Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

1
vote
2answers
33 views

How do I know if I'm in a Major key or its Relative Minor? [duplicate]

For example, if I compose a chord progression F-G-C-Am. Can I Assume C as the Key? How do I know I'm not in A minor? I've seen songs analysis that says a song is in determined key even when the root ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

What is the utility of Schenkerian analysis?

I have seen that Schenkerian analysis is a method of analyzing tonal music distinct from the usual one which employs roman numerals for the degrees, specifies the inversions, the functions, etc. ...
7
votes
1answer
114 views

Why does the same classical piece sound like it's in a different key in different recordings?

I've noticed that sometimes a different recording of the same piece will sound like it's being played in a different key. For example, I listened to Concerto No. 6 in B-Flat Major, BWV 1051: III. ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Naming this chord [on hold]

I have a chord with Ab as the first, Eb as the 5th and an A as a flattened 2nd. What should I call this please?
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Do interval ratios consonance apply to a single pitch or a scale?

I have established the order of consonance to dissonance of a pitch as seen below in pitch C.. Unison - C to C - 1/1 Octave - C to C1 - 2/1 Perfect Fifth - C to G - 3/2 Perfect Fourth - C to F - 4/3 ...
5
votes
3answers
890 views

Why do the keys in the circle of fifths have the pattern of accidentals that they do?

I'm attempting to fully understand the circle of fifths, and I noticed that in the clockwise direction, the sharps are added in their own circle of fifths starting at F. I'm wondering why this ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Eighth Slash Notes for a Simile

I know that if you want to make a SIMILE part, you can put as my picture, quarter notes then convert in Sibelius to SLASH NOTATION and enter the text that says SIMILE. Here is the photo: https://ibb....
11
votes
4answers
1k views

How to start learning the piano again?

When I was a kid (10 to 14 years old) I was taught how to play the piano. Or that's what I thought until today. I haven't been playing piano for about 10 years so I am of course rusty, but what I ...
-1
votes
6answers
116 views

What shortcuts are there to figure out the major and minor scales that contain a set of multiple notes?

What shortcuts are there to figure out the major and minor scales that contain a set of multiple notes? e.g., Which major and minor scales contain: C,F,D ... or perhaps C and G#? ... or perhaps C, G,...
20
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there any set of 2-6 notes that doesn't have a chord name?

Is there any combination of up to six notes in the chromatic scale that could not be classified and named as a chord? Can anyone give me an example and explanation if so?
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Naming this chord? [closed]

The given image has a chord written (with the Treble clef above and the Bass clef under). The root of the chord is in the bass voice. May not have the 5th of the chord in this. Please help me ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there a standard set of cadences designed for the seven modes?

On Cadences for Modes and Modal Cadence Options, Dom, Richard, and I came up with a group of modal cadences. Specifically (correct order from Ionian to Locrian): Dom: ii-I, VII-i, II-i, II-I, ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

Ger.6-I cadence - Name?

I was looking at some Romantic era works, and I have found an unusual cadence of: Is there a name for this cadence? I'm tempted to say it is a variant plagal cadence - A plagal cadence is ...
5
votes
3answers
132 views

Why can't an C#-note be played in this progression: D, Cadd9, G

I started studying music theory on my own but could use someone to confirm if i'm correct I'm assuming that the progression D - Cadd9 - G is in the key of D major. The D major scale contains the ...
-1
votes
2answers
74 views

♭II6-I Cadence: Plagal or Authentic?

Chopin's Etude No. 16 in A minor, Op. 25 No. 4, ends with a cadence like this: B♭/D - A In Roman numerals, we write as: ♭II6 - I Is this cadence viewed as Plagal (N6 - I), or Authentic (tt - ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Guidelines for finding tonality/key of a song

I am trying to determinate in which key a song was written. I am not musician nor music student. I knew some clues for finding the key but I am having trouble with a specific song because the criteria ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it possible to transpose samples (in cents) from minor to major?

I'd like to transpose a sample (in cents) from G Minor to C Major. How do I do that, or is it even possible?
6
votes
2answers
564 views

Why does Larry Carlton think Dmajor scale when some plays Gmajor7 chord?

In this video at 5:25 Larry says when someone played a Gmajor7 chord he thinks to play a Dmajor scale as those are the money notes. What is the theory behind that thinking?
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Are circle of fifths progressions generally practical for modes?

Earlier today I was working on mode utilizations, and as I was making a circle of fifths, here's what I got: C Ionian mode: C - F - Bdim - Em - Am - Dm - G - C (I - IV - viio - iii - vi - ii - V - I) ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

How to know whether to write accidentals as sharps or flats? [duplicate]

I am writing a bassline for a song in Em and there is a passing note A# or Bb in the approach notes. How do I write this note? Since the key signature has one sharp, is it best to write the accidental ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Quintuplet over 3/16th

For quintuplets over 4/16th notes I can use 16th note quintuplet. For quintuplets over 2/16th notes I can use 32nd note quintuplet. Is there any notation for quintuplets over 3/16th notes? Imagine ...
4
votes
2answers
663 views

Does a minor major 6th chord exist? [duplicate]

I'm playing some chords from a song that goes Fm (F, A♭, C, F on guitar), Fmin7 (E♭, A♭, C, F), and a chord I don't know what to call that uses D, A♭, C, F. This appears to be similar to an Fmin/maj7 ...
7
votes
2answers
367 views

Diatonic chords of a pentatonic vs blues scale?

In the blues scale, when I form the diatonic chords of this scale is the blue note (D# in the case of C major blues) also taken into account when forming the chords? so in C major blues scale: C D D# ...
-2
votes
1answer
86 views

What is Pat Martino's Minor Conversion Concept? [closed]

Is the basic principle of Pat Martino's Minor Conversion Concept anything more than simply altering melodic minor scales?
-3
votes
3answers
69 views

Is there a way to make a square wave sound more like an instument in a simple circuit? [closed]

Basically I've built a simple circuit that outputs a square wave of different frequencies (i.e. a DIY tone generator), but it obviously sounds very robotic. Are there any small, simple devices that ...
5
votes
5answers
903 views

How can I make 12 tone and atonal melodies sound interesting?

I have recently started learning about serialism (12 tone melody writing) and atonal music. When I attempted to write a short melody, it didn't sound quite pleasing to the ears. Yes, I know atonal ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Bar number featuring this tone row by Schoenberg in the sheet music [closed]

Given is an image of the tone row used by Schoenberg in his Variations for Orchestra op. 31. This is what was given in a music theory workbook. I found the sheet music for the Schoenberg piece. But ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Rationalizing this chord progression (I7-iii-IV)

Trying to expand my harmonic palette here, and came across this song. Chorus of Stevie Wonder's "Don't You Worry 'Bout a Thing" (in E♭ minor, but temporary shift to ...
7
votes
3answers
341 views

Learning the concept of Serialism from its basics - where should I start from?

I am completely new to the concept of Serialism. A music theory workbook I have only mentions about the concept in short, with an example of Schoenberg's Variations for Orchestra. It also mentions ...
8
votes
3answers
399 views

Interval of parallel 5ths in the resolution of a German 6th chord

In a music theory workbook, there was an example of a German 6th chord, which resolves to chord V. However, there is an interval of parallel 5ths in this (A♭ & E♭ going to G & D). How are ...
7
votes
3answers
630 views

Writing an augmented sixth chord on the flattened supertonic

I have recently learnt about Augmented 6th chords. The examples in a music theory workbook had this chord written on the flattened submediant (6th degree of the scale). There was a small note in the ...
7
votes
1answer
60 views

What is meant by “quarter = half” when changing tempo?

What is meant by the following indications when changing tempo: " In 4 quarter = 126" and later "In 2 quarter = half"
6
votes
2answers
380 views

Does a scale have more than seven chords?

So I was watching this video and he goes to show that there's 48 (!) chords in the double harmonic major. Why so many? I thought there were only seven diatonic chords. Should one take just 3 random ...
-3
votes
3answers
165 views

Why is the darkest scale considered double harmonic major and not double harmonic minor? [closed]

I like scary sounding scales so I research them a lot. I see alot of youtubers consider the double harmonic major to be the "darkest scale" or "most evil scale". I've seen multiple videos on this from ...
8
votes
10answers
1k views

What is the fastest method to figure out which keys contain certain notes? [closed]

What is the fastest method to mentally compute which major and minor keys contain a certain note (or notes). That is, with minimal memorization such that a beginner can learn it. For example which ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Rising Fourth/Descending Fifth bass movement in inversions

I understand that the sense of resolution is strongest with the root movement of a rising fourth/descending fifth. However, is the important thing that the chords be a fourth/fifth apart (i.e. Cmaj - ...
-4
votes
3answers
61 views

Question about sharps flats major and minor [closed]

I know that minor scale is just a semitone lower than the major scale I also know that a sharp is a semitone higher than the scale your on. and a flat is a semitone lower than the scale you on. then i ...
0
votes
4answers
74 views

Is there a neighbour tone or suspension in this example?

In bar 25 there is what some call a G chord with F# as a neighbour tone. Why not call it a suspension? In bar 25 we are going from a fourth to a third. It sounds like a resolution of fourth to third. ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

Besides Roman numeral analysis and chord analysis what other analyses are there? [closed]

Besides Roman numeral analysis and chord analysis, what other analyses are there? What are those called? Roman numeral analysis does, for example, say very little about the melody or non-chord tones.
3
votes
5answers
170 views

Question about IV chord in minor key

Key of A minor: Am - Em/G - F - D - Dm - Am/C - B - E How would you describe the D chord? I'm not sure. Is it from a melodic minor? Is there any specific reason why this progression works well? ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How should one understand the iii7-IV in this case?

This is Herre förbarma dig (Lord have mercy) from a Catholic prayer book. The chords are D-D-D-G-Bm7-C-D7-G. V-V-V-I-iii7--IV--V7-I. iii7-IV feels a bit odd. We have contrary motion between outer ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

What chords would harmonize well on slow blues progression? [closed]

I wrote this blues song with this chord progression: High Cminor-Fmajor-HighCminor-Gmajor-Fmajor...back to High Cminor. What chords would harmonize well on slow blues progression?
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Chord symbol and Roman numeral for naming an Augmented 6th chord

While there are chord symbols & Roman numerals used to name a Neapolitan 6th chord, I haven't come across either of these for naming an Augmented 6th chord. The only names written were Italian 6th,...
5
votes
1answer
253 views

What should one keep in mind when writing the Neapolitan 6th chord in a chord progression?

So I have just started reading about the Neapolitan 6th, & I'm new to this topic. I know that it is generally used in its first inversion, & is often followed by chord V. Thus it is used in ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Highest note in Perfect by Ed Sheeran [closed]

I am very new to music theory. From the website http://www.myvocalrange.com, it states that the vocal range for the song is from is Eb4-Ab5. But when I used the app on my android phone to measure the ...
5
votes
2answers
77 views

Solmization with syllables - du da di

First of all, I am an absolute noob regarding music, so please bear with me. I am trying to understand an exercise (from my son's school lesson, where teacher seems to be reluctant to explain this in ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Arrangement of triad inversions [duplicate]

For any given triad there are six possible arrangements of the notes. For example: CEG, CGE, GEC, GCE, ECG, EGC Why are only three of them taken account of, ie. root, first and second inversions?
7
votes
5answers
998 views

What do different value notes on the same line mean?

I'm learning music theory on my own and thus, I encounter some difficulties in understanding them.This is one of those difficulties.What do those notes (circled in red) mean as each of them has ...
0
votes
3answers
142 views

Labeling half-diminished seventh chords - m7b5 or m6?

On my older question Are the diminished chords not that common in modern popular music?, I got this answer: The half-diminished (or m7b5) is usually suggested as the diatonic chord on the 7th ...
2
votes
4answers
65 views

What would be the effect of a modulation downward by a small amount?

Imagine one plays a chorus in, say, A major, then repeats it later for the second chorus, but this time in G major. What would that do? I know that moving upwards by a whole or half step usually seems ...