Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about of how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music.

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What general composition techniques/ Music qualities that convey motivational, anger, fear and sad emotions [closed]

So I am doing a research where I study about how acoustic features in electronic music evoke emotions. I found out through literature review that high levels in energy implies for higher emotional ...
3
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3answers
107 views

How is this chord from Liebestraum No. 3 analyzed?

I'm trying to analyze the ending chord progressions to Liszt's Liebestraum No. 3. The piece is in Ab-major. The chord in the second half of measure 73 is a D diminished triad. This would appear to ...
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1answer
151 views

Jaws vs. Dvorak [on hold]

There is a worldwide-viral debate involving the Jaws theme as if it is a "rip-off" of the finale of Dvorak's Ninth Symphony. Some say if the theme is sampled from Dvorak. Did John Williams really ...
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0answers
133 views

Irregular resolution [closed]

What are the primary conditions concerning the IRREGULAR resolutions of the following harmonies in common practice music?: -Dominant chords -Auxiliary Seventh chords (chords of sequence) -...
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1answer
110 views

Is there a name for this cadence - [Tritone Sub of V] - I

Sometimes I've been going through [Tritone Sub of V] - I cadences. Is there a specific name for this?
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1answer
70 views

How can this triad from the song “Believe” be analyzed?

I heard this song "Believe" recently, and the Eb major chord stood out to me. The song is in E major, so I'm wondering how that Eb triad can be looked at. Even if it was spelt as a D# major triad, it ...
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2answers
59 views

How can the intro to the song “If I Fell” be analyzed?

The introduction to this song by The Beatles starts off in the key of Eb minor. I'm trying to figure out how to analyze these chords. The first chord would be i, the D major chord I'm unsure about, ...
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6answers
180 views

How to choose between Cdim and C#dim?

I have noticed that there is a common chord progression that exists in a few variants: C, C#dim, Dm, G7. It's often changed by changing Dm to D to give the progression a little bit more spark. However,...
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3answers
2k views

In musical terms, what properties are varied by the human voice to produce different words / syllables?

Why, for example, does the word "hello" sound completely different to the word "goodbye", or the letter "a" from the letter "b"? I know it can't be pitch, because all of these words and syllables can ...
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2answers
263 views

What are the diatonic extended chords of C major?

I saw this question about 9ths, but I'd like to know what the diatonic chords of 11ths and 13ths as well. This isn't strictly for jazz, I just want to know what the basic diatonic chords are. I'm ...
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1answer
44 views

Scriabin Op.8, No.4: typo in measure #12?

From this score available on IMSLP, IMSLP69176-PMLP07375: Editor: Konstantin Igumnov (1873-1948), Yakov Milstein (1911-1981) Publisher Info: A.N. Skryabin: Polnoe sobranie sochinenii dlia fortepiano, ...
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1answer
106 views

When did the aeolian mode change to the harmonic minor?

Looking for explaining the "transformation" of the minor 7th to a major seventh I found this question by Bart Brush in a Choral net forum. He asks about the modality of folk songs in the oral ...
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1answer
59 views

Why do V6/V, V6/5/V, and vii°/V have subdominant (predominant) function?

In chord progressions like I - iii - IV - I64 - V - I, which occurs extremely frequently, the IV chord is sometimes replaced by a V6/V, V65/V, or viio/V chord. Regardless they are secondary dominant /...
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5answers
126 views

About chords and intervals

The chord formula is 1-3-5 (for a triad). When played with different notes in different scales, there will be a difference in the no. of semitones b/w the notes of the chord. Which will decide on the ...
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3answers
75 views

Can I borrow chords from Harmonic minor?(Modal Interchange)

I know when using modal interchange I can borrow chords from any of the 7 parallel modes of the major scale. But I'm wondering if it's okay to use chords from scales other than the standard 7 modes. ...
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4answers
3k views

Why are both D and D# fitting into my E minor key?

I tried to look around for an answer to this problem but don't know how to ask the proper question in a search engine. I've been working on a song and realized recently that while I had been working ...
5
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3answers
381 views

Resolving to minmaj7

Looking for possible resolutions to a imaj7. Theoretical or not - shoot! Out-of-the-ordinary resolutions are needed (I already know the theory behind it, using possible modes and all ). Looking ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the musical term for a note that continuously plays through a melody?

I have been wanting to know this for a long time. It is when a note stays on while some other notes are being played at the same time, it is kind of like a Pedal Point from research. Here are some ...
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4answers
696 views

Dominant seventh chord in the major scale contains diminished triad of the seventh?

The seventh chord built on the fifth step of the scale (the dominant seventh) is the only dominant seventh chord available in the major scale: it contains all three notes of the diminished triad of ...
9
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2answers
505 views

How can whole tone melodies sound more interesting?

How can one make melodies made from whole tone scales sound more interesting & appealing? Unlike melodies based in a certain mode or a key, whole tone scales use only tones as the intervals. This ...
5
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1answer
108 views

Tetrachords in medieval music

Are tetrachords used in medieval/renaissance music the same way as modern chords are used in modern music (as a base for the melody)? And if so... how are the applied?
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5answers
934 views

How does modal jazz use chord progressions?

I read that jazz uses the chord progression "ii V I" alot. But another thing I heard is that modal jazz doesn't think in chord functions instead it uses modes. Which made me confused. Does that mean ...
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3answers
95 views

Transposing a complete piece

I am quite confused about transposing from one key to another. I have got an orchestral piece in C major and I would like to change it to e minor. The harmony has plenty of chromatic chords. How ...
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3answers
70 views

A♭ 13 Chord Notation

A website detailing piano chords uses the following pitch notation for A-flat 13 chords: A♭13 → A♭-C-E♭-G♭-B♭-D♭-F (R, M3, P5, m7, M9, m11, m13) A♭m13 → A♭-B-E♭-G♭-C♭♭-D♭-F (R, m3, P5, m7, M9,...
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1answer
81 views

Tips on writing 12 bar or 16 bar melodies

I need to write 12 bar or 16 bar melodies for my Grade 8 Music Theory exam. I know how to write melodies, which didn't require any modulation. I am new to the concept of using modulation in melody ...
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1answer
83 views

What would this chord progression be called?

There's a section of the melody of Kyari Pamyu Pamyu's song ふりそで〜しょん, specifically the part preceding the chorus, where the composition shifts from a relatively straightforward A mixolydian melody to ...
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1answer
60 views

What is it called when 2/2 is imposed in 3/4?

What is the name in music theory for when the feel of 2/2 is imposed in 3/4 time? For example in Waltz No. 2 by Shoshtakovich (i think its that one) there is a section about midway through where its 3/...
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4answers
919 views

How can a perfect fourth interval be considered either consonant or dissonant?

I've been reading Ralph Denyer's book, The Guitar Handbook, and in the section on intervals he states that the perfect fourth can be either consonant or dissonant but it's not explained as how or why. ...
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6answers
283 views

Accurate understanding of the physics of sound?

I'm trying to learn theory. I'm starting with the physics of sound as the base. Here is what I (think I) know. Is this accurate? Music is sound. Sound travels in waves. Sound waves have two ...
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7answers
282 views

Why does the circle of fifths only show some notes that are enharmonically equivalent?

I was wondering why the circle of fifths only has three keys that are enharmonically equivalent at the bottom of it namely, C#/Db, Gb/F#, B/Cb. Why only those three? Can’t the other notes in the ...
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5answers
133 views

Are there any chords other than the dim7 and Fr. 6 that have two overlapping tritones?

On my question Why does the French sixth sound more dissonant than the others?, I got this answer from Ben I.: It's because the French 6th chord has an extra tritone. If we take an A♭ ...
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2answers
80 views

What are the key features to keep in mind when writing melodies in Mixolydian mode?

When writing a melody in the Mixolydian mode, you don't want it to sound as if it were in a major key. So how do you go about writing melodies in the Mixolydian mode, while maintaining the essence of ...
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3answers
97 views

Using Slash Chord in IIIm

Today I am looking at the Ab key and found out the possible chords will be Ab, Bbm, Cm, Db, Eb, Fm and Gdim. However I have tried AbMaj7, Bbm6/G, Bbm6/G then Cm but I feel dissonance with the Bbm6/G....
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2answers
60 views

about diatonic modes

so is each mode a minor/major (opposite of what it naturally is) when played in one particular key in the staff? if that doesn't make sense can you please explain what is going on in the scale degree ...
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3answers
154 views

Why is it called Mixolydian #11 and not Mixolydian #4?

I was watching an instructional video and the guy's talking about Mixolydian #11 being one of the modes of the melodic minor. The regular G mixolydian looks like: G A B C D E F G And the G ...
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3answers
308 views

How can I analyze some parts of this excerpt?

I have two questions about this excerpt. In measure 1 (don't include the pickup note as a measure), there is an Eb tonic chord in the bass staff. How would the F in the melody line be analyzed as a ...
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1answer
66 views

Is a v-VI♭ progression in a minor key still a deceptive cadence?

I was just listening to a rock song that is in a minor key, and the phrase ends with a v moving to a VI♭ chord. Since the dominant chord is taken from the natural minor and doesn't contain the ...
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0answers
53 views

Can this chord progression be viewed as a cadence?

I was wondering if this ending chord progression to Led Zeppelin's "The Rain Song" could be viewed as a cadence. "The Rain Song" uses a very interesting guitar tuning (D-G-C-G-C-D). The notes also ...
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1answer
844 views

Is it true that “The augmented fourth (A4) and the diminished fifth (d5) are the only aug and dim intervals that appear in diatonic scales”

According to a source that I found, A4 & d5 are 2 types of tritones, and there are 1 or 2 tritones in a diatonic scale, depending on the definition. I cannot see how A4 and d5 are the only 2 ...
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1answer
153 views

Why is the vi chord so popular? [closed]

In a major scale, I understand why the I IV V are the most popular chords mainly due to their diatonic functions and they also harmonize the entirety of the scale as they are the primary triads. I ...
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1answer
76 views

How to analyze this melody in modal/Jazz theory? [closed]

Update: I've updated this for clarity and with some context regarding how I interpret this passage, but my fundamental question remains the same. I really hope someone could help me parse out this ...
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6answers
110 views

about diatonic scales

At some places it is said to only comprise of white keys. At other places it is written that it is any scale with the composition of either major or minor scales (consisting of whole and semitones) ...
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3answers
148 views

Are there two types of songs (melody based, harmony based)? [closed]

I noticed two types of songs. A strong chord progression (or a strong bass line) and then the melody follows as an example, Pachelbel's Canon in D. In this case the chord progression remains ...
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1answer
48 views

Chord progression analysis in Blur's 'Sing' from the film Trainspotting [closed]

I like this progression by Blur that was in Trainspotting and I tried to figure out what the relationship between the chords are and what key they are in: G-B-E-G A-C#-F# B-D-F# I tried a reverse ...
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2answers
72 views

How do you hear a score in your mind that you read? [duplicate]

During preparation for practice I try to internalize what parts of the music I want to play. Technical aspects like fingering, and how the rhythm is counted are quite straightforward to prepare and ...
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6answers
963 views

Do scales need to be in alphabetical order?

If we take out the sharps and flats, I'm wondering if all scales need to be in alphabetical order in terms of their letters: A,B,C,D,E,F,G where 'A' comes after 'G'. also.. no repeating notes: A,A#,B,...
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1answer
84 views

Why weren't Ionian / Aeolian / Locrian modes considered Gregorian modes?

It is said that the Ionian (major), Aeolian (natural minor), and Locrian modes weren't really three of the ancient church (Gregorian) modes. What is the reason?
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0answers
48 views

Did Beethoven write any modes other than the Ionian / Aeolian / Lydian modes?

The Ionian and the Aeolian modes are considered major and natural minor keys, and all composers used these modes all the time, including Beethoven, who also wrote Lydian mode in one of his string ...
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3answers
100 views

Analysis: How to determine what scale/mode a score uses

I'm learning music theory with the hopes of being able to analyze sheet music. My question is -- What if the piece I am analyzing is in some other mode than major or minor? Or even stranger, like ...
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0answers
88 views

How did Nadia Boulanger teach students? [closed]

What was the general method that Boulanger utilized when teaching composition students? Please be specific, what exercises did she use? What books did she prefer? etc.