Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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3
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3answers
80 views

Where the accent should be when the beat is made up of different notes

As far as I understood the difference between the various time signature is essentially where strong and soft beats are located. For example in 4/4 we have strong beat - soft beat - medium strong beat ...
2
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1answer
22 views

How simple time and compound time signatures change the rhythm

I'm trying to get out of the "simple time VS compound" tunnel, but I'm still stuck with a bunch of doubts. To make things clear I wrote the following pentagrams with different time ...
-1
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3answers
84 views

Renaming intervals to avoid fractions

Any two consecutive piano keys make an interval of 1/2 step (e.g. C to C#, or E to F). Why not just rename that to be a whole step, and avoid having to use fractions? Then, for example, C to F would ...
9
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1answer
4k views

Carnatic Vs Western 12 Note system

I was trying to learn the chromatic scale and associate it with carnatic equivalents (I know equal temperment is not the way with indian music, but it interest me to relate and learn it to certain ...
1
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3answers
101 views

Beginner needs help with simple modulation from Em to Am

Im new to modulation and need help. Struggling with something I feel is very simple for more experienced people. Im having fun with a song in Am, but want to modulate to Em for fun as practice. Ive ...
5
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2answers
535 views

Interval calculation (Eb-B#)

I'm trying to name the interval Eb-B#. We know that E-B is a perfect fifth. And by taking Eb-B, it becomes an augmented fifth. But what about Eb-B#? I cannot find a suitable name for this one. Thank ...
-2
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1answer
68 views

What is this chord used in C Major?

What is this chord? The key is C Major and I've put in the root (CEG) and the dominant (GBD) as a contrast. It sounds harmonious to me. It's not a V of V (applied/secondary dominant) as that would ...
1
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2answers
37 views

What does the number mean? [duplicate]

The image above is a functional chord symbol. But what does the number mean?
52
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21answers
18k views

Why are some people so paranoid about music theory?

Music theory is cool. However, I've noticed that a few genres of music tend to discourage it. I just read that learning music theory "seems like the antithesis" of being able to improvise. ...
3
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2answers
95 views

What part of the sound of notes to focus on while ear training to correctly identify notes?

I am using different instruments from my Keyboard to do ear training. In practicing ear training, i have learnt from the forums here that I should focus and pay attention to the pitch of the note. ...
6
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2answers
300 views

Is there a functional interpretation for VIIb in La Follia?

La Follia chord peogression is usually written as: i - V7 - i - VII - III - VII - i - V7 (first eight bars) i -V7 - VII - III - VII - i,V7 - i (second eight bars) I can understand how this progression ...
2
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3answers
243 views

Connecting multi effects pedal to a tube amp and modeling amp

I started playing the guitar again in the last month and i'm having some trouble with my gear. So, i have a modelling amp from pevey which also has some effects built in. I also have a line 6 POD ...
4
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6answers
2k views

Do the 'natural' chords to use in a key change if you use a different mode?

This question gives a great, not-too-technical explanation of modes: What are modes and how are they useful? I wondered if playing in a different mode would mean the standard chords change move also? ...
16
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9answers
6k views

Exactly what does “diatonic” mean?

Is the meaning very context dependent, or can it be defined in general terms? Does the meaning change by author or period? Sometimes it's used to refer to anything that stays within a specific tonal ...
1
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3answers
96 views

Relationship between chord progression of backing track and scale of solo

I've started improvising guitar solos over some backing tracks like this one, and the videos always start by stating the chord progression and then saying which scale you can solo in for it to sound ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Is this a Passacaglia?

This piece is in triple-meter and has a clear cadential-formula. Is it fair to call it a passacaglia despite no bass-ostinato? Or is it a Chaconne? I am not clear on the difference except one is from ...
-3
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1answer
66 views

How can one begin their own Youtube channel featuring music videos (song covers, etc.)? [closed]

I want to know how can one begin making their Youtube channel meant for creating song covers, music videos (eg. teaching Music Theory), etc.? I know the easiest way to do is to upload your own video ...
10
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0answers
122 views

How to tune a Roman water-organ (hydraulis)?

I am trying to reconstruct the tuning of the Roman water-organ (hydraulis) of Aquincum. The original instrument had 13 pipes for each of the 4 registers (three stopped pipe registers and one open pipe ...
10
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4answers
792 views

Are notes played on the beat [always] played louder?

I know that the 4/4 time signature is played as [ONE-two-Three-four]. But in the third beat of the first measure there are two 8th notes; the first one coinciding with the beat. So would they be ...
11
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2answers
380 views

Double Augmented 4th?

This is from page 106 of The Complete Elementary Music Rudiments, 2nd Edition by Mark Sarnecki. It is in the section about enharmonic intervals The question is asking for the interval from A# to E# (a ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

What chord is this, is it quartal, and what's the theoretical mechanism that allows it to sound this way?

In "Figure it Out" by Allen Stone, at approximately the 1:35 mark (link), the pianist plays a chord that sounds very much like quartal harmony and/or something Herbie Hancock or Bill Evans might play. ...
5
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1answer
86 views

What are the Klezmer modes?

I stumbled across an article by Josh Horowitz about Klezmer modes. The article gives tantalizing hints about the Klezmer modes and sub-modes but fails to fully articulate them. Ahava Rabboh (...
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3answers
74 views

How many semitones should I change to change melody but same chord

I want to sing a song in different melody but use the same chord. How many semitones should I increase/ decrease so that I won't sound out of tune with people singing in the original melody?
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2answers
226 views

The list of every type of sound all instruments can make? [closed]

Sorry if this question is a bit low level into the programming, but I am wondering how to build a synthesizer of realistic sounds (without using samples). In the beginning, just basic instruments (...
9
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3answers
923 views

How can an augmented 3rd interval be considered dissonant?

I'm reading a book where the augmented 3 interval(two note) is considered a dissonant. However being that its enharmonic equivalent is a perfect fourth, I can't see how this can be so. I've done a ...
10
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4answers
5k views

Super Ultra Hyper Mega Meta Scales

If you are as obsessed with Jacob Collier as I am, you probably know what I'm talking about. If not, it is essentially a scale that continually modulates, taking you through multiple keys. Jacob ...
4
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1answer
76 views

Why use Pitch Class Sets to describe music?

Can someone please elaborate on the significance and relation of pitch class sets to music? I understand the labeling and nomenclature methods but still can’t grasp how and WHY it relates to music ...
5
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1answer
116 views

Double-klezmer notes

I am curious about the klezmer scale. I mean exactly the half, 1.5, and the half note series gives the mood. What about doubling this 4 note series in an octave? Does it have a name? I mean for ...
5
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6answers
1k views

Do all modes make another mode when inverted?

I may just being going crazy but I was writing some music theory and noticed that if you reverse the whole steps and half steps of a mode it becomes another mode. (W= whole tones H= half tones) ...
4
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6answers
141 views

Issue with notes going over the time signature

I'm transferring this score to Finale, am almost at the end of it, and I'm really confused as to how this works. There are 16th notes between the 8th notes, probably done with another layer, but then ...
5
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3answers
86 views

Transposing bass clef instruments for Tuba, Bombardon, and Contrabass

I got myself an old full score of an arrangement for Dutch-styled brass band (fanfareorkest) to copy which the instrumentation is unconventional to me (I believe it's written in continental tradition?)...
4
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1answer
579 views

24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure; Tuplets?

They're not labeled tuplets, but they probably are since there cannot be 24 16th notes in a 4/4 measure. They don't appear to be a standard triplet though since it still doesn't fit (with each triplet ...
2
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4answers
105 views

Are there note patterns on each string instrument that can not be played?

I am a high school band kid who is trying to compose orchestral music for the first time. I have done several band compositions, be it jazz or classical, but this is my first time composing orchestra ...
3
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3answers
241 views

Good material source for learning to read music?

Specifically I am interested in learning how to play the Violin. I am good at reading music insofar as the open strings are concerned, but when we are using the E string such that we are hearing a G I ...
10
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8answers
1k views

In what language-level in Chomsky's hierarchy would the chord-progressions of classical music be categorized?

Formal languages In language-theory and grammar-theory, a language is the output generated by a grammar. Let's say "the grammar" is the rules and "the language" is the sentences and words that may ...
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3answers
104 views

Writing characteristic chord progressions in inversion, & doubling notes other than the root

There are characteristic chord progressions taught in music theory, for example, the cadential 6-4, which is Ic - V - I. Then there's Ib - ii7b - V - I, & so on. I want to know if these cadences ...
0
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2answers
92 views

Triad improvisation, Key centers

Below is a paragraph that attempts to explain what happens when non-diatonic tones are introduced into a melody. I'm copying it word for word: While the key signature does establish the rules we must ...
4
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3answers
81 views

Which Pentatonic scale to play over which chord in a major key chord progression?

How do I decide which scale to play on each different chord. For example in a C major key I have I ii iii IV V vi viidim chords. I can play C major pentatonic on I chord but on other chords ii iii IV ...
13
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8answers
19k views

Why have I never found any music written in the key of C Sharp Major?

Music is written in almost every key that corresponds to every note that is on my piano keyboard. There is clearly a C Sharp (black key right of C) on my piano keyboard but I don't recall ever seeing ...
0
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1answer
92 views

What is the internal harmony of this Liszt melody?

This is an exercise taken out of Walter Piston’s Harmony (4th ed). Let me know how you would change my progression. Thanks!
9
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2answers
1k views

What is the strong-weak beat pattern in 11/16?

I am aware of the basic beats like 4/4, 6/8, 2/4, and so on. However, I am not quite sure what happens with this division.
3
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2answers
211 views

Help with a cello cadenza (Boccherini Concerto No 3 in G Maj)

Here’s a cadenza my daughter came up with, by mixing parts of the original score and changing them a little bit, e.g changing the key. She is unsatisfied with two things here. Maybe you could give me ...
4
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4answers
1k views

How do I know what patterns to play under a melody?

So I made a melody in my head and translated it to a keyboard. I'm not sure which key it's in but I think it's in D# minor. But I just CAN'T, for the life of me, add a bass to it... I really like this ...
1
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1answer
38 views

How Roman Picisan Constructed

This is one of the "sacred" song by one of the legendary band in Indonesia. The song is called Roman Picisan. I want to know more how this song constructed especially in the verse section (...
0
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1answer
50 views

Tie instead of a Rest in Keyboard Staff notation

Hello, I am learning Keyboard notation. Want to know why a tie is used across bar lines . Why can't they use a rest in bar 2?
0
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3answers
105 views

What symbols on piano sheet music shows what hand should play what?

I learned to read music to a certain level as a child and since retiring have started learning piano again, but no matter how many books I read, I can't figure out when reading sheet music when you ...
1
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2answers
60 views

Within acoustic blues guitar, why triads and inversions?

Within acoustic blues guitar how important are triads and their inversions? I have read and studied, they are mostly used on the E1st. B2nd. and G3rd. strings, I do not quite understand them, I don’t ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Rules for making guitar chords playable on the fretboard

Background: A program that generates common chord progressions given a key. For example, in the key of C major, one of the popular progressions we have is I – vi – IV – V (C – Am – F – G). My goal is ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Texture of Beethoven's Symphony Number 8 movement 1

I have been struggling to come up with a conclusion if the first movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 8 has a polyphonic texture. But I cannot find a valid reason. Does anyone have any solid ideas of ...
2
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3answers
73 views

Scope of natural accidental inside a bar

I have a question about natural accidental and its scope inside a bar. As far as I know, all accitentals should last until end of the bar and they affect all following notes on the same line in this ...

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