The dynamic marking f means forte, or play loud. And that p means piano, or play soft. The dynamic marking fp means fortepiano, or play this note loud, and play the following notes soft....
15 votes
2 answers
415 views

What does "al primo" mean?

I'm currently playing a sonata from the late baroque period, which ends with two menuets: minuetto primo and minuetto secondo. Now, under the closing repeat mark of menuet two, "al primo" is ...
5 votes
1 answer
9k views

What does "1 x Tacet" mean?

What does 1x Tacet mean? Does it mean "play the following in 1st round only"?
1 vote
0 answers
64 views

What is the notation for repeating 3 times in keyboard sheet music? [duplicate]

In sheet music how do you notate repetition of a measure 3 times? Do you put 3 above the repeat sign? For example:
2 votes
1 answer
114 views

Loop of several bars

How should I transcribe a loop of several bars without affecting other voices? It's actually a repetition of repetitions. I've already used abbreviations for the latter. But now, I don't know what I ...
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Grade 1 piano exam 2015/16

I can't find an answer to my two questions re ABRSM Grade 1 piano exam. I really hope someone more experience can help me here. Do I have to learn all forms of the minor scales required for the exam (...
3 votes
2 answers
409 views

Where to repeat in this Jingle Bells score?

My son (5th grade) has received this Jingle Bells score. He shall play the treble clef on the piano. The colourful highlighting is mine for the purpose of explanation here. I have played piano ~25 ...
5 votes
1 answer
230 views

Strange sequence of repeat signs

I am trying to learn Harehop by Sigrid Arneberg, and it has a strange sequence of repeat signs. The music has a right facing repeat sign as if there will be a left facing one to mark where to go back, ...
3 votes
1 answer
590 views

How to Write Out a Round in Sheet Music

I'm trying to transcribe a song where the melody starts repeating in a round, so that after the first four eighth notes, the melody begins again. This can repeat as many as three times! What is the ...
7 votes
1 answer
235 views

Restricted usage of repeat-measure sign

I just found this pdf which says: The repeated measure/bar is used only for drums, piano, or guitar. Is this still the case? And if so, why isn't it used for other instruments, e.g. violin?
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

Writing piano music: play top staff 2nd time only

When writing music for piano, what is the most professional-looking way to notate that you should play the right hand notes, or the top staff, during only the second time through a repeated section? ...
2 votes
2 answers
81 views

LilyPond - start measure on second volta if first volta measure is not complete

I am trying to transcribe a Bach manuscript from BWV 1004. Bar 9 of the Sarabande has what looks like a Segno. Then in measure 25 we need to jump back to this segno. I have this for measures 24-26: \...
4 votes
1 answer
180 views

Repeat symbol in the middle of the measure because of my lyrics and a starting rest

I know what my problem is, just can't find how to solve it. I have this (I hope) minimum example showing exactly what my problem is : \version "2.18.2" \language "italiano" \score { \new ...
10 votes
3 answers
850 views

Drum kit notation for crashes at section starts

What is the best way to notate crashes for drum kit, that happen only occasionally, while the rest of the rhythm pattern remains unchanged? Or only at the beginning of a section, but with the rest of ...
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Rendering second ending closing bar when followed by another repeat in LilyPond

Using LilyPond, I'm engraving some music that consists of two parts that are repeated. The first repeated phrase contains an alternate ending. By default, LilyPond renders the MWE below: \version "2....
5 votes
2 answers
188 views

Putting text in a repeat without repeating the text

I want to put text in a \repeat unfold in LilyPond without repeating the text, so that it only shows up on the first instance of the phrase. I can't put it on the previous note because the repeat ...
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Notation for a repeat section with 2 different beginnings

I have written a hornpipe in AABB format which also has a counter-melody. On the first time through the A section the counter-melody rests until halfway through the second bar. On the second ...
15 votes
1 answer
3k views

What do these symbols mean?

This is part of Hasse's "Mea Tormenta, Properate": Figure 1. Three staffs of handwritten music. The top staff is in treble clef and the key of B flat. The second staff is also in treble ...
5 votes
2 answers
469 views

How to tie the first note of the second volta in MuseScore?

How to tie the (first) note of the second volta to the previous note in MuseScore?
2 votes
2 answers
82 views

Repetition sign at the end of a sequence using endings

I have the following 7 measure sequence: To play it I go 1,2,3,4,5 repetition sign 2,3 use 2nd ending so 6,7. But at this point there is another repetition sign (the one at the end of the sequence) ...
4 votes
4 answers
323 views

Sibelius Notation for Slightly Changed Repeat Passage

I want to recreate a repeated section of music in Sibelius which I found in an online score. Here is a screenshot of the relevant bar from the repeated passage: The passage is repeated three times, ...
1 vote
3 answers
124 views

Can't get Lilypond volta repeat to work with parallel music (multiple staves) and the \alternative construct

I have been unable to get even the simplest example to use volta repeats, the \alternative construct, and parallel music, without Lilypond producing an extra context (stave), starting at the first ...
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

What does the music notation "/ / / /" mean in a music drum score?

I have a drum score sheet music with 4/4 time signature in which the following portion is present. . Now, I am unable to understand the symbols in the bar: Also, what to repeat for the second Repeat ...
8 votes
2 answers
363 views

Are there established good practices for how to use musical navigation markers correctly?

Guitar tablature software like PowerTab has a "musical direction" feature that allows you to mark certain passages with symbols (coda, segno, double coda, double segno), and then use notations such as ...
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

How to indicate a tempo change during a repetition?

I have a quick question: What's the notation used to indicate that a certain part of a piece is supposed to be played at a higher/lower tempo but only during a repetition. For instance, if I have a D....
4 votes
1 answer
60 views

Lilypond verse lyrics with repeat and anacrusis

I'm wondering if someone can point me to a snippet or other example as I'm yet to find a solution ... I have a piece, a simple tune with 2 verses n Lilypond where the piano parts, melody and words are ...
1 vote
2 answers
281 views

What is the function of the two segnos in this score?

What is the function of the two segnos in the following score? At the start of measure 7 there is a segno, and in measure 70 there is a second segno together with a Da Capo. In the following measure ...