Skip to main content

Questions tagged [romantic-period]

Romantic music is a term denoting an era of Western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century. Examples of composers in this era includes: Franz Schubert, Franz Liszt, Frederic Chopin, Robert and Clara Schumann and Johannes Brahms.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
2 answers
54 views

VII7 to I in romantic era harmony

In the opening bar of Emil von Sauer's Etude de Concert no. 1, he starts on G flat major, then transitions to an F major 7 that resolves back to G flat major (VII7 to I). I know this is late romantic ...
Haytham's user avatar
  • 51
0 votes
0 answers
34 views

Practice the Beats and Tempos in Franz Liszt Consolations No. 3, Lento placido, in D♭ major, S.172 [duplicate]

In Franz Liszt Consolations No. 3, Lento placido, in D♭ major, S.172, let us call the quarter note as one beat. Thue the eight note is 1/2 beat. The tuplet note (hat 3) is 1/3 beat. We see the right-...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
4 votes
2 answers
192 views

What was the appropriate response if an Early Romantic era composer dedicated a composition to you?

What was the expectation of the recipient of a dedication during the early romantic era, if the recipient could perform it? For example, when Schubert was 22 he composed his Piano Sonata No. 13 in A ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
63 views

Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2 (1st movement): How to play tremolo together with a 3-note chord? at Bar 313-314, Bar 319-320

Looking into the Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2 (1st movement) solo piano (arranged by LotusFlower, see the YouTube video, there are those 3 horizontal bars known as Tremolo at 7:00 and at 9:23. ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude): tension-ful chord progression in bar 9, 10, 11

I am trying to digest the Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude) chord progression in bar 9, 10, 11 with the full of tensions. Three related sub-questions. In both the Zoltán Gárdonyi (1906–1986) ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
1 vote
1 answer
117 views

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude): Top voices on ascending fifth, descending second, descending second

I wanted to follow up to analyze the top voice on the right hand of the Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude). Here are my (related) questions: Is the red box note a B-flat or B? (It looks that ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
8 votes
2 answers
800 views

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude) -- Piano zu 7 Oktaven -- which order to play?

In Franz Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude) -- There is something saying "Piano zu 7 Oktaven" -- my question: Which is the ordering to play these bars? Am I understanding correctly ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
3 votes
1 answer
685 views

Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2 (1st movement) Tempo I - Bar 86 - why D not D flat?

In Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2 (1st movement) Tempo I - Bar 86 - Red box shows a D. Green box shows a D. Blue box shows a D flat. My question is that what is the logic / why the Green box is ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
1 vote
2 answers
107 views

What are these two right-hand chords in Schubert's Piano Sonata No 20 D 959?

I am not quite understanding the chord progression and the chord harmonies of the following two beats marked in the red rectangle. Especially two right-hand chords. They sound very inharmony and ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

I beginn in music [closed]

Since a lot of time, I'm more and more passionate by the romantic era (mostly by the works of Chopin and Liszt). However, I like but I don't know why. So I would like to study the theory of music. I ...
Analyse300's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
2k views

Chopin's Etude op. 10 No.1 - why the D sharp in bar 8?

In Chopin's Etude op. 10, No.1, bar 8, why does Chopin choose to have D sharp (D♯) in the purple square quoted below? Why not choose the more natural D there? Is there logic, a good reason, and ...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
0 votes
0 answers
79 views

Composing romantic pieces

I am a fan of the organist Wolfgang Seifen. Recently, he played a piece which fascinated me: An arabesque in the style of German romanticism. (Hear it) Being myself interested in improvisation, I did ...
user7427029's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
87 views

Transcribing trombone parts - mid 1800s music

I'm preparing some mid 1800s orchestral music for performance and I have some difficulties dealing with the trombone parts. It's mostly 2-part but occasionaly third voice appears (it's all written on ...
Mart33n's user avatar
  • 170
1 vote
0 answers
67 views

Where to find modern Romantic style piano composers? [closed]

I've been enjoying Chopin, Mendelssohn, Liszt, Rach and other composers in the Romantic style, specifically piano solos and occasionally trios. I particularly like Chopin's Ballades, Nocturnes and ...
user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
304 views

A romantic era piece has a baroque era title: how does one determine the style?

J. Danbé's "Petite Gavotte" (ca. 1888) for violin and piano seems to be baroque mainly because of the title, "Gavotte", which was a common baroque dance. But I can't find any ...
naoxink's user avatar
  • 131
8 votes
5 answers
2k views

Are German lieder usually flexible re male or female singers?

I've been listening to a lot of Schubert lieder - it's a form I'm learning more about. Are lieder vocals generally non-gender specific? It seems that there can be either a male or female vocal on the ...
timbo's user avatar
  • 927
3 votes
3 answers
478 views

Liszt Petrarch Sonnet 104

While reading my Italian edition of Petrarch's sonnets, I noticed that Sonnet 104, one of the three Liszt took inspiration from for the pieces in Années de pèlerinage, is not the famous one that is ...
kEldest's user avatar
  • 119
6 votes
1 answer
5k views

Ludwig van Beethoven "complete" 722 works in Chronological Order

It is known that "The compositions of Ludwig van Beethoven consist of 722 works". However, only about 138 of these works have Op opus numbers. about 228 (till WoO 228b) have WoO numbers. (...
wonderich's user avatar
  • 921
5 votes
1 answer
181 views

Playing symphonies by e.g. Rachmaninoff or Mahler using string instruments with gut strings (like more Baroque styled instruments)?

I was listening to some performances from Netherland's "All of Bach" group that performs Bach works on Baroque instruments. I quite liked the sound of the strings, and I thought that it ...
D.R.'s user avatar
  • 448
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the characteristics of Late Romantic Russian Music?

I've been recently listening to some late Romantic Russian music (Lyapunov, Kalinnikov, Tchaikovsky, etc.) and was wondering how best to mimic this style. So far, I've observed a handful of shared ...
Lysander Cox's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
789 views

English translation of Brahms' essay: "Octaven und Quinten"?

I am now doing some research on Brahm's essay, Octaven u. Quinten. I cannot read German, so I cannot do anything with the original manuscript. I have read some secondary sources about this essay, but ...
Ma Joad's user avatar
  • 1,190
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Meaning of the words "Recitativo" and "tutte le corde" in music?

I am trying to understand Romantic music. I came across this extract from Beethoven's Piano Sonata op.110 from the Allegro man non troppo part. I want to understand what the words "Recitativo" and "...
Grace's user avatar
  • 1,785
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is this particular type of chord progression, common in classical music, called?

I don't know anything about music theory but I am a fanatic when it comes to listening to classical music. For a while I have been curious about a type of chord progression which is very common in ...
Fixed Point's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
463 views

What are some nice/clever ways to introduce the tonic's dominant seventh chord?

I'm in C minor and want to modulate to its subdominant key of F minor. One way to do this is to introduce the tonic flat seventh chord C-E-G-B♭, which is the dominant seventh chord of F minor. ...
Kim Fierens's user avatar
  • 2,347
3 votes
3 answers
317 views

Combining forms to make a new musical form

Has there ever been a composer between Baroque and early Romantic periods (within piano literature) who created a new form based on a combination of previously separate forms into a new iteration or ...
Hannah Hawes's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
2k views

Should I practice some J.S. Bach for piano technique and where should I start?

I want to know if playing J.S. Bach would improve my overall piano technique. I look for pieces that help me to become better. I usually play romantic composers. I have played pieces such as Chopin'...
Matriz's user avatar
  • 709
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did Beethoven really usher in the Romantic Period?

Most people argue that because Beethoven kept pushing the boundaries further and further on sonata form and dissonance that he started the Romantic Revolution. On the other hand, I have heard a few ...
Caters's user avatar
  • 6,574
7 votes
1 answer
158 views

Dampers in 19c fortepianos

I recently listened to performances at the 1st International Chopin Competition of Period Instruments, and I noticed that the chords in the fortepianos used there (manufactured in the early 19th ...
Pteromys's user avatar
  • 173
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Comments of Chopin's contemporaries on his playing

I am researching about the kind of style Chopin himself would have had by drawing inferences from sources such as recordings of the 2nd generation pupils of Chopin and the comments of contemporaries ...
Rohan 's user avatar
  • 77
2 votes
2 answers
399 views

In the baroque period, did soloists play all the way through concertos?

In most recordings of baroque concertos that I've heard, the soloist plays straight through without stopping, especially in the first movement. While there are marked solo sections where the soloist ...
General Nuisance's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the musical form of Saint-Saens Danse Macabre?

My first ("blind") guess was that it is in rondo form with two themes, but when I performed analysis, it somehow doesn't fit any form that I can think of. This is what I figured out: intro a b a' a ...
sam's user avatar
  • 308
4 votes
2 answers
394 views

Break from conventionality in Mahler Symphony no. 1

In the Wikipedia article for Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 1, in describing its structure, a paragraph ends with The usage of F minor for the last movement was a dramatic break from conventional ...
pr1268's user avatar
  • 1,354
7 votes
1 answer
410 views

Developments in musical form in mid-nineteenth - early-twentieth century music

I am now studying new approaches to harmony in the Romantic and Impressionistic eras, but I haven't seen anything about formal functions. It seems like even if they were still using Sonata form (...
lightning's user avatar
  • 1,095
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Piano music - should I truly not use the sustain pedal in places not marked so?

This is especially rampant in romantic piano music and later. There are places that pedals are marked, and places where they are not marked. I understand if it's a predominantly staccato passage when ...
Mickael Caruso's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
784 views

"Romantic Harmony" example; Why does it work?

I was reading some of Ted Greene's work and came across this PDF http://www.tedgreene.com/images/lessons/chords/RomanticHarmony.pdf In it, he goes from a vi6 chord (this 6 doesn't mean first ...
folouer of kaklas's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
308 views

Could Charles Valentin Alkan play his own compositions?

Could Charles Valentin Alkan play his own compositions? I'm very curious, since his compositions are extremely difficult, and I've only seen a few pianists who were able to play these compositions. ...
R3E1W4's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
6 answers
4k views

Why is Vivaldi's Seasons not the start of the Romantic Era?

Vivaldi's Seasons premiered in 1725 and directly express, well, the seasons. Wikipedia even adds In addition to these sonnets, Vivaldi provided instructions such as "The barking dog" (in the second ...
DrZ214's user avatar
  • 187
6 votes
1 answer
524 views

Circumflex in classical guitar notation

Playing a piece called "Romanze" by Johann Kaspar Mertz (from one of the Bardenklänge books), I noticed there is a circumflex written next to some chords: The excerpt is taken from page 6 (IMSLP ...
strohmsn's user avatar
  • 148
3 votes
1 answer
718 views

Was Isaac Albéniz a Romantic?

I'm a big fan of Isaac Albéniz and I love classical guitar. As a big classical guitar fan, I obviously love Baroque music and I love Flamenco as well. I am not the biggest fan of Romantic music and ...
MisterStrickland's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
554 views

La Campanella double sharp?

In La Campanella by Liszt, in the running passage which I added a photo off, shouldn't the highest note (which I marked with an arrow) be a G because the F double sharp gets carried over? In all of ...
Nikolai's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
5k views

Chord analysis of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No.2 Movement 1 mm 86

I need help in analyzing the chords of Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No.2 measure 86. In the snippet below, the measure is encapsulated by a green box. . Score is from and can be found here. EDIT : ...
krismath's user avatar
  • 1,363
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is Warsaw Concerto a piano concerto?

My brother is entering a competition, which the final round requires a performance of a Piano Concerto of any era. My brother is looking for an emotional and powerful piece. I recommended a late ...
krismath's user avatar
  • 1,363
6 votes
4 answers
3k views

Should I play the piano with or without pedals?

I have been playing the piano for a while now, but I'm going to ask a question which still bugs me. When Beethoven composed his piano sonatas, did he imagine that they would sound like they do now in ...
Magnacide's user avatar
  • 111
8 votes
2 answers
3k views

How does the performance of "rubato" differ in the classical and romantic styles?

In the movie Amadeus, there's a scene of a chamber orchestra where the conductor uses a large pole and pounds the floor to indicate downbeats in a strict time. And in earlier music, such as Bach ...
luser droog's user avatar
  • 15.1k
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is there a piece of music that "inaugurated" Beethoven's middle period, and thus the Romantic era?

Since Beethoven's early works are considered part of the Classical era, and his later works are considered part of the Romantic era, is there, by scholarly consensus, a single piece of his that ...
luser droog's user avatar
  • 15.1k
14 votes
7 answers
4k views

What is bad about Roman Numeral Analysis?

I have studied Roman numeral analysis in my theory courses, and I think that it's a good way of describing and understanding classical music, especially that of the classical and early romantic ...
Jeffrey's user avatar
  • 257