Questions tagged [roman-numerals]

The harmonic analysis of music using Roman Numerals to express the function of harmony.

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What is the roman numeral assigned to an Eb major chord in the key of F major?

What is the roman numeral assigned to an E♭ major chord in the key of F major? would it be a VII˚
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Help with modulations identification: where they occur, and writing Roman numerals

I'm currently a full-time music education major and need a lot of help on a project. The project is over Mozart's Fantasia in c minor, KV 475. We are to answer 20 questions along with writing all of ...
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Before the advent of Roman-numeral analysis, did musicians conceptualize applied/secondary chords as somehow moving towards their temporary tonics?

As discussed in Origin of Roman Numeral Analysis, Roman numerals weren't a widespread analytical tool until at least the 19th century. With this in mind, imagine that you're a musician in 1770; you're ...
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What is this lead-sheet chord?

So, I have recently been studying for a theory test (blecch!), and as part of that I have been learning lead sheet notation. In one of the review questions I have come across this chord which I can't ...
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Roman numeral notation for a suspended chord?

On the Wikipedia entry for Roman numeral analysis, it says that major chords use the upper case numerals (e.g. IV for the F major chord in the C major scale) and lowercase letters for minor chords (e....
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Intro of A Whiter Shade of Pale: is my analysis of chords correct?

I wonder about 2 points in this intro (I can ask them in to different questions if desired) I'm not sure whether I hear this progression correct ... The beginning ...
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(REVISED): Roman Numeral Analysis of Fuchs- 'Mother Tells a Story'

On the back of seeing the score, I have filled in the missing harmony. I am still stuck on the harmonic analysis in a few areas. The Roman numerals I have put in thus far are all relative to G major, ...
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Harmonic analysis of Fuchs: 'Mother tells a Story'- Any ideas?

I'm on the final practice keyboard question in the grade 8 workbook and it seems to be considerably more difficult than the others. We seem to start in G major, quickly moving to chord half dim vii- (...
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Roman numeral analysis of exam practice exercise: “Polish Song” by Hiller

The piece in question is 'Polish Song' by Hiller. I have labelled the bars from 1 to 11. The piece is in A minor, and we seem to have A minor leading to V7 in the opening measures (I'm putting the C ...
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2answers
537 views

What is this Chord Notation using Roman Numerals with super and sub script? [duplicate]

I know how to read Roman numerals for chord progressions, but I've seen something recently I don't understand. I've attached an image below. What are those super-/subscripts?
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Do Roman Numerals for a chord progressions change capitalization when played in a different key than the original?

Let's say we have a chord progression I-ii-iii in key of C major so Cmaj-Dmin-Emin. If I were to share this chord progression with someone, without mentioning the key, and they decide to play this in ...
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What are the capitalized roman numerals in a minor key [duplicate]

I've heard that for major scales, the capital letters are always I, IV, and V. What are they for minor scales?
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How would this chord from “The Chamber of 32 Doors” by Genesis be analyzed?

I'm trying to analyze a song I recently discovered, "The Chamber of 32 Doors" by Genesis. Here is the song link: At 1:02, there is a chord progression with a ...
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Chromatic parallel six-three chords

I am trying to follow Aldwell and Schachter’s analysis of Chopin’s Impromptu, Op. 29. I wanted to learn about chromatic voice leading techniques, but I ended up getting stuck simply with their ...
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5answers
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How to notate a borrowed chord if you're in a key other than major?

If I'm in a major key and I have a progression from the three chord to the six chord borrowed from the parallel minor (modal mixture) I would go: iii bVI But if I was in a natural minor key scale ...
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2answers
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Are non-functioning secondary dominants the same as deceptive secondary dominants?

If you have a chord progression like this: V7/V IV I've seen different websites that have different names for this: Non-functioning secondary dominant Deceptive secondary dominant Secondary ...
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Origin of Roman Numeral Analysis

Out of curiosity, I was searching for the origin of Roman Numeral analysis and the only online source I could find was this passage in Wikipedia: Gottfried Weber's Versuch einer geordneten Theorie ...
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Why does this chord progression work? I feel like I've heard it before but can't find the pattern

I had this song stuck in my head all day and tried to play by ear the section that starts around 1:40 on the guitar. If I'm not wrong, the chord progression here is the following : |Am / / / |C / / /...
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4answers
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What is the correct Roman numeral notation for use in modal pieces?

Looking at a lead sheet (Scarborough Fair), it is noted that the key signature is D major. On closer inspection the song appears to be in Dorian mode. I am guessing that the better approach when e.g....
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872 views

Minor Key (and other key?) Roman Numeral Analysis

What is the general standard in RNA for the natural minor key, as well as keys that are neither major nor nat. minor? So in studying RNA, I found the major key pretty straightforward: I ii iii IV V ...
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3answers
729 views

Roman numeral analysis for melody?

This is mainly a notation question. But when analyzing a melody how do you notate melody notes? Is it 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII (or maybe lower case) or do, re, mi, fa, sol, ...
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Applying schemata to chords other than I IV V

I have been reading up on Galant schemata (stock melodic phrases) recently and have run into a question regarding their universality. All of the various schemas (Prinner, Pastorale, Fenaroli, etc) ...
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Harmonic analysis of the B section of “Have You Met Miss Jones”

I've been studying the standard Have You Met Miss Jones and I came across a very interesting chord progression in the B section of the piece. The A section is pretty typical and the key it's in is F ...
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I need help understanding how to assign roman numerals to a key as well as how to do a melodic analysis [closed]

Here is the link to the questions: https://scontent.fybz2-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.15752-9/s2048x2048/76767498_631590154044645_5429312693389492224_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&_nc_ohc=...
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Does minor/major affect scale degrees when talking about chords?

Say I'm playing a song in C Minor, and I play the chords Cm, B♭, A♭, G If I was talking about, or analyzing these chords using roman numerals, which way is more correct to refer to them? i, VII, VI,...
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Determining roman numeral notation

I am just starting to learn music theory so if I'm making an obvious mistake, forgive me. Given the chord progression D major B♭ major F major C major, I have assumed that it is in the key of F major ...
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2answers
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Is there a term for chords where a Roman numeral would be considered meaningless?

I'm trying to go deeper into my study of chromatic harmony. I was reading through the Tonal Harmony textbook, and it says that a "simultaneity" is "a chord for which a traditional Roman numeral label ...
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1answer
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Franz Liszt Liebestraum No. 3 Bar 17 Roman Numeral Analysis

I'm going through Liszt's Liebestraum No. 3 in Ab M.... in bar 17, I don't know how to mark the A natural chord. It's either a #1 or the song has modulated to the natural minor, in which case it would ...
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1answer
242 views

Questions on writing a Roman-numeral analysis

In bar one, should I write chord I twice or should I write I_________ Also, in bar 3, am I right if I added chord symbols to each of the last three notes or should I add it to only one?
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Rules for naming borrowed chords in roman numeral analysis

I don't seem to find an extensive resource on how to name out of scale chords in roman numeral analysis. E.g. let's look at this piece from "All imperfect things" of Michael Nyman: I'm stuck on M5 ...
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Strikethrough and Roman numeral analysis in Schoenberg

I've bumped into this very brief analysis in Structural Function of Harmony by Schoenberg and I've found that strikethrough V. Now, the chord is an D diminished seventh chord, leading to the dominant ...
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What is bad about Roman Numeral Analysis?

I have studied roman numeral analysis in my theory courses and I think that it's a good way of describing and understanding classical music, especially that of the classical and early romantic periods....
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Is it possible to know the exact chord from the roman numerals

I was taking a look at this chord progression and attempted to play it just using the roman numerals. Seeing the V(G) I played what would be the right most G in the image with the B and D above it so ...
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3answers
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Analyzing an unfamiliar Roman numeral analysis: Cm/G-G notated as V6/4-5/3?

I was following a question, Tips on how to add non-diatonic chords to my music, and one of the answers introduced a chord progression involving different non-diatonic chords, with an audio sample. As ...
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What is a roman numeral analysis of the chords from Coldplay's “God put a smile upon your face”?

I'm trying to apply Roman numeral analysis to some pop songs and am a little stumped on Coldplay's "God put a smile upon your face". The chords, as I understand them, are: Section A: D♭, E6, E♭7, ...
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How to write Roman numeral figures for non-chord tones (NCT) and inversions, triads and seventh chords?

What Roman numeral figures distinguish a 2nd inversion dominant triad with a NCT fourth from a root position dominant 7th chord with a NCT fourth? Related to How writing a dominant 7 sus4 chord in ...
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How to flat and sharp a chord in roman numeral notation?

When you see a flat or a sharp before a roman numeral do you just flat the first note? so in the key of C major: III is: E G# B bIII is: Eb G# B (do I just flatten the first note?) iii is: E G B biii ...
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Roman numeral chord notation in minor scale?

I need help to understand chord intervals (not single note intervals) explains what the numbers I, IV, vi, III+ usually stand for in major chord theory. But what's it like with a minor scale? What ...
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How exactly tell the root of a song over a defined scale on ambiguous harmonic context?

I play a song in either C major key or A minor key. Usually I determine the root (C or A) taking into account clues like: The happy or sad feel of it all The first chord (C or Am) Stereotypical ...
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1answer
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Can any chord be converted to its roman numeral equivalent?

Just a quick question, but I'm wondering if any type of chord even something complicated Gbmaj13#5/F can be converted to roman numerals? Assuming the key is given.
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I need help to understand chord intervals (not single note intervals)

I understand intervals between notes. Each number of steps between two notes has a particular name. Like this: But some times I see people refering to intervals between chords, not single notes. Like ...
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How writing a dominant 7 sus4 chord in RNA ( Vsus7 chord in the 1st inversion)

Maybe I’ve just a black out. But I wanted to notate a V7sus (inversion 1) writing a dominant 7 without the suspension of the 4th in RNA. No idea ... g,c,d,f => c,d,f,g
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Is C minor i in the key of C minor?

If I write in c minor, is c the VI or the I? Also what about Dominant, tonic and that stuff, are they the same as in Eb major? Otherwise I could only write deceptive cadences in minor keys if I end on ...
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How to name a b7 chord

Whilst it's usual to name a D major chord (in key C) as V/V - the dominant of the dominant - is it legitimate to call Bb (b7) IV/IV - the subdominant of the subdominant? Another justification is of ...
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Using standard Roman numeral analysis how should 7th and 9th qualities be determined?

Example: C: V7 or inversions like C: V6/5 are understood to be dominant-seventh chords and C: V9 a dominant ninth chord with a diatonic, major ninth. I think the basic idea is all the Arabic ...
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431 views

Different harmonic changes implied by a simple descending scale

This is a question that readers may find confusing. It is a bit confusing to me too, but I'll try to explain and illustrate it as best as I can. What are the harmonic functions (in terms of Roman-...
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What is meant by a M next to a roman numeral?

That is, a I or V followed by an M in the superscript.
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1answer
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Roman Numeral Treatment of Suspensions

My question today stems from me having difficulty assigning a roman numeral to a chord which either has a suspension (please see below) Or when there is melodic motion in the bass (please see below) ...
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Trouble reading roman numeral notation with flats

I am working my way through an article on transformations in rock harmony, but I am getting stuck trying to read the author's roman numeral analysis. I would really appreciate some help understanding ...
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What does the roman numeral notation mean for this borrowed chord?

I am working my way through Asturias (Leyenda) in E minor for classical guitar. I believe the arrangement is based on the one by Segovia. I am using this sheet music, and comparing it to the tablature ...