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7 votes

How can I find a chord's root note?

Grab yourself some staff paper and write the three notes out. Rearrange them until they stack up, all line notes or all space notes. I tell my beginner students to make a snowman. Below are the ...
nuggethead's user avatar
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6 votes

What chord symbol would you use to describe this voicing?

It could be written B/D. It could even be written B7/D. Either of those would accurately describe the pitch content. However, presuming this is an interpretation from a lead sheet, D7 clearly ...
Aaron's user avatar
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6 votes
Accepted

What do you call a Cadd9 that also includes the 8th?

It's just called Cadd9. Chord symbols describe the pitch(-class) content of a chord, but not the doublings or other voicing considerations (with the occasional exception of the bass note in the case ...
Aaron's user avatar
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6 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

The author does not say that B is a chord tone. He says that B is "consonant with the bass", meaning the E, as the interval of a fifth (E-B) is considered consonant. By "prevailing ...
Aaron's user avatar
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5 votes

Why does the C# dim chord include a minor third?

The easiest way to memorize (and visualize on the keyboard or fretboard) the basic chord buildup is seeing them as stacked intervals of third: minor 3rd then minor 3rd - diminished major 3rd then ...
Jarek.D's user avatar
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5 votes
Accepted

What is it called when the root is omitted from a chord?

These are called rootless voicings, but there is no common symbol for them. Chord symbols themselves indicate a overall harmony, and the voicing is up to the performer. In that context, the performer ...
Aaron's user avatar
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4 votes

What is it called when the root is omitted from a chord?

If you were working with one or two melodic instruments, you might get into a situation where there was an implied root note for the chord, but then the decision about the underlying harmony would ...
user121330's user avatar
4 votes

For chord voicing, why can I not use 5 and b13 at the same time?

If the author doesn't explain why, there isn't really a way to definitely know their reasoning. Maybe the author does explain it, but in another part of the book. One possible reason is found in the &...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
4 votes

For chord voicing, why can I not use 5 and b13 at the same time?

I would be very wary of any theory advice that includes "cannot." Music theory, generally speaking, is studying what composers/musicians have done in the past to help you learn what you ...
nuggethead's user avatar
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3 votes

Why does the C# dim chord include a minor third?

A diminished chord always contains the root, the minor third, and the diminished fifth. That's the definition of "diminished chord". In some styles there's a tendency to implicitly mean a ...
Divizna's user avatar
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3 votes

How can I find a chord's root note?

How can I find a chord's root note? Arrange the chord tone letters by ascending thirds then take the lowest tone as the root... 'C E A' 'B E A' and 'B E G' ...in thirds is A C E, (B E A can't be ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
3 votes

The transition from G to C in guitar chord progressions

How can I prevent myself from such an error of ascribing this chord sequence to ascending fourth rather than a perfect fifth ascending? By not thinking of progressions this way. If we name chords by ...
Andy Bonner's user avatar
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3 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

We are starting from the premise that the whole thing is "an expansion of a C-major chord over two beats". That's another way of saying 'the prevailing harmony is C major'. It would be ...
Laurence's user avatar
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2 votes

How do you identify chords?

It would be good to keep the concepts of modality and chord identification separate. First, Tim's answer above explains that it is common to add other notes to chords for color, and thus the chord is ...
nuggethead's user avatar
  • 5,551
2 votes

How do you identify chords?

In this situation the two important things to recognize are: This is fairly static harmony in the treble clef for both bars with some voice movement on beat 1 of bar 2. The chord is a C9 because of ...
John Belzaguy's user avatar
2 votes

What do you call a Cadd9 that also includes the 8th?

The options for naming notes contained in a chord are limited to 'flat something', 'sharp something', 'slash something'(Lowest note), 'add something' and 'no something'. Apart from the obvious '7', '...
Tim's user avatar
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2 votes

What chord symbol would you use to describe this voicing?

Based on the fact that this is from a jazz harmony book from Berklee it seems likely this entire example revolves around using triads and 7th chords to form upper structures of basic chords. Triads ...
John Belzaguy's user avatar
2 votes

How do I read chords with beams?

Generally you can have anything, but classically you have a few common ways how these things can happen: Passing note: A note not part of the chord that is passed while progressing from one chord ...
Lazy's user avatar
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2 votes

How do I read chords with beams?

It depends. Sometimes the beamed notes are part of the chord, sometimes they're not (e.g., passing tones), and sometimes the "stacked" note is not a chord tone (e.g., an accented passing ...
Aaron's user avatar
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2 votes

What does "prevailing harmony" mean?

The A and the B could both be considered consonant, as they are p4 and P5 against the bass note, E. However, the B could also be considered dissonant, as it is the leading note in key C, also the ...
Tim's user avatar
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1 vote

LilyPond – mark chords style

I don't know about coloring but there is a handwritten-like font for LilyPond called lilyJAZZ: https://github.com/OpenLilyPondFonts/lilyjazz
ksnortum's user avatar
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1 vote

Why does the C# dim chord include a minor third?

...C# dim...so I would look for my root, third and fifth from the major scale and flatten the fifth... When you say you are starting with a major scale, I assume you mean, in this case, C# major. Let'...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
1 vote

The transition from G to C in guitar chord progressions

Playing those particular shapes for C and G on guitar, the lowest notes(roots) actually do go a 4th down. From C on 5th string fret3 down to 6th string fret3. Nothing wrong at all - and it's reflected ...
Tim's user avatar
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1 vote

The transition from G to C in guitar chord progressions

C - G is a 5th up or a 4th down. C - D is a 2nd up or a 7th down. That's it really. Modify your assumptions accordingly.
Laurence's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

How can I find a chord's root note?

Answering as OP is a complete beginner. Let's take chord CEA as the first example. Ears are useful here. Let's make a wild guess that it could be C major/C minor, E major/E minor or A major/A minor. ...
Tim's user avatar
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1 vote

How do you identify chords?

It's a bit unclear whether you should consider the chord to be what's given in the symbol C7 or what is in the right hand C9. Either way, I think the important points to understand are: in the bass D ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
1 vote

How do you identify chords?

The main chord is actually C9. The bass line outlines this chord. We COULD analyze each beat (or each half-bar) as a separate inversion, but it would be unnecessarily fussy to do so.
Laurence's user avatar
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1 vote

How do you identify chords?

The clue is in 'tensions'. The 1st chord is simply C7, with the addition of a D note - part of the mode of F Mixolydian. Making it C9, although in jazz terms a player may well stick that extra note in ...
Tim's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Ballade Pour Adeline: How to understand the dyads?

In that piece the dyads in the right hand (such as the sixths in measures 2-10 and the thirds in measures 11) is simply a melodic duet where the lower note is equally important as the upper note. ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
1 vote

What is it called when the root is omitted from a chord?

You can write 'G7(omit root)' or 'G7(no root)' if you like. Yes, 'Bdim' would convey the same information. I suppose, for purposes of harmonic analysis, it might be useful to write 'G7(b9)(no root)' ...
Laurence's user avatar
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