Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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0
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1answer
21 views

Is it acceptable to use a Maj7#5sus4 chord? Avoid note/interval clarification

I have been looking through possible triads over bass notes and found an odd one.. B over F minor triad. I rearranged the notes to give me a particular 7th chord 1 4 #5 7. Basically a Maj7#5sus4 chord....
2
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1answer
31 views

What is the harmonic function of this?

What is the harmonic function of the boxed beat in the fourth measure?
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4answers
81 views

12 TET Interval Ranking

Is it correct that composers of most popular genres use 12 TET based interval consonance and dissonance when building chord progressions and a composition as a whole? Could you provide me with the ...
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5answers
1k views

What is the technical explanation of the note “A♭” in a F7 chord in the key of C?

I am practicing some blues bass lines and there is a chord progression of C7 | F7 | C7. The notes played during the F7 chord are (the bass plays one per beat): F A A♭ D, followed by the notes G ...
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2answers
88 views

Music beats identification [on hold]

please help me to identify the beats of the below illustration.
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3answers
257 views

Are extended chords assumed to have each extended interval below it and a 7th? [duplicate]

For instance, is a 13th chord assumed to have an 11th, 9th, 7th, 5th and 3rd along with it unless otherwise noted? And a 9th is assumed to have a 7th along with the triad, an 11th is assumed to have a ...
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2answers
1k views

What are the characteristic intervals or scales of 13-limit harmony and beyond?

I've been studying and really getting into the Extended Just Intonation music of composers like Ben Johnston and Kyle Gann. I've started trying to explore the sort of intervals and scales that are ...
2
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2answers
67 views

Where to get the chords of a song in roman numerals instead of regular chords

In web pages like https://www.ultimate-guitar.com/ you get the chords of a song (see this for an example). And that's enough if you are aiming to be a campfire guitar player. But when looking for ...
2
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5answers
633 views

Is it wrong to alter bar numbers after repeat endings so they reflect the performance progression rather than the last repeated measure +1?

I'm part of a small group and we have our own pieces, which I'm not allowed to share. But I'll describe the situation and hopefully get the point across. In nearly all the songs in my group's ...
2
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2answers
126 views

Why the difference between interval ratios and the harmonic series?

I've observed that the harmonic series which are the most consonant pitches of the fundamental such as the note A for this example, with A's first harmonic series being (A) E and C#.. Do not correlate ...
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0answers
73 views

Music theory behind songs: looking for materials [on hold]

I want to apologise for a potentially stupid question, but as a self-taught player I sometimes find myself in situations when I can't find a proper material. What are the best books/websites that ...
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1answer
70 views

How do I harmonize my bass, melody, drum line, and chord progression all together?

I'm aspiring to be a pop music producer. When I create a catchy melody, I then attempted to add a bass line that was also catchy. Unfortunately, they didn't sound well together. And I know if I were ...
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7answers
2k views

Using chord iii in a chord progression (major key)

I haven't come across music as yet where chord iii is used in a chord progression. I read somewhere that generally chord iii is not used, or very rarely used. Is this correct? If chord iii is used, ...
4
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3answers
570 views

Can we have a perfect cadence in a minor key?

I understand that, at least in the context of using a major scale, a perfect cadence is V-I. That is, if I were playing a piece in C major, I could play a chord similiar to the G major triad followed ...
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2answers
46 views

Use of sharps and flats when writing altered notes to chords in key

A quick question about the conventions of writing music. I have a song I am working on where I am going from a G major to a F#-b9. The song is in G major for most of it before going into a middle ...
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1answer
212 views

Is the diminished chord of the minor scale not used as much as the others? [duplicate]

I'm wondering if the diminished diatonic chord (iio) in the minor scale functions as it does in the major scale, where it's not used as often as the other six diatonic chords?
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1answer
126 views

♭VII-I Cadence, ♭III-I Cadence: Name?

I've gone through a bunch of ♭VII-I and ♭III-I cadences in rock music. In C major, they are B♭-C and E♭-C. Is there a specific name for the two cadences? So far, I've been calling them authentic ...
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3answers
2k views

Analyzing an unfamiliar Roman numeral analysis: Cm/G-G notated as V6/4-5/3?

I was following a question, Tips on how to add non-diatonic chords to my music, and one of the answers introduced a chord progression involving different non-diatonic chords, with an audio sample. As ...
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1answer
51 views

Analysing harmony in music [on hold]

I've read books like Theory of Harmony, Tonal Harmony, The Complete Musician, and just started reading structural functions of harmony. But I still find myself confused on those weird out-of-key ...
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0answers
51 views

(Conflict) Kostka/Payne Cadence Chart vs. Authentic Cadence in Natural Minor [duplicate]

According to Is this generic cadence chart from Kostka/Payne generally accepted?, However, the authentic cadence in natural minor, which is v-i, does not meet the definition by Kostka/Payne here. ...
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0answers
35 views

Variant Cadences

I've gone through many unusual cadences so far - conclusive cadences that are not V-I, V-i, v-i (rare), viio-I, #viio-i, IV-I, or iv-i, and progressive cadences that are not V, v (rare), V-vi, V-VI, ...
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2answers
57 views

How to produce tension and resolution

I'm beginning to enter the concept and science of tension and resolution and would like some context entering this section. Thus far what I have gathered is the following.. Tension and Resolution is ...
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1answer
128 views

Are there J.S. Bach pieces that do not start with the tonic chord?

I know some simple pieces where the initial phrase starts in the IV chord or the V chord, but I'm wondering if Bach used to do that.
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5answers
1k views

Do different modes have the same cadence structure?

In major and minor keys, the perfect cadence is V to I Will this structure remain the same in a different mode? I.e. E Phrygian Mode in the key of C (E F G A B C D), the tonic chord is the iii of ...
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1answer
96 views

Chords of my song sound boring [closed]

I am not a musician, I have mostly self studied some music theory, and I really enjoy composing small pop pieces on the guitar. Recently I got stuck. I have all the lyrics, and the rhythm works, but ...
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1answer
66 views

Is this Consonance/Dissonance write up correct?

This is part of a write up im doing for a project regarding music production and this is my Consonance and Dissonance section. Are all points correct here? Many thanks folks! Consonance and ...
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4answers
74 views

Filling in measures with rests in hybrid meters

Hey everyone, I'm a bit stuck here. Apparently one of these options is better than the other but I can't figure out which. I thought perhaps I needed more context but that's all the context that's ...
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3answers
182 views

Does this transition have a name?

I'll try to explain this to the best of my knowledge, if I've misunderstood any concepts please do correct my misunderstanding; I became disinterested in music theory as a freshman in high school, and ...
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4answers
973 views

Where do the double accidentals go in “theoretical” key signatures?

Recent questions led me to discussions of theoretical keys, which are defined by Wikipedia as keys with at least one double accidental in the key signature. (Unfortunately, the source of that ...
74
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12answers
47k views

Purpose of double-sharps and double-flats?

In a few pieces of music I have read through, I have come across double-sharps and flats. To my understanding, they are two semitones above/below the note indicated. What is, then, the point of ...
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6answers
7k views

Triplets in 9/8 time

How do eighth note triplets work in 9/8 or 6/8 time? I know in 4/4 they take up the space of two eighth notes but haven't been able to figure out how they work in 8.
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1answer
107 views

What is a whole tone scale?

What is exactly the concept of the "whole tone scale"? Is it a scale of C - D - E - F♯ - G♯ - A♯ - C, made of only M2s and a d3?
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0answers
46 views

Intervals when making a tone row - what to keep in mind?

For writing 12 tone or serial music, one generally makes a tone row, and then uses that for constructing a melody. I want to know what would be the maximum range of intervals between any 2 consecutive ...
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2answers
149 views

♭II6-I Cadence: Plagal or Authentic?

Chopin's Etude No. 16 in A minor, Op. 25 No. 4, ends with a cadence like this: B♭/D - A In Roman numerals, we write as: ♭II6 - I Is this cadence viewed as Plagal (N6 - I), or Authentic (tt - ...
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2answers
179 views

Exhaustive list of chord (at least triad and dom7) functions for a software ear training tool

So a few month ago I started working on this side-porject aiming to create a simple ear training tool that was really unique in that 99% of other tools that I found online used interval recognition or ...
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2answers
54 views

Where is F7 in Elevation of Love by E.S.T. coming from?

I was looking at their official songbook. The key of the song is C minor. The progression goes Ab∆ (VI) C-7(I) Fsus4 (IV major???) F7 (IV dominant??) Ab∆. The F in C minor is F-7, and F7 is neither ...
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3answers
542 views

What is it called when the tritone is added to a minor scale?

While improvising today, I discovered that you can create some quite cool, melancholic sounds by adding the tritone to a harmonic minor scale. For A minor, the resulting scale would be A B C D D# E ...
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1answer
82 views

Can this chord progression be viewed as a cadence?

I was wondering if this ending chord progression to Led Zeppelin's "The Rain Song" could be viewed as a cadence. "The Rain Song" uses a very interesting guitar tuning (D-G-C-G-C-D). The notes also ...
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3answers
152 views

Soloing / leads over chord progression with vi chord a major 7th?

I've written a song that's based largely around G major, with some C major parts. However, the G major progression utilizes a B7 chord, so it sits outside a normal G major scale. I've heard lots of ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Pivot chord but different scale. ( Ex. G; C and C; C ) is it possible to use them as a pivot chord to one another?

Even though the scales are different, G; C - lydian , C; C - Ionian . Is it possible to use this as a pivot chord to modulate to one another ? If it is possible, how ?
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6answers
1k views

Piano theory key signatures

Why is it important to know what key a song is in? I am still learning about key signatures but not a single person mentions the importance of this.
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0answers
57 views

Books for atonal music theory? [closed]

I am already very good at music theory of the common practice period. However, I struggle a lot with 20th century atonal or weakly tonal or bitonal etc music. I think there must be some theory of such ...
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3answers
5k views

What is the meaning of time signatures with fractions on the top like ⅘ /4?

Recently I came across this List of musical works in unusual time signatures on Wikipedia. Some of the time signatures mentioned have fractional numbers on the top. e.g. two and a half over four, ...
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5answers
218 views

Labeling half-diminished seventh chords - [X]m7♭5 or [Y]m6?

On my older question Are the diminished chords not that common in modern popular music?, I got this answer: "The half-diminished (or m7♭5) is usually suggested as the diatonic chord on the 7th ...
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7answers
2k views

Finding the Shadaj (tonic) in Hindustani Sangeet (North Indian Classical Music)

This question pertains to non-Western music and hence a bit of explanation before a question is stated. I listen to and play Hindustani Sangeet i.e. North Indian Classical Music which does not use ...
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5answers
11k views

Difference between equal temperament and just intonation

I am learning Indian classical music and learned about just intonation and equal temperament. I want to know the difference between them. I know that Indian classical music uses just intonation and ...
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1answer
79 views

So how can you tell if music is good or not? How can you compare between two pieces of music? [closed]

So if we talk musically in terms of harmony and melody (apart from lyrics) how can you tell if music is bad or good when all music are just different chord progressions and different melodies? If you ...
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5answers
2k views

If parallel keys aren't closely related, then why are they so easy to get to?

I got this comment on an answer of mine: "Parallel major/minor keys are not closely related. They are easy to get to, but not closely related. It's like you might live by a subway that make it ...
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3answers
411 views

Does a scale have more than seven chords?

So I was watching this video and he goes to show that there's 48 (!) chords in the double harmonic major. Why so many? I thought there were only seven diatonic chords. Should one take just 3 random ...
3
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4answers
150 views

Do interval ratios consonance apply to a single pitch or a scale?

I have established the order of consonance to dissonance of a pitch as seen below in pitch C.. Unison - C to C - 1/1 Octave - C to C1 - 2/1 Perfect Fifth - C to G - 3/2 Perfect Fourth - C to F - 4/3 ...