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No, not all three notes of a triad must be present for it to be given a Roman numeral. Common practice requires at least two pitches to be present to recognize it as a triad: the root, so that we know what the root of the chord actually is (!), and the third, so that we know the quality (typically major or minor). This means that the chordal fifth is ...


I would add the Roman numeral if there is an implied harmony. The 5th is such a strong fundamental (acoustically speaking) that it is still perceived by the listener even if it is not written in the score.


Figured bass and Roman numeral analysis are two separate things. In figured bass, each interval above the given bass is specified. A chord that features an octave and a third above the bass would be figured 8/3. This is especially important if it's the composer's specific intention to have an incomplete chord. Figured bass does not employ Roman numerals. In ...


In terms of literal chords, your analysis is fine, except for the D5 chord, which should be Dsus4(omit 5) or something like that. However, it misses the purpose of figured bass, which is to specify the intervals above the lowest voice. Figured bass does not attempt to identify chords, nor does it indicate the chord voicing, aside from specifying the lowest ...

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