Questions tagged [theory]

For questions about how music works, seeking to identify structures and patterns in music. Used to indicate questions about musical concepts and structures, as opposed to techniques and execution.

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1answer
63 views

How to modulate Phrygian to Harmonic Minor?

Is there any formulation to switch from Phrygian mode to Harmonic minor in same key. Like from A Phrygian to A Harmonic Minor. What I thought so far? A Phrygian Notes: A Bb C D E F G A A Harmonic ...
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3answers
72 views

Learning path advices

I played guitar for a while 10 years ago, but I never learned music. I was only playing the songs that I wanted to play by following YouTube videos. I know I have to learn music to be able to ...
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2answers
104 views

A: PS 4: S 1: Q 2: Why does my answer continue to be “Partially Correct”?

It is Question 2 under Section 1 on "Connecting Root Position Tonic and Dominant Chords" from Problem Set 4 of Artusi, which my Music Theory II class uses. The only feedback I get from ...
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1answer
57 views

What are the ornaments in the western music and their corresponding ornaments in Indian music?

I am learning to play the different ornaments in western music (Trill, Tremolo, Turn, Appoggiatura, Acciaccatura, Glissando, Slide). I also want to know which are the corresponding ornaments in Indian ...
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4answers
102 views

Music construction kit from some great mind

Quite some years ago in school, a teacher told us about a music construction kit. The kit is a set of cards. If you put some cards together, something musically / esthetically sound is the result. ...
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3answers
477 views

What is the standard for notating wide arpeggios on piano?

I think I'll go crazy if I think about every possible way. Which example best adheres to standard notation practice?
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3answers
72 views

A natural minor scale with raised fourth

Good day I am trying to understand what scale/mode is created by raising the fourth of a natural minor. It sounds quite dark. I understand that natural minor is the Aeolian mode of the major scales, ...
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4answers
699 views

What is a name of a major scale with raised 2nd degree?

Assuming a major scale that has a raised 2nd degree and no other alterations: 1 ♯2 3 4 5 6 7 (8) (for example, in C it will be C D♯ E F G A B (C)). This is a bit unusual due to 2 consecutive semitones ...
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3answers
588 views

What is a scale consisting of Root, m2, m3, P4, b5, M6, m7 called?

For example: A, A#, C, D, D#, F#, G ? Is it an actual known scale? I hear it implied a lot, played over secondary dominants (such as over the transition from the VI to the II in a I-VI-ii-V-I or I-VI-...
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5answers
691 views

Why is V7->i considered a better resolution than others like vi dim->i in a minor scale?

I've seen multiple sources and videos where V7->I (major) and V7->i (minor) are said to be the strongest resolutions. In the case of the minor scale, I hear vi dim->i (where vi is minor of b6)...
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1answer
131 views

Chord-Scale Theory: Determine chord qualities

I started to learn about the chord-scale theory lately which i find quite interesting. I came across this table of modes (scales) and their corresponding chords: Chord-Scales of the Major Modes: ...
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4answers
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What is it called when different instruments play the same phrase one after another without overlap?

I was wondering if there was a name for when different instruments play the same phrase in succession without overlapping, like in the outro of Moose the Mooche by Charlie Parker.
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1answer
55 views

Question about Inventions and writing an episode (sequences)

I am writing the first part of an invention. I wrote it to the first cadence (C Major) but realized I did not create an episode with sequences. I am a little stuck on how I would go about doing that. ...
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3answers
85 views

Why does my head fill in the 'home' note when playing a different mode of a harmonic minor scale?

I've been learning and experimenting with modes only recently, despite having played guitar for almost 11 years. In the past, I would use a "no-holds-barred, free-for-all" approach to ...
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2answers
134 views

Why is there no fourth minor scale with a natural 6 and a flat 7?

These scales are considered the minor scales: natural: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 harmonic: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 7 melodic: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 7 (ascending) However, this scale: 4th min: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 ...
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1answer
134 views

Help identifying cadences and modes in iidim7 - i - vidim - vsus4

I'm a beginner when it comes to modes and cadences, and I want to understand them better to improve my song-writing as a metal guitarist. While fiddling with my guitar today, I "wrote" this ...
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5answers
637 views

Is it bad practice if guitar plays lowest root of a chord different note than the bass? [duplicate]

I recall somewhere from my guitar lessons that if bass is playing a root note, than guitar should not already repeat it on a lowest string. I'm putting some progression, where it ends somewhere ...
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1answer
158 views

How to beam multiple voices correctly

I don't want to change the clef at the top, so I wrote the first group of notes in the bottom, but I also want the first notes (chord) of the bar to be in the second voice. But in this case, it ...
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1answer
61 views

The bassline for The Choice is Yours doesn't fit into any known scale; is there a term or theory for what it does? [duplicate]

This started when TuneBat had several different guesses as to what key "The Choice Is Yours" by Black Sheep is in. There is basically only one bassline through the whole track, and little ...
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6answers
632 views

How do I count the syncopation in this example?

How do I count this example in syncopation? I am having a hard time understanding.
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1answer
64 views

Can a pedal point note be used from any note?

Usually a pedal point note is a Tonic or a Dominant note. Can we use the Subdominant note as a pedal point ? Should we use any note as a pedal point ?
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2answers
175 views

What are the formulas for chord qualities relative to natural minor?

Every chord formula chart I've found (over three dozen so far through Google search or Google images) gives chord formulas relative to a major scale. For example the major formula is 1-3-5 and the ...
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1answer
57 views

Where can I find a formula chord chart for minor keys? [duplicate]

Where can I find a formula chord chart for minor keys? All the ones I see in Google images are for major keys. How come?
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11answers
241 views

How do you develop the ability to express yourself via your instrument (e.g. guitar for my case) [duplicate]

I understand this question may be very broad and the answer may be very complex or allusive in nature. I hope I can get a little guidance from true musicians like you. Last night I watched Ralph ...
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1answer
84 views

What does to (bar number) mean?

I'm currently learning the Addams family 2nd keyboard and there are 4 bars from 35-38 and then in brackets after those 4 bars, it says (to 47). Below those 4 bars, it then skips to bar 47 as said in ...
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2answers
329 views

Augmented and Diminished Intervals

I am going through a huge theoretical "reboot" with Laitz's Complete Musician on my own, and I'm having trouble counting the intervals here: This is in treble clef. The first highlighted ...
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4answers
652 views

How to find scales to improvise with for “How Insensitive” by Jobim

I am pretty new to improvisation. So far I have improvised over a 2 5 1 change using the diatonic 7th chords and the underlying scale tones that fit in with that chord. I am playing on a guitar. As a ...
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5answers
104 views

How can a self-teach student apply music theory? Where can I find good material for it? [closed]

I am a self-taught student of piano for one year. I am curious and interested in learning music theory side-by-side with the piano technique. I have noticed that usually the music theory material: ...
6
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4answers
1k views

Confused about shared notes between keys

It is said that keys that are opposite on the Circle of Fifths only share one note. However, opposite keys on the Circle also share the same tritones, which would imply that they share two notes. For ...
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3answers
324 views

What does the colour scheme mean in this chord chart?

I found this handy chart stapled at the centre of a manuscript book. Does the colour scheme have any significance? For example: ninth, diminished seventh, augmented and suspended are all green. Why?
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2answers
70 views

How to construct a pythagorean scale?

I am trying to understand how to construct the pythagorean scale. I have gathered, that the basic idea is to use only the 3/2 ratio starting from some base frequency. As this takes you out of the ...
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0answers
41 views

How do I achieve contrary motion in second species counterpoint?

I am working on this counterpoint exercise. In 9a the second half goes down. I for the life of me can't do contrary motion without it going too high. I know I need 16th notes but there are too many. I ...
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3answers
1k views

Octaves start on C with guitar?

I am learning scientific pitch in order to understand the guitar fretboard better, in terms of absolute pitch. What I was taught, was that A to G, and then back to A up an octave. When I look at the ...
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1answer
55 views

Trying to solve a Time Signature exercise? [closed]

This concerns an exercise I am working on trying to establish time signature for one measure. This measure has the following notes ... one 8th note, one 16th note, and one quarter note in that order. ...
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5answers
406 views

Does melodic minor ever function as a key (or tonality) in of itself?

I am getting into jazz harmony, so have recently started learning chords derived from the modes of the melodic minor scale. As far as I can tell, these modes are primarily used for two main functions: ...
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2answers
68 views

Sequences in Music

I am doing second species counterpoint and this exercise gives me all the bottom notes and only the first 4 eighth notes. The exercise says: Where a sequence occurs in the given voice, use one in the ...
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1answer
120 views

Is there something wrong with this chord?

If you play this piece back, it seems this chord in particular has quite a noticeable timbre to it. I'm just wondering if this chord is technically correct? You can hear the chords here: https://...
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3answers
55 views

I was wondering what scale the following notes are and how to transpose them on an alto saxophone (B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, B)

I have been asked to play an audio recording of the scale (B,C#,D#,E,F#,G#,A#,B) but i am not sure which scale this is. It would also be helpful if anyone knew how to transpose these notes on an alto ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Second Species Counterpoint

I am working on a second species counterpoint and I am a bit stuck. This is what I have so far: Any tips for where to go from here? The exercise I found online gave me all the notes of the CF and ...
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3answers
98 views

Common Time Question

I am composing a second species counterpoint in 4/4. The cantus firmus is on the bottom and consists of all quarter notes. The melody I have to compose will consist of all eighth notes. My question is ...
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3answers
166 views

Why does F# minor chord fit A minor key

Playing the guitar I noticed a really cool sounding, kind of mysterious progression, which looks like this A minor -> C major -> F# minor -> F major The F# minor creates some tension which ...
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1answer
45 views
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0answers
43 views

What form is a Waltz in? [closed]

What form is a waltz in? I've heard lots of things coming from lots of people but it is not very clear. I need it for a music theory study.
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7answers
278 views

Alternatives to scale-centric beginning music theory?

I'm a noob music student and I recently asked a question here about the widespread use of a bVII chord in a scale where the seventh scale degree is vii°, and the general consensus in the many helpful ...
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3answers
137 views

How does one know which F (or other note) to play?

I am trying to learn how to read sheet music for my guitar. I am starting with this beginner exercise, but I am confused on how I am supposed to know, for example, which F note to play when it comes ...
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2answers
98 views

Can someone explain the resolutions in Rachmaninoff Prelude in C# Minor?

I started to learn the Rachmaninoff Prelude in C# Minor (Op. 3 No. 2). Until recently I have had not much experience with music theory, except for the very basic things. In order to remember the piece ...
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2answers
118 views

How to (decently) harmonize the modes of the “darkest scale ever”?

I was hearing this very interesting video by Rick Beato and Nahre Sol about the 7 modes of the "darkest scale ever" (the double harmonic major scale): The 7 ...
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2answers
204 views

Confusion about Zarlino and his assertions about the diatessaron (perfect fourth)

In Part Three of Gioseffo Zarlino's "Le Istitutioni Harmoniche", "The Art of Counterpoint", Zarlino argues that the diatessaron (or perfect fourth) is not a dissonance, as the ...
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5answers
98 views

7th and 6th-degree notes for a piece in a minor key

For a piece in a minor key, do we raise all 7th and 6th-degree notes by a half step (with respect to having only the key signature)? I know that for harmonic minor scales only the 7th-degree notes are ...
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0answers
38 views

Books on understand music and emotion for a beginner [closed]

Say you have someone in your life you'd like to help learn to appreciate music. This person has only informally played music as a kid for a few months and has a sizable selection of CDs, but they've ...

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