Questions tagged [sheet-music]

Musical notation in written or printed form. Questions asking people to find or transcribe (make) sheet music for a particular song are off-topic.

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15
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What does Grt. and Sw. mean in this organ score?

I've come across a piece of sheet music for an organ and I was just curious what the Grt. marking above measure 1 and 17 means and what the Sw. marking above measure 9 means. I've seen it before in a ...
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LilyPond - how to write a basic makefile

During the last years I tought myself to write scores using LilyPond and furthermore to make file handling easier by using Bash scripts. Recently I started a project a little bigger than only one or ...
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What are parenthesis used for in notation?

I have seen parenthesis occasionally used in notation and would like to know what they mean. Here are some examples of them I have collected. Around a note: Around an Appoggiatura: Around a ...
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Why is the “longest note value still in common use” called a “breve”, when breve means “short”?

This Wikipedia page says that the double whole note, or breve, is the "longest note value still in common use". However, breve in Italian means 'short'. How did the longest commonly-used note value ...
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4answers
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How does “triplet feel” for eighth notes affect non-eighth notes?

I'm a software developer creating a MIDI player that can play with "triplet feel" -- that is, when it sees two eighth notes, it plays them as if they were a triplet of quarter note + eighth note. This ...
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4answers
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Is it better practice to read straight from sheet music rather than memorize it?

My music teacher sometimes tells me too memorize a song, but sometimes also tells me to read straight from sheet music. This confuses me as I am unsure which one is better practice. Is it better ...
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Identifying bass notes on piano with strange clef

I'm not musician, I'm old man and I would like to hear again some specific music. I have the sheet music and I bought a piano. I was reading this Wikipedia article and would like to identify the notes ...
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Are accidentals in the key signature and measure additive?

If I have a flat for a note in the key signature, and then in a bar the same note with an flat symbol, does that mean the note is "double flatted"? For example in the key of D Minor with ...
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How to keep music books open?

You know, many sheet music books are quite springy and would rather close than stay open on the music stand while practising. How do you keep them open while allowing to turn the pages easily?
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Why does this note sound like it is not played?

I've been learning the second movement of Mozart's Piano Sonata 16 for a while. While I get most of the stuff memorized, some part of it just doesn't sound right comparing to recordings on YouTube ...
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Transcribing a Standard MIDI File to sheet music

I have a couple of nice guitar midi files that I would like the scores for; is there any software out there that can do this sort of conversion, and output it as a PDF file? Thanks
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Trumpet type or technique?

In Wagner’s “Rule, Britannia”, the orchestration calls for two trumpets. I’ve had no luck searching for what “vent.” and “ord.” mean. “Open” and “muted”, or ...?
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What does “m.Iz.” or “m.Tz.” mean in a score?

What does "m.Iz." or "m.Tz." (or "m.I%." or "m.T%.": I don't know if it is a "%" or a "z") mean in this score? The piece is the waltz "Diana Triste" of the Colombian composer Luis A. Calvo (1882-1945)....
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What do these symbols mean?

This is part of Hasse's "Mea Tormenta, Properate". I think the one on the second staff is some sort of repeat sign, from the research I've been able to do, but I have no idea what the one on the ...
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What does the “+” symbol mean in a keyboard piece when attached to a note?

In a Daquin pipe organ piece, "Noël «Suisse»" from his "Livre de Noëls", I see this notation in the Right Hand system: This is notated this way in the Oxford Book of Christmas Organ Music. How should ...
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Small natural above C in G Major

Here is a picture of the sheet music (Eine Klein Nachtmusik, movement 1). The odd accidental has a red freehand circle around it. What does this natural sign mean? As you can see, the key is G Major ...
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Why am I seeing more notes than allowed to be in a bar?

Consider: Quarter notes + 4 32nd notes + 8th note. In a 3/8 time signature, there should be no space for the 8th note. What am I not seeing?
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What is this type of notehead called?

I was looking through some sheet music when I came across a notehead that looked very odd. It looks like a whole note with two lines on both its sides. Here is an image of the notehead: What is this ...
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What does an arranger do?

When you see the "arranged by" attribution on a score, what did the arranger (typically) do?
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What exactly does a 3 mean over a quarter note and an 8th note?

There is an eighth note followed by a quarter note, and above them is a little overarching bracket with a little 3 in it. I know this has something to do with the timing, but I have no idea what. ...
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2answers
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Which is the correct version of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition?

I was using a score of Mussorgsky's Pictures at an Exhibition from https://imslp.org/wiki/Pictures_at_an_Exhibition_(Mussorgsky%2C_Modest). This one was published by V. Bessel & Co. in St. ...
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Four dots over tremolo minim (half note with slash)

I'm working on National Emblem by E. E. Bagley. In the second strain, there is a minim with the tremolo mark. Above it are four dots. What do they mean? Here is a picture. The mark in question is ...
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Is reading notes without an instrument a good way to practice?

As an amateur self-learner pianist, I can't take my piano with me, but I can take the sheet music books. On my current (low) level of skill, I need substantial time to read a musical piece; for ...
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Do I have to learn music theory to learn piano?

I've been learning piano, and I just got up to music theory. I find it very confusing, and don't see the point. My plan for learning piano is just to read and learn songs, and I know how all the notes ...
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What techniques do you use to read sheet music faster

As I'm learning piano without any teacher due to lack of resources, I wanted to know what techniques other people employ to read sheet music without much effort. For example, right now, I use the ...
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5answers
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Piano music with two treble clefs, and notes between staves

I do not understand why there are two treble cleff staves and why there are music notes in the middle of the two staves. Which hand should I play those notes with and why are there two treble cleff ...
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3answers
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What's the “normal” opposite of flautando?

I'm writing a piece in which I need string instruments to switch regularly between flautando and normal timbre. How do I denote this? Basically, I need a word which means "normal" with regard to where ...
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Why are some measures separated by double lines?

I play piano. Sometimes, measures in pieces are separated by a double vertical line instead of a single one. What does this signify?
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How are names of enharmonic notes determined?

In our current 12TET system, is it really incorrect to refer to E♭ as D♯ if one mentions them standalone with no reference to tonality? I understand how the notes in a diatonic scale are ...
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How to notate two identical notes ringing together?

In a melody I am composing, there are 4 E notes in a row, like this: ----------------- ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ----------------- ----------------- ----------------- ----------------- (the length of the ...
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Understanding guitar music sheet

I am a beginner and I have some really basic questions regarding the notations of this guitar sheet music and how to read them. First, what is the purpose of the chord's names above the staff ? Also ...
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What exactly is a beat in sheet music/music?

A quick google search will reveal common answers, such as, beat is a steady "pulse" of music, beat is the foundation of rhythm, or beat is a basic unit. However, to me these are vague answers and I ...
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2answers
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What does “TAG for Three-part voices” mean?

Reading some three-part a cappella music, I see "TAG for Three-part voices" above the staff. Any idea what that might mean? 19 is the measure number. There are 27 measures total in the song, so this ...
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Do some measures get no numbers, in an opera score?

I'm counting measures and confirming measure numbers in an opera score, and I've come across a discrepancy. I wonder what this means about conventions for numbering measures in opera scores in ...
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What does circled letters mean over sheet music?

I have the following music notation and I would like to know what does (A) and (A') mean.
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1answer
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Different Simile Marks

In the pictures below, there are many measures with different simile marks. I know there are many different types of simile marks, varying number of lines, with or without dots, on barline or in the ...
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What does /r mean in a score?

Does anyone know what the "/r" in this score might mean? Thank you so much...
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How much is convention when it comes to time signatures?

I know that in 3/4 you group eights by two and in 6/8 you group them by three. My question is simply, is this simply a convention or could I derive this from the time signature itself somehow? Or is ...
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I don't recognize the symbol on top of this note. What is it, and how does it affect the note?

This is a picture of the note and the symbol. It's part of a blues trombone solo. I would like to know what the symbol is and how I should play it.
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How best to handwrite scores?

I'm currently terrible at writing scores, my handwritten scores look ugly and are often unreadable. I'm wondering if there are any tips/tricks for producing handwritten scores which other musicians ...
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In Ravel's Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor à cordes - what are the flute and clarinet doing here?

In Ravel's Introduction et allegro pour harpe, flûte, clarinette et quatuor à cordes, the flute and clarinet seem to start doing some very fluttery tremolo arpeggiations in the first theme - I THINK ...
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How was sheet music printed before the advent of computers?

Computers have made the process of creating printed music incredibly easy and accessible. But how did publishers create nice-looking printed music before the advent of computers? It's hard for me to ...
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Numbers above notes in piano sheet music?

What do vertical numbers above chords mean in a sheet music for the piano? Never seen this before: What do the numbers mean? How do I play it? Thanks!
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What does an arc mean above the notes in a piano sheet music? How do I play it?

See the picture above. Is there a website where these (perhaps not so basic) notations are collected? UPDATE: I see Wikipedia has a nice collection of musical notations. How do I play the slur on ...
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3answers
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Violin Sheet music - Finger 0 on non-open string note

I'm battling to understand the indicated fingering on one of the pieces of music I have for my Violin Grade 6 exam. As indicated below, the finger notation suggests that I need to play an open string ...
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9answers
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Thinking about the notes when playing a piece

I've been a guitar player for 8 years now and I've started to learn the piano recently, which led me to get more into music theory and score reading. When I learned a song on the guitar, I used to ...
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How to know whether a note is to be played with the left hand or the right hand?

I stumbled upon this notation on the first page of the 3rd movement of the Beethoven Moonlight Sonata: Does the position of the note mean that it is to be played with the right hand? I can see no ...
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2answers
416 views

Notes to be played together appear offset from each other

Are the highlighted groups of notes in the example below to be played together? My theory is that these groups of notes were drawn at a distance from each other in order not to clutter and create ...
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1answer
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What do dotted stave lines mean?

I’ve seen a dotted stave lines in this piece: http://www.fullinuyasha.com/inuyasha-sheet-music-sango-theme.html What do they mean? How is this supposed to be played?
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Dyslexia and sheet music

I was quite dyslexic as a child and struggled through elementary school where reading was concerned. However my math was pretty good so I had no trouble grasping rhythms and identifying scales as ...

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