Questions tagged [scales]

For questions about playing, understanding, or studying scales.

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5
votes
3answers
139 views

How to determine the names of the notes in any given scale

Are there any rules for naming the notes in a scale that can apply to any given scale? I know it's straightforward for diatonic. You just use each of the first 7 letters of the alphabet and [double]...
2
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0answers
24 views

Correct “spelling” for non-heptatonic scales [duplicate]

For heptatonic scales, they are mainly meant to be written with all seven letters and the accidentals to them. For example, the C altered scale would have an Fb instead of E because the note is a ...
1
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1answer
51 views

which scale is used in Nirvana'a “Love Buzz”? [closed]

which scale is used in Nirvana's "Love Buzz"? is this an eastern scale? how is it possible to mix an eastern scale and a western rhythm? which scale should be used in its baseline?
12
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4answers
5k views

Musical systems with more than 12 notes

From what I remember of music theory, all music (at least Western music) boils down to scales that revolve around the 12 notes (circle of fourths/fifths). I know there are scales in different regions ...
11
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3answers
334 views

What is the historic origin of the terms & textbook definitions of the natural minor, harmonic minor, & melodic minor scales?

EDIT I edited my question title to better reflect what I am asking. I am specifically asking about pedagogical sources that present these three forms of minor scales, like this... My Piston Harmony ...
4
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4answers
3k views

Am-Dm-Am-E songs (usually powerful folk songs) what key could they be in? What diatonic blues harp or penny whistle to use?

Examples include some (best ^_^) interpretations of Katyusha, La Llorona, Bella Ciao, Cariñito etc. They often go into short C-major type sequences during emphasis so everything points to an Am scale. ...
17
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8answers
54k views

What scales are suitable for funk? Is there a funk scale?

I hope this question isn't too "noob"-ish for you guys (but hey I've gotta start somewhere). What scales are suitable for funk? Is there a funk scale, akin to the blues scale? I'm pretty sure the ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

What scale(s) would I use to improvise over this riff?

I am a keyboard player and as an exercise, I like to figure out riffs or background chords to songs I like and improvise over them. I chose to tackle this riff, starting at 6:14 with a guitar soloing ...
1
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1answer
78 views

The difference btw Major and Chromatic Scale

I learn music theory self study from Alfred book and I have a problem here As you see in question No 7 and 8 I don’t know what do they mean by Major or chromatic scale Thanks for you help 🖤🎶
3
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1answer
47 views

Slonimsky's Harmonization of Pattern 10 with Seven Major Chords

What method of harmonization is Slonimsky using to generate the seven chord progression that belongs to pattern 10? My understanding so far is that the pitches that divide the octave C-F#-C into equal ...
7
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7answers
1k views

Must a song using the A minor scale begin or end with an Am chord? If not, how can I tell what the scale is?

Is it a must for a song using the A minor scale to begin or end with an Am chord? If not, how can I tell what the scale is? For example, how can I differentiate between the C major scale, A minor ...
5
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3answers
352 views

Why did the natural major scale and the minor scales come to dominate common practice music? [duplicate]

I suspect that it might have something to do with tonality and functional harmony. A diminished or augmented tonic chord, due to dissonance, would be less satisfying and conclusive as the final chord ...
2
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1answer
62 views

How to find a root note of an unknown scale?

I can pick a pentatonic scale by ear to play along the song but I dont know what would be the root of the scale and if its in major or minor.
4
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2answers
585 views

Learning Minor scales through 7 patterns (Guitar)

I need a little guidance about learning the minor scales in 7 positions/patterns on a guitar. To begin with, I am reasonably comfortable with the major scales played in all 7 positions/patterns (...
2
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1answer
50 views

Transposing the melody in negative harmony

All talk of negative harmony, such as What is the correct process for deriving the 'mirror' or 'negative' harmony of a progression? deals with transposing the chords according to the ...
6
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5answers
3k views

Should I practice til I “get it” or until I'm sick of it?

I'm about 3 weeks into practicing playing two notes in each hand using four different quartal voicings. Below is some notation paraphrasing the practice patterns I'm using. I apply the pattern to ...
5
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5answers
424 views

Why would you need merely the term “collection” for pitches, but not “scale”?

In his lecture Understanding the Fundamentals of Music from 2006, Robert Greenberg says (on p. 119 of the transcript) this quote. Scan of that page is at the bottom. Despite its overwhelmingly ...
1
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0answers
47 views

A system to tune sympathetic strings for Western music

I've just got an EHX Ravish pedal and so I'm exploring the sympathetic string function. For standard Western, meantone temperament: diatonic or modal, major or minor melodies what are good rules for ...
0
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2answers
90 views

How do certain chords get such prominent names?

A musician friend just mentioned that "F major is my favourite chord (or tonality)". Regardless whether it makes sense to have a "favourite" chord, this got me thinking. There must be many, many ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Non-Chromatic Orchestral Instruments?

I would like to know which instruments of a modern orchestra are not able to play a full chromatic run? I know that the harp for example is in a certain key and you have to use the pedals to change ...
5
votes
5answers
574 views

Are all diatonic chords in the diminished scale diminished?

I think there's some confusion about the definition of the word 'diatonic'. I'm not using it here to refer to the the prominent primal pattern of the heptatonic scale that has a group of two and three ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What is a whole tone scale?

What is exactly the concept of the "whole tone scale"? Is it a scale of C - D - E - F♯ - G♯ - A♯ - C, made of only M2s and a d3?
2
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3answers
555 views

What is it called when the tritone is added to a minor scale?

While improvising today, I discovered that you can create some quite cool, melancholic sounds by adding the tritone to a harmonic minor scale. For A minor, the resulting scale would be A B C D D# E ...
4
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3answers
153 views

Soloing / leads over chord progression with vi chord a major 7th?

I've written a song that's based largely around G major, with some C major parts. However, the G major progression utilizes a B7 chord, so it sits outside a normal G major scale. I've heard lots of ...
4
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0answers
68 views

What are the characteristics of Late Romantic English Music?

What common characteristics can you find in the works of composers like Holst, Vaughan Williams, or Grainger? I list these three in particular because of their propensity to build on existing folk ...
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7answers
995 views

Is the CAGED system the main way for learning the guitar's fretboard?

Just curious if there's alternatives to the CAGED system? I've googled but most alternatives aren't nearly as popular, 3NPS is one of them. So is CAGED the main way to go about learning fretboard ...
6
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3answers
415 views

Does a scale have more than seven chords?

So I was watching this video and he goes to show that there's 48 (!) chords in the double harmonic major. Why so many? I thought there were only seven diatonic chords. Should one take just 3 random ...
2
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1answer
165 views

Do scales have a relation to certain genres or themes?

If someone was creating music to fit a genre or to match a certain theme/mood would this influence their choice of which scale to use? Are some scales used more than others within a genre of music?
24
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9answers
7k views

Are sharp keys “bright” and flat keys “dark”?

I was reading this book and on the "Circle of Fifths" chapter it claims that keys with sharp key signatures (C, G, D, ...) are "often though by musicians" to be "bright" sounding and those with flat ...
2
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3answers
119 views

Analysis: How to determine what scale/mode a score uses

I'm learning music theory with the hopes of being able to analyze sheet music. My question is -- What if the piece I am analyzing is in some other mode than major or minor? Or even stranger, like ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Cadences for Modes

For each of the modes, is there a certain chord that goes before the targeted I or i chord? For instance, it seems in the Phrygian mode that II to i is a quite strong progression. In Ionian, obviously ...
10
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3answers
479 views

Giant Steps - Coltrane and Slonimsky

I've read several times that John Coltrane practiced extensively from the Slonimsky Thesaurus of scales and melodic patterns and that Coltrane's Giant Steps is strongly influenced by or is even a ...
5
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3answers
149 views

Why can't an C#-note be played in this progression: D, Cadd9, G

I started studying music theory on my own but could use someone to confirm if i'm correct I'm assuming that the progression D - Cadd9 - G is in the key of D major. The D major scale contains the ...
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3answers
423 views

Chord has every note of the harmonic minor scale. Name? [closed]

I see an extremely strange type of chord in the first bar of the attachment below. This is the beginning of the fourth movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony. It has all of the notes of the D harmonic ...
3
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5answers
6k views

What are the full set of chords allowed in a Double Harmonic scale?

I have recently discovered Double Harmonic scales and love them. Particularly the major. I'm having a lot of fun improvising melodies but I can't seem to make any chord progressions that work. It ...
3
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3answers
127 views

Why this fingering is written for Ab minor blues scale?

Can somebody explain why Ab minor scale starts with 412? I would start with 414. Then the whole scale would be faster because of less space to shift fingers. Am I wrong?
5
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3answers
88 views

Using V and v chord when melody alternates between harmonic and natural minor

When using the harmonic (or melodic) minor scale for a melody, it is often combined with the natural minor, depending on whether the seventh is a leading tone going up to the tonic (in which case you'...
8
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1answer
1k views

Carnatic Vs Western 12 Note system

I was trying to learn the chromatic scale and associate it with carnatic equivalents (I know equal temperment is not the way with indian music, but it interest me to relate and learn it to certain ...
2
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1answer
97 views

Jazz piano: accompanying oneself

My goal is to be able to by ear play a jazz standard, with improv sections. When keeping an accompaniment in my left hand (say, a walking base or similar) while soloing with my right, then I stall. ...
4
votes
3answers
139 views

Why does an f minor scale sound good on a c major chord?

I've been looping a C major chord on an app, and tried to play the F minor scale on that. Why does this work? I know that A minor is the relative scale of C major and that should sound good. But why ...
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3answers
221 views

Why is the darkest scale considered double harmonic major and not double harmonic minor? [closed]

I like scary sounding scales so I research them a lot. I see alot of youtubers consider the double harmonic major to be the "darkest scale" or "most evil scale". I've seen multiple videos on this from ...
6
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4answers
4k views

Scales, modes, techniques for writing “Super Mario” style music

I'm looking for a push in the right direction as to how to go about writing Super Mario type video game themes. What scales/modes work best, time signatures, etc... Examples of where I'm trying to go:...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Fingering for Eb Major in double thirds (piano)

I have seen a fingering for the Eb Major scale in double thirds where, in the RH, 35 is used for Ab,C is followed by 24 for Bb,D, but only when going upwards. At first it seems better than using 13 ...
1
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2answers
37 views

Major Mediant of F Major Scale [duplicate]

I'm writing a solo over a progression in F Major. However, the progression uses a major mediant instead of the usual minor. Therefore, my progression in F major is IV-III-vi-ii-I (Bbmaj-Amaj-Dmin-Gmin-...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is the Major-Minor Scale unused?

I tried to make the "best" 7-tone scale in just intonation. Specifically: The tones must be alongside the equal temperament. (7-TET here) The tones must have the least maximum harmonic distance. ...
11
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3answers
3k views

Is there a name for a minor scale with a raised 3rd or a major scale with a lowered 6th and 7th?

I've noticed a pattern in chord progressions and melodies where I like to use the b7 and b6 chords with a major tonic and there are several modern songs that like to use this pattern as seen in a ...
1
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0answers
30 views

I have few confussion also how to find solo scale from my progression [closed]

I am progressing chords for riff Chords: E5 - F5 - G5 E5 = with Palm Mute F5 = Normal G5 = Normal Pattern: A -2-2----2-2-2--3 E -0-0----0-0-0--1 P.M-------P.M- it's sound like heavy music ...
10
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5answers
2k views

Roman numeral chord notation in minor scale?

I need help to understand chord intervals (not single note intervals) explains what the numbers I, IV, vi, III+ usually stand for in major chord theory. But what's it like with a minor scale? What ...
22
votes
7answers
19k views

What is the difference between equivalent Flat and Sharp keys as far as musical notation? Are there any reasons to prefer one over the other?

I wrote a song in Db Major, but I could also notated that it would be equivalent to say C# Major as well. I am not well versed in musical theory and I think both are equivalent to each other and ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

What are the notes on this instrument? [duplicate]

I happen to have what I believe is called a bansuri. It seems to be of Chinese or Indian origin from what I can find out on Google, but I don't seem to be able to find note equivalents for it in a ...