Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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9 views

“When The Sun Goes Down” by Arctic Monkeys Chords

Where do these chords come from in "When the Sun Goes Down" by Arctic Monkeys? The chords do not line up with the key of B. I am confused. Here are the song chords used: B, D#7, Emaj7, D#m, C#m, F#...
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A few questions from a curious learner

Half a year ago I took up piano and have quickly settled into a classical setting. Since I don’t have a musical background there are a few questions and curiosities I have found, and don’t know anyone ...
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2answers
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Canceling the rubato sign

Hi if I write rubato in the beginning of a piece, is there an expression to cancel the rubato from here and further, you need to play on time. In other words not rubato?
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3answers
760 views

Jazz Theory Prerequisites

What topics should I master on music theory before I move on to jazz guitar? Is it necessary to learn blues guitar? I have basic knowledge of music theory, like major and minor chords.
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what are “the rules” for producing melodic techno? (romanian sound)

I would be grateful if anyone could help me with some text documentation on how techno (melodic) music is produced I mention that at the moment "I play" in ableton in the absence of parties, but I ...
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0answers
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Hi! Do you know some anime songs that sound beautiful? [closed]

I want to have a list of songs so I can work out what scale/mode is being used and how. This is for my ear training exercise. If you know how the modes are being used, can you include that too? Thanks!...
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2answers
43 views

Small changes between 1st and 2nd endings

I'm arranging a long(ish) medley of video game music for piano duet, and I'm running into a recurring problem. Most of the movements in my medley have repeat bars, with a 1st and 2nd ending - easy ...
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1answer
34 views

How do I write a cadence without any context?

I am studying for my online RCM theory exam, and since I have no contact with my piano teacher I’ve been correcting with the answer book. My answers and the answers in the book are very different. I ...
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6answers
257 views

Are all triads of a key, composed of notes in that original key?

If you go through each note of a key, and create a triad with a root from each note. Are all the triads composed of notes exclusive to that original key? For example, walking through F Major: I - F ...
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3answers
51 views

Lydian Chromatic Concept theory - the root of 4th is its upper tone, but why not for the Lydian scale?

I'm on the first chapter. From what I understand, given an interval of a 4th, the topmost note is the tonic of the interval. In the attached image, the whole note represents the tonic of the ...
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6answers
232 views

Is there a theoretical explanation for a change of a major7 to minor7 of the same root in jazz?

In jazz there are many chord substitutions with various names like tritone, but there's a particular chord movement which I have seen in many jazz standards where major7 is immediately followed by a ...
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3answers
62 views

Why are there no modes for minor scales? [duplicate]

I noticed that modes are all based on major scales. How come there are no modes for minor scales?
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1answer
37 views

What would be a good harmonic progression for this example? [closed]

For my advanced theory seminar class this semester, I am being introduced to formal counterpoint writing procedures. For a homework assignment this week, I have to write a good bass line (First ...
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1answer
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What is the practical impact or use of a dodecagram?

Looking for an answer about modulation and affects I came across with the term "dodecagram". So I was interested whether this has been already asked here, as I think it would be quite useful but I ...
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2answers
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Which kind of progression is applied here? [closed]

I'm noob is music theory and I want to know which kind of chord progression is applied here to the first chord? The instrument is piano here. Thanks in advance.
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How can I improve my singing voice? (With audio attached) [closed]

I have started singing for around 2 months and I am not so confident with my singing voice. I just want you guys or anyone interested to comment on it and critique it so I could improve. Attached is ...
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2answers
108 views

What is wrong with this homemade modes chart?

What may you see right or wrong with this homemade modes chart? This chart is supposedly read vertically. There are definitely some parts I don’t understand I’m just wondering about if it’s Accuracy.
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4answers
58 views

Why is vi6 (submediant chord in first inversion) rarely used?

I read that vi6 is almost completely absent – is there a reason for this?
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4answers
106 views

Why is ii6 always used instead of ii?

I've noticed in ii-V-I that it is almost always ii6-V-I or ii6/5-V-I. Why is this the case? Should the descending fifth in the bass of ii-V be a very strong progression?
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3answers
44 views

Analysis/compromise involved in open chords?

I have a very basic understanding of theory, though I wanted to share my observations while deconstructing the open chords while learning them: Take for instance A7: A7 x 0 2 0 2 0 ...
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1answer
338 views

Is it a mistake to write a “6” (sextuplet notation) over a grouping of three notes?

Like many guitarists I'm not great at reading traditional music notation. I just came across the following bar, and I'm confused: (If anyone cares, this is from the song Sequoia Throne by Protest the ...
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1answer
34 views

What would this song section be called?

I'm new to genius transcribing and I'm unsure of the song sections. In the image below I don't know what these parts with the red dots are called. Above first red dot is verse 1 and nothing else. ...
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4answers
571 views

I have the following chord progression. But not scale exists. Is this okay?

I have the following progression (using F-minor scale): Cmajor > D# Sus2 > A# sus2 > F sus2 > D# Sus2. Initially, the Cmajor was a Cmin...but I didn't like how it sounded or transitioned. So I ...
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1answer
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Tom Misch - It Runs Through Me Theory Question

I have a question regarding the chord progression for It Runs Through Me and how it works from a theory standpoint. It seems to be in the key of Bm. With the chord progression going something like [...
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5answers
107 views

Can anyone help me understand this chord progression?

Since it starts and ends in G, I'd assume G major: G - Cmaj7 - F#m7 - G#m7 - Em7 - Cmaj7 - D/F# - G or I - IV - (vii#5)- (bii) - vi - IV - V - I or 1 - 4 - 7#5m7? - b2m7? -...
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2answers
94 views

How can Alkan's Allegro Barbaro be and sound in the key of F major, when all the B's are natural?

I don't know much about chords and scales, so sorry if this question sounds misinformed. This just seems like witchcraft to me. Here's playable sheet music for this 1848 composition by Charles-...
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2answers
69 views

Two Stringed Instruments in Unison?

I have been receiving conflicting information from orchestration bigwigs. Some say that composers should never orchestrate two stringed instruments together because they will be ever so slightly out ...
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1answer
50 views

How to finish the bar with rests

Can you help me check these two bars? Did I finish the bars correctly? Or I should not have these dotted eighth- note?
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7answers
666 views

A Dorian and what about it

Is A Dorian a G major scale? I’m not a theory guy at all, just looking for some help.
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5answers
123 views

What is the theory behind this chord progression?

first time posting here, although I've read quite a few posts before. So, I was analyzing the theory behind a song (Savatage - Gutter Ballet), and while it is primarily in the key of D Minor, it ...
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1answer
53 views

Have I identified my cadences correctly?

I am having so much trouble with cadence identification. After hours of Youtube video explanations I think that I have this correctly. Have I? How can I make this process easier? a. Perfect b. ...
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6answers
1k views

What makes the tonic the tonic and when do I know it changed?

What makes a note the tonal center of a scale other than forcing the listener to come from and go back to the selected note as the center? Or is that what makes that note the tonal center? Also at ...
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3answers
89 views

How was this chord progression created?

The song is "Let me love you" by Mario, which is in the key of G minor. In the verse and the chorus, Cm7 - Gm7 - F chords are used, which is the iv, i and VII of the G minor natural scale. However, ...
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7answers
767 views

Can the key of a song be only major or natural minor scale?

From what I read, the key of a song or piece of music can be either from the major scale or natural minor scale. Is this true? Can a song have a key in a different scale? I ask because there are ...
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3answers
107 views

When looking up the key of a song, what octave is the singer singing in?

When you look up the key to a song and it says the key is something like E♭ or F, how do you know what octave the singer is singing in? Is it, for example, an F3 or F4? Is it above or below ...
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3answers
55 views

Can anyone confirm or discredit the term “Prime Scales” when dealing with the modern modes

http://www.tonalcentre.org/Scales.html In the linked webpage the author speaks of "prime scales" and says "Remarkably enough, out of all possible scales there are only five prime scales, in which ...
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2answers
435 views

What scale were the very first modes based on?

If all modes derive from a scale which scale were the very first modes derived from? I know the modern modes are derived from the diatonic scale but if the first modes came before the major and minor ...
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2answers
62 views

Help with sixteenth tuplet with a 9 under

I have trouble understanding a sixteenth note tuplet with a 9 under it, as I have tried to count it as a triplet but it still doesn't fit in. People say that tuplets are in the space of 1 quarter ...
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3answers
57 views

Thoughts on Tuplets vs. Subdivision?

This was a point of interest brought up in the comments to my answer on Help with analyzing sus and add chords in this progression. In that question, the sheet music has a measure of 4/4 time written ...
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1answer
48 views

Stressing the third beat more than the first in 4/4: is it syncopation?

The definitions of syncopation I've come across generally talk about stressing the offbeat (see, for example, Wikipedia) where "offbeat" sometimes refers to placing the accent in between beats (on the ...
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8answers
770 views

Problem with 2nd degree in minor scale

Generally I get what transposing from major to minor is about, I know I have to flatten by a half step a 3rd, 6th and 7th degree. However if I have a chord progression in C major that goes like that: ...
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3answers
120 views

Confused about the key of “Watermelon Man”

It is said that the original 1962 recording of "Watermelon Man" by Herbie Hancock is in the key of F. It makes a lot of sense given it's a bluesy piece, so we have a typical I-IV-V based chord ...
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1answer
62 views

Substitution of minor chord for major VI chord

I came up with this progression while trying to make a song that involves guitar arpeggios and string sections: Em Cm Em/B C6 Em C B-B+ Cm6 (Em/B I mean with a chord inversion and B-B+ I mean half ...
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1answer
79 views

Help with analyzing sus and add chords in this progression

I have been trying to analyze a score (the first one that I have attempted) and I'm a bit confused about how to analyze these chords. Here's the part (and here's the full piece for context): Take the ...
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1answer
68 views

What can I call these sustained tones, under which the harmony changes but does not create dissonance?

In an analysis of Haydn's "Piano Variations in F minor" my student has used the term "pedals" to describe the first 3 Es of the piece in the top line/right hand...and also the 3 Fs at the end of bar 2....
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4answers
717 views

Minor scale with only 6th degree raised by a half step?

I've been playing some arpeggios on a guitar and eventually I set on three chords I've been repeating that sounded good to me. These chords were consisting of notes (from lowest to highest): G F B&...
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3answers
625 views

Understanding bVII harmony [duplicate]

I was analyzing "Try to Remember" from the musical "The Fantasticks" and became stumped on what seems to be a flatted seventh major chord stuck in the middle of the song. I'd like to understand what's ...
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2answers
722 views

Alteration in a stave in a score: does it communicate with the other stave?

I have a question about Imperial March, arranged by Nicola Morali. In the measure 10, on the left hand, is the "G" note really without a ♯? (Since the left hand and the right hand don't align ...
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7answers
1k views

Can a song be in both a major and minor key at the same time?

I was wondering if a song's key can be declared as just being ambiguous, where you just don't know if it's in major or minor? I think this concept applies only to relative keys as parallel keys have ...
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1answer
43 views

Is a phrase ending ; viio --> I ( both chords in Root position ) considered an Authentic cadence?

In a baroque binary minuet by J.C.F. Fischer , starting in F major , the first phrase ends with E dim ( E-G-B flat ) viio --> I (F-A-C ) . The soprano notes move from B flat to A. Can this cadence in ...

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