38 votes

Why does a 97 / 92 key piano exist by Bösendorfer?

replete's answer is correct that the original reason was to have a bigger range, as needed for some organ music. However, I don't think that's the reason those Imperial models are so sought-for over ...
leftaroundabout's user avatar
33 votes
Accepted

Why is the clarinet able to play lower notes than the soprano sax?

Both instruments (as well as all single- and double-reeded instruments and all brass instruments) behave as tubes closed at one end. The difference is that saxophone (and all other reeds) are conical, ...
MattPutnam's user avatar
  • 22.4k
12 votes
Accepted

Arabic Maqam Keyboard?

First of all, let's get this fact out of the way: 24 pitches in an octave is a rather simplistic notational convention. It doesn't reflect the actual state of affairs at all. Actual number of notes ...
cyco130's user avatar
  • 5,184
9 votes
Accepted

In terms of range, what does "eingestrichen" refer to?

This is Helmholtz pitch notation, which uses primes and sub-primes in addition to upper and lowercase note names for octave indication. For example: c' is eingestrichen (i.e. has a single quote/prime, ...
guidot's user avatar
  • 11k
8 votes
Accepted

Range implications of C extension on double bass

Look at this video, particularly from 1'35" You finger from the left (player's view). The 'clips' are on the right. They don't obstruct fingering.
Laurence's user avatar
  • 92.9k
8 votes
Accepted

How do I transpose an orchestral piece if it will push some of the instruments out of their range?

Transposing orchestral pieces mostly produces unsatisfactory results, but it's often done, particularly to accommodate singers. If you transpose up too much the result often sounds thin, and if you ...
PiedPiper's user avatar
  • 21.3k
7 votes

Why is the range of the great highland bagpipe so limited?

Mouth-blown woodwind instruments let you "overblow" to get higher notes. You can't do that on bagpipes.
Brian THOMAS's user avatar
  • 11.6k
7 votes

What frequency ranges are most instruments in

Full audible spectrum is 20Hz - 20kHz. Having said that, if you don't want to or can't stretch to 20kHz, the lowest I would recommend going is to 8kHz. I think the main question here is: what is the ...
89f3a1c's user avatar
  • 891
7 votes
Accepted

Which is the highest note playable on the classical guitar?

Does anyone know anything about the dynamics of the notes generated with this 'reversed guitar neck technique'? Any references about it? It's basic physics. The frequency of the note played on nth ...
user1079505's user avatar
  • 16.7k
7 votes

In terms of range, what does "eingestrichen" refer to?

It means "C with a stroke," referring to the octave of the C in the system that prevailed from sometime in the early modern period (I guess) until Helmholtz. In the 1000s, the gamut was ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 22.9k
6 votes

Why does a 97 / 92 key piano exist by Bösendorfer?

Yep. There's of course another reason than cannot be underestimated: bling.
Scott Wallace's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Terminology confusion between Range, Register, Ambitus and Tessitura

Interesting question; I didn't realize my own confusion until you pointed it out. According to The Harvard Dictionary of Music: Ambitus. The range of pitches employed in a melody or voice. Range. The ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 84.5k
6 votes
Accepted

Alto-ranged brass instrument?

There are a few, but as you might have guessed, they are not terribly common. The alto trombone is pitched a perfect fourth higher than a tenor trombone. The range is usually considered to go from ...
Michael Seifert's user avatar
6 votes

How do I transpose an orchestral piece if it will push some of the instruments out of their range?

One option is to re-orchestrate the work; we also call this "arranging." By changing around the instrumentation, you can move the various lines to other instruments that might have different range ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 84.5k
6 votes
Accepted

French horn - Getting higher register

Lip slurs, scales and arpeggios up to the required range (and a little above it). Also concoct some exercises with less predictable notes. I made a breakthrough into my trombone's upper range (many ...
Laurence's user avatar
  • 92.9k
5 votes
Accepted

Why is the range of the great highland bagpipe so limited?

The number of notes depends on the number of fingers available to close holes with, remembering that you don't want to drop the pipe either. It also depends on the size of the hand. In theory ...
Peter's user avatar
  • 1,396
4 votes

What Notes does Trumpet play?

Since this question is in reference to beginning trumpet, here are some rules of thumb based on music written for a standard B♭ trumpet. Range of notes available The trumpet is designed to play the ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 88k
4 votes
Accepted

a flute question - low B status

Most professional flutists nowadays have a flute with a B-foot, and have no trouble playing low B- although not fortissimo, so it shouldn't really be a problem.
Scott Wallace's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Trumpet low range in a big band

Low range limit of the trumpet is pretty much the limit, but you'll want to listen to the pitches of the 3rd and 2nd above it if it's a closed voicing. It shouldn't be too muddy, even in a closed ...
Joshua Glenn Wilson's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Magic Bells in The Firebird

sur la scêne does indeed mean "on the stage". This does not mean that a performance will necessarily follow this instruction. About the instruments: All editions I’ve seen mark this as "...
Lazy's user avatar
  • 20.4k
4 votes

Writing for bass clarinet in Bb in the same range

The bass clarinet does sound an octave lower than the clarinet, but it uses the same fingering and thus offers pretty much the same basic range. The bass clarinet usually has additional keys to get ...
Lazy's user avatar
  • 20.4k
4 votes

In terms of range, what does "eingestrichen" refer to?

The correct translation is one-line, refering to the one-line octave. In terms of what you're probably more used to: One-line octave (eingestrichene Oktave) corresponds to C4 to B4 (starts at middle C)...
Divizna's user avatar
  • 2,494
3 votes
Accepted

What is the violin's range including all the positions?

The high range of string instruments is subjective, because theoretically they can extend upwards infinitely. The low note is G3 (with subharmonics, however, this isn't an absolute barrier either). ...
user45266's user avatar
  • 12.6k
3 votes

a flute question - low B status

Whatever book said that the low B is not available on "most flutes" is not written well. It's not available on some beginner/intermediate level instruments, but it's going to be present on every ...
MattPutnam's user avatar
  • 22.4k
3 votes

Name for instruments that can only play one octave, vs one that can play many octaves?

in botany, a plant that fruits many times vs one that fruits only once is called Polycarpic vs Monocarpic.. So maybe Poly-octave and mono-octave?
sova's user avatar
  • 731
3 votes

How to develop a proper trumpet embochure: Tuning and range

Like any instrument, the trumpet takes a lot of practice to become proficient. However, the trumpet is extremely unforgiving, often more so than a lot of other instruments. I've been playing for ...
tptcat's user avatar
  • 589
3 votes

What frequency ranges are most instruments in

When composing and engineering modern music, the full spectrum of audible frequencies may be taken into consideration. If you start at where the frequencies start to be heard as continuous tones and ...
Alphonso Balvenie's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

What frequency ranges are most instruments in

A piano can go all the way from A0 at 27.5Hz, up to C8 at 4186Hz (source). If you wanted to capture harmonics in the notes, that would imply you'd need to handle higher frequencies than that.
Simon B's user avatar
  • 1,813

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible