Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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0answers
11 views

Grade 5 ABRSM Music theory: Intervals in transposition

Does it matter whether the interval is diminished, minor, major or augmented in transposing THE KEY SIGNATURE? of course it is crucial in the transposition of notes but is it important in key ...
6
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1answer
199 views

note cancelling or what is it called?

i came across a sign on my notation where a note is being played that is G after that there is a note in between e that is open but we first play it and then hammer on it... what is it called ?
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2answers
33 views

Trouble with voice leading with the inner voices

i hope this question hasn't been asked too many times. I am working on compositions using species counterpoint. I am okay with the technique when writing up to 2 voices. Then I want to fill in the 2 ...
12
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6answers
2k views

Is chord scale theory an unhelpful starting point for players?

Do others on here find the chord scale theory approach is detrimental to many guitar players learning jazz? I spent a long time learning all my scales and arpeggios but I could never get the hang of ...
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1answer
71 views

Meaning of “chords” in a bar with eight notes

First of all, LaM means AM and Sim means Bm. In the sheet music you will see below, what does mean AM________? Does it mean all the notes I will find on the _____ part will correspond to the AM chord? ...
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2answers
56 views

6ths by scale degree vs 7ths

When you look at 7ths off Ionian you get the same major/minor intervals as 3rds except the special dominant 5th. When you look at the 6ths you get quite a different pattern of major/minor. I can see ...
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7answers
3k views

Why is the interval between G and F in C Major a minor 7th?

I am working through a music theory workbook and one interval question is giving me trouble. The question shows a treble clef in C major with a G and F above it. I am asked to name the interval and ...
2
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1answer
45 views

Theory- grouping notes

In a 4/4 time signature, can I write a half note on the 2nd and 3rd beat Or should I split the half note into quarter notes with a tie to show the middle of the bar? Also, in 7/8 with (4,3)as main ...
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4answers
2k views

What is a B-flat major chord doing in the key of A minor?

The piece is Chopin's waltz in A minor op. 34 no. 2, measure 70: We seem to be in the key of A minor due to the cadences in measures 71 and 73. But B-flat major is not in the key of A minor (right?)...
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4answers
64 views

Is it correct to write a score that repeats a phrase with 1 different bar at the middle like this?

I have a phrase that need to be played twice but there's a bar at the middle is different for second time. Can I write the score like this? Is this correct? Thank you very much.
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1answer
46 views

Relationship between chords and melody [closed]

Should I use Chord starting note in melody starting note or can I use two starting notes for chords and melody, I'm always struggling with this.
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4answers
75 views

Extended chords in modes

Im slightly confused E-aeolian, Em9- E G B D F#, Em9/b9- E G B D F If im using E-phrygian the 9th is already flatted does it mean Em9 in phrygian is Em9/#9? Or should the calculation of 9/11/13 ...
2
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0answers
51 views

How should a composer use Scales/modes as a tool for composition? [closed]

I've been studying music since I was 15 but I must admit there are many gaps in my knowledge. So although I may know some of the answers to this question, I think it'd be a good idea ask, in case ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Are interval Vectors used as a tool to determine how Consonant or Dissonant a Horizontal/Vertical Sonority is? [closed]

I've been looking into set theory and am trying to understand it, whilst also find applications of its use in my own composition.
3
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2answers
89 views

Working with music, should you? [closed]

I made these "music-timed" playlist for working with ambient piano/guitar. I find that helps a lot when studying. Is there some science behind whether or not your should listen to music while working ?...
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4answers
148 views

What's the point of using different keys when creating music? [duplicate]

Ok hear me out. I see some songs written in the key of C and some in Ab and some in Bb and so on and so forth. But why not use C for all? Since no pitch alone has any inherent quality on their own, ...
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9answers
2k views

Additional reasons why perfect 5th is forbidden in contrapuntal writing (other than voice independence)

When textbooks explain why parallel (consecutive) fifths are forbidden, they always say that it undermines the voice independence. I disagree with this, though. If voice dependence is the reason for ...
3
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7answers
2k views

Key of a song with capo on the 4th fret

I have a song I'm playing on guitar and the original key is C# minor. If I play with a capo on the 4th fret, the chord shapes in the song are Am, C, G, Dm, F and E. So would this technically change ...
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1answer
62 views

Adviced learning path: from electric guitar tab player to real electric guitar and music knowledge

I’m decided to take up playing (learning) electric guitar. I have basic knowledge of sol-fa (I can read music), but not that much of advanced sol-fa (scales...) I’ve played for years using tabs ...
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1answer
87 views

Is there a site, or program, that can calculate how many total notes are in a composition? [closed]

I'm new to music. It's very interesting to me how musicians can memorize so many pieces. I'm a mathematics student and naturally I'm interested in quantifying things. To keep things simple, lets say ...
2
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4answers
88 views

You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To chord function question

I have been playing through You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To. I have a pretty good grasp of the song and the chord functions up to the final section. I am interested to know the function and ...
4
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2answers
58 views

What is the difference between the Romantic and post-romantic periods?

This question came about when I was reading Blair Allen Johnston’s dissertation, ‘Harmony and Climax in the late works of Sergei Rachmanioff’ He loosely groups the post romantic period within 1890-...
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1answer
53 views

What is functional tonality?

Tonic, super tonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, and 7th.. Are all part of functional tonality that I've read underpins a lot of 20th century music. So could functional tonality be ...
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4answers
54 views

Why is the octatonic scale described as a equal interval chromatic scale?

I read a dissertation in which the author describes the octatonic scale as 'equal interval chromatic'. I thought that the octatonic was a mixture of semitones and tones? Moreover the dissertation is ...
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7answers
4k views

Finding the corresponding chords from sheet music

I am a beginner in reading sheet music. I can understand what each notes are and one stave has a G clef and the other an F clef. I am trying to solo this on guitar and was wondering if there is a ...
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2answers
44 views

2/2 time counting with 1/8 notes on guitar

How do I count this song? It seems to have too many beats per measure? I can count 1&2&3&4& and it seems to fit. But this is 2/2 time. When I try 1&2& I end up with left over ...
40
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7answers
2k views

Does the difference in harmonic series between instruments have a significant effect on the consonance of the sound?

We all know that an instrument's timbre is uniquely determined by its harmonic series. Harmonic series are also very effective in describing whether an interval is consonant or not. For example, the ...
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6answers
124 views

If I play G Sharp, then play the G that's one octave up, does the accidental carry over? [duplicate]

For example, this ASCII sheet music: G trebel-------- |4------------ |------------- |4--------#G-- clef---------- I know it's terrible, but would the second G be sharp too? And for ...
2
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4answers
77 views

Is tension caused when modulating away from the tonic note?

And if so, the further you modulate away from it, the greater the tension? If the tonic note is C, would be the furthest modulation be, B natural, according to the overtone series
12
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2answers
2k views

Why can any song can be played starting from any note?

I'm a complete beginner and trying to understand the basics of music theory these days. I guess I have a good ear and can play most songs by ear on guitar and piano and I'm sure this is a stupid ...
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1answer
44 views

Is modulation used as a tool to create climax?

And the further you modulate away from the tonic key, the more tension you create? I've been looking over both of Rachmanioff's op. 33 and 39 etude tableau and notice regular climax in his music. So ...
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2answers
86 views

Fifth-Up Progression

If you have a song that is a Fifth-Up Progression like Jimi Hendrix Hey Joe where there is a chord progression of c g d a e. Why is it that you can use em for soloing and what other modulation and ...
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2answers
56 views

Blue Sky The Allman Brothers Band vs Pink Floyd Comfortably Numb theory

When I break down these two songs they are very very different. First blue sky by the allman brothers there is a chord progression of e b a e with choirs b a e a. This song is in the key of e. ...
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5answers
111 views

Music theory, scale chord relationship and filler

In music theory they teach you there are scales are there are chords and I am having a hard time really solidifying their relationship. What I am getting confused with is chord progression, scale ...
3
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4answers
501 views

What is the practical importance of grasping the concept of tonality? More specially for piano players?

Let me explain the context of this question: my 12 year old niece is learning to play the piano and has to study musical theory; she recently encountered the notion of tonality and can't manage to ...
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3answers
81 views

Do C major and B-flat major have a deep connection?

I decided to research where I can "easily" modulate from C major using dominant seventh chord (modulating to a major key we are). In this case I define the word "easily" in the following way - There ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Difference between Indian scale and western

Are Indian fundamental scale notes different than western music scale? If yes by what percentage?
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1answer
46 views

What minor key siganture has 6 double flats? [closed]

I have read Wiki-pedia, the theorethical key page however does not list if there's a key signature with 6 double flats and 1 flat. The max that that page lists are key signatures with 3 double flats.
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3answers
97 views

What's the theory behind the so called “modal triads” (Lydian, Phrygian triads)?

have trouble understanding the concept of "modal triads". Some people use terms like Lydian or Phrygian triads, but if you build tertian triads on a Lydian scale you end up with "standard" (major/...
3
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4answers
875 views

Converting hertz to cents

I have encountered some unexpected results converting hertz to cents, and would like to know where the issue lies. The formulas are as entered in Excel. Cents = 1200*LOG(Hertz,2) Hertz = 2^(Cents/...
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1answer
31 views

How to properly repeat an entire song which already has with repeats?

What is the best way to repeat an entire song, including the first and second ending? Basically, I have a very short song that I would like to play through two times, which means also playing through ...
3
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4answers
115 views

What is the significance of triads in western music?

I am a beginner to western classical music. In Howard Goodall's The Story of Music, he mentions “Triads are the chords around which every harmonic, or chordal, journey is structured, in virtually all ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Rules for Adding Specific Intervals

Is there a set of rules determining the quality after adding specific intervals? For example, m3 + M3 = P5. It seems obvious that the number of the interval is addition but minus 1 because the bottom ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Notes with different duration on the same voice

I am a beginner piano student (by my own). Studying the sheet music for the song "The cranberries - Zombie" I came across to this part: (G and F clef) Talking about G clef: What I understand is, you ...
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3answers
65 views

How do I figure out the key signature after transposing?

I am trying to transpose the key signature up a perfect 5th from C minor, but am unsure what the new KS would be. The book only tell you to write the new tonic and KS without explaining how the key ...
3
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2answers
60 views

How do the chord progressions in the song “Raw Sugar” by Metric make sense in theory

The song is Metric's "Raw Sugar" How is this song constructed? I really like the progressions. The chords seem to be: Verse: Bb - Am - E - C - Ab Pre-Chorus: Bb - ...
2
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3answers
39 views

Voice Leading with Octave Leaps

In a piece I'm working on, the climax of the melody line consists of an upward octave leap followed by another step upward--from G4 to G5 and then to A5. (I realize this is generally discouraged, but ...
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1answer
61 views

Music theory books [closed]

I want to start reading books about harmony, scales, modes, etc. Imma beginner in theory, i started learning on musictheoryacademy.com, so I wanna start expanding my knowledge after finishing the ...
3
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2answers
64 views

What is this octotonic scale? [duplicate]

Another post of scale idientification: What scale has these notes : C D Eb F Gb Ab A B? It is a octotonic 8-note ascending scale .
3
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2answers
106 views

What are the differences between natural major, harmonic major and melodic major scales?

The natural major scale on C has the notes: C, D, E, F, G, A, B. What is the difference between natural major, harmonic major, and melodic major scales. What notes of the natural major are changed in ...