Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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8
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2answers
86 views

When was the concept of a “triad chord” first introduced?

Chiara Bertoglio, “A Perfect Chord: Trinity in Music, Music in the Trinity,” Religions 4, no. 4 (December 2013): 485–501, §6. A “Harmonious” God, p. 493, claims: It was not before the 16th century, ...
2
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1answer
25 views

What is the difference between “32 bar form”, “song form”, and “ternary” with a repeated first section?

There are separate wikipedia articles for 32 bar form, but song form and ternary are in one article. From my understanding, repeats do not change the form in terms of classification, which is ...
7
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4answers
537 views

Improvising with modes and over “advanced” chords

Say I'm playing along to a jam track in C major. From my understanding, this means that C Ionian, D Dorian, E Phrygian etc. would work. My question is: How do I bring out the flavor/characteristic of ...
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5answers
112 views

How can I avoid augmented and diminished intervals?

Rule 12 of Paul Hindemith's Craft of Musical Composition - Book 2 states the following: "Avoid augmented and diminished intervals. If, after an augmented or a diminished interval, the third tone ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Fugue Episode Question [closed]

I am writing a fugue in three voices. I am currently writing my second episode which will modulate to Ab Major. I am a bit stuck on how to proceed with my episode so there is a smooth transition into ...
2
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4answers
104 views

Do I understand correctly this relationship between m6, m7, and m7b5 chords?

While reading the Jazz Guitar Chord Mastery book by Joseph Alexander, I've encountered a passage that is not 100% clear to me. I would be very thankful if you might help. Playing a m7b5 chord on the ...
3
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3answers
351 views

Are “direct 5ths” only a problem if they occur between the same voices?

I am studying part writing and there is an example of what is considered good and bad part writing. One that confuses me a little is this one: The reason cited for this being bad is: "Leading-...
2
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2answers
101 views

Can dominant chords be specified independently of a tonic (of a key)? [duplicate]

The dominant chord is defined in relation to the (5th) scale degree on which it is built. This definition can often be found alongside other chord types, such as the major triad, whose definition ...
1
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2answers
43 views

Complex chord progression (secondary dominants) with simple step-wise melody?

In many musical pieces, complex harmonic relations can be identified in the chord progression even when the melody can intuitively be "felt" to progress in a very simple step-wise manner. ...
2
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2answers
61 views

What scale or mode is this?

The notes of the scale or mode in question are: G A B-flat D E F. Does this combination of notes have a name?
7
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6answers
1k views

What is the difference between a triplet and a dotted-quaver/dotted-quaver/quaver rhythm?

I am aware of how in theory these two are different, that the triplet are three notes with same length and the dotted-quaver/dotted-quaver/quaver have the third notes slightly shorter in tempo. But I ...
2
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0answers
33 views

Why does F#dim resolve to C/G? [duplicate]

So heres my question: F#dim -> C/G How does this work? Well I understand that F#dim is functioning as D7b9 and resolving to the G in C/G but my question is why? It would make perfect sense to me if ...
8
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1answer
178 views

How to apply Paul Hindemith's harmonic theory

I have been studying Paul Hindemith's "The Craft of Musical Composition, Book 1: Theory", trying to apply Hindemith's principles to my own harmonies and melodies. As you may know, Hindemith'...
3
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6answers
126 views

If you add a 9th to a subdominant IV chord does it make it a dominant chord?

For example, if you have a progression in D major that ends on G, would adding an A to the G chord and losing the 3rd make the chord dominant? You would have the notes G A and D. It certainly sounds ...
3
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2answers
78 views

Two questions about altered countersubject in Bach's first invention

Above is the opening subject and counter subject. My two questions are about the transformed counter subject in bar 5. When restating the counter subject why does Bach: Displace the circled D by an ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Just the Treble Clef (Arabic music)

When searching for Arabic music I noticed that there is no grand staff, just the treble clef. I am searching in the internet as to why this is the case. The explanation is that Western music relies ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Harmonic Analysis of C. M. von Weber Clarinet Concerto No.1

My question is regarding this passage from C. M. von Weber's Clarinet Concerto No. 1. The passage is taken from the exposition of the first movement and has so far been established in F minor. Bars 20 ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Is there bpm range list for the various genres of music? [duplicate]

I'm putting together some songs to record scratch tracks to and want to keep the bpm's in a danceable range.Some years ago I saw a list of different genres and the bpm range they should fall in. Could ...
1
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0answers
15 views

I'm trying to find the name of a song [closed]

I'm trying to find the name of the song with the music video which has two guys in submarine. In the intro of the music video it goes through a names of the ocean layers and stop on one. The two guys ...
1
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2answers
56 views

Why is it that C7 (or F7 or Eb7) has a minor seventh instead of a major seventh? [duplicate]

Pretty much what the title says, why is it that chords like C7 or F7 have a minor seventh instead of a major one? Is there any particular reason to it?
2
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2answers
114 views

How do I play this section from wedding march?

I have been struggling with this for so long, and I cant find any answers. Plz tell me how do I play it? I would be thankful if anyone could explain what that chord below G means and what Tr means. ...
2
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2answers
61 views

What are the trends that led to fizzling of ars antiqua and rising of ars nova?

What is the trends that led to the fizzling of ars antique and to the rising of ars nova?
3
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1answer
38 views

How to emulate a piece effectively as exercise

I'm a starting composer and I've been trying to write some pieces "in-the-style-of" to hone my craftsmanship. Today I tried to emulate Schumann's Op 94 first movement by looking at the ...
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3answers
82 views

Doubling notes in orchestration - inversions and extensions

Just a very quick question, because I've found similar answers about doubling notes (for instance, when arranging for four- or five-part harmony), but nothing specifically involving inversions. So, ...
1
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2answers
72 views

Understanding method of applying modes on chords

I am learning about modes and trying to apply them on guitar over chord progressions, and I wanted to understand how exactly to know, when you hear some song, "ah, this song allows me to play ...
1
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0answers
33 views

I am going back and forth between which cadences I hear in this excerpt [closed]

I am listening to this audio excerpt and I hear it in duple (but I also mapped it out in quadruple). The problem I am facing is that I know there are two cadences. I have a full cadence for the first ...
14
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3answers
914 views

Do the intervals in a chord determine its sound?

For example, in a C Major chord of (C, E, G), I have the intervals of: A Major Third (C, E) A Perfect Fifth (C, G) A Minor Third (E, G) In a C Minor chord (C, Eb, G), I have intervals of: A Minor ...
9
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3answers
803 views

Making Sense of 5/4 Time Signature

I'm doing a composition with time signatures that alternate between 3/4 and 2/4. At first, the meter is a steady 2/4, before suddenly switching to 3/4. From that point on, the piece alternates between ...
7
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9answers
2k views

If a Major Third is ~ 5:4 and a Perfect Fourth ~ 4:3, then what is an Augmented Fourth?

I'm a developer, and I'd like to have some constants such as Major Thirds (5 / 4 = 1.250), Perfect Fourths (4 / 3 = 1.333) and Augmented Fourths (? / ? = 1.414). Could anyone help me find what is the ...
9
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3answers
3k views

What makes this song sound so medieval? [closed]

This is a song I've been listening for about a year: . A year ago, I didn't really know any music theory. I was baffled by it: why does it sound medieval? As I knew ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Question on Cadences

I am working on hearing cadences in music. So far, the only possibilities are full or half cadences. I have to write out a pulse graph and indicate above the graph with arrows to show where each of ...
5
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5answers
146 views

How can I represent this quarter note triplet based section in a time signature, so I can have it sync with a metronome?

I have a song that starts with a time signature of 3/4 in 110 bpm. Then there's a quarter note triplet based section that goes like this: 123 123 123 123 123 1 | 123 123 123 123 123 1 | etc where 123 ...
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3answers
121 views

When using Functional Chord symbols, how can we distinguish between a Dominant 7th chord and a Major 7th chord? [duplicate]

In the key of F major (for example), we can have the chords C7 and Cmaj7. C7 = C-E-G-Bb and Cmaj7 = C-E-G-B Using Functional Chord symbols, the basic tonic chord is "I", and the basic ...
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7answers
2k views

If a piece (classical or otherwise) has multiple sections with different keys, is “this piece is in key X” a valid statement? Why?

Now, this would be an easy enough question if: The piece in question had a title containing the key, or The piece would have a home key, modulate to another key and then come back to finish in the ...
5
votes
5answers
401 views

Does “minor suspended” exist as a chordal family?

Is "minor suspended" a valid chord type? I noted some ideas for opposing lines of thinking here that I could come up with for both sides: Yes Indicates a minor chord with its minor third ...
5
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6answers
619 views

Em/C: Sound Notation, or Dirty Shorthand?

A recent post about slash chords got me started thinking about whether it is technically "correct" to use a slash chord to mark a root position chord. For example, in C/E, the root is C. In ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Harmonic Rhythm Help

I am working on harmonic rhythm and indicating when chords change. I am doing a pulse graph for each audio example but am stumped if I am doing it right. The instruction tells me to show at least two ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

What is the function of this chord progression in Schubert's “Winterreise”?

I'm having a hard time figuring out how the chord progression from Schubert's Winterreise (D911), No. 11 "Frühlingstraum", measures 15–26 works (from the section marked "Schnell" ...
1
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2answers
80 views

What differentiates different styles of music? [closed]

Funk, pop, rock, country, disco, house. What makes these different? I mean, I know I can hear that they are different, it’s clear, and it’s also clear when I hear a new song I can classify it ...
3
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4answers
115 views

Are certain 4 part writing rules contradictory?

I am told that I cannot double the 3rd when constructing a 4 part triad but at the same time I am told that the only note that can be omitted is the 5th. So in a triad, if I omit the 5th, then all I ...
1
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0answers
92 views

What piece (possibly by Chopin) begins with the scale e,f#,g#,a,b,c,d,e? [closed]

My mom played a piece from memory that started with a run of this scale. She knew it from her youth and never remembered the title. She thought maybe Chopin, but I've unsuccessfully searched. She has ...
5
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7answers
1k views

Cb/B problem while creating lead sheet

I'm making a lead sheet of the song "One" by Esperanza Spalding. I chose the key of Bb because the song feels the most "at home" when the progression lands there at the guitar solo ...
1
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2answers
93 views

Name for this common rhythm in Latin music?

This rhythm is one or two set of triplets (maybe it can go up to 3 but I don't think I have heard 3 before) that I see appear fairly frequently in Latin music. Example is at 1:34 in María by Ricky ...
1
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4answers
48 views

When is Locrian appropriate to use over a diminished triad?

In my experience and training, I'm under the impression that a diminished triad isn't listed in a chord chart unless it is considered the Diminished 7th chord function. While there may be different ...
1
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0answers
47 views

Why guitar has B string? [duplicate]

I really wonder why standard tuning of guitar is EADGBe. Let's take this example, every 5th fret on any string gives you the next note If you press 5th string on A string then you will get D. Similar ...
0
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2answers
121 views

Correct Roman Numeral: which answer is wrong?

I already got the answer wrong, but I wanted to know which one I got wrong... This music theory class is driving me crazy...
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2answers
85 views

Help with Syncopation

I have an assignment with a simple rhythm in 4/4 time. I am being asked to rewrite the rhythm as syncopated with one half beat before the start of the measure. I cant add a photo as it is too large to ...
1
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2answers
80 views

Lowering the key of the song Drive by Incubus

I don't have a lot of knowledge of music theory and I am trying to learn all by myself online. I am trying to play and sing the song Drive by Incubus on my guitar. The original song seems to be in the ...
18
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4answers
2k views

Why does the pedal sign look like “Leo”?

I play piano. I took Trinity College London grade 6 practical and finished my theory course. I still don't understand why the Pedal sign looks like the word “Leo”. Could someone tell me what this is ...
2
votes
3answers
439 views

Composers who use mathematical / algorithmic approaches in their compositions? [closed]

First, I am not a musician, just a hobby programmer who tries himself on mathematical compositions with python. I am experimenting with mathematical techniques to create sheet based music, and have ...

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