I think yes.
I think it all falls under the broad category of culture, and that is where the sense of analogy lies. Language and music are both cultural artifacts.
You probably want to consider whether some musical thing developed independently in different cultures. I'm sure such things are topics of hot debate between scholars. For example: ...
Never occurred to me before now, but I'd have thought it followed the same trajectory. As goes the language, so goes the folk music tradition.
The further apart the languages get, the music follows. Isolating itself culturally & linguistically until fairly recent times.
You could even apply this to the differences between English, Scots, Welsh & ...