Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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1answer
54 views

How do I achieve contrary motion in second species counterpoint?

I am working on this counterpoint exercise. In 9a the second half goes down. I for the life of me can't do contrary motion without it going too high. I know I need 16th notes but there are too many. I ...
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2answers
117 views

Correct Roman Numeral: which answer is wrong?

I already got the answer wrong, but I wanted to know which one I got wrong... This music theory class is driving me crazy...
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4answers
507 views

Improvising with modes and over “advanced” chords

Say I'm playing along to a jam track in C major. From my understanding, this means that C Ionian, D Dorian, E Phrygian etc. would work. My question is: How do I bring out the flavor/characteristic of ...
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6answers
121 views

If you add a 9th to a subdominant IV chord does it make it a dominant chord?

For example, if you have a progression in D major that ends on G, would adding an A to the G chord and losing the 3rd make the chord dominant? You would have the notes G A and D. It certainly sounds ...
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5answers
109 views

How can I avoid augmented and diminished intervals?

Rule 12 of Paul Hindemith's Craft of Musical Composition - Book 2 states the following: "Avoid augmented and diminished intervals. If, after an augmented or a diminished interval, the third tone ...
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3answers
82 views

Do I understand correctly this relationship between m6, m7, and m7b5 chords?

While reading the Jazz Guitar Chord Mastery book by Joseph Alexander, I've encountered a passage that is not 100% clear to me. I would be very thankful if you might help. Playing a m7b5 chord on the ...
7
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1answer
169 views

How to apply Paul Hindemith's harmonic theory

I have been studying Paul Hindemith's "The Craft of Musical Composition, Book 1: Theory", trying to apply Hindemith's principles to my own harmonies and melodies. As you may know, Hindemith'...
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0answers
44 views

Fugue Episode Question [closed]

I am writing a fugue in three voices. I am currently writing my second episode which will modulate to Ab Major. I am a bit stuck on how to proceed with my episode so there is a smooth transition into ...
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9answers
3k views

Can you not Slur notes of the same pitch?

Is this true? I can't help but feel it is not? a slur does not connect two or more notes of the same pitch Source: https://easypianobasics.com/ties-and-slurs/ Kind of makes sense, you may wish ...
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2answers
43 views

Complex chord progression (secondary dominants) with simple step-wise melody?

In many musical pieces, complex harmonic relations can be identified in the chord progression even when the melody can intuitively be "felt" to progress in a very simple step-wise manner. ...
4
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1answer
322 views

Is there a method for studying music theory through chiptune?

is there a music course or preferably a book to learn the fundamentals of music but through chiptune and electronic music? something that makes you study, exercise and experiment through these "...
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2answers
84 views

Could dropping the root note fit well into certain melodies?

For example if I'm playing a melody that is in f7, while comping with my left hand, do I keep the f (e, f, a, c) or drop it (e, a, c) making it sound like a minor
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2answers
101 views

Can dominant chords be specified independently of a tonic (of a key)? [duplicate]

The dominant chord is defined in relation to the (5th) scale degree on which it is built. This definition can often be found alongside other chord types, such as the major triad, whose definition ...
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3answers
348 views

Are “direct 5ths” only a problem if they occur between the same voices?

I am studying part writing and there is an example of what is considered good and bad part writing. One that confuses me a little is this one: The reason cited for this being bad is: "Leading-...
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2answers
60 views

What scale or mode is this?

The notes of the scale or mode in question are: G A B-flat D E F. Does this combination of notes have a name?
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7answers
20k views

Is it possible to recreate any sound you hear on a synth?

Is is possible to recreate any sound you hear in a synth? Think of it like ear training, but with a synth. Being able to deconstruct a sound with your ear, know what type of waveform is being used, ...
3
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2answers
77 views

Two questions about altered countersubject in Bach's first invention

Above is the opening subject and counter subject. My two questions are about the transformed counter subject in bar 5. When restating the counter subject why does Bach: Displace the circled D by an ...
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6answers
1k views

What is the difference between a triplet and a dotted-quaver/dotted-quaver/quaver rhythm?

I am aware of how in theory these two are different, that the triplet are three notes with same length and the dotted-quaver/dotted-quaver/quaver have the third notes slightly shorter in tempo. But I ...
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16answers
146k views

How to know what notes will go together while improvising?

This is 3 questions in one, so it might take a slightly involved answer, or some good links. Edit--- tl;dr: How can you learn which keys to hit to make the notes you hear in your head? I know what I ...
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2answers
105 views

A: PS 4: S 1: Q 2: Why does my answer continue to be “Partially Correct”?

It is Question 2 under Section 1 on "Connecting Root Position Tonic and Dominant Chords" from Problem Set 4 of Artusi, which my Music Theory II class uses. The only feedback I get from ...
4
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3answers
148 views

How does this Bdim7 resolve to F/C?

( The song, the score I posted starts at 2:39 ) At the 4th measure, Bdim7 appears. It resolves to F/C. But I can't understand how this works. Can someone explain what is going on ?
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0answers
33 views

Why does F#dim resolve to C/G? [duplicate]

So heres my question: F#dim -> C/G How does this work? Well I understand that F#dim is functioning as D7b9 and resolving to the G in C/G but my question is why? It would make perfect sense to me if ...
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0answers
32 views

Harmonic Dictation [closed]

I know this concept has been beaten to death. But, I am working on my harmonic dictation and cannot find any online practice. I found Teoria's harmonic progression. That helps me to identify what the ...
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2answers
111 views

How do I play this section from wedding march?

I have been struggling with this for so long, and I cant find any answers. Plz tell me how do I play it? I would be thankful if anyone could explain what that chord below G means and what Tr means. ...
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1answer
51 views

Just the Treble Clef (Arabic music)

When searching for Arabic music I noticed that there is no grand staff, just the treble clef. I am searching in the internet as to why this is the case. The explanation is that Western music relies ...
15
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7answers
3k views

What is bad about Roman Numeral Analysis?

I have studied Roman numeral analysis in my theory courses, and I think that it's a good way of describing and understanding classical music, especially that of the classical and early romantic ...
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1answer
94 views

Harmonic Analysis of C. M. von Weber Clarinet Concerto No.1

My question is regarding this passage from C. M. von Weber's Clarinet Concerto No. 1. The passage is taken from the exposition of the first movement and has so far been established in F minor. Bars 20 ...
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0answers
17 views

Is there bpm range list for the various genres of music? [duplicate]

I'm putting together some songs to record scratch tracks to and want to keep the bpm's in a danceable range.Some years ago I saw a list of different genres and the bpm range they should fall in. Could ...
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0answers
15 views

I'm trying to find the name of a song [closed]

I'm trying to find the name of the song with the music video which has two guys in submarine. In the intro of the music video it goes through a names of the ocean layers and stop on one. The two guys ...
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2answers
56 views

Why is it that C7 (or F7 or Eb7) has a minor seventh instead of a major seventh? [duplicate]

Pretty much what the title says, why is it that chords like C7 or F7 have a minor seventh instead of a major one? Is there any particular reason to it?
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18answers
19k views

Why does the dominant chord contain a flattened 7th?

Why does the dominant chord contain a flattened 7th while this tone is not even in the scale? Let's take, for example, a C7 chord. It is a 1-3-5-b7 of a C scale (C-E-G-B♭). But the C-major scale ...
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2answers
57 views

What are the trends that led to fizzling of ars antiqua and rising of ars nova?

What is the trends that led to the fizzling of ars antique and to the rising of ars nova?
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1answer
37 views

How to emulate a piece effectively as exercise

I'm a starting composer and I've been trying to write some pieces "in-the-style-of" to hone my craftsmanship. Today I tried to emulate Schumann's Op 94 first movement by looking at the ...
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4answers
5k views

What is the difference between syncopation and poly-rhythm?

My understand is that syncopation works in the same time signature, but polyrhythm introduces a new time signature. For example: Syncopation would be when a piece is in 4/4 and the lead soloist ...
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7answers
3k views

Normal chords are boring, I want more!

Playing for example, pop songs can be boring, max 6 chords are used. When I listen to pro players, they add more weird, dissonant chords while transiting from one of that 6 chords to another. Now, ...
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8answers
5k views

Why does the melodic minor scale turn into natural minor when descending?

I understand the construction of the scales; natural minor, harmonic minor (raises the 7th) and melodic minor (raises both 6&7 when ascending). What I don't understand is why, when I play melodic ...
7
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9answers
2k views

If a Major Third is ~ 5:4 and a Perfect Fourth ~ 4:3, then what is an Augmented Fourth?

I'm a developer, and I'd like to have some constants such as Major Thirds (5 / 4 = 1.250), Perfect Fourths (4 / 3 = 1.333) and Augmented Fourths (? / ? = 1.414). Could anyone help me find what is the ...
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3answers
1k views

Minor Key (and other key?) Roman Numeral Analysis

What is the general standard in RNA for the natural minor key, as well as keys that are neither major nor nat. minor? So in studying RNA, I found the major key pretty straightforward: I ii iii IV V ...
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3answers
81 views

Doubling notes in orchestration - inversions and extensions

Just a very quick question, because I've found similar answers about doubling notes (for instance, when arranging for four- or five-part harmony), but nothing specifically involving inversions. So, ...
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3answers
912 views

Do the intervals in a chord determine its sound?

For example, in a C Major chord of (C, E, G), I have the intervals of: A Major Third (C, E) A Perfect Fifth (C, G) A Minor Third (E, G) In a C Minor chord (C, Eb, G), I have intervals of: A Minor ...
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4answers
751 views

Connecting multi effects pedal to a tube amp and modeling amp

I started playing the guitar again in the last month and i'm having some trouble with my gear. So, i have a modelling amp from pevey which also has some effects built in. I also have a line 6 POD ...
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2answers
71 views

Understanding method of applying modes on chords

I am learning about modes and trying to apply them on guitar over chord progressions, and I wanted to understand how exactly to know, when you hear some song, "ah, this song allows me to play ...
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3answers
803 views

Making Sense of 5/4 Time Signature

I'm doing a composition with time signatures that alternate between 3/4 and 2/4. At first, the meter is a steady 2/4, before suddenly switching to 3/4. From that point on, the piece alternates between ...
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1answer
147 views

Redundant entry of a Fugal Exposition

When analyzing a fugue, I get confused at times about where to put the redundant entry. Is it the 5th or more entry of the subject and/or answer? I’m not sure.
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0answers
33 views

I am going back and forth between which cadences I hear in this excerpt [closed]

I am listening to this audio excerpt and I hear it in duple (but I also mapped it out in quadruple). The problem I am facing is that I know there are two cadences. I have a full cadence for the first ...
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3answers
171 views

Enharmonically equivalent Interval usage

So I was thinking, similar to sharp and flat notes, interval usage is contextual. In the same way that Bb is the same as A#, a diminished fifth is the same as an augmented fourth, etc. I understand ...
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3answers
3k views

What makes this song sound so medieval? [closed]

This is a song I've been listening for about a year: . A year ago, I didn't really know any music theory. I was baffled by it: why does it sound medieval? As I knew ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Question on Cadences

I am working on hearing cadences in music. So far, the only possibilities are full or half cadences. I have to write out a pulse graph and indicate above the graph with arrows to show where each of ...
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7answers
2k views

If a piece (classical or otherwise) has multiple sections with different keys, is “this piece is in key X” a valid statement? Why?

Now, this would be an easy enough question if: The piece in question had a title containing the key, or The piece would have a home key, modulate to another key and then come back to finish in the ...
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5answers
145 views

How can I represent this quarter note triplet based section in a time signature, so I can have it sync with a metronome?

I have a song that starts with a time signature of 3/4 in 110 bpm. Then there's a quarter note triplet based section that goes like this: 123 123 123 123 123 1 | 123 123 123 123 123 1 | etc where 123 ...

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