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Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

2
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1answer
20 views

How do I calculate the Forte number from the Prime form?

How do I calculate the Forte number from the prime form of a set? For Example: I have the prime form (0,1,5,8)... How would I determine the Forte number from this set? Or would I use a different form ...
5
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0answers
15 views

Other than scale-degree 7, do other scale degrees have names for their altered forms?

In a major key, we have names for all seven scale degrees: Tonic Supertonic Mediant Subdominant Dominant Mediant Leading Tone To this we can add the subtonic, scale-degree ♭7 that rests a whole step ...
6
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1answer
73 views

When was the dominant ninth chord incorporated in music theory?

The "ninth chord" that Rameau, Kirnberger, Marpurg or Koch (inter alia) discuss during the 18th century is the chord formed by a triad and an added ninth, and its explanation is always through a "...
13
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2answers
3k views

Why is there both a sharp and a natural sign in parentheses before this note?

On Andre Gedalge's Traite de la Fugue book, there are these examples, where before the F note, there is both a natural and a sharp sign, both of which are in different parentheses. Which one do I ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Question on the origins of various scales

When reading/learning about scales, I find that all resources tend to treat the major scale as the foundation for everything that follows i.e. if major is 1 2 3 4 5 6 7, then the harmonic minor is 1 2 ...
4
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3answers
58 views

Poco andante: a little medium?

I'm working towards ABRSM grade 5 music theory. In the Music Theory in Practice workbook there is a piece of music marked "Poco andante", with the following question: "Suggest a suitable metronome ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Transposition for baritone saxophone in EFlat

Is this the correct transposition for a baritone saxophone in eflat pleast? What will the new key be?
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0answers
41 views

Books about history of music theory in the 19th century [on hold]

I'm looking for books about history of music theory in the 19th century. Specifically, I need to know the origin of the music-theoretical terms, how they were used and how their meanings evolved ...
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3answers
47 views

Modulation theory exercise for baritone saxophone in E flat

If i have a piece written in the bass clef and I need to transpose it for baritone saxophone in EFlat how can I do it? The first note is an F, would this become an A when trasposed? Does the clef ...
2
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3answers
310 views

Retrograding a melody that ends on a whole note

If I was retrograding a melody that ends on a whole note, should I count it as a first beat quarter during reversing it or should I count it as 3 quarter rests + a quarter? I've attached an example ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Safest Place For My Oud!

quick question, can i keep my Oud in the basement? i live in Chicago and it gets little cold here in the winter. i was told that the humid will ruin the wood of the Oud, which it makes sense to me, ...
3
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6answers
1k views

Does borrowing chords from a parallel mode change the key?

I was watching a video how a guy uses chords from different modes. Let's say I'm in C major, my understanding is that I can borrow any chord from any of the 7 parallel modes to make my chord ...
3
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1answer
57 views

What’s going on with the rhythm in the first half of Spiral Staircase by Luke Vibert

I assume this is some sort of polyrhythm but my brain refuses to be able to count it. Can someone shed some light on whats going on? The song in question:
1
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1answer
24 views

A question regarding transposition and fugal answers

Is it compulsory to introduce the answer of a fugue at +5 or -4 scale degrees relative to the home key? I'm not asking whether it's necessary to transpose the answer; my question is whether ...
-1
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1answer
59 views

Is the time signature of this composition 4/4 throughout or not?

I'm wondering whether the time signature in the following composition is 4/4 throughout the 4 measures (as seen in the following picture) or does it change to 3/4 in the fourth measure (please bear ...
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3answers
62 views

What's the correct analysis of this harmonic sequence at the end of the first movement of Dvorak's Fourth Symphony?

I've been puzzling over the best way to analyse the chords that occur at the end of the First Movement of Dvorak's Symphony No. 4 in D minor Op. 13. The passage is definitely part of a harmonic ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Imaginary bar line fixed

I attach a picture where someone told me there are problems in some measures with the Imaginary Bar Line. What can be fixed in this example?
2
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1answer
27 views

Analyzing Hisaishi Joe's “The Bygone Days” 2

The song is in D Maj I can't understand how that B Maj at bar 12 came out G maj7(IV), A(V) then B maj (VI) ? How does this work ?
4
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3answers
335 views

Metric accents in time signature

In my Tonal Harmony book by Kostka and Payne, it says: when rhythms are notated, it is customary to use beams,ties and dots in such a way that the metric accent is emphasized rather than obscured. ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Analyzing Ryuichi Sakamoto's “Self Portrait”

Listen From 00:56 The [E] part is in C Major key and I can't understand the C#m7-5 chord at bar 3 what is this chord ? Where did it come from? and what is its function ?
2
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4answers
131 views

Can the rhythm of any music with a consistent pulse be represented through a time signature?

I tried this with a lot of world music (I myself am an Indian) and majority of it, that followed a consistent pulse or a well timed rhythm, could be expressed neatly using time signatures. Can this ...
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0answers
15 views

Sibelius and Guitar VST problem

I have the latest Sibelius and I have one VST plugin for guitar. Now I have a song that use drums, piano, guitar. Now to activate the VST guitar plugin I need to go to play setup and here say Sibelius ...
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2answers
62 views

Chord A7 in piano

I attach a picture with an A7 chord in piano splitted as shown un the picture. Now I know the regular A7 chord is A,C#,E,G. Why was splitted like that in picture (using in treble cleff B,C# and F and ...
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3answers
151 views

Did Bach ever use melodic minor keys in chorales?

For example, E Melodic Minor would have C#, allowing for a ii7-V-I cadence.
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3answers
87 views

Chords symbol and playing

maybe this is a dumb question but I want to ask when you have in the music sheet for example the symbol of the chord C7 or whatever; to put a symbol instead notes means you can play random the keys ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Notation without flats or sharps in equally tempered tuning

Considering only equally tempered tuning, do full notes such as C, D, E, etc have any special characteristics compared to flats and sharps, so that they 'deserve' a separate letter? If no, would it ...
1
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4answers
82 views

4/4 corresponds to 12/8 but 4/4 =/= 12/8

How is it possible that a 4/4 signature corresponds to a 12/8 signature ? 4/4 is equal to 1 and 12/8 is more than 1 . If i try to divide a 1/4 in 3 notes i get 1/12, not 1/8 as the 12/8 should be.
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2answers
79 views

Whenever I attempt to compose, my head contradicts every note I think of

I was listening to music, and I got a sudden burst of inspiration. Normally, I'll just listen to my gut on what to start making, since if I wait too long, or think too hard, I tend to lose that ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Analyzing Ryuichi Sakamoto's “Ballet Mécanique” 3

(listen from 2:31) I don't get how from the [D] part's last bar BbM7 (IV) you could go to the [E] part (Ab/C). And if you see the [E] part, you could see that I analyzed it as a modulation to Ab ...
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3answers
102 views

How does G/B get to A/C#?

(Listen from 0:50) The song is in F Major if you see at bar 4 from [B] (Gm7 G/B A/C#) I don't get the G/B, How could G/B get to A/C# ? Is it actually E7/B without the G# ? I don't get it and if ...
0
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2answers
33 views

Open guitar tunings for 'non-standard' slide keys

My question stems from ZZ Top's 'It's Only Love.' It has a slide riff, tab says the song is in B Major, the slide is Open E. WHY Open E, as opposed to Open B tuning? E shares four of the same sharps ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Analyzing Ryuichi Sakamoto's “Ballet Mécanique”

What is that Abadd9/C , Bbm add9/Db on the intro ? is it just a modal interchange chord bIIIM7 and iv from the parallel minor key ? If it is, then whats with that inversion ? does it have any ...
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4answers
682 views

Intervals: Diminished unison?

I am learning level 8 theory. There was an exercise where I had to write each interval below the given note. The interval given was a diminished 1. In general, how would I solve this? Here is a ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Perfect fourth is dissonant when there's no note below it?

According to Walter Piston's Harmony book, a perfect fourth is dissonant if there's no tone below its lower tone, while it's consonant if there's a third or a perfect fifth below the interval. In that ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Analyzing Hisaishi Joe's “The Bygone Days”

( Play it from 1:12 to start from the [B] part ) what is that D#m7(11) ? how does that leads to Gmaj7 ?
8
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4answers
477 views

Definition of Functional Harmony

In a recent conversation I had, there was a disagreement regarding the definition of Functional Harmony. As I've understood it, Functional Harmony would be defined by chords having a function and is ...
5
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2answers
164 views

Functional analysis of chorale 'Wie wunderbarlich ist doch diese Strafe' BWV 244/46

I did some analysis of the chorale 'Wie wunderbarlich ist doch diese Strafe' (from Matthew Passion BWV 244 no.46), see below. But how would I analyse the first chord in measure 2? Obviously, it's an E ...
4
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3answers
45 views

What does Satb theory say about moving octave C into a perfect fiftth?

On a piano you could play octave C moving to G-D. The high C moves up to D and the lower C moves up to G. X:1 L:1/2 M: K:C %%score B V:B clef=bass % 1 [V:B] [C,C] [G,D] What would four-...
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1answer
72 views

How to play notes over one and a half octaves/am I reading this music wrong?

I've been trying to play this piece: Focusing on the left hand for the highlighted bar, it looks like it doesn't fit in with the 9/8 time (7 beats in that bar I think). But if I try to play them ...
0
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2answers
94 views

How are Dorian and Aeolian different?

In, e.g. the Drunken Sailor, we start the melody on a Dm chord then go down to a Cmajor chord. Well, it ends the melody on the D note but...we seem to rest a bit on C as well. It's like C is not the ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Is this chord bV° or something else?

I don't know much about music theory so I need some explanation! While playing a tune, I came across this: (in F minor) Bbm / Bdim7 / C7 / Fmin Where is that Bdim7 coming from? Would I call it a bV° ...
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2answers
77 views

What key is this piece in?

I have a question on 538 (the Sanctus in Swedish). It seems to be in G natural minor, but it's not really that simple. The melody moves like this: 3-1-2-7. A minor third followed by a major third. ...
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1answer
62 views

How do I write “piano style” cadences?

I'm currently undertaking the AMEB theory grades. I'm up to grade 4 and am working on different types of cadences but I STILL don't understand how "piano style" (the one with the bass note in the bass ...
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4answers
654 views

proper use of secondary dominant

I'm writing a song--the photo posted below is the last two measures of the verse and the first measure of the chorus (this is a reduction). I wanted to create some extra tension before playing the A ...
6
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1answer
141 views

Harmonic analysis of arpeggios in Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy

I've always liked the arpeggio section in dance of the sugar plum fairy, it sounds so sweet and mysterious. I was trying to figure out the idea behind them. Here's the section in Synthesia. From ...
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2answers
574 views

What's the exact difference between modulation, key change and tonicisation?

I've always regarded a key change as the use of a completely different set of notes for the following music - definitely in a different key. Was in C, now is in C#, with no reason to suppose a return. ...
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4answers
94 views

My Favorite Things - Harmony Theory-Modal Question About E-7->F#-7

It's my understanding that the standard My Favorite Things is in the key of E minor and then modulates to E major. Since E-minor is the relative minor key of G major, from the major scale perspective,...
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2answers
59 views

Is there any knowledge or theory used in piano arrangement? [closed]

I always have a hard time arranging for piano. I could compose a song with a main melody and chords like a lead sheet. But its always hard for me to arrange this.. is there any theory or any musical ...
0
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2answers
83 views

What should be the curriculum for an adult piano lesson

I am an adult(37) learning piano with a teacher since 6 months. It is a 30 min lesson a week where each lesson, we go through a couple of pages of Nancy and Randall Faber's adult piano adventures. If ...
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2answers
45 views

is this a part interrupt?

at measure 6 , the soprano starts with the G so shouldn't the alto not go over the G till the next measure ? but you could see the alto is getting higher then the G through the measure.. is this a ...