Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about musical terms. Questions about symbols should use the "notation" tag.

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2
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2answers
46 views

What is the generalized terminology for continuous changes?

In some musical dimensions, termini and notation for continuous changes are common: Melodic (pitch): glissando, portamento, doit, fall Dynamic (volume): crescendo, diminuendo (alias decrescendo) ...
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3answers
393 views

Is it spelled “violincello” or “violoncello”?

I’m trying to understand the proper spelling of the full name of the cello. I’ve seen it both of these ways, violincello and violoncello. I thought since the cello is part of the violin family it ...
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1answer
57 views

What word the combines both tabs and sheet music?

Wondering what word combines both Tabs and sheet music? I usually say Music Score. Is it correct?
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5answers
12k views

How to calculate the tempo of a song in numbers and find the Italian terms?

I'm trying to understand how exactly we calculate tempos and how we assign their Italian names in written music. I've searched before asking, but I'm not 100% sure I've understood everything correctly,...
11
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1answer
3k views

What is the Lydian Chromatic Concept?

I've recently found out about George Russell's book the Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization and I've been curious about exactly what the Lydian Chromatic Concept is and how it can be used ...
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3answers
160 views

What is the term in music recording for a mistake that is intentionally left in?

The original fuzz bass effect, in "Don't Worry" by Robbins, for example, is one of these. Another example would be a click track being audible within the song; this I have also heard. "...
66
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22answers
135k views

What is the difference between a mode and a scale?

I can't seem to find a straight definition for both.
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3answers
2k views

Where did the British names for different note lengths come from?

I was always taught to use a certain set of names for the length of a note, such as crotchet, minim, quaver, and so on. I'm aware though that those terms aren't used as much outside the UK, and that ...
6
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2answers
562 views

In counterpoint, is there a name for when a single voice can be understood as multiple different voices?

In French Suite II, Air (mm. 3) it sounds like the upper voice can be separated into two parts: the upper part being Eb up to G, down to F; and the lower part being C down to Bb, down to Ab. In ...
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3answers
3k views

Why call a major second a diminished third?

In the Hungarian minor scale we have the following intervals, expressed here in semitones, between the scale's notes (I to VIII): I II III IV V VI VII (I) / VIII ...
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1answer
88 views

What is meant by syllable “ES” in solfege? Possibly only in Turkish?

Sorry, half language, half music question In this Bağlama video the author seems to refer to a note by name "ES". Here is the transcript taken from a comment by author: <!-- language-all: ...
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3answers
192 views

'Extended Secondary Dominant Chords'?

Was asked about secondary dominants recently. Also about secondary extended dominants. From a bit of research, it seems there are two views on what the latter are. Could be extended (dominant) chords -...
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1answer
62 views

Simile Mark on sheet music [closed]

On the sheet music I am playing, I have faced 3 simile Mark each on different bar continuously. Does it mean I should repeat 3 measures back ?
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1answer
144 views

Bach Die kunst der fuge reference in Beethoven Op. 111

In Beethoven last sonata's arietta, the variations starting at bar 33 seems to be clearly a reference to the contrapunctus 2 from die Kunst der fuge. Since as well Beethoven seems to attempt to do ...
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9answers
14k views

Able to recall music in its correct key, but don't have perfect pitch — what is it called?

I don't have perfect pitch, but there are certain things I can do that I've been wondering if there's a name for. Given the name of a piece I've heard reasonably recently, I can sing it in my head in ...
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2answers
151 views

Is there a name for the repetition of lyrics in music by a person or group of persons?

In the song BrokEn by Coldplay there are lyrics sung by the lead singer that are repeated by a background choir; Lord, when I'm broken (when I'm broken) I'm in need (I'm in need) I feel that ocean (...
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3answers
95 views

Electronic music and layering of rhythms

A very common (indeed ubiquitous) technique in electronic music involves the layering of loops of different lengths on top of each other. Consider the following DnB track: https://www.beatport.com/...
5
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3answers
365 views

What is the name of this rhythm? (embedded 4:3 polyrhythm)

What's the name of this rhythm? There's an embedded 4:3 polyrhythm, where the two voices will arrive together on beats 1 and 4 of each bar. It reminds me of a clave (2:3), but it's not.
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3answers
325 views

Just how specific is the term “hemiola”?

In Name and structure of staggering beat in Ramones' “Merry Christmas,” the rhythm in the second measure of the following example is described as a hemiola: But to me, these are just triplets and not ...
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4answers
134 views

What kind of non-chord tone dissonance is this?

What is the correct term for this type of non-chord tone? I really like the sound of it and since I see it a lot I was wondering if an "official" name exists for it. It is not a suspension ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Is there a musical term for melodic density?

Is there a musical term for melodic density? By density i simply mean the amount of melodic (as opposed to harmonic) notes within a given time measure. Example: 40 notes within a bar has higher ...
5
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1answer
150 views

What are these overlapping notes with different rhythms called in Music Theory?

On piano, when playing a long note followed by an overlapping shorter note or vice versa, what is this called? I know this is an extremely common thing in piano music, but I don't know what it's ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the “Trio” in a march?

During a band rehearsal the bandmaster may ask when playing a march: Let’s start from the trio! a) What is meant by this term? b) where does it come from?
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2answers
68 views

Is there a term or phrase to describe a tune that always stays in the same key but shifts modes throughout?

Teaching myself modes, I'm writing a short piece for string quartet that always holds to the same key, but starts out in locrian and ends in lydian, going through all the modes, brightening up and ...
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1answer
59 views

If I am going to dabble in the world of music, what aspect should I train more to build a solid base, and thus obtain better results(?) [closed]

Good morning, I think I summarized it pretty well in the question, however, I mean exactly that "push" that a beginner must have, something that avoids excessive stumbles in their learning, ...
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3answers
118 views

What's it called when you play the same exact melody with a different rhythm?

As an example, here is the original iconic melodic phrase that's used throughout the Trails Sky games: https://youtube.com/embed/3GB-xej4GFc?start=66&end=85 But here in this next piece, the exact ...
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6answers
2k views

Black keys - what scale are these, how to use them?

I'm a beginning music theory student and often when I'm supposed to be doing exercises I get distracted and start doodling around for fun on the black keys. It's easy to compose simple, satisfying ...
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1answer
401 views

What is the difference between “primi toni” and “octavi toni”

In XVI century, there was a composer called Girolamo Cavazzoni. He wrote (amongst other pieces) a couple of Magnificats - in primi toni, quarti toni, sexti toni and octavi toni. You can find the sheet ...
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2answers
288 views

Scales changes in Orchestration

There is a common technic used in orchestration across all genres of music. Sometimes in the second verse or before the singer is about to repeat another part in the song there is a move usually up in ...
5
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1answer
63 views

Is there a name for “singing between registers”, as if one as at the end of their range, to produce multiple notes?

I've been experimenting with singing a note and then slowly devoicing it or applying less pressure with my, usually near the top of my chest / modal(?) register, and trying to get that harsh sound ...
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3answers
864 views

What do you call a very brief change of key

When the key changes for a longer period and a new tonic is firmly established, we call it modulation. However, what do we call a very brief change of at most several measures, when harmony from ...
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5answers
2k views

Whats the difference between a leitmotif and an idée fixe?

And all leitmotifs are motifs, but not all motifs are necessarily leitmotifs, correct?
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2answers
12k views

What does “Open Vamp” mean?

Playing the trumbone in BRAZIL from S.K.Russel and Ary Barroso a few weeks ago i fell over the sign "Open Vamp" in the trombone 2 part (in bar 10). Please help: what does this mean and how to play it?...
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2answers
483 views

How would you describe this not-quite-a-triplet rhythm? [duplicate]

Sounds like a triplet but not quite since it's not all even. Is there a name for this?
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2answers
62 views

How to balance my phrase structure? [closed]

I'm trying to compose a verse (with refrain?)-chorus (bridge?) pop song (optional: Instrumental intro, bridge before the final chorus, instrumental solo somewhere) about 3-4 minutes in length. I've ...
19
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9answers
8k views

Exactly what does “diatonic” mean?

Is the meaning very context dependent, or can it be defined in general terms? Does the meaning change by author or period? Sometimes it's used to refer to anything that stays within a specific tonal ...
7
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1answer
386 views

What is this “CC” (double common-time) time signature called?

From Brahms Fugue in A-flat minor, WoO 8: The file name is "Double Common Time" JPEG but only because that's the only thing I can figure out to call it. Bonus question: Can this time ...
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0answers
233 views

What does this music CAPTCHA mean? [closed]

Select all images where if you were to add a decrescendo it would add to the musicality of the piece without being interpreted as an overly heavy-handed metaphor within the context of the thematic ...
2
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2answers
70 views

In Hindemith's terms, how do I classify this melodic gesture?

I am attempting to analyze the G note in the melody pictured below using Paul Hindemith's terminology/framework set out in his Book 2. From what I can gather, the melodic formulae Hindemith is ...
3
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2answers
222 views

What is the relation of proportional schemes and the “golden section” to melody?

...And how is this reduction meant to be read? Taken from p. 66 of David Neumeyer's The Music of Paul Hindemith This is the beginning of the section on analyzing melodies, and it totally blindsided ...
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4answers
250 views

What is this embellishment called?

There's a technique I've seen used a lot in jazz, gospel, pop singing, etc. where someone will play a note and play a quick semitone up and back down into another note. Heres an audio example. Does ...
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4answers
139 views

Accidentals - what's that?

We are aware that an accidental is a sign which changes the pitch of a note usually stated in the key signature, like a natural sign before a C in key D makes that into C♮, etc. Sometimes even the key ...
2
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1answer
34 views

What is the difference between “32 bar form”, “song form”, and “ternary” with a repeated first section?

There are separate wikipedia articles for 32 bar form, but song form and ternary are in one article. From my understanding, repeats do not change the form in terms of classification, which is ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Is there a name for music where only the bass instruments are used

I just love the bass, there are youtube channels with bass players that just do bass solo. Is there a name for this. I can't find anything on spotify that resembles for example this:
2
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1answer
71 views

Is there a word or music term for when a singer is mimicing the instrument, like at the beginning of the song Dang Me by Roger Miller? [duplicate]

Title is self-explanatory. I'm asking if there is a word or musical term for when a singer is mimicking the sound of the instrument that's playing. An example of what I'm asking for is at the very ...
3
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5answers
473 views

What are guitar dynamics?

Good evening folks! I have a question this time about dynamics. Now I know that volume is considered part of 'dynamics'. But I'm wondering what else the term "dynamics" encompasses. Does guitar ...
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2answers
287 views

slow drum beats over fast sub beats

I'm looking for the definition of a drum beat where the main beat is slow, about 70 bpm, but the sub beat is about 3 times faster. What is the official name/style of that playing? for example ...
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2answers
119 views

Name for this common rhythm in Latin music?

This rhythm is one or two set of triplets (maybe it can go up to 3 but I don't think I have heard 3 before) that I see appear fairly frequently in Latin music. Example is at 1:34 in María by Ricky ...
36
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8answers
4k views

Is there a broader term for instruments, like the gong, whose volume briefly increases after being sounded instead of immediately decaying?

For most instruments, their sound immediately begins to decay after they first sound. When you strike a piano key, for instance, the loudest sound is at the very beginning, after which the sound ...
5
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2answers
939 views

What does “con piu fuoco possibile” mean?

Towards the end of Chopin's Etude No. 4 in C# minor, Op. 10 No. 4, it says "con più fuoco possibile." What does this mean?

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