Questions tagged [scales]

For questions about playing, understanding, or studying scales.

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Descending mode vs. Mixolydian

I looked through my notes and I saw the formula for descending mode. I had written that the formula was "WWHWWHW". I'm confused because I'm sure that is also the formula for the Mixolydian ...
3 votes
4 answers
135 views

Term for Major Scale with a minor seventh

Given a C major Scale, with C as root: C D E F G A B now make the 7th. step minor, and keeping C as root (not switching to F Major) C D E F G A Bb What is the term / name for this key?
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4 answers
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How to read movable scale chart for A minor pentatonic?

I bought a guitar chart and it has this figure for moveable minor pentatonic scale: I know the number 1 box pattern of the minor pentatonic scale (Justin guitar course). I play it starting on the 5th ...
5 votes
4 answers
682 views

How to construct chords in exotic scales?

Till now i've been learning to construct chord's by stacking / altering notes in the MAJOR scale and its modes. What about other types of exotic scales ? I can see lot of exotic scales here -> ...
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8 votes
2 answers
809 views

Playing Am pentatonic scale over A blues chord progression

I had a guitar entrance exam yesterday regarding improvisation. The guy put on a A blues backing track and told me to improvise. As I'm not a blues guy myself, I went and improvised on the A major ...
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0 votes
2 answers
68 views

Keyboard with black and white keys all the same size and in-line? [closed]

I want to know if anyone makes a chromatic keyboard on which sharps/flats are black, but the same size as the other keys and in line with them (see sketch below). There needs to be no distinction ...
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3 votes
2 answers
89 views

How do you properly read an extended scale chart?

This question is about reading extended scale charts. Example A: Shows a small segment of notes that are easy to read and practice. Example B: Shows all possible notes and I don't know where to start ...
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2 votes
1 answer
110 views

The reading of a song: what a beginner in composition needs to pay attention when reading a song? [closed]

Firstly, I'm a beginner in composition and all of my songs were quite "intuitive". I'm at a stage where I really need to know music theory in order to produce better songs. I) Introduction ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Doubt on scale shape creation and plagiarism

First of all, -Tone := T -Semi-Tone:= ST. Suppose you have the well know C major scale pattern: T T ST T T T ST Well, this is just one example of what we can do in music: ...
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8 votes
7 answers
2k views

What is the relative major of a minor?

I've heard of the relative minor of a major, but what is the relative major of a minor and how do you find it? I've tried searching it up, but all I got were some pretty vague results and a few not ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is "modal minor"?

What is "modal minor"? Context: Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Six Studies in English Folk Song" has a part called "1.Adagio ('Lovely on the Water') in E modal minor" (emphasis ...
1 vote
2 answers
103 views

Brahms Concerto Piano 1 Rondo : Hungarian Gypsy scale?

Piano part, Measures 136-139 (in Breitkopf's) - Pollini playing A/ Can I understand the right hand part as based on an Hungarian Gypsy scale ? B/ Are there any functional ? harmonic ? logical ? ...
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0 votes
2 answers
150 views

Is there a name for the guitar-based scale E-G-A-C-D-E?

If you use only the open chords on a guitar, you can walk a bass line using these notes: E G A C D E This line tends to be expressed with chords that mix modes. So for example the A chord may contain ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why are some musical pieces using tricky key signatures? [duplicate]

I have learned in solfege classes when I was a kid that each sheet music of a musical piece has a key signature made out of sharps or flats. I understood that this key signature changes when the piece ...
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2 votes
4 answers
152 views

How do I identify chord scales? (Chord scale theory)

I'm confused with how to identify chord scales because there are a lot of modes and combinations I have to consider. For example, Cmaj is C Ionian, and C13 is C Mixolydian, etc., right? Basically ...
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0 votes
3 answers
109 views

Do you find it easier nowadays to practice and learn music that what it used to be years ago? [closed]

Judging from my own experience, I believe that nowadays is much easier to find good teachers and material to practice and become really good. For example, I am middle aged and was a fan of Queensryche ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
84 views

Scale with major, minor, diminshed and augmented chords in it [closed]

I am looking for a well-known example of a scale, which has a minor, major, diminished and augmented chord in it. I mean the following: When I write down the scale and write down the triad on every ...
1 vote
2 answers
195 views

What scale is this (A, Bb, C#, D, E#, F#, G# )

To what scale would this group of notes correspond? A, Bb, C#, D, E#, F#, G# I tried searching online but did not have much luck.
0 votes
0 answers
87 views

Harmony Lines for Pentatonic Melodies

I found this great video on harmonizing pentatonic melodies. By harmonize in the case I mean creating second lines to go with a melody, rather than finding a suitable chord progression. ...
-1 votes
1 answer
102 views

What makes "Oh Hanukkah" sound Jewish?

Recently, I've been studying the effect of scale choice on the mood and feel of music. Songs using the major scale tend to sound happy. Songs using the minor scale tend to sound sad. Songs using less ...
2 votes
1 answer
90 views

Unusual pentatonic scale

On this video the guy plays an instruments called Dvina. I'm currently making my version of it. My question is about its fret marks which looks and sounds like a minor pentatonic with a lowered 7th ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Need to apply box notation on thick strings from book Improvising Rock guitar green note publ

I was reading and practicing with book Improvising Rock Guitar by Green note music publication. In that book i understood the box notations which are all explained in top 3 or 4 strings the thin ...
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3 votes
2 answers
283 views

How do I Modulate a scale that doesn’t exist?

So I’m composing a song with “3” scales, G harmonic minor, A#/Bb Major and a set of notes that I can’t seem to find a scale for. C-D-D#-F#-G-A#-B I love how it sounds but don’t know much about music ...
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1 vote
1 answer
78 views

What is the scale of this song? It only uses I, II, III, IV and V of the minor scale [closed]

The key note is C#. It looks like a minor scale but lacks VI and VII (only contains 5 tones). What is its scale? Thank you!
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3 votes
2 answers
375 views

Harmonic analysis: Bm7b5 E7 Fmaj7 [closed]

Bm7b5, E7, Fmaj7 are of course the 2nd, 5th and 6th degree of A harmonic minor, but if I'm in Fmaj what are they?
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4 votes
3 answers
377 views

What's the best technique for C major scale?

I'm currently learning C major scale using acoustic guitar and I can play one note at a time on top of a Song. The challenge is,it doesn't sound like a music. How can I achieve good solo with it?
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

In guitar, do consecutive frets on the same string play notes from the same octave?

If I move to consecutive frets on the same string, are notes produced from the same octave? For example, is it possible to play the first 5 notes of C major scale on the A string? (C, D, E, F, G)? Why ...
2 votes
3 answers
282 views

What chords/scales in guitar to play if I have a key of C harmonica?

I do not have musical theory knowledge but I enjoy playing instruments being self-taught but now I am facing some limitations being non-theory musician. I have a harmonica which is in the key of C, ...
1 vote
1 answer
405 views

What mode or scale does Hans Zimmer dwell on in Dune? [closed]

I was listening to the Dune soundtrack just now as background music, and I noticed that it felt very modal. It keeps using the following series of intervals: wholestep-halfstep-wholestep-halfstep-...
2 votes
2 answers
499 views

Historical origin of the raised sixth scale degree in minor

The way I understand the melodic minor scale — with its raised 6 and 7 ascending and lowered 6 and 7 descending — is that it's representative of how composers operated when composing in minor. However,...
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1 vote
0 answers
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How to make A-scale Bansuri blend into A-scale Tampura

I have A scale Bass Bansuri 6 holes, total length is 23.5", length from embouchure (blowing hole) to Pa (6th and last hole) is 16" I use online Tanpura, https://www.anubodh.com/tanpura.php ...
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3 votes
4 answers
266 views

How to use pentatonic scale(s) for bass lines

In creating bass lines using pentatonic scale, do you use the pentatonic scale of the key you are in or of the chord you are playing?
3 votes
0 answers
40 views

Automatic note splitting - missed stems

Why are some stems missing? \version "2.22.1" \include "changePitch.ly" nl = \break chord_a = \relative c''' {<e gis c>} chord_b = \relative c'' {<fis b d>} root = {...
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4 votes
1 answer
241 views

Is this phrase ending a half cadence, imperfect authentic cadence, or neither?

I'm working on this for a music theory class. By my analysis: Song is in key of A major The chord for measure three uses the 4th scale degree, or IV The chord for measure four is the tonic, or I I'...
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3 votes
2 answers
98 views

I would like more information about the chord progression ivm7, IV, VIIM7, II, I, III

I've written a song with a chord progression in E major (I think) using borrowed chords from the parallel minor key. The progression is: C#m7, A, D#M7, F#, E, G#. I translate this Roman numerically: ...
0 votes
2 answers
105 views

How to notate scores when the keys don't admit a heptatonic scale?

I was playing with microtonality. Specifically, equal temperaments other than 12edo. Since the point of equal temperaments is versatility, I wanted them to admit a notion of key signatures similar to ...
0 votes
2 answers
75 views

how are scales of the same class (e.g. major scales) musically different? [duplicate]

I have recently learned the principles of the standard twelve-tone octave applied to major and minor scales. I understand each scale is defined by its main note, and the pattern of intervals, of half ...
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1 answer
115 views

Can you identify this scale? C Db Eb G Ab C [closed]

Can you identify this scale? C Db Eb G Ab C
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1 vote
2 answers
69 views

Trying to learn Ab Scale on Piano, and can't make sense of the fingers [duplicate]

I am trying to learn Ab Scale, and fingers are tripping me up. I only know C Major till now and a beginner, so please help. For right hand : Its suppose to be 2,3,1,2,3,1,2,3 but I am starting Ab on 2 ...
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

Help identifying chords/scale [closed]

I'm new to music theory and I am trying to reproduce parts of a song for practice. I really like the chords/scale that kick in at 2:36 of this song: Open Form - Lost Desert, Amand, Reigan: https://...
-2 votes
1 answer
146 views

Given a pair of pitches, does this chart correctly show the number of scales containing that pair?

I posted this chart on my page. I created it based on exercise 6 of chapter 1 of Harmony by Piston, to be a kind of help, but as I'm not sure if it's correct or not (if it's not I will take it down to ...
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9 votes
3 answers
632 views

With modes, is 'tonic' still the appropriate term for naming the first note of the scale?

Or is it better to just call it 'first note' (eg: In D Dorian, is 'D' the tonic or just 'first note'). And I suppose same question for the the rest of the scale degrees too (super tonic, mediant etc.)....
3 votes
1 answer
138 views

3 octave A Major violin scale fingerings?

What are some common fingerings for a 3 octave A major scale on violin?
6 votes
3 answers
124 views

Melodic minor: Does 6 get raised when descending and then ascending immediately?

I found this embellished suspension in C minor: The notes between S and R embellish the dissonant S. You can see that the leading tone 7 is raised in both descending and ascending directions, as well ...
7 votes
6 answers
1k views

Is there a scale called the relative minor scale?

A book I'm reading Alfred's Essentials of Music Theory Minor Scales (pg 90-91) says Every major key has a RELATIVE MINOR KEY that has the same key signature. Each relative minor scale begins on the ...
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5 votes
3 answers
130 views

How are pentatonic scale degrees listed? [duplicate]

I'm aware that the origin of the pentatonic scales probably preceded the diatonic scales, so does that mean that the designation of scale degrees for a pentatonic scale would be 1,2,3,4, and 5, or is ...
1 vote
3 answers
320 views

Pat Martino's parental forms. Can you go deeper?

I have been studying Pat Martino lessons on the parental forms. It absolutely blew my mind that if you lower any note a halfstep in a augmented triad you get a major chord. And if you raise a note you ...
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3 votes
2 answers
172 views

Does this chord fit D minor?

Is it ok to play a g flat chord in a D minor scale? Basically I wrote a song where one riff plays a G flat at the end of it then goes right back to a D minor chord. It’s a rock song. It sounds cool ...
2 votes
5 answers
248 views

Intervals in scale context

Does the intervals in a scale context sounds different from playing it without any notes in the middle? example to clarify: if i played the major scale ascendingily (C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C) does every ...
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5 votes
1 answer
166 views

Correct Numbering for Scale Degrees

For ever, I've only called scale degrees by their (Arabic) numbers. As opposed to chords, where I use Roman Numerals. Now, I've found out they really ought to have carets, or circumflexes over them. ...
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