Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about musical terms. Questions about symbols should use the "notation" tag.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
2answers
65 views

How to balance my phrase structure? [closed]

I'm trying to compose a verse (with refrain?)-chorus (bridge?) pop song (optional: Instrumental intro, bridge before the final chorus, instrumental solo somewhere) about 3-4 minutes in length. I've ...
19
votes
9answers
8k views

Exactly what does "diatonic" mean?

Is the meaning very context dependent, or can it be defined in general terms? Does the meaning change by author or period? Sometimes it's used to refer to anything that stays within a specific tonal ...
7
votes
1answer
398 views

What is this "CC" (double common-time) time signature called?

From Brahms Fugue in A-flat minor, WoO 8: The file name is "Double Common Time" JPEG but only because that's the only thing I can figure out to call it. Bonus question: Can this time ...
1
vote
0answers
250 views

What does this music CAPTCHA mean? [closed]

Select all images where if you were to add a decrescendo it would add to the musicality of the piece without being interpreted as an overly heavy-handed metaphor within the context of the thematic ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

In Hindemith's terms, how do I classify this melodic gesture?

I am attempting to analyze the G note in the melody pictured below using Paul Hindemith's terminology/framework set out in his Book 2. From what I can gather, the melodic formulae Hindemith is ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

What is the relation of proportional schemes and the "golden section" to melody?

...And how is this reduction meant to be read? Taken from p. 66 of David Neumeyer's The Music of Paul Hindemith This is the beginning of the section on analyzing melodies, and it totally blindsided ...
3
votes
4answers
254 views

What is this embellishment called?

There's a technique I've seen used a lot in jazz, gospel, pop singing, etc. where someone will play a note and play a quick semitone up and back down into another note. Heres an audio example. Does ...
1
vote
4answers
152 views

Accidentals - what's that?

We are aware that an accidental is a sign which changes the pitch of a note usually stated in the key signature, like a natural sign before a C in key D makes that into C♮, etc. Sometimes even the key ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

What is the difference between "32 bar form", "song form", and "ternary" with a repeated first section?

There are separate wikipedia articles for 32 bar form, but song form and ternary are in one article. From my understanding, repeats do not change the form in terms of classification, which is ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Is there a name for music where only the bass instruments are used

I just love the bass, there are youtube channels with bass players that just do bass solo. Is there a name for this. I can't find anything on spotify that resembles for example this:
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is there a word or music term for when a singer is mimicing the instrument, like at the beginning of the song Dang Me by Roger Miller? [duplicate]

Title is self-explanatory. I'm asking if there is a word or musical term for when a singer is mimicking the sound of the instrument that's playing. An example of what I'm asking for is at the very ...
3
votes
5answers
479 views

What are guitar dynamics?

Good evening folks! I have a question this time about dynamics. Now I know that volume is considered part of 'dynamics'. But I'm wondering what else the term "dynamics" encompasses. Does guitar ...
1
vote
2answers
290 views

slow drum beats over fast sub beats

I'm looking for the definition of a drum beat where the main beat is slow, about 70 bpm, but the sub beat is about 3 times faster. What is the official name/style of that playing? for example ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Name for this common rhythm in Latin music?

This rhythm is one or two set of triplets (maybe it can go up to 3 but I don't think I have heard 3 before) that I see appear fairly frequently in Latin music. Example is at 1:34 in María by Ricky ...
36
votes
8answers
4k views

Is there a broader term for instruments, like the gong, whose volume briefly increases after being sounded instead of immediately decaying?

For most instruments, their sound immediately begins to decay after they first sound. When you strike a piano key, for instance, the loudest sound is at the very beginning, after which the sound ...
5
votes
2answers
993 views

What does "con piu fuoco possibile" mean?

Towards the end of Chopin's Etude No. 4 in C# minor, Op. 10 No. 4, it says "con più fuoco possibile." What does this mean?
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Is there literal correlation between sounds and the words to describe them?

In English, we describe pitches as "high" and "low", as being "sharp" or "flat". A timbre can be "fat". At least one study suggests that there is a ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What is it called when different instruments play the same phrase one after another without overlap?

I was wondering if there was a name for when different instruments play the same phrase in succession without overlapping, like in the outro of Moose the Mooche by Charlie Parker.
10
votes
3answers
9k views

The origin of "Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father"

The order of the flats is given by the mnemonic "Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father", and the order of sharps by the reverse ("Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle"). What is the history ...
5
votes
2answers
460 views

How do you define Harmonic Retrogression with regard to intensity?

I was doing some practice problems in the AP Barron's Music Theory book, and one of the practice problems asks: “When harmonies within a phrase move from a strong intensity to a less strong intensity [...
12
votes
5answers
4k views

What would you call all-drum instrumental music?

I'm trying to find the title for music containing all percussion instruments (pianos/xylophones not included) such as drum corps and marching band drum breakdowns. I'd basically like to listen to ...
6
votes
7answers
12k views

When is a note flat/sharp?

For instance we are playing a B, is the third note of the chord a Eb or and D#? If we play Bm is the fifth a Gb or a F#?
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Is there terminology for vocals that do not use lyrics in certain parts? [duplicate]

Is there terminology for the below type of vocals, without words, where it almost sounds like the singer functions even more like an instrument rather than singing lyrics, if that makes sense? The ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What is it called when there is a slow point/pause in the middle of a song, before returning to normal speed and intensity?

In modern music such as as pop, rock and even dance music, there are times when the music builds to a certain high point (may not necessarily be the most intense point, but fairly intense) and then ...
35
votes
6answers
63k views

Polymeter vs Polyrhythm

What is the difference between a polymeter and a polyrhythm? Do these words mean anything different for different instruments? PS: I'm a drummer.
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Why is there a m3 in diminished triads and diminished sevenths? [duplicate]

In a diminished triad, the diminished interval is 1>5. In a full diminished seventh chord, the 1>7 is also diminished. In a half-diminished chord, the 1>5 is diminished.(But one third of it ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

General term to cover piano fingerings, trombone slide positions, Theremin hand positions, etc

Is there a general term to describe the concepts referred by "fingering", "(slide) position", perhaps other such words, that describe the specific manipulations of an instrument to ...
20
votes
2answers
13k views

Is there any real difference between Counterpoint and Polyphony?

From what I understand, they both kind of refer to the same thing. Why the need for 2 terms?
5
votes
3answers
7k views

What does 'Poco Meno' mean?

I am currently studying Simandl's 30 Studies for String Bass, and on the 6th one I came upon this term: Since I'm not acquainted with Italian Musical Terms, I used this site to find out what Poco ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What do you call the melodic pattern with 3 notes?

I've noticed that in most, nearly all, popular music, the part that the singer sings usually follows the same pattern. Each bar has an emphasized note, and the same three notes are repeated in a ...
0
votes
4answers
3k views

Is there a single word to describe the loudest point in a musical composition?

Coloquially, crescendo is often used--inaccurately--to refer to this. Climax might be used, but a musical climax is not necessarily about volume, and this term is not included in the Oxford Dictionary ...
4
votes
5answers
976 views

Properly counting notes from sheet music

I'm beginner piano player. I'm trying to play easy song from notes like below: In whole song I'm counting notes: 1 2 3 4. Because I can see that the shortest note is 1/4. But there is an exception in ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Why do some songs change while fading out? What is it called?

I noticed that some songs repeat a theme and then fade out at the end, but before completely fading out the song "changes". For example, the singer sings different words (that don't appear ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

What is the meaning of the word ‘gracile’?

I am currently in the process of learning a piece that my piano teacher composed. As a bit of homework, in addition to deciphering the first page of music, he asked me to find out the meaning of the ...
0
votes
3answers
169 views

Is there a music term for a musician's overall approach to a melody

The notes that a musician stresses and emphasises in a melody, the contouring they use, their phrasing of the melody -- essentially, the way they articulate the melody: I call that "voicing"....
8
votes
1answer
558 views

What is the origin and original meaning of "tonic", "supertonic", "mediant", etc.?

Each of the pitches in the diatonic scale has a "name": tonic supertonic mediant subdominant dominant submediant subtonic I was first introduced to tonic, dominant, and subdominant in the ...
7
votes
2answers
217 views

Confusion about Zarlino and his assertions about the diatessaron (perfect fourth)

In Part Three of Gioseffo Zarlino's "Le Istitutioni Harmoniche", "The Art of Counterpoint", Zarlino argues that the diatessaron (or perfect fourth) is not a dissonance, as the ...
15
votes
4answers
515 views

Should mode names be capitalized?

I'm seeking opinions about whether to capitalize mode names in educational materials I'm preparing. In ordinary references (not in titles) should I use Dorian or dorian, Locrian or locrian? Here's a ...
1
vote
1answer
340 views

Sheet music terminology

I am writing software for managing sheet music. Now I want to translate the software to English and need some common English words for sheet music related terms (single words preferred): a single ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is there a vocal technique used here? If so, what is it called?

(0:53) I'm looking at this song "Just Hold Me" by Maria Mena which I found to be a very good song in terms of the vocals. Though I'm curious, is there actually a specific vocal technique for ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the difference between melisma and lick?

Teacher always told me there's a difference but I still don't understand the difference. The textbook says "Melisma and lick have the same meaning but are appropriate to different styles of music&...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What is a term for an instrument that can play any note, even the notes between notes? [duplicate]

A piano has only so many notes. You can't really play notes between those notes. Some Indian instruments can play even more notes between those on a piano, I believe called "microtones". ...
7
votes
3answers
428 views

Latin voice denotations in Renaissance vocal music

I see that in the original printings of renaissance vocal music, the voices are labeled with Latin words like cantus, triplex, medius, etc... Assuming that these words denote the ranges of their ...
5
votes
3answers
757 views

Do the instruments used in a piece of music play a role in determining its genre?

I am researching about music genres but I am confused if instruments played in music help in determining its genre? What could be the differentiating features in genre recognition of music?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between the bridge, the pre-chorus, and the middle 8?

For years, I have been understanding the bridge as the part leading into the last chorus, and pre-chorus as the part leading into the choruses before last. But recently I found out my understanding ...
1
vote
5answers
252 views

Om - pah - pah - pah

Is there a name for the "om - pah - pah - pah" accompaniment? Like a waltz ("om - pah - pah") but with 3 chords after the bass instead of 2? I was thinking maybe stride bass or ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What is it called when you change notes rapidly on one word? [duplicate]

In Heathers: The Musical there are a couple times this happens: It happens at the very end of "Beautiful" when Veronica sings "yea", and It happens in "Candy Shop" when ...
7
votes
1answer
426 views

Meaning of KV 311 in 'Sonata No. 8 D major, KV 311'

I have come across Mozart's composition: 'Sonata No. 8 D major, KV 311' What is the meaning of KV 311 in the name :'Sonata No. 8 D major, KV 311'.
-1
votes
2answers
147 views

Which chords can be played simultaneously? [closed]

For example, my instrumental's chord progression = Dm, F, C, Bb Which chords can be played at the same time as Dm and C and still sound "good"? Is there some sort of terminology for chords ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

When the tones in a chord are packed together, is it in "Close position" or "Closed position"?

When a chord is written such that the chord tones are as close together as possible, like this... X:1 K:C M:4/4 L:1/1 [CEG] | [EGc] | [Gce] | ...what is the correct term: "Close position" ...

1
2
3 4 5
16