23 votes

How many notes are in an octave in Indian classical music? Is it 7, 12, or 22?

To use Indian musical terminology, there are 7 swara, 12 swara-prakaar, and 22 shruti in an octave. The seven swara in Indian music are the equivalents of the Western do re mi fa so la ti. In Indian ...
Sadhana's user avatar
  • 788
11 votes

What is a raga?

I think the "non-constructible set" concept is actually more confusing than descriptions of what a raga is. As far as I can tell, a raga is a whole group of musical concepts put together to ...
Todd Wilcox's user avatar
  • 56.8k
10 votes
Accepted

How does improvisation in Indian ragas differ significantly from jazz melodic improvisation?

For much of Jazz, the harmonic changes provide a key forward push. Melodic choices have to work within that framework. In Indian music, there are no harmonic changes to exploit for forward motion or ...
Phil Freihofner's user avatar
10 votes

What are the ornaments in the western music and their corresponding ornaments in Indian music?

Hindustani (North Indian) Ornaments1 Alankara = Ornaments A major difference between Hindustani and Western ornaments is that Alankara are tied to raga, in the sense that how the ornament is executed ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 88.1k
9 votes

Why does Indian Hindustani or Carnatic music not use chords?

There are some chords, but they're used in a bit of a different way than the Western classical tradition. It's a stylistic feature of these two genres owing to their origins in the late Medieval and ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 84.5k
8 votes

What are the rules of improvisation in Indian ragas?

I'll try to be specific and use terms in carnatic music to describe each aspect Each Raaga provides key phrases which are set forth by the notes which are allowed in the raaga. Aarohanam: notes(...
Vignesh's user avatar
  • 318
8 votes

What is a raga?

The description of a rāga as a “non-constructible set in music” is essentially useless, because if you follow the source that is referred to on Wikipedia, and its citations for the phrase “non-...
ShreevatsaR's user avatar
8 votes

How do modern performers harmonize Hindustani classical music?

A lot of my answer will be gross simplification and please take it with a grain of salt. There are notable counterexamples here. So the closest thing to harmonization in a raga is a concept called ...
Khalian's user avatar
  • 541
8 votes
Accepted

Equivalency between Indian Classical Saptak and Western Notes

I didn't know about it but I've recently seen this syllables when I was looking up Kodaly. I think Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa is not corresponding to the C D E F G but to the moveale Do Re Mi. yes it ...
Albrecht Hügli's user avatar
7 votes

Violin - Western Classical vs indian classical. How different are they?

I learn Indian classical violin and here are basic differences in learning Indian and western style violin, apart from bowing and holding the violin Tuning: Western violin is tuned differently than ...
Vignesh's user avatar
  • 318
7 votes
Accepted

Violin - Western Classical vs indian classical. How different are they?

Western classical and Indian classical violin are very, very different styles. The main similarity is that they use the same instrument, so if you learned one style, you would have a head start ...
Karen's user avatar
  • 6,451
7 votes
Accepted

What is the relationship of raginis to ragas?

To a first approximation, there are only ragas; you don't have to care about raginis. If you really want to know what raginis are, then (in the sense that you are most likely to encounter the term) ...
ShreevatsaR's user avatar
7 votes

Western vs Indian Carnatic style of violin playing

You can play western songs with the fingering techniques of carnatic violin if you are skilled enough to give up the traditional basic finger positions to follow. If you can play any notes with any ...
Bharath Chand's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

How to transcribe Indian classical music using Western music notation?

Most melodies - in any style - can be transcribed using: 1) pitches, 2) rhythms, 3) motives, 4) phrases, 5) overall form. Unfortunately, in the videos you cited, the musician does not play the ...
Everett Steed's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

How does Indian and Western Musical contain Seven Notes ? Is it a Coincidence?

In general, scales tend to have about seven notes in them, or "seven, plus/minus two". This number is believed to have to do with cognitive limitations; it would be difficult to recall more notes. On ...
oberdada's user avatar
  • 713
6 votes
Accepted

What is the Western equivalent scale of Indian Raga Mayamalavagowla?

I will answer the question in the title, Stinkfoot is right, for other questions (why is this the most common beginning raga taught), it is better to ask them separately. The name we give to the ...
Some_Guy's user avatar
  • 5,089
6 votes

How did the harmonium and violin become an integral part of Hindustani and Carnatic music respectively?

My uneducated guess is that they each filled a void in the instrumentation available to musicians at the time when European influence was becoming stronger in India. The harmonium is inexpensive, ...
dwilli's user avatar
  • 504
6 votes
Accepted

Am I Hearing Bansuri Tune Correctly

I can hear the extra sa ni in the example he plays, but he makes it sound more like an ornament. When he sings the example the notes sound much more deliberate. In my experience when musicians are ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.3k
5 votes

How does improvisation in Indian ragas differ significantly from jazz melodic improvisation?

An extension to @JoseDavid's answer, On the subject to rhythm, the structural pattern is more complex in classical music, There are 16 beats(teentaal),7 beats(rupaktaal),12 beats etc (Ektaal) rhythmic ...
chirag pathak's user avatar
5 votes

Indian light music: Can a light music/film song exceed 7 notes?

In Indian classical music, every Raag's Aroh and Avroh (ascending and Descending) must not contain less than five or more than 7 notes. This rule defines the Jati of a Raag. There are three main ...
sumanchalki's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

What is this scale? Possibly an Indian Raga

This scale is refered to by many names, but the preferred term is double harmonic major. It is the near neighbor of a lot of commonly-used scales, like the phrygian dominant mode (of the harmonic ...
Fugu's user avatar
  • 872
5 votes
Accepted

Difference between 6 holed and 7 holed Indian bamboo flute?

I am from south India and recently wanted to learn Bansuri flute so I ordered one online.But later just like you I found out that there are two types of Bamboo flutes : Bansuri Venu/Murali There ...
Amrith's user avatar
  • 66
5 votes
Accepted

What is the most used standard for notation in Indian classical music?

SwaraNotebook is a web based Hindustani music notation editor that is backed by open source libraries. Sargam-spec is an open specification for notating a classical composition, and it support ...
shark8me's user avatar
  • 174
5 votes
Accepted

Have traditional tunings for sitar been lost? Did the even-tempered scale have something to do with it?

I think this relates back to a general question about classical Indian tunings and probably the history of the 22 śruti system, well known from ancient texts like the Nāṭya Śāstra. The problem with ...
Athanasius's user avatar
  • 12.6k
4 votes

Is there indian music that is not "mono chord"?

In classical music, there is a rare practice called Murchana or graha bheda or shruti bheda, which changes the tonic, but all the notes of the base raga remain the same. As a result the raga sounds ...
dry leaf's user avatar
  • 184
4 votes

Carnatic Vs Western 12 Note system

Ultimately, I can only give a partial answer, but if I’m understanding the question, I think it will still be helpful. Often, western music is discussed using solfège: the scale degrees 1–7 are ...
Pat Muchmore's user avatar
  • 18.3k
4 votes
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Differences in Bansuri Fingering Chart

Correct. The pressure for reaching the pa, dha, ni and sa of higher octave is much higher and the finger positions will be slightly different. Of course these are for advanced practice. Nevertheless ...
Hari Prasad's user avatar

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