# Questions tagged [time-signatures]

Numeric ratio indicating the subdivision of measures according to groups of beats.

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### Maintaining pulse, changing measure length

TLDR; So I've got a piece that's predominantly in a nice, slow, 4/4 common time at 76 bpm. Halfway through however, in order for the score to not look like a horrific mess, I needed to keep the same ...
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### Can any score-writer do 'irrational' time signatures?

I know I can write them as metrical modulations but I prefer to write them like this: ...which Sibelius can't do. I have to switch to a graphics program and it's time-consuming. The main advantage of ...
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### Number of beats doesn't match time signature - how to play this?

I have a question about sheet music for D. Scarlatti's sonata K56. The time signature of the piece is 12/8, but in the very first measure there are actually 12.5 beats in the upper staff, including ...
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### Correct BPM to set for a 6/8 shuffle rhythm pattern so that is sounds like a 12/8 tempo at 135 BPM?

I am learning to play Tie Your Mother Down by Queen: The song should be played at 135 BPM, the tempo is 12/8 (3 eight notes on each of the 4 quarters of the bar): ...
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### Use of fractional time signatures in Lilypond

I am trying to recreate this time signature of 2 and a half over 4 in lilypond. I cannot figure out how to get the fraction in there, and for this project, I am required to keep as many engraving ...
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### Sheet music time signature question

I don't understand how the first measure only has one quarter note and how the third one has three quarter notes and a half note, both measures don't seem to add up to 4 quarter notes like the time ...
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### What are those "timeline" dashboards are called in video/audio editors?

I'm trying to make a similar thing for a web app, but I don't want to reinvent the wheel if there's already open source software out there. The idea: User plays a youtube video on one of my web pages ...
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### Converting a 3/4 melody to a 2/4 march, any tips?

So, I'm writing a Theme and Variations piece using the Happy Birthday melody. And I am writing it for a string quartet. I know I will have or already have these variations: Eighth note variation - ...
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### Formula for length of a measure in minutes?

This question is probably a crossover with mathematics. I'm charting a song into a music game. The song has numerous #/12 time signatures, but the game can only handle power-of-2 signatures (#/4, #/8,...
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### why 3/8 is not a compound time signature? [duplicate]

If compound time signatures are the result of the following operation comp. ts = simple ts x 3/2 (for ex. 6/8 = 2/4 x 3/2) why 3/8 , that can be the result of 1/4 x 3/2 , is said to be simple ...
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### Is 8/4 time signature a thing?

I'm refering to Cross Examination Moderato 2001 by Masakazu Sugimori and Minecraft by C418. Let's assume the beat unit is transcribed by a quarter note. For the first piece, it sounds like eighth ...
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### time signatures: what's the difference between 3/8 and 3/4? [duplicate]

I know the differences in the structure of these 2 time signatures, but what are the differences about the auditory perception, aside from the fact that 3/8 may seem faster?
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### Cannot get bar to accord with time signature [duplicate]

If you look at the image below, you'll see that the 3 treble bars and the first two bass bars accord with 3/4 time, but the last bass bar to my mind does not. I also do not understand where the rest ...
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### Ending a measure in “and!”

I am transposing Nocturne Op.9 into 3/4 instead of 12/8. In one of the measures it counts one-and-a-two-and-a-three-and. I am not sure if this is allowed because I am self-taught. Is this OK or do I ...
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### Understanding Rhythm with Time Signatures

Trying to follow the rules, yes I am trying to learn my instrument, watching YouTube videos, and trying to learn from looking at sheet music... It seems I "learn" about something it feels like it ...
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### Question about beaming in 6/4 and irregular beaming

In 6/4 can I beam by 2/4 + 2/4 + 2/4 or is it strictly 3/4 + 3/4? And also I didn't find a good explanation of irregular beaming in cases where time signature constantly changing from bar to bar (not ...
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### How do you count this in 3/4 time?

What are the counts/beats for this measure? Plz tell me so I can know how to do it.
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### Is it correct to state that 2 bars 4/4 drumloops is 8/4?

I've lots of drumloops recorded, that are (given the BPM at which they were recorded) long 4 beats per bar (i.e. 4/4), for 2 bars. Here's opened in my DAW: Is it correct to state that they are in ...
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### How many beats/counts does this note get in 3/4 time?

image link down below please tell me the counts so I can know how to do it
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### How many beats does a quarter rest get in 3/4 time, and how do you count it?

How many beats does a quarter rest get in 3/4 time, and how do you count it? I think it would be 1/2 beat. I also wanted to know what note this is and how many beats does it get in 3/4 time.
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### Shuffle style in the time signature/tempo

Thanks to the covid, I have to take over some music teaching from my son's piano teacher. He's preparing a swing piece for ABRSM Grade 1, and plays each 2 quavers in 'shuffle' style 2/12+1/12 instead ...
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### 6/8 at 60 BPM - not sure where the metronome fits in

I'm learning a piece of music on the guitar which is in 6/8, it says 57BPM - but for this question lets say 60bpm On YouTube I found a metronome click for 60 BPM in 6/8 time. I'm slightly confused as ...
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### Can one use a whole note to span a full 5/4 measure?

I'm transcribing a piano passage in 5/4 time here, and I think I'm doing well so far. I find myself mildly annoyed by having to notate the chords that span the whole measure (first in right hand, ...
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### Can i have number of notes in a bar that doesn't conform with the time signature?

In the following image the time signature is 4/4.
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### How to express a duration in bpm into a duration in division / subdivision?

I'd like to store the duration of each note into some domain classes, and then render the duration of such a stored note. For example, dealing with this melody: const textMeasures = ['rest/4 B4/16 ...
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### Can Mozart's Lacrimosa Be Perceived As 3/4 Time

While this piece is 12/8 time I've noticed that it's possible to count 1&2&3&. Although it feels less flowing to me when I count in 3/4 like this, I was thinking that a student might find ...
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### 3/4 or 6/8?? Cliff Richard - Mistletoe and Wine [closed]

I hear this this song every Christmas on the radio (sorry I know its February now) and always count it in 6/8 - the snare to me is on the 2nd beat in 6/8 and the hi hat plays on every note of the bar (...
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### Adagio sounds like an Allegro, should I change the time signature to reflect this?

So, after a bout of composer's block, I started composing this piece for Cello Piano Duo. I find I have fewer issues with the Cello Piano Duo than the Violin Piano Duo when it comes to things like ...
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### Is there a 2/3 time signature, or "cut-time" equivalent for 3/4?

Here's a passage written in 3/4 time: (The composer uses an ambiguous shorthand after the first measure, but assume that where he wrote dotted-half tremolos he intended for the passage to be played 3 ...
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### Downbeat moves to beat 4 for a bass clef solo, should I insert a 3/4 bar or just keep it in 4/4?

So, I ran into a bit of an issue related to time signatures. In this orchestral piece I am working on(still writing down the piano solo version but I am thinking about the orchestration every step of ...
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### Should I have the time signature change from 4/4 to 2/4 or from 2/2 to 2/4?

So, I am composing another piece that involves time signature switching. I'm starting with the piano solo improvisation that I recorded and I'm thinking of expanding it from solo piano to orchestra. ...
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### How to read 9th measure of Debussy's Clair de Lune?

Its time signature is 9/8, so as far as I understand there should be the equivalent of nine quavers [eighth notes] in each measure, but I see there are only eight of them here. How should I play this ...
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### What is the conversion for dotted quarters to bpm in 6/8 time? [duplicate]

I have a piece that is set at dotted quarter=72 in 6/8 time. What would this be in bpm? And does 6/8 change anything?
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### How much is convention when it comes to time signatures?

I know that in 3/4 you group eights by two and in 6/8 you group them by three. My question is simply, is this simply a convention or could I derive this from the time signature itself somehow? Or is ...
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### Notating using ties on a 4/4 music

I am required to notate a note that is played on the 'and' of 1 and ring for the remaining beats of a 4/4 measure. My choices is: I use a quaver rest followed by a quaver tied to a dotted minim in ...
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### Dual time signature of Alla Breve x2 in Schubert?

So I know I have asked about a piece of Chopin where I came across a dual time signature in an edition where it is 3/4 9/8 and that in the case of that Chopin Nocturne, the reason for the dual time ...
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### If there are examples of good music that break out of the "4 measures" mold? [closed]

Tool does a great job of stepping out of the 4/4 time signature, like in their 33/16 pneuma song. However, they still (for the most part) play 4 measures of this 33/16, or 8 or some multiple of 4. Why ...
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### Tempo conservation with Time Signature Change, How to notate this for Classical Musicians?

So, I am writing a Scherzo in the key of Eb major for a string quartet. And I was just thinking about what to do for the B section of my Scherzo, both in key and time signature. I was thinking that ...
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### 2/2 time counting with 1/8 notes on guitar

How do I count this song? It seems to have too many beats per measure? I can count 1&2&3&4& and it seems to fit. But this is 2/2 time. When I try 1&2& I end up with left over ...
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### Are there pieces that have extreme tempo markings?

I'm trying to recall if I ever came across such a piece that uses whole note = tempo, or 16th note = tempo. To my recollection, I don't think I've seen the whole note before. As well, I have seen ...
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### How to remember how much irregular groupings are worth

I'm currently studying piano music theory and I have a hard time figuring out how much triplets, duplets, quadruplets, quintuplets, sextuplets, and septuplets are worth in different time signatures (...
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### Is 5/4 simple or compound?

I have seen 3 major ways of subdividing the quarter notes in 5/4. 1 is treating it as a simple meter and 2 others treat it as an irregular compound(or technically speaking, complex) meter. I have seen ...
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### To what exactly does the Note Value refer?

I'm starting to learn Music Theory and I don't really understand time signatures. Let's say we have time sig 3/4, so one beat is 1/4, means one 1/4 note is a beat, or a 128th of a Minute at 128 BPM. ...
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### Do time signatures make sense? [duplicate]

Most people have probably thought at one time or another, why isn't 4/4 time the same as say 8/8 time or 2/2 time? (Anyone who knows about reducing fractions can attest to that). I think time ...
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### How to determine BPM by timestamps/events

I'm currently taking part in a scoring competition where the task is to score the music for a product trailer. As common in trailer music I now want to sync my music with the trailer almost ...
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### Time Signature Dilemma, should I change the time signature for my Scherzo?

When I started writing my Scherzo in D, I initially thought of having the time signature be 3/4 since that is a very typical time signature for a scherzo, especially earlier scherzos that are closer ...
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### How to determine the downbeats of a time signature?

From what I understand of time signatures, the top number indicates the number of beats, except for compound or odd beats. Like 4/4 has 4 crotchet beats, while 6/8 has two groups of 3 quaver beats, so ...
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### books/articles/dissertations/etc about odd time meters history/theory? [closed]

I'm working on my graduate thesis in jazz drumming. I chose odd time signatures as the main feature of my work, so i'm looking for some sources from which i can pick up some concepts and draw some ...