Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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1answer
24 views

How do I change a leitmotif to suit a certain mood but still make it inherently recognisable?

In video games, the use of leitmotifs is embedded within the very nature of the soundtrack. It's almost as if a game can't be a game without using leitmotifs. And they do it so seamlessly, so ...
4
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3answers
382 views

Where the accent should be when the beat is made up of different notes

As far as I understood the difference between the various time signature is essentially where strong and soft beats are located. For example in 4/4 we have strong beat - soft beat - medium strong beat ...
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2answers
47 views

How simple time and compound time signatures change the rhythm

I'm trying to get out of the "simple time VS compound" tunnel, but I'm still stuck with a bunch of doubts. To make things clear I wrote the following pentagrams with different time ...
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3answers
98 views

Renaming intervals to avoid fractions

Any two consecutive piano keys make an interval of 1/2 step (e.g. C to C#, or E to F). Why not just rename that to be a whole step, and avoid having to use fractions? Then, for example, C to F would ...
5
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2answers
543 views

Interval calculation (Eb-B#)

I'm trying to name the interval Eb-B#. We know that E-B is a perfect fifth. And by taking Eb-B, it becomes an augmented fifth. But what about Eb-B#? I cannot find a suitable name for this one. Thank ...
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1answer
77 views

What is this chord used in C Major?

What is this chord? The key is C Major and I've put in the root (CEG) and the dominant (GBD) as a contrast. It sounds harmonious to me. It's not a V of V (applied/secondary dominant) as that would ...
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2answers
40 views

What does the number mean? [duplicate]

The image above is a functional chord symbol. But what does the number mean?
3
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2answers
101 views

What part of the sound of notes to focus on while ear training to correctly identify notes?

I am using different instruments from my Keyboard to do ear training. In practicing ear training, i have learnt from the forums here that I should focus and pay attention to the pitch of the note. ...
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3answers
110 views

Beginner needs help with simple modulation from Em to Am

Im new to modulation and need help. Struggling with something I feel is very simple for more experienced people. Im having fun with a song in Am, but want to modulate to Em for fun as practice. Ive ...
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2answers
318 views

Is there a functional interpretation for VIIb in La Follia?

La Follia chord peogression is usually written as: i - V7 - i - VII - III - VII - i - V7 (first eight bars) i -V7 - VII - III - VII - i,V7 - i (second eight bars) I can understand how this progression ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Is this a Passacaglia?

This piece is in triple-meter and has a clear cadential-formula. Is it fair to call it a passacaglia despite no bass-ostinato? Or is it a Chaconne? I am not clear on the difference except one is from ...
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1answer
69 views

How can one begin their own Youtube channel featuring music videos (song covers, etc.)? [closed]

I want to know how can one begin making their Youtube channel meant for creating song covers, music videos (eg. teaching Music Theory), etc.? I know the easiest way to do is to upload your own video ...
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3answers
97 views

Relationship between chord progression of backing track and scale of solo

I've started improvising guitar solos over some backing tracks like this one, and the videos always start by stating the chord progression and then saying which scale you can solo in for it to sound ...
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0answers
123 views

How to tune a Roman water-organ (hydraulis)?

I am trying to reconstruct the tuning of the Roman water-organ (hydraulis) of Aquincum. The original instrument had 13 pipes for each of the 4 registers (three stopped pipe registers and one open pipe ...
11
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2answers
381 views

Double Augmented 4th?

This is from page 106 of The Complete Elementary Music Rudiments, 2nd Edition by Mark Sarnecki. It is in the section about enharmonic intervals The question is asking for the interval from A# to E# (a ...
10
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4answers
798 views

Are notes played on the beat [always] played louder?

I know that the 4/4 time signature is played as [ONE-two-Three-four]. But in the third beat of the first measure there are two 8th notes; the first one coinciding with the beat. So would they be ...
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3answers
75 views

How many semitones should I change to change melody but same chord

I want to sing a song in different melody but use the same chord. How many semitones should I increase/ decrease so that I won't sound out of tune with people singing in the original melody?
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2answers
226 views

The list of every type of sound all instruments can make? [closed]

Sorry if this question is a bit low level into the programming, but I am wondering how to build a synthesizer of realistic sounds (without using samples). In the beginning, just basic instruments (...
9
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3answers
925 views

How can an augmented 3rd interval be considered dissonant?

I'm reading a book where the augmented 3 interval(two note) is considered a dissonant. However being that its enharmonic equivalent is a perfect fourth, I can't see how this can be so. I've done a ...
5
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1answer
88 views

What are the Klezmer modes?

I stumbled across an article by Josh Horowitz about Klezmer modes. The article gives tantalizing hints about the Klezmer modes and sub-modes but fails to fully articulate them. Ahava Rabboh (...
4
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1answer
76 views

Why use Pitch Class Sets to describe music?

Can someone please elaborate on the significance and relation of pitch class sets to music? I understand the labeling and nomenclature methods but still can’t grasp how and WHY it relates to music ...
4
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1answer
582 views

24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure; Tuplets?

They're not labeled tuplets, but they probably are since there cannot be 24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure. They don't appear to be a standard triplet though since it still doesn't fit (with each triplet ...
4
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6answers
147 views

Issue with notes going over the time signature

I'm transferring this score to Finale, am almost at the end of it, and I'm really confused as to how this works. There are 16th notes between the 8th notes, probably done with another layer, but then ...
5
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3answers
88 views

Transposing bass clef instruments for Tuba, Bombardon, and Contrabass

I got myself an old full score of an arrangement for Dutch-styled brass band (fanfareorkest) to copy which the instrumentation is unconventional to me (I believe it's written in continental tradition?)...
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3answers
82 views

Which Pentatonic scale to play over which chord in a major key chord progression?

How do I decide which scale to play on each different chord. For example in a C major key I have I ii iii IV V vi viidim chords. I can play C major pentatonic on I chord but on other chords ii iii IV ...
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2answers
95 views

Triad improvisation, Key centers

Below is a paragraph that attempts to explain what happens when non-diatonic tones are introduced into a melody. I'm copying it word for word: While the key signature does establish the rules we must ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the strong-weak beat pattern in 11/16?

I am aware of the basic beats like 4/4, 6/8, 2/4, and so on. However, I am not quite sure what happens with this division.
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1answer
38 views

How Roman Picisan Constructed

This is one of the "sacred" song by one of the legendary band in Indonesia. The song is called Roman Picisan. I want to know more how this song constructed especially in the verse section (...
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1answer
51 views

Tie instead of a Rest in Keyboard Staff notation

Hello, I am learning Keyboard notation. Want to know why a tie is used across bar lines . Why can't they use a rest in bar 2?
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3answers
108 views

What symbols on piano sheet music shows what hand should play what?

I learned to read music to a certain level as a child and since retiring have started learning piano again, but no matter how many books I read, I can't figure out when reading sheet music when you ...
4
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4answers
1k views

How do I know what patterns to play under a melody?

So I made a melody in my head and translated it to a keyboard. I'm not sure which key it's in but I think it's in D# minor. But I just CAN'T, for the life of me, add a bass to it... I really like this ...
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2answers
60 views

Within acoustic blues guitar, why triads and inversions?

Within acoustic blues guitar how important are triads and their inversions? I have read and studied, they are mostly used on the E1st. B2nd. and G3rd. strings, I do not quite understand them, I don’t ...
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1answer
112 views

Rules for making guitar chords playable on the fretboard

Background: A program that generates common chord progressions given a key. For example, in the key of C major, one of the popular progressions we have is I – vi – IV – V (C – Am – F – G). My goal is ...
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3answers
73 views

Scope of natural accidental inside a bar

I have a question about natural accidental and its scope inside a bar. As far as I know, all accitentals should last until end of the bar and they affect all following notes on the same line in this ...
3
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2answers
181 views

When you write a scale with accidentals do you add the accidental once when it's ascending or both times when it's ascending and descending?

My question is this. When you write a scale with accidentals do you add the accidental once when it's ascending or both times when it's ascending and descending? So are you supposed to write the ...
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3answers
62 views

Moving from min pent to aeolian? How does tension resolve work

I want to apologize if my question itself is an error. Thats due to everything you can find about music theory being very abstract, with little info about practical application If my question itself ...
0
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1answer
98 views

How can I be fluent in all 12 keys at the keyboard and the music theory behind it [closed]

I want to be able to memorize all major and minor keys (including melodic, harmonic and natural minors), so that I can improve my sight reading and transposition skills. I am trying to become a more ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Two angled lines in a study score

I’m studying Tchaikovsky’s Symphony No. 6 and have come across two lines which look like they are intended to save paper in just showing the musical lines that are playing? They are everywhere, the ...
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5answers
145 views

Is it correct to refer to a third/fifth/etc even if they're on black keys?

As I understand it, the terms "third", "fifth", "seventh", etc. all refer to the n-th white key relative to the root note. To demonstrate this, let's observe a C major ...
0
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3answers
83 views

Guitar goes from b3 to c4, skipping all intermediate notes and scales

I expect all frets to go from A to A# to B to C to C#... until G# But I noticed that sometimes, on my guitar notes are skipped or come back to a lower notes that preceded it. For example: On the G ...
2
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1answer
110 views

What is the politically correct term for a feminine cadence?

I have known the below cadence for some time as a feminine cadence. My (old) books state feminine cadence. I'm totally fine with a new politically correct term but the wikipedia article on cadences ...
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2answers
44 views

Learn guitarpro [closed]

Can anyone suggest a good source from where I can learn guitarpro software? Books, youtube videos, etc. I have looked through youtube and google but there are a lot of bits and pieces but nothing well ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Is there a name that specifically refers to the Western pentatonic scale?

By Western pentatonic scale (which shows up in other musical traditions as well), I mean all the modes of the major pentatonic scale, which is anhemitonic (scales that do not contain semitones) and ...
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2answers
118 views

Do intervals contain a variable number of steps? Are they absolute, or linked to C-major? [duplicate]

An interval is the distance between two pitches. We name the major intervals based on the number of note names they contain. Since the note letter names have been assigned such that in the C-major ...
10
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5answers
347 views

Can a chord be consonant, but unstable?

Vincent Persichetti's "Twentieth Century Harmony", at one point, states that a chord can be stable, even when dissonant. I'm curious as to whether the opposite can also be true. I ...
2
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1answer
116 views

What makes this song sound so middle eastern?

What makes this song to feel so middle eastern? I mean harmonically and theoretical context. Because as I see live here all performed instruments are western but still it feels so oriental. Also here ...
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3answers
62 views

England Pre-Grade 1 Piano Theory Help: What does G7 above the stave mean? [duplicate]

this is a piece I’m playing. The reason it’s so simple is I’ve just started playing piano, but I’m grade 7 for saxophone and Grade 5 in theory, so please correct me on and ask me anything. In bar 2, ...
1
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1answer
74 views

Cuban Standards

I know that some of cuban songs are listed in Jazz standards but are there any list of cuban standars that one should follow to learn harmonics and theory about boleros and other genres affiliated to ...
3
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1answer
88 views

Why do a 1, 3, and sharp 4 work well in this piece?

I recently came across a short piece which I decided to try and analyze, but I have some questions about it. I am still a bit new to music theory but if I'm correct, most instances of non-diatonic ...
29
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11answers
2k views

Advantage of 7-note based theory over 12-note alternative

I'm a beginner at music, so I apologize if this is a dumb question. I've been trying to figure out why (in a 21/12 equal temperament tuning) music theory is based on 7 distinct notes (A,B,C,D,E,F,G) ...

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