What is it about this music that gives it this distinctive, familiar sound?
The tune that forms the basis of the piece was written as a hymn tune. Vaughan Williams used that tune in the English Hymnal in 1906. He even orchestrated the piece to resemble an organ:
The work is scored for an expanded string orchestra divided into three parts: orchestra I, ...
This guy uses just a pen with a pretty good effect - at least creating a "tremolo"
I used a pen to imitate the sound of a violin and cello playing famous guitar riffs. No midi, synth or other effects has been used. Can you guess all these songs? Don’t forget to let me know what you think :)
If you want to compare one which has very little pedal, have a listen to some of Glenn Gould's recordings. For example this one:
The same fugue starts at 15:10 on the Richter recording you've provided. You will see that the difference in pedal usage is pronounced.
The first answer is on the money (BTW quaver = 8th note, semiquaver = 16th note). His or her advice is based on sight readers wanting to clearly see the beginning of every beat (in this case beat 2 of each bar) when 16th notes are involved. You can also substitute a single dotted 8th rest for the 16th and 8th note rests if you like.
It's obvious (to me) that the first C major prelude is absolutely drowned in pedal, and there is plenty at the start of the fugue as well.
Totally unauthentic, but whatever turns you on!
But if you cant "hear" what effects he is producing with the pedal, simply "using it because he does" might not achieve what you want!
The term you are looking for might be „bwv 1001 fugue analysis“ and will give you answers by google like:
A Pedagogical and Performance Edition of J. S. Bach’s Violin Sonata I in G minor, BWV 1001, Transcribed for Guitar: Transcription, Analysis, Performance Guide, Pedagogical ...
Your title is "Bach fugues" then your post says "THE fugue." It's not clear if you want only analysis of BWV 1001...
Siglind Bruhn, J. S. Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier: In-depth Analysis and Interpretation
Online in a few places...