Questions tagged [tempo]

The rate of the beats in a passage of music, sometimes expressed in metronome beats per minute (BPM) and sometimes by the Italian system of names

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3answers
108 views

Why didn't Brahms mark tempo with metronome markings?

Understanding the Fundamentals of Music (2006), by Robert Greenberg, B.A. in music (magna cum laude) from Princeton University, Ph.D. in music composition from the University of California, Berkeley. ...
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79 views

What is the difference between 3/2 and 3/4 time signature [duplicate]

I am confused between these two time signatures. What is the difference really. I can listen to a hymn in 3/2 time and i can see how easily I can replace the halves with quarters and the quarters with ...
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1answer
44 views

How can I get the number of ticks in a bar using ticks per beat and tempo?

There seems to be a significance of one bar, certain notes happen every bar at roughly the same position. But how can I calculate how many ticks there are per bar using ticks per beat of the song and ...
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How can I align the BPM/Tempo with this audio track using Logic Pro X, Cubase or Ableton?

I have downloaded a November Rain orchestral track on which I would like to add a click using one of the DAWs: Logic Pro X, Cubase Elements or Ableton. Below the link with the track (one is the ...
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1answer
62 views

What is meant by “quarter = half” when changing tempo?

What is meant by the following indications when changing tempo: " In 4 quarter = 126" and later "In 2 quarter = half"
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7answers
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Is it true that cut time means “play twice as fast as written”?

I was just reading an e-book and saw this sentence which really confused me: "Played twice as fast as written" - This isn't what cut time actually means right, or are there situations where cut time ...
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What does a straight horizontal line above a few notes, after a changed tempo mean?

The piece is for playing guitar using plectrum: I am guessing the horizontal line represents the stretch of notes to be played at the changed tempo, and begin playing at the initial tempo after that.
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Transcription Beats per minute

For a personal project I was trying to transcribe a part of the flute solo in this piece. However, I am unsure at what speed I should transcribe the piece. I could either transcribe the piece at 250 ...
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3answers
310 views

Is there a measurement for the vocal speed of a song?

I'm trying to find a way to measure the speed of a song from the perspective of singing/rapping. So far all I can find is BPM (beats per minute), however there are at least 2 issues with that: The ...
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3answers
173 views

Playing with other musicians

This is a soft question. I've been learning the bass for about 6 months now and I can play some odd time signatures with ease when I'm practicing alone. Recently, I've been playing with a couple of ...
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2answers
235 views

What does “con piu fuoco possibile” mean?

Towards the end of Chopin's Etude No. 4 in C# minor, Op. 10 No. 4, it says "con più fuoco possibile." What does this mean?
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Playing ONE triplet (not three)

Has anybody ever seen playing only ONE or TWO triplets instead of three? Can anyone tell me if it's even possible and if anybody tried to do it? I guess it would be hard to count, because: In 4/4 at ...
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At what tempo would J.S.Bach play his fughettas?

As the title says, I'd like to know at what tempo should J.S.Bach's fughettas be played. I specifically speak about BWV 704 Fughetta: Lob sei dem allmächtigen Gott, but I believe it's applicable in ...
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1answer
72 views

Did Bach use a pendulum clock as a metronome?

The reason I ask is because I have heard say that tempo ordinario is something like 60 bpm. Is it much of a stretch to assume Bach and his contemporaries could have used pendulum clocks as metronomes (...
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What's the difference between “con brio” and “con fuoco”?

Do they just have different names but are meant to be played the same? Also, it seems like if "con fuoco" never appears in major keys, except for Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 18.
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Why do arpeggios tend to blend at quiet dynamics?

I notice this especially in the arpeggio passage of the Solfeggio in C minor. But when I am playing very fast arpeggios, the notes either stay separate or blend depending on the dynamic. At forte, ...
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226 views

How do I interpret two notes in a tempo marking?

Is this the same tempo as (quarter note) = 90, or is it (half note) = 90? I know what tempo this is because of the marking next to the bar number, but what does the part below the number mean? Is ...
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2answers
87 views

What terms are there for changes in tempo?

I know that there are many terms that can be used to talk about the tempo of a piece of music but what words are there for change in tempo? The only ones that I can think of are: Accelerando ...
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1answer
80 views

Do the Italian names for tempo translate directly the same way as they did when they were first named?

I am curious to know, do the words for tempo translate nowadays in the same way that they did when they were named. So for example, Andante is walking, Allegro is cheerful and Adagio is slowly, but ...
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1answer
361 views

Comments of Chopin's contemporaries on his playing

I am researching about the kind of style Chopin himself would have had by drawing inferences from sources such as recordings of the 2nd generation pupils of Chopin and the comments of contemporaries ...
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1answer
136 views

Definition of Accelerando and Ritardando in mathematical terms [duplicate]

Can someone give a mathematical definition of accelerando and ritardando in music? Are these exponential, linear phenomena? Any hints is appreciated!
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1answer
336 views

Is dotted quarter note = 144 equivalent to quarter note = 96?

I have a piece to read that gives the tempo of dotted quarter = 144. Does that mean it's at a quarter note = 96? The piece has a time signature of 12/8, and I'm guessing each eighth note is played at ...
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3answers
266 views

Super fast scales and octaves, How?

I looked at the sheet music for a piano transcription of The Four Seasons and I see in the third movement of Summer, 2 things that I don't know if I can do. It has partly to do with the Presto tempo ...
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Speed of playing notes in different octaves

Is it common for pieces to have lower notes played slower? Do instruments with lower registers typically play slower? I ask because notes in lower octaves are closer together in frequency. For ...
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3answers
320 views

Poco andante: a little medium?

I'm working towards ABRSM grade 5 music theory. In the Music Theory in Practice workbook there is a piece of music marked "Poco andante", with the following question: "Suggest a suitable metronome ...
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2answers
305 views

Crescendo and accelerando throughout, how?

I hear this in most piano transcriptions and in all orchestras when I hear In the Hall of the Mountain King. It is as though Edvard Grieg wrote cresc. and accel. and pp and left it at that. I did hear ...
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502 views

Does Presto fit with a Minuet and Trio form?

So I have seen third movements of sonatas that are presto. But usually these are the rondo movements of 3 movement sonatas such as those by Haydn and Mozart. My piano sonata in A major that I am ...
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1answer
63 views

Does basso continuo make it unnecessary to have a Director?

I was watching a baroque violin concert on Youtube and there was one person in the comments section talking about the uselessness of having a Director, since the concert included a basso continuo. ...
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1answer
205 views

How to edit a MIDI file's tempo settings

How to edit the tempo of a MIDI file? I have a .mid file; when opened it will play at a tempo of 60 BPM. I want to change that to 120. Not that it plays faster at 120 BPM. So 60 = 120 I try to find '...
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1answer
471 views

What is the average Dubstep tempo (BPM)? [duplicate]

I've seen so many contradictory answers that I still can't figure out whether Dubstep average tempo is 70-75 BPM or 140-150 BPM. There is a dispute even on this comprehensive list of genres on this ...
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572 views

4/4 corresponds to 12/8 but 4/4 =/= 12/8

How is it possible that a 4/4 signature corresponds to a 12/8 signature ? 4/4 is equal to 1 and 12/8 is more than 1 . If i try to divide a 1/4 in 3 notes i get 1/12, not 1/8 as the 12/8 should be.
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301 views

BPM and Singing

I just wanted to ask why some songs have slow vocals but high BPM? When you have a high bpm, doesnt that mean you need to sing faster? Example: Illenium - Fractures has a bpm at 160 but the vocals ...
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1answer
233 views

Is this melody aligned with this drum beat? If so/not - why (not)? [closed]

I wasn't entirely sure how to ask this question, so I'll use visual references. Please look at this piano roll picture: the green "blocks" represent the notes of a melody, the purple ones - the hits ...
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5answers
757 views

Are there situations where a time signature is unknown?

My understanding is that a time signature like 4/4 time is known because certain beats are emphasized, for example: ONE, two, three, four. But let's say someone created a song with tempo alone (ie ...
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1answer
107 views

Is the metronome the closest thing to a mechanical drum?

I noticed there's a lot of drum machines out there, but they're all electrical. Is the metronome the closest thing to a mechanical drum? and by mechanical I mean, there's no batteries/electricity ...
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2answers
85 views

What is the smallest difference in note lengths that an average listener can still perceive?

Approximately speaking, what is the smallest temporal difference, expressed in milliseconds, in note lengths (for consecutively sounded notes) that an average, untrained listener can still (semi)...
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4answers
520 views

How can a metronome with a bell help with my practice?

I ordered a pretty standard mechanical Wittner metronome, the cheapest I could find plastic/no bell. But after I ordered it I realized there are metronomes that have a bell, so it got me thinking ...
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2answers
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Able to play the right hand Presto on the first try?

Usually I have to perfect a piece at Allegro and then slowly get it to Presto starting with single beats, and then merging every 2 groups of beats until I can play the whole piece Presto nonstop. ...
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4answers
2k views

Accelerando/Ritardando duration?

As I reach to the end of a piano piece, I see a ritardando right here, My question is how long an accel. or rit. last? Looking at one webpage, it says the ritardando can be extended by a dashed ...
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2answers
140 views

Number appearing above two notes in tempo; how do I play/interpret this?

I'm trying to play Take me to church by Hozier on a program I made in assembly. It takes into account the pitch and the number of beats involved per note. In the piano music sheet I found for take me ...
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1answer
105 views

Accelerando in poly-tempo

The question is - does accelerando used in parts with different tempo? How to rhythmically align them after that / during that? (Without accelerando it would be enough to keep parts tempo at some ...
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5answers
617 views

Beginner at piano and I don't seem to have good inner tempo/pulse

this is my first time posting here. So I have been learning to play piano for around 7-8 months and while I am able to pick up new pieces quickly and pretty good at sightreading, I don't seem to have ...
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2answers
223 views

Is it appropriate to use BPM to measure the tempo of a song?

First, does tempo tell us how fast a song is? Second, is BPM the right way to measure the tempo of a song? There are some songs like Illahi-Yeh jawaani hai deewani where the tempo is around 120 BPM ...
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10answers
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Why are measures (aka “bars”) important?

Just as an example, let's say we have 60 BPM. So every second there's a beat. Imagine nodding your head every second to this rhythm. Now isn't that enough information to make a song? If I have a ...
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5answers
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Why do we always call a quarter note a **quarter** note? [closed]

Edit: After a lot of discussion I try to restate my question so that it becomes easier to understand: A concise version of my question, suggested by Stinkfoot: Why do we always call a quarter note a ...
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3answers
307 views

How long does a sound take that corresponds to a note at a certain tempo? What notations / conventions do influence it in detail? [closed]

I am just starting to get familar with the meaning of notes and already read some related questions. Lets assume I have a speed s of 60 "beats per minute" (bpm). Then one beat occurs during a time ...
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1answer
144 views

How should I conduct a double time tempo change?

I am working on a pop arrangement. It starts out in a simple 4/4 quarter note equals 90 and then a tempo change doubles it. Now it's eight notes = 90 and quarter = 180. Do I change the time signature ...
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1answer
436 views

Help With Tempo

I am having a hard time looking for a straight answer to converting my tempo to quarter notes so I can use my metronome. I have an eight-note = 96 and a dotted-quarter = 56. I am so confused and (I ...
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2answers
1k views

What does “Moderately slow, in 2” mean at the top of a piece of music? [duplicate]

I have a song that is 96bpm but it says "Moderately slow, in 2" at the top. Does this mean the song is actually 192bpm and that the person who wrote the notation decided to write it as 96bpm? Could ...
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2answers
159 views

Why does Presto always trip me up?

I have noticed that even after months of practicing C.P.E. Bach's Solfeggio in C minor, I still can't get past Molto Allegro. I have tried thinking of it as an eighth note rhythm and that actually ...